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aughed at by the men, and place them for | But when we come into more free air, one may
that reason in degrees of favour.
talk a little more at large.

Give me leave then to mention three, whom
I do not doubt but we shall see make consi-
derable figures; and these are such as for their
Bacchanalian performances must be admitted
into this order. They are three brothers lately
landed from Holland: as yet, indeed, they have
not made their public entry, but lodge and
converse at Wapping. They have merited al-
ready on the water-side particular titles, the
first is called Hogshead; the second, Culverin;
and the third, Musquet. This fraternity is
preparing for our end of the town by their
ability in the exercises of Bacchus, and mea-
sure their time and merit by liquid weight,
and power of drinking. Hogshead is a prettier
Fellow than Culverin, by two quarts; and Cul-
verin than Musquet, by a full pint. It is to
be feared Hogshead is so often too full, and
Culverin overloaded, that Musquet will be the
only lasting Very Pretty Fellow of the three.

A third sort of this denomination is such as,
by very daring adventures in love, have pur-
chased to themselves renown and new names;
as Jo Carry, for his excessive strength and vi-
gour; Tom Drybones, for his generous loss of
youth and health; and Canerum, for his me
ritorious rottenness.

The chief of this sort is colonel Brunett, who is a man of fashion, because he will be so; and practises a very janty way of behaviour, because he is too careless to know when he offends, and too sanguine to be mortified if he did know it. Thus the colonel has met with a town ready to receive him, and cannot possibly see why he should not make use of their favour, and set himself in the first degree of conversation. Therefore he is very successfully loud among the wits, and familiar among the ladies, and dissolute among the rakes. Thus he is admitted in one place because he is so in another; and every man treats Brunett well, not out of his particular esteem for him, but in respect to the opinion of others. It is to me a solid pleasure to see the world thus mistaken on the good-natured side; for it is ten to one but the colonel mounts into a general officer, marries a fine lady, and is master of a good estate, before they come to explain upon him. What gives most delight to me in this observation is, that all this arises from pure nature, and the colonel can account for his success no more than those by whom he succeeds. For these causes and considerations, I pronounce him a true woman's man, and in the first degree A very Pretty Fellow.'


The next to a man of this universal genius is one who is peculiarly formed for the service of the ladies, and his merit chiefly is to be of no consequence. I am indeed a little in doubt, whether he ought not rather to be called a very Happy, than a very Pretty Fellow? for he is admitted at all hours: all he says or does, which would offend in another, are passed over in him; and all actions and speeches which please, doubly please if they come from him : no one wonders or takes notice when he is wrong; but all admire him when he is in the right. By the way, it is fit to remark, that there are people of better sense than these, who endeavour at this character; but they are out of nature; and though, with some industry, they get the characters of fools, they cannot arrive to be very, seldom to be merely Pretty Fellows.' But, where nature has formed a person for this station amongst men, he is gifted with a peculiar genius for success, and his very errors and absurdities contribute to it; this felicity attending him to his life's end: for it being in a manner necessary that he should be of no consequence, he is as well in old age as youth; and I know a man, whose son has been some years a Pretty Fellow,' who is himself at this hour a very Pretty Fellow.


One must move tenderly in this place, for we are now in the ladies' lodgings, and speaking of such as are supported by their influence and favour; against which there is not, neither ought there to be, any dispute or observation.

These great and leading spirits are proposed to all such of our British youth as would arrive at perfection in these different kinds; and if their parts and accomplishments were well imitated, it not doubted but that our nation would soon excel all others in wit and arts, as they already do in arms.

N. B. The gentleman who stole Betty Pepin* may own it, for he is allowed to be A very Pretty Fellow.'

But we must proceed to the explanation of other terms in our writings.

To know what a Toast is in the country gives as much perplexity as she herself does in town: and indeed the learned differ very much upon the original of this word, and th acceptation of it among the moderns. However, it is by all agreed to have a joyous and cheerful import. A toast in a cold morning, heightened by nutmeg, and sweetened with sugar, has for many ages been given to our rural dispensers of justice, before they entered upon causes, and has been of great and politic use to take off the severity of their sentences; but has indeed been remarkable for one ill effect, that it inclines those who use it immoderately to speak Latin, to the admiration rather than information of an audience. This application of a toast makes it very obvious that the word may, without a metaphor, be

ford, who squandered his estate on women, and in con
The kept mistress of a knight of the shire near Brent
tested elections.

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understood as an apt name for a thing which raises us in the most sovereign degree. But many of the wits of the last age will assert that the word, in its present sense, was known among them in their youth, and had its rise from an accident at the town of Bath, in the eign of king Charles the Second.

It happened that, on a public day, a celeDrated beauty of those times was in the Cross Bath, and one of the crowd of her admirers bok a glass of the water in which the fair one tood, and drank her health to the company. There was in the place a gay fellow half fuddled, who offered to jump in, and swore, though he liked not the liquor, he would have the toast. He was opposed in his resolution; yet this whim gave foundation to the present honour which is done to the lady we mention in our liquors, who has ever since been called a Toast.

Though this institution had so trivial a beginning, it is now elevated into a formal order; and that happy virgin, who is received and drunk to at their meetings, has no more to do in this life but to judge and accept of the first good offer. The manner of her inauguration is much like that of the choice of a doge in Venice: it is performed by balloting; and when she is so chosen, she reigns indisputably for that ensuing year; but must be elected a-new to prolong her empire a moment beyond it. When she is regularly chosen, her name is written with a diamond on a drinking-glass.* The hieroglyphic of the diamond is to show ner, that her value is imaginary; and that of the glass to acquaint her, that her condition is frail, and depends on the hand which holds her. This wise design admonishes her, neither to over-rate or depreciate her charms; as well considering and applying, that it is perfectly according to the humour and taste of the company, whether the toast is eaten, or left as an offal.

The foremost of the whole rank of toasts, and the most indisputed in their present empire, are Mrs. Gatty and Mrs. Frontlet: the first an agreeable, the second an awful beauty. These ladies are perfect friends, out of a knowledge, that their perfections are too different to stand in competition. He that likes Gatty

the man that diverts her; Frontlet, him who adores her. Gatty always improves the soil in which she travels; Frontlet lays waste the country. Gatty does not only smile, but laughs at her lover; Frontlet not only looks serious, but frowns at him. All the men of wit (aud coxcombs their followers) are professed servants of Gatty: the politicians and pretenders give solemn worship to Frontlet. Their reign will be best judged of by its duration. Frontlet will never be chosen more; and Gatty is a toast for life.

can have no relish for so solemn a creature as Froutlet; and an admirer of Frontlet will call Gatty a maypole girl. Gatty for ever smiles upon you; and Frontlet disdains to see you smile. Gatty's love is a shining quick flame; Frontlet's, a slow wasting fire. Gatty likes

St. James's Coffee-house, June 3. Letters from Hamburgh of the seventh instant, N. S. inform us, that no art or cost is omitted to make the stay of his Danish majesty at Dresden agreeable; but there are various speculations upon the interview between king Augustus and that prince, many putting politic constructions upon his Danish majesty's arrival at a time when his troops are marching out of Hungary, with orders to pass through Saxony, where it is given out, that they are to be recruited. It is said also, that several Polish senators have invited king Augustus to return into Poland. His majesty of Sweden, according to the same advices, has passed the Nieper without any opposition from the Muscovites, and advances with all possible expedition towards Volbinia, where he proposes to join king Stanislaus and general Crassau.

We hear from Bern of the first instant, N. S. that there is not a province in France, from whence the court is not apprehensive of receiving accounts of public emotions, occasioned by the want of corn. The general diet of the thirteen cantons is assembled at Baden, but have not yet entered upon business, so that the affair of Tockenburgh is yet at a stand.

Letters from the Hague, dated the eleventh instant, N. S. advise, that monsieur Rouille having acquainted the ministers of the allies, that his master had refused to ratify the preliminaries of a treaty adjusted with monsieur Torcy, set out for Paris on Sunday morning. The same day the foreign ministers met a committee of the states-general, where monsieur Van Hessen opened the business upon which they were assembled, and in a very warm discourse, laid before them the conduct of France in the late negotiations, representing the abject manner in which she had laid open her own distresses, that reduced her to a compliance with the demands of all the allies, and her meanness in receding from those points to which monsieur Torcy had consented. The respective ministers of each potentate of the alliance severally expressed their resentment of the faithless behaviour of the French, and gave each other mutual assurances of the con

It was the fashion of the time, to inscribe verses thus to the reigning beauties. Several of these sprightly productions, on the toasting-glasses of the Kit-cat Club,' by the Lords Halifax, Wharton, Lansdowne, and Carbory, by Mr. Maynwaring, and other poetizal members of that ingenions society, may be seen in Nichols's Select Collec-stancy and resolution of their principals, to tion of Miscellany l'oems,' vol v. pp. 168. 178 76.

proceed with the utmost vigour against the

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common enemy. His grace the duke of Marl-examine into the causes which precipitate met
borough set out from the Hague on the ninth into so fatal a folly. And as it has been pro
of the afternoon, and lay that night at Rot-posed to treat of subjects of gallantry in the
terdam, from whence, at four the next morn- article from hence, and no one point in nature
ing, he proceeded towards Antwerp, with a de- is more proper to be considered by the com-
sign to reach Ghent the next day. All the pany who frequent this place than that of duels,
troops in the Low Countries are in motion it is worth our consideration to examine into
towards the general rendezvous between the this chimerical groundless humour, and to lay
Scheld and the Lis; the whole army will be every other thought aside, until we have strip-
formed on the twelfth instant; and it is said, ped it of all its false pretences to credit and
that on the fourteenth, they will advance to- reputation amongst men.
wards the enemy's country. In the mean time
the marshal de Villars has assembled the French
forces between Lens, La Bassee, and Douay.

Yesterday morning sir John Norris, with the squadron under his command, sailed from the Downs for Holland.

But I must confess, when I consider what I am going about, and run over in my imagination all the endless crowd of men of honour who will be offended at such a discourse; I am undertaking, methinks, a work worthy an invulnerable hero in romance, rather than a private gentleman with a single rapier: but as I am pretty well acquainted by great opportunities with the nature of man, and know of a truth that all men fight against their will, the danger vanishes, and resolution rises upon this subject. For this reason, I shall talk very freely on a custom which all men wish ex ploded, though no man bas courage enough to resist it.

But there is one unintelligible word, which I fear will extremely perplex my dissertation, and I confess to you I find very hard to explain, which is the term satisfaction.' An honest country gentleman had the misfortune to fall into company with two or three modern men of honour, where he happened to be very ill treated; and one of the company, being conscious of his offence, sends a note to him in the morning, and tells him, he was ready to give him satisfaction. This is fine doing,' says the plain fellow; last night he sent me away cursedly out of humour, and this morning he fancies it would be a satisfaction to be run through the body.'

From my own Apartment, June 3.

I have the honour of the following letter from a gentleman whom I receive into my family, and order the heralds at arms to enroll him accordingly.


Though you have excluded me the honour of your family, yet I have ventured to correspond with the same great persons as yourself, and have wrote this post to the king of France; though I am in a manner unknown in his country, and have not been seen there these many months:

To Lewis Le Grand.

Though in your country I'm unknown,
Yet, sir, I must advise you:

Of late so poor and mean you're grown,
That all the world despise you.

Here vermin eat your majesty,

There meagre subjects stand unfed :
What surer signs of poverty,

Than many lice and little bread?

Then, sir, the present minute choose,
Our armies are advanced:
Those terms you at the Hague refuse,
At Paris won't be granted.

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As the matter at present stands, it is not to do handsome actions denominates a man of honour; it is enough if he dares to defend ill Thus you often see a common sharper in competition with a gentleman of the first rank; though all mankind is convinced, that a fighting gamester is only a pick pocket with the courage of a highwayman. One cannot with any patience reflect on the unaccountable jumble of persons and things in this town and nation, which occasions very frequently, that brave man falls by a hand below that of a com mon hangman, and yet his executioner escapes the clutches of the hangman for doing it. shall therefore hereafter consider, how the bravest nen in other ages and nations have behaved themselves upon such incidents as we decide by combat; and show, from their practice, that this resentment neither has its foundation from true reason or solid fame; but is an imposture, made of cowardice, falsehood, and want of understanding. For this work, a good

White's Chocolate-house, June 6.

A letter from a young lady, written in the most passionate terms, wherein she laments the misfortune of a gentleman, her lover, who was lately wounded in a duel, has turned my thoughts to that subject, and inclined me to

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history of quarrels would be very edifying to the exorbitant bills which came from Oxford every public, and I apply myself to the town for par-quarter.' 'Make the rogue bite upon the bridle,' ticulars and circumstances within their know- said I; pay none of his bills, it will but enedge, which may serve to embellish the disser-courage him to further trespasses.' He looked ation with proper cuts. Most of the quarrels plaguy sour at me. His son soon after sent up have ever known, have proceeded from some a paper of verses, forsooth, in print on the last raliant coxcomb's persisting in the wrong, to public occasion; upon which, he is convinced defend some prevailing folly, and preserve him the boy has parts, and a lad of spirit is not to self from the ingenuousness of owning a mistake. be too much cramped in his maintenance, lest he take ill courses. Neither father nor son can ever since endure the sight of me.

By this means it is called 'giving a man satisfaction,' to urge your offence against him with your sword; which puts me in mind of Peter's order to the keeper, in 'The Tale of a Tub: if you neglect to do all this, damn you and your generation for ever: and so we bid you heartily farewell.' If the contradiction in the very terms of one of our challenges were as well explained and turned into downright English, would it not run after this manner?

These sort of people ask opinions only out of the fullness of their heart on the subject of their perplexity, and not from a desire of information.

There is nothing so easy as to find out which opinion the man in doubt has a mind to; therefore the sure way is, to tell him that is certainly to be chosen. Then you are to be very clear and positive; leave no handle for scruple. Bless me! sir, there is no room for a question! This rivets you into his heart; for you at once applaud his wisdom, and gratify his inclination. However, I had too much bowels to be insincere to a man who came yes. terday to know of me, with which of two emihunent men in the city he should place his son? their names are Paulo and Avaro. This gave me much debate with myself, because not only the fortune of the youth, but his virtue also dependeth upon this choice. The men are equally wealthy; but they differ in the use and applica


'Your extraordinary behaviour last night, and the liberty you were pleased to take with me, makes me this morning give you this, to tell you, because you are an ill-bred puppy, I will meet you in Hyde-park an hour hence; and because you want both breeding and manity, I desire you would come with a pistol in your hand, on horseback, and endeavour to shoot me through the head, to teach you more manners. If you fail of doing me this pleasure, I shall say, you are a rascal, on every post in town: and so, sir, if you will not injure metion of their riches, which you immediately sec

more, I shall never forgive what you have done already. Pray, sir, do not fail of getting every thing ready; and you will infinitely oblige, sir, your most obedient humble servant, &c.'

upon entering their doors.

From my own Apartment, June 6. Among the many employments I am neces sarily put upon by my friends, that of giving advice is the most unwelcome to me; and, indeed I am forced to use a little art in the manner; for some people will ask counsel of you, when they have already acted what they tell you is still under deliberation. I had almost lost a very good friend the other day, who came to know how I liked his design to marry such a lady?' I answered, 'By no means; and I must be positive against it, for very solid reasons, which are not proper to be communicated.' 'Not proper to be communicated!' said he, with a grave air, 'I will know the bottom of this.' I saw him moved, and knew from thence he was already determined; therefore evaded it by saying, 'To tell you the truth, dear Frank, of all the women living I would have her my-plague him, began to commend Paulo's way of self.' 'Isaac,' said he thou art too late, for We have been both one these two months.'

The habitation of Paulo has at once the air of a nobleman and a merchant. You see the servants act with affection to their master, and satisfaction in themselves: the master meets you with an open countenance, full of benevolence and integrity: your business is despatched with that confidence and welcome which always accompany honest minds: his table is the image of plenty and generosity, supported by justice and frugality. After we had dined here, our affair was to visit Avaro: out comes an aukward fellow, with a careful countenance; Sir, would you speak with my master? may I crave your name?' After the first preamble, he leads us into a noble solitude, a great house that seemed uninhabited; but from the end of the spacious hall moves towards us Avaro, with a suspicious aspect, as if he had believed us thieves; and, as for my part, I approached him as if I knew him a cut-purse. We fell into discourse of his noble dwelling, and the great estate all the world knew he had to enjoy in it: and I, to



living.Paulo,' answered Avaro, is a very good man; but we, who have smaller estates, must cut our coat according to our cloth.'

I learned this caution by a gentleman's consulting me formerly about his son. He railed'Nay,' says I, 'every man knows his own cirat his damned extravagance, and told me, 'in cumstances best; you are in the right, if you a very little time he would beggar him by the have not wherewithal.' He looked very sour;



for it is, you must know, the utmost vanity of defend their country against a victorious and exa mean-spirited rich man to be contradicted asperated enemy. Monsieur Rouille had passed when he calls himself poor. But I resolved to through Brussels without visiting either the vex him, by consenting to all he said; the main duke of Marlborough or prince Eugene, who design of which was, that he would have us were both there at that time. The States have find out, he was one of the wealthiest men in met, and publicly declared their satisfaction in London, and lived like a beggar. We left him, the conduct of their deputies during the whole and took a turn on the Exchange. My friend treaty. Letters from France say, that the was ravished with Avaro: 'this,' said he, 'is court is resolved to put all to the issue of the certainly a sure man.' I contradicted him with ensuing campaign. In the mean time, they much warmth, and summed up their different have ordered the preliminary treaty to be pubcharacters as well as I could. This Paulo,'lished, with observations upon each article, in said I, grows wealthy by being a common order to quiet the minds of the people, and good; Avaro, by being a general evil: Paulo persuade them that it has not been in the has the art, Avaro the craft of trade. When power of the king to procure a peace, but to Paulo gains, all men he deals with are the bet- the diminution of his majesty's glory, and the ter: whenever Avaro profits, another certainly hazard of his dominions. His grace the duke loses. In a word, Paulo is a citizen, and Avaro of Marlborough and prince Eugene arrived at a cit.' I convinced my friend, and carried the Ghent on Wednesday last, where, at an assemyoung gentleman the next day to Paulo, where bly of all the general officers, it was thought he will learn the way both to gain and enjoy a proper, by reason of the great rains which have good fortune. And though I cannot say I have, lately fallen, to defer forming a camp, or bringby keeping him from Avaro, saved him from ing the troops together; but, as soon as the the gallows, I have prevented his deserving it weather would permit, to march upon the every day he lives for with Paulo he will be enemy with all expedition. an honest man, without being so for fear of the Jaw; as with Avaro he would have been a villain within the protection of it


No. 26.]

St. James's Coffee-house, June 6.

We hear from Vienna of the first instant, that baron Imhoff, who attended her Catholic majesty with the character of envoy from the duke of Wolfembuttel, was returned thither. That minister brought an account, that major general Stanhope, with the troops which embarked at Naples, was returned to Barcelona.ney We hear from Berlin, by advices of the eighth instant, that his Prussian majesty had received au account from his minister at Dresden, that the king of Denmark desired to meet his majesty at Magdeburg. The king of Prussia has sent for answer, that his present indisposition will not admit of so great a journey; but has Sut the king a very pressing invitation to come to Berlin or Potsdam. These advices say, that the minister of the king of Sweden has produced a letter from his master to the king of Poland, dated.from Botiz.u the thirtieth of March, O. S. wherein he acquaints him, that he has been successful against the Muscovites in all the actions which have happened since his march into their country. Great numbers have revolted to the Swedes since general Mazeppa went over to that side; and as many as have done so have taken solemn oaths to adhere to the interests of his Swedish majesty.

Advices from the Hague of the fourteenth instant, N. S. say, that all things tended to a vigorous and active campaign; the allies having strong resentments against the late behaviour of the court of France; and the French using all possible endeavours to animate their men to

Thursday, June 9, 1709.

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From my own Apartment, June 8.

and approbation; and I hereby order Mr. KidI have read the following letter with delight

at St. James's, and sir Thomas at White's, (who are my clerks for enrolling all men in their different classes, before they presume to drink tea or chocolate in those places,) to take care that the persons within the descriptions in the letter be admitted and excluded, according to my friend's remonstrance.


June 6, 1709.

Your paper of Saturday has raised up in me a noble emulation to be recorded in the foremost rank of worthies therein mentioned; if any regard be had to merit or industry, I may hope to succeed in the promotion, for I have omitted no toil or expense to be a proficient; and if my friends do not flatter, they assure me, I have not lost my time since I came to town. To enumerate but a few particulars; there is hardly a coachman I meet with, but desires to be excused me, because he has had me before. I have compounded two or three rapes; and let out to hire as many bastards to beggars. I never saw above the first act of a play :* and as to my

At that time, it seems as if the money was returned to such as withdrew at the end of the first act.

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