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Gen. Fuerpo Colieres. 17

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AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY

1950–1955

BASIC DOCUMENTS

VOLUME I

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In 1950 the Division of Historical Policy Research of the Department of State and the staff of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations collaborated in the preparation of a collection of basic documents on American foreign policy covering the years 1941-1949. The collection was released under the title A Decade of American Foreign Policy: Basic Documents, 1941-49 as Senate Document No. 123, 81st Congress, 1st Session. The usefulness of this publication indicated the need for a supplement that would bring the collection closer to currency.

The present compilation, like its predecessor, has been designed primarily for official use. The possibility that it might prove useful to others outside official circles has also played a part in determining the scope and editorial mechanics of the publication. In some instances the 6-year span (1950-1955) of the compilation has been violated for the sake of completeness and continuity, with the reprinting of a few documents that appeared in the earlier Decade, the printing of a few additional pre-1950 documents, and the including of some 1956 materials. Certain international agreements to which the United States is not a party have been included where the effect of such agreements on American policy formulation is obvious.

Despite its size, which reflects the growth of American responsibility in international relations, the present collection makes no pretense at being exhaustive. In many instances, it has proved necessary to print summaries of developments and of individual lengthy documents or to provide nothing more than the title of a document, indicating where its text may be found. While the general rule of chronological arrangement of the documents within each of the 20 Parts has been observed, it has been necessary in certain Parts to place some documents under chronologically overlapping subject headings. This arrangement, coupled with a list of the documents, fairly extensive cross-references, and an index, will facilitate use of the volumes.

This collection was prepared in the Historical Division, G. Bernard Noble, Chief, under the immediate direction of the Chief of the Advisory and Review Branch, E. Taylor Parks, with the assistance of Peter V. Curl, William Gerber, Robert W. Lambert, Herbert Spielman, Isaac A. Stone, and Yancey M. Taylor. Proofreading and editorial functions were performed by Doris E. Austin and Margaret G. Martin of the Historical Division, and John J. Lee and Anne C. Torwick of the Division of Publishing Services. Assistance was also given in the early stages of the work by Dwight R. Ambach, Laverne Bryck, Helene L. Delong, Eula McDonald, and Majel Renshaw.

JUNE 1, 1957

PART I. PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTIVES OF AMERICAN FOREIGN

POLICY

Pago

1. The State of the Union: Message by the President to the Congress,

January 4, 1950 (Excerpts)

1-5

2. "Total Diplomacy" To Strengthen United States Leadership for

Human Freedom: Summary of Remarks by the Secretary of

State, February 16, 1950.

5-10

3. Plowing a Straight Furrow: Extemporaneous Remarks by the Secre-

tary of State, November 17, 1950 (Excerpt)

10-12

4. The Shield of Faith: Address by the Secretary of State, November 9,

1950 (Excerpts)..

13-16

5. The Strategy of Freedom: Address by the Secretary of State, Novem-

ber 29, 1950 (Excerpts).

16-18

6. The State of the Union: Message by the President to the Congress,

January 8, 1951 (Excerpts).

18–24

7. War or Peace and the Survival of Human Freedom: Statement by

the Secretary of State Before the Senate Armed Services and

Foreign Relations Committees, June 1, 1951 (Excerpt). ..

25

8. Securing the Peace: Address by the President, October 15, 1951 (Ex-

cerpts).

25-27

9. The State of the Union: Message by the President to the Congress,

January 9, 1952 (Excerpts).

27-32

10. Progress Toward International Peace and Unity: Address by the

Secretary of State, April 19, 1952 (Excerpts)

32-39

11. Continuity and Responsibility in the Conduct of Foreign Affairs:

Statement Issued on Conclusion of Talks Between the President

and the President-Elect, November 18, 1952 .

.. 39-40

12. The State of the Union: Message by the President to the Congress,

January 7, 1953 (Excerpts)

40-57

13. Inaugural Address by the President, January 20, 1953 (Excerpt) 57-61

14. The State of the Union: Message by the President to the Congress,

February 2, 1953 (Excerpts)

61-65

15. The Chance for Peace: Address by the President, April 16, 1953.

65–71

16. The Moral Initiative: Address by the Secretary of State, November 18,

1953 (Excerpts).

71-77

17. The State of the Union: Message by the President to the Congress,

January 7, 1954 (Excerpts).

77-80

18. The Evolution of Foreign Policy: Address by the Secretary of State,

January 12, 1954 (Excerpts)

80-85

19. Berlin Foreign Ministers Meeting (January 25-February 18, 1954):

Report by the Secretary of State, February 24, 1954 (Excerpts). 85–90

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