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Oct. 17.

though never so beautiful, was not worth her trious persons, or glorious actions, that are board when she was past her blushing. This not commonly known, he is desired to send an discourse naturally brings into my thoughts a account thereof to me, at J. Morphew's, and letter I bave received from the virtuous lady they shall have justice done them. At the Whittlestick, on the subject of Lucretia. same time that I have this concern for men and

things that deserve reputation, and have it not,

• From my tea-table, • COUSIN ISAAC,

I am resolved to examine into the claims of 'I read your Tatler of Saturday last, and such ancients and moderns as are in possession was surprised to see you so partial to your own

of it, with a design to displace them, in case I sex, as to think none of ours worthy to sit at find their tit les defective. The first whose meyour first table ; for sure you cannot but own

rits I shall inquire into, are some merry genLucretia as famous as any you have placed tlemen of the French pation, who have written there, who first parted with her virtue, and very advantageous histories of their exploits in afterwards with her life, to preserve her fame.' war, love, and politics, under the title of Me

moirs. I am afraid I shall find several of these Mrs. Biddy Twig has written me a letter to gentlemen tardy, because I hear of them in no the same purpose; but, in answer to both my writings but their own. To read the narrative pretty correspondents and kinswomen, I must of one of these authors, you would fancy that tell them, that although I know Lucretia would there was not an action in a whole campaigo have made a very graceful figure at the upper which he did not contrive or execute; yet, if end of the table, I did not think it proper to you consult the history or gazettes of those place her there because I knew she would not times, you do not find him so much as at the care for being in the company of so many men

head of a party from one end of the summer without her husband. At the same time, I must

to the other. But it is the way of these great own, that Tarquin himself was not a greater men, when they lie behind their lines, and are lover a:d admirer of Lucretia than I myself am

in a time of inaction, as they call it, to pass in an honest way. When my sister Jenny was away their time in writing their exploits. By in her sampler, I made ber get the wbole story this means, several who are either unknown or without book, and tell it me in needle-work. despised in the present age, will be famous in This illustrious lady stands up in history as the the next, unless a sudden stop be put to such glory of her own sex, and the reproach of ours; pernicious practices. There are others of that and the circumstances under which she fell gay people, who, as I am informed, will live were so very particular, that they seem to make half a year together in a garret, and write a adultery and murder meritorious. She was a history of their intrigues in the court of France. woman of such transcendant virtue, that her As for politicians, they do not abound with that beauty, which was the greatest of the age and species of men so much as we; but as ours are country in which she lived, and is generally not so famous for writing, as for extemporary celebrated as the highest of praise in other wo- dissertations in coffee houses, they are more men, is never mentioned as a part of her cha- annoyed with memoirs of this nature also than racter. But it would be declaiming to dwell

The most immediate remedy that I upon so celebrated a story, which I mentioned can apply to prevent this growing evil, is, only in respect to my kinswomen; and to That I do hereby give notice to all booksellers make reparation for the omission they com- and translators whatsoever, that the word plain of, do further promise them, that if they Memoir is French for a novel ; and to require of can furnish me with instances to fill it, there them that they sell and translate it accordingly. shall be a small tea-table set a-part in my Palace of Fame for the reception of all of her

Will's Coffee-house, October 21. character.

Coming into this place to night, I met an

old friend of mine, who, a little after the reGrecian Coffee-house, October 21.

storation, writ an epigram with some applause, I was this evening communicating my de- wbich he has lived upon ever since; and by sign of producing obscure merit into public virtue of it, has been a constant frequenter of view; and proposed to the learned, that they this coffee-house for forty years. He took me would please to assist me in the work. For aside, and with a great deal of friendship told the same end I publish my intention to the me he was glad to see me alive, ‘for,' said he, world that all men of liberal thoughts may | 'Mr. Bickerstaff, I am sorry to find you have know they have an opportunity of doing jus- raised many enemies by your lucubrations. tice to such worthy persons as have come There are, indeed, some,' says he, “whose enwithin their respective observation, and who, mity is the greatest honour they can shew a hy misfortune, modesty, or want of proper wri-man; but have you lived to these years, and ters to recommend them, have escaped the do not know that the ready way to disoblige is notice of the rest of mankind. If, therefore, to give advice ? you may endeavour to guara any one can bring any tale or tidings of illus- | your children, as you call them; but— He

we are.

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was going on; but I found the disagreeable- | are perfectly in the wrong of it; for if it was a Dess of giving advice without being asked, by matter of importance, I know he has better my own impatience of what he was about to sense than you; if a trifle, you know what I say: in a word, I begged him to give me the told you on your wedding day, that you were hearing of a short fable.

to be above little provocations.' She knows 'A gentleman,' says I, 'who was one day very well I can be sour upon occasion, thereslumbering in an arbour, was on a sudden fore gave me leave to go on. awakened by the gentle biting of a lizard, a Sister,' said I, I will not enter into the little animal remarkable for its love to man- dispute between you, which I find his prudence kind. He threw it from his hand with some put an end to before it came to extremity; indignation, and was rising up to kill it, when but charge you to have a care of the first he saw a huge venemous serpent sliding to- quarrel, as you tender your happiness; for wards him on the other side, which he soon then it is that the mind will reflect harshly destroyed; reflecting afterwards with grati- upon every circumstance that has ever passed tude upon his friend that saved him, and with between you. If such an accident is ever to anger against himself, that had shown so little happen, which I hope never will, be sure to sense of a good office.'

keep to the circumstance before you; make no allusions to what is passed, or conclusions

referring to what is to come: do not show a No. 85.] Tuesday, October 23, 1709. hoard of matter for dissension in your breast;

but, if it is necessary, lay before him the thing From my own Apartment, October 24.

as you understand it, candidly, without being My brother Tranquillus, who is a man of ashamed of acknowledging an error, or proud business, came to me this morning into my of being in the right. If a young couple be study, and after very many civil expressions in not careful in this point, they will get into a return for what good offices I had done him, told habit of wrangling: and when to displease is me,' he desired to carry his wife, my sister, that thought of no consequence, to please is always very morning to his own house. I readily told of as little moment. There is a play, Jenny, bim, ‘I would wait upon him, without ask- I have formerly been at when I was a student ing why he was so impatient to rob us of his we got into a dark corner with a porringer of good company. He went out of my chamber, brandy, and threw raisins into it, then set it and I thought seemed to have a little heavi- on fire. My chamber-fellow and I diverted ness upon him, which gave me some disquiet. ourselves with the sport of venturing our fin. Soon after, my sister came to me, with a very gers for the raisins; and the wantonness of the matron-like air, and most sedate satisfaction thing was, to see each other look like a dæmon, in her looks, which spoke her very much at as we burnt ourselves, and snatched out the ease ; but the traces of her countenance seemed fruit. This fantastical mirth was called snapto discover that she had been lately in a pas dragon. You may go into many a family, sion, and that air of content to flow from a where you see the man and wife at this certain triumph upon some advantage oh- sport: every word at their table alludes to tained. She no sooner sat down by me, but I some passage (between themselves; and you perceived she was one of those ladies who be. see by the paleness and emotion in their coungin to be managers within the time of their tenances, that it is for your sake, and not their being brides. Without letting her speak, which own, that they forbear playing out the whole I saw she had a mighty inclination to do, I game in burning each other's fingers. In this said, 'Here has been your husband, who tells case, the whole purpose of life is inverted, and me he bas a mind to go home this very morn- the ambition turns upon a certain contention, ing, and I have consented to it.' It is well,' who shall contradict best, and not upon an insaid she, 'for you must know- Nay, clination to excel in kindness and good offices, Jenny,' said I, ‘I beg your pardon, for it is therefore, dear Jenny, remember me, and you must know-You are to understand, that avoid snap-dragon.' now is the time to fix or alienate your bus. ' I thank you brother,' said she, ' but you band's beart for ever; and I fear you have do not know how he loves me; I find I can been a little indiscreet in your expressions or do any thing with him.'-—' If you can so, why behaviour towards him, even here in my house.' should you desire to do any thing but please *There has,' says she,' been some words: but him ? but I have a word or two more before I will be judged by you if he was not in the you go out of the room; for I see you do not wrong : nay, I need not be judged by any body, like the subject I am upon : let nothing profor he gave it up bimself, and said not a word voke you to fall upon an imperfection he canwhen he saw me grow passionate, but, Ma. not help; for, if he has a resenting spirit, he dam, you are perfectly in the right of it:"as will think your aversion as immoveable as the you sball judge- Nay, madam,' said I, imperfection with which you upbraid him. 'I am judge already, and tell you, that you But above all, dear Jenny, be careful of oue

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thing, and you will be something more than overtop him in his way, are the distingnishing woman; that is, a levity you are almost all marks of a Dapper. These under-characters guilty of, which is, to take a pleasure in your of men, are parts of the sociable world by no power to give pain. It is even in a mistress an means to be neglected: they are like pegs in argument of meanness of spirit, but in a wife a building; they make no figure in it, but it is injustice and ingratitude. When a sen- bold the structure together, and are as absosibie man once observes this in a woman, he lutely necessary as the pillars and columns. I must have a very great, or very little spirit, to am sure we found it so this morning; for overlook it. A woman onght, therefore, to Tranquillus and I should, perhaps, have looked consider very often, how few men there are cold at each other the whole day, but Dapper who will regard a meditated offence as a weak- fell in with bis brisk way, shook us both by the ness of temper.'

hand, rallied the bride, mistook the acceptance I was going on in my confabulation, when he met with amongst us for extraordinary perTranquillus entered. She cast all her eyes fection in himself, and heartily pleased, and npon bim with much shame and confusion, was pleased, all the while he staid. His cominixed with great complacency and love, and pany left us all in good humour, and we were went up to him. He took her in his arms, and not such fools as to let it sink, before we conlooked so many soft things at one glance, that firined it by great cheerfulness and openness I could see be was glad I had been talking to in our carriage the whole evening. her, sorry she had been troubled, and angry at himself that he could not disguise the concern

While's Chocolate-house, October 24. he was in an hour before. After which, he says I have been this evening to visit a lady who to me, with an air awkward enough, but me- is a relation of the enamoured Cynthio, and thought not unbecoming 'I bave altered my there heard the melancholy news of his death, mind, brother; we will live upon you a day or I was in hopes, that fox-hunting and October two longer.' I replied, ' That is what I bave would have recovered him from his unhappy heen persuading Jenny to ask of you, but she passion. He went into the country with a is resolved never to contradict your inclination, design to leave bebind him all thoughts of and refused me.'

Clarissa ; but he found that place only more We were going on in that way which one convenient to think of her without interruphardly knows how to express ; as when two tion. The country gentlemen were very much people mean the same thing in a nice case, puzzled upon his case, and never finding hini but come at it by talking as distantly from it merry or loud in their company, took him for as they can; when very opportunely came in a Roman Catholic, and immediately upon his upon us an honest inconsiderable fellow. Tim death seized his French valet-de-chambre for Dapper,* a gentleman well known to us both. a priest; and it is generally thought in the Tim is one of those who are very necessary, by country, it will go hard with him next session. being very inconsiderable. Tim dropped in Poor Cynthio never held up his head after having at an incident, when we knew not how to fall received a letter of Clarissa's marriage. The into either a grave or a merry way. My sister lady who gave me this account, being far gone took this occasion to make off, and Dapper in poetry and romance, told me, “if I would gave us an account of all the company he had give her an epitaph, she would take care to been in to-day, who was, and who was not at have it placed on his tomb ; which she herself home, where be visited. This l'im is the head had devised in tbe following manner. It is to of a species: he is a little out of his element be made of black marble, and every corner to in this town; but he is a relation of Tran- be crowned with weeping cupids. Their quiquillus, and his neighbour in the country, vers are to be hung up upon two tall cypresswhich is the true place of residence for this trees, which are to grow on each side on the species. The habit of a Dapper, when he is monument, and their arrows to be laid in a at home, is a light broad cloth, with calamanco great heap, after the manner of a funeral pile, or red waistcoat and breeches; and it is re. on which is to lie the body of the deceased. markable, that their wigs seldom hide the On the top of each cypress is to stand the figure ollar of their coats. They have always a pe. of a moaning turtle-dove. On the uppermost vuliar spring in their arms, a wriggle in their part of the monument, the goddess, to whom Jodies, and a trip in their gate. All which these birds are sacred, is to sit in a dejected motions they express at once in their drinking, posture, as weeping for the death of her votary.' sowing, or saluting ladies; for a distant imi. I need not tell you this lady's head is a little tation of a forward fop, and a resolution to turned: however, to be rid of importunities,

I promised her an epitaph, and told her I would * The following account of Tim Dapper seems to be take for my pattern that of Don Alouzo, who given as a trne picture of the character and dress of a

was no less famous in his age than Cynthia is pary bean or sinart in 1709.

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in ours.

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The Epitaph.

the door to each other. After many offers, Here lies Don Alonzo,

they entered with much solemnity, in the order Slain by a wound received under

Mr. Thrifty was so kind as to name them to

But they are now got to my chamberthe orifice of which was so

door, and I saw my old friend sir Harry enter. small, no surgeon could

I met him with all the respect due to so rediscover it.

verend a vegetable ; for, you are to know, that Reader;

is my sense of a person who remains idle in iflbou would'st avoid so strange

the same place for half a century. I got him a death,

with great success into his chair by the fire, look not upon Lucinda's eyes.

without throwing down any of my cups. The knight-bachelor told me he had a great re

spect for my wbole family, and would, with my No. 86.] Thursday, October 27, 1709. leave, place himself next to sir Harry, at whose

right hand he had sat at every quarter sessions From my own Apartment, October 25. these thirty years, unless he was sick.' The When I came home last night, my servant steward in the rear whispered the young Temdelivered me the followiog letter :

plar, “That is true, to my knowledge,' I had

the misfortune, as they stood cheek-by-jowl, ta "SIB,

October 24.

desire the squire to sit down before the justice 'I bave orders from sir Harry Quickset, of of the quorum, to the no small satisfaction of Staffordshire, baronet, to acquaint you, that the former, and resentment of the latter. But bis honour sir Harry himself, sir Giles Wheel- I saw my error too late, and got them as soon barrow, knight, Thomas Rentfree, esquire, jus- as I could into their seats. 'Well,' said I, ‘gentice of the quorum, Andrew Windmill, esquire, tlemen, after I have told you how.glad I am and Mr. Nicholas Doubt, of the Inner Temple, of this great honour, I am to desire you to drink sir Harry's grandson, will wait upon you at the a dish of tea. The answered one and all, hour of nine to morrow morning, being Tues- that they never drank tea in a morning.'day the twenty-fifth of October, upon business Not in a morning!' said I, staring round me. which sir Harry will iinpart to you by word of Upon which the pert jackanapes, Nic Doubt, mouth. I thought it proper to acquaint you tipped me the wink, and put out his tongue before-band so many persons of quality came, at his grandfather. Here followed a prothat you might not be surprised therewith. found silence, when the steward in his boots Which concludes, though by many years' ab- and whip proposed, that we should adjourn sence since I saw you at Stafford, uuknown, to some public-house, where every body might Sir, your most humble servant, call for what they pleased, and enter upon • JOHN THRIFTY.

the business. We all stood up in an inI received this message with less surprise stant, and sir Harry filed uff from the left, than I believe Mr. Thristy imagined; for I very discreetly, countermarching behind the knew the good company too well to feel any in the same manner. The simple squire made

chairs towards the door. After him, sir Giles palpitations at their approach: but I was in very great concern how I should adjust the

a sudden start to follow; but the justice of the ceremonial, and demean myself to all these quorum whipped between upon the stand of great men, who perhaps had not seen any thing

the stairs. A maid, going up with coals, made above themselves for these twenty years last

us halt, and put us into such confusion, that past. I am sure that is the case of sir Harry.

we stood all in a heap, without any visible posBesides which, I was sensible that there was a

sibility of recovering our order; for the young great point in adjusting my behaviour to the jackanapes seemed to make a jest of this mat. simple squire, so as to give him satisfaction, ter, and had so contrived, by pressing amongst and not disoblige the justice of the quorum.

us, under pretence of making way, that his The hour of pine was come this morning, grandfather was got into the middle, and he and I had no sooner set chairs, by the steward's knew nobody was of quality to stir a step, until letter, and fixed my tea-equipage, but I heard sir Harry moved first. We were fixed in this a knock at my door, which was opened, but no

perplexity for some time, until we heard a very one entered ; after which followed a long silence, loud noise in the street ; and sir Harry asking wbich was broke at last by, 'Sir, I beg your

what it was, I, to make them move, said, 'it pardon; I think I know better;' and another

was fire. Upon this, all ran down as fast as voice,' nay, good sir Giles—' I looked out from they could, without order or ceremony, until my window, and saw the good company all

we got into the street, where we drew up in with their hats off, and arms spread, offering very good order, and filed off down Sheer-lane ;

the impertinent templar driving us before him, This is a gnoration from a letter of Sir John Suckling.

as in a string, and pointing to his acquaintance See bis Works, vol. I. p. 113. edit. Davies.

who passed by.


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I must confess, I love to use people accord- and the great guardian of innocence. It makes mg to their own sense of good breeding, and men amiable to their friends, and respected by therefore whipped in between the justice and their very enemies. In all places, and on all ibe simple squire. He could not properly take occasions, it attracts benevolence, and demands this ill; but I overbeard him wbisper the approbation.' steward, that he thought it hard, that a One might give instances, out of antiquity rommon conjurer should take place of bim, of the irresistible force of this quality in great though an elder squire.' In this order we minds; Cicereius, and Cneius Scipio, the son marched down Sheer-lane, at the upper end of of the great Africanus, were competitors for which I lodge. When we came to Temple-bar, the office of prætor. The crowd followed Cice. sir Harry and sir Giles got over ; but a run of reius, and left Scipio unattended. Cicereius the coaches kept the rest of us on this side of saw this with much concern ; and desiring an the street; however, we all at last Janded, and audience of the people, he descended from the drew up in very good order before Ben Tooke's place where the candidates were to sit, in the shop, who favoured our rallying with great eye of the multitude; pleaded for bis adversary; humanity; from whence we proceeded again, and, with an ingenuous modesty, which it is until we came to Dick's coffee-house, where impossible to feign, represented to them, “how I designed to carry them. Here we were at much it was to their dishonour, that a virtuous our old difficulty, and took up the street upon son of Africanus should not be preferred to the same ceremony. We proceeded through him, or any other man whatsoever.' This imthe entry, and were so necessarily kept mediately gained the election for Scipio; but order by the situation, that we were now got all the compliments and congratulations upon into the coffee-house itself, where, as soon as it were made to Cicereius. It is easier in this we arrived, we repeated our civilities to each case to say who had the office, than the honour. other; after which, we marched up to the There is no occurrence in life where this quahigh table, wbich has an asceut to it inclosed | lity is not more ornamental than any other. in the middle of the room. The whole house after the battle of Pharsalia, Pompey marching was alarmed at this entry, made up of persons towards Larissus, the whole people of that of so much state and rusticity. Sir Harry called place came out in procession to do him bonour. for a mug of ale and Dyer's Letter. The boy He thanked the magistrates for their respect brought the ale in an instant; but said, 'they to bim; but desired them to perform these did not take in the Letter.' 'No" says sir ceremonies to the conqueror.' This gallant Harry, then take back your mug; we are submission to his fortune, and disdain of like indeed to have good liquor at this house!' making any appearance but like Pompey, was Here the templar tipped me a second wink, owing to bis modesty, which would not permit and, if I had not looked very grave upon him, him to be so disingenuous, as to give bimseli I found he was disposed to be very familiar the air of prosperity, when he was in the conwith me. In short, I observed after a long trary condition. pause, that the gentlemen did not care to en- This I say of modesty, as it is the virtue ter upon business until after their morning, which preserves a decorum in the general draught, for which reason I called for a bottle course of our life; but, considering it also as it of mum; and finding that had no effect upon regards our mere bodies, it is the certain chathem, I ordered a second, and a third, after racter of a great mind. It is memorable of which sir Harry reached over to me, and told the mighty Cæsar, that when he was murdered me in a low voice, that the place was too | in the capitol, at the very moment in which he public for business ; but he would call upon expired he gathered his robe about him, that me again to-morrow morning at my own lodg- he might fall in a decent posture. In this ings, and bring some more friends with him.' manner, says my author, he went off, unt like

a man that departed out of life, but a deity Will's Coffee-house, October 26.

that returned to his abode. Though this place is frequented by a more mixed company than it used to be formerly; yet you meet very often some whom one can- No. 87.] Saturday, October 29, 1709. not leave without being the better for their conversation. A gentleman this evening, in a Will's Coffee-house, October 28. dictating manner, talked, I thought, very pleas- There is nothing which I contemplate with ingly in praise of modesty, in the midst of ten greater pleasure than the dignity of human or twelve libertines, upon whom it seemed 10 Dature, which often shows itself in all condibave bad a good effect. He represented it as tions of life. For, notwithstanding the degethe certain indication of a great and noble neracy and meanness that is crept into it, there spirit. "Modesty,' said be, is the virtue which are a thousand occasions in which it breaks makes men prefer the public to their private through its original corruption, and shows what interest, the guide of every honest undertaking, I it once was, and what it will he hereafter. I


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