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Resolutions Adopted by the Democratic Members of the
House of Representatives, in Conference, June, 1902.
Vice and Loathsome Diseases Inflicted upon the Philip-
pine Islands by the Monarchical Policy.
Tables of Prices, 1896 to 1902.
Shipping Subsidy Bill; History of Pending Legislation.
Subsidy Pretensions—Just a Pluck-Me Game.
towards the Boers.
Attitude of Administration towards Cuba.
Civil Service-The Rebecca Taylor Case.
SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY.
IT IS APPARENT TO ALL WHAT THE REPUBLICAN
PARTY STANDS FOR.
Seldom have the truths and principles of Democracy been better stated, in contrast to the greed, special privileges and plutocracy of the Republican party, than in an editorial in the New York Journal of August 4, 1902, from which we quote the following:
"The duty of the Democratic party, as well as its interests, is to fight the Republican party, not to compromise with it and imitate it.
“Republicanism, as we now see it, is a formidable foe. It is the party of wealth-not honest wealth, but predatory wealth-wealth founded on privilege and monopoly.
"Every eminently respectable thief in the country is a Republican.
"All the criminal trusts which make a business of plundering the people are officered and directed by men who make the cause of the Republican party their own.
“All the railroads which conspire with the trusts to kill off competition back the Republican party.
"All the 'protected interests' which fatten under the tariff and sell goods cheaper to foreigners than they do to Americans, are ardently Republican.
“The Food Trust is Republican. The Coal Trust is Republican.
“The Republican party continues to employ the language of patriotism and to assert devotion to the people's welfare, but it has ceased to be moved by concern for the public good.
“The Republican party of 1902 represents only private interests.
"These private interests, organized to tax the people for private profit, possess in combination enormous power. They own the Republican party, dominate Congress, and have in their service most of the newspapers of the country, nearly all of the magazines, not a few pulpits, and the majority of the colleges.
“The exploiters of the people need ‘respectability in their business, and they know how to get it now quite as well as they did a century ago, when about everything that was ‘respectable and 'conservative' lauded the centralizing and monarchical Hamilton and exhausted the resources of hatred and calumny upon the Democratic Jefferson.
“Nevertheless Hamilton, who wanted government by 'property' and the better classes,' was abandoned by the people for Jefferson, who believed in equal rights to all and privileges to none, and thus a real republic was created.
“Equal rights to all and special privileges to none"—that is the principle upon which whatever ‘reorganization' the Democratic party of 1902 may need must proceed.
“War upon trusts, war upon monopoly, war upon government by money with out conscience or sense of patriotic obligation—that is Democracy.
“And tbat is the antithesis of modern Republicanism, which has become but the political lackey of a platoeracy, that has no respect for property until property has passed into 'its own possession and out of that of its rightful owners.
“Against this plutocracy, which has no purpose b&t to fill its pocket; no aim in politics save to get from government, through tariff and other class legislation, a continuing license to plunder the people, the Democratic party must battle ceaselessly if it is to be worthy of its name and mission.
“The Democratic masses understand the great, the vital issue between the parties, if many of the advising sages do not.
“The Republican party is owned by the trusts.”
This book has been prepared under the authority of the Democratic Congressional Committee.
The facts and figures herein contained have been taken from official documents, trade publications, and other authentic sources, and can be relied on as the best attainable information on the subjects treated.
Wherever possible the authority for the statements made are given, with the name of the publication quoted and the page on which it can be found in the original book or document.
Special attention is called to :
The Statistics on the Trusts and the Tariff, including the most complete list of corporate trusts ever published.
The list, with interesting details of the companies, both in and out of the gigantic Steel Trust.
The list of prices, by six months periods, since 1895, showing the tariff duty on each article and the wholesale price of the same.
The list of articles mostly made by protected trusts and the prices at which they are sold at home and for export. 1 The article entitled the World's Sugar Problem,” which elucidates one of the most important and interesting problems with which political parties have to deal.
Statement of the Democratic position on the Philippine question and a complete review of our military and civil operations in the Philippines since May, 1900, and the Cost of the Philippine War.
The Democratic policy on Reciprocity with Cuba.
The Shipping Subsidy bill with history of pending legislation.
The South African Republics and the Attitude of the United States toward the Boers:
With much other information on all the important political questions.
Democratic Campaign :Book-1902.
ADOPTED AT KANSAS CITY, JULY 4, 1900.
Declaration of Principles. We, the representatives of the Democratic party of the United States, assembled in national convention on the anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, do reaffirm our faith in that immortal proclamation of the inalienable rights of man, and our allegiance to the constitution framed in harmony therewith by the fathers of the Republic. We hold with the United States Supreme court that the Declaration of Independence is the spirit of our government, of which the constitution is the form and letter. We declare again that all governments Instituted among men derive their just powers from the consent of the governed; that any government not based upon the consent of the governed is a tyranny; and that to impose upon any people a government of force is to substitute the methods of imperialism for those of a republic. We hold that the constitution follows the flag and denounce the doctrine that an executive or congress, deriving their existence and their powers from the constitution, can exercise lawful authority beyond it, or in violation of it. We assert that no nation can long endure half republic and half empire, and we warn the American people that imperialism abroad will lead quickly and inevitably to despotism at home.
Porto Rican Law Denounced. Believing in these fundamental principles, we denounce the Porto Rico law, enacted by a Republican congress against the protest and opposition of the Democratic minority, as a bold and open violation of the nation's organic law and a flagrant breach of national good faith. It imposes upon the people of Porto Rico a government without their consent, and taxation without representation. It dishonors the American people by repudiating a solemn pledge made in their behalf by the commanding general of our army, which the Porto Ricans welcomed to a peaceful and unresisted occupation of their land. It dooms to poverty and distress a people whose helplessness appeals with peculiar force to our justice and magnanimity. In this, the first act of its imperialistic program, the Republican party seeks to commit the United States to a colonial policy inconsistent with Republican institutions and condemned by the supreme court in numerous decisions.
Pledge to the Cubans. We demand the prompt and honest fulfillment of our pledge to the Cuban people and the world, that the United States has no disposition nor intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over the island of Cuba, except for its pacification. The war ended nearly two years ago, profound peace reigns over all the is. land, and still the administration keeps the government of the island from its people, while Republican carpet-bag officials plunder its revenue and exploit the colonial theory to the disgrace of the American people.