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The German shipbuilding programme is not as well known as that of Great Britain, but is believed to have been as follows: Year. . Name.

Tons. Guns. Knots. 1914. Grosser Kurfürst ... 25,388

(22.0 1914. Markgraf.......... 25,388

22.0

$10 12-inch.. 1914. König........ 25,388

22.0 1915. Kronprinz..... 25,388

22.0 1916. “T............ 28,500)

23.0 1916. Ersatz Wörth....... 28,500} 8 15-inch... {23.0 1917. Ersatz Friedrich III 28,500) .

23.0

Germany has also built four big battle cruisers, two of which were lost in the battle of Jutland, together with one older one. As she lost four battleships also in that engagement, it will be seen that her increase of naval strength during the war had been less than the British. For Germany has built seven and lost four battleships, a net gain of three, while Great Britain has built fourteen and lost nine, a net gain of five.

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Photo by Underwood and Underwood, N. Y.

UNITED STATES BATTLESHIP “OKLAHOMA" One of the latest types of super-dreadnaught is here shown, racing along at 202 knots an hour on a speed test. This great warship is a sister-ship of the “Nevada." Her displacement is 27,500 tons, her engines develop 28,000 horsepower and she is armed with ten 14-inch guns in her four turrets, twenty-one 5-inch and four 3-pounders, together with four 21-inch Torpedo Tubes. She cost over $6,000,000.

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ZETU

Copyright by Underwood and Underwood, N. Y.

AN AMERICAN FIGHTING MACHINE
The U. S. Battleship “Wyoming,” making a “smoke curtain," behind which

submarines or destroyers might launch an attack on the enemy.

CHAPTER XIII

THE WAR IN THE AIR

Literal Realization of the Poet's Dream of Two Generations Ago — Early Use of Balloons in War Time - For Observation in Our Civil War - Gambetta's Escape from Paris in 1870 — Aeroplanes Used in the Balkan War and by the Italians in Tripoli — Extensive Employment of Various kinds of Air Craft in the Great War - Captive Balloons for Observation — Aeroplanes for Scouting and Signaling - For Bombardment on Land and for Detecting Submarines at Sea — Aeroplanes Fighting in Mid-air Singly and in Squadrons—Zeppelins and Other Dirigible Balloons — Their Futile Efforts to Invade Great Britain - Universal Recognition of Air Craft as an Essential Arm of War on Land and Sea.

THREE-QUARTERS of a century ago one of the world's greatest poets, in one of his loftiest flights of sheer imagination, wrote that he

"... dipt into the future, far as human eye could see,
Saw the Vision of the world, and all the wonder that would be;

Saw the heavens fill with commerce, argosies of magic sails,
Pilots of the purple twilight, dropping down with costly bales;

Heard the heavens fill with shouting, and there rain'd a ghastly dew From the nations' airy navies grappling in the central blue;

Far along the world-wide whisper of the south-wind rushing warm, With the standards of the people plunging thro' the thunder-storm;

Till the war-drum throbb'd no longer, and the battle-flags were furl'd In the Parliament of man, the Federation of the world."

It was a dream, the world declared; regardless of the fact that while

“Some dreams we have are nothing else but dreams,

Unnatural, and full of contradictions;
Yet others of our most romantic schemes

Are something more than fictions."

Three-quarters of a century; and now is the most graphic and most amazing feature of the bard's fancy fulfilled to the very letter; leaving us amid our wonderment to speculate, pleasingly and hopefully, upon the possible fulfilment in equal measure of the remainder of the splendid vision.

EARLY USE OF WAR BALLOONS Some use of balloons was indeed made in war at a very early date. Scarcely a dozen years after Montgolfier's invention there was formed in 1794 at Meudon, near Paris, an aeronautical institute for the purpose of training men to make military observations from balloons, and such observations were actually made, with valuable effect, at the battle of Fleurus, near Charleroi, in June, 1794. It is probable that those aerial observations materially contributed to the winning of that crowning victory of the French Revolutionary army over the Austrians.

Balloons were also used for similar purposes in the Austro-Italian War in 1859, and during our own Civil War. In the Suakin campaign in March, 1885, observation balloons were first used by the British army. These were all, of course, captive balloons, held fast with ropes, and served no other purpose than that of giving an extremely elevated point of view. The most important use of moving balloons was made at Paris in 1870–71, during the siege. It was in such a vehicle that Leon Gambetta left that city, to organize government outside its walls; and in such fashion millions of letters were sent out from the beleaguered capital before its surrender,

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