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should welcome the opportunity to show that things that are impossible with men are possible with God.

2. The second main reason why the church should be vitally interested in the movement to establish a League of Nations is that the church will find itself in this movement.

It is painfully evident that the church at present is not sure of itself, its function, its place, its power. To throw its energies into the movement for a League of Nations would help greatly.

(a) As has been said, it would afford a chance for the church to develop and show a strong, living, practical faith. The church has suffered for lack of objects at once practical and daring. Such an object is here afforded.

(6) Most important of all, this movement affords the church an opportunity to recover its international character. Time was when the church was an international organization. Say what we may in criticism of the church in the Middle Ages, there was this magnificent fact about it, that it was a supra-national organization calling for a loyalty greater than that paid to any separate nation or state. With all its immense gains, the Reformation brought one serious loss to Christianity, it split the church into separate bodies divided along national and social lines. Protestant Christianity has largely lost its consciousness of an international or supranational character. Yet there has always lingered in the hearts of Christians a consciousness that the

church ought to transcend the bounds of nationalty. Christians all over the world were shocked when the German church leaders at the outbreak of the war stood blindly for the national cause. The hesitancy of churchmen in America to speak sharply and decisively on the moral issues of the war, when it broke out, was largely due to a consciousness that the church should stand as an international fellowship. What a marvellous opportunity is afforded to the church to recover its international character through linking its life to an international organization to which it may give something of the sanctity attaching to the idea of the Kingdom of God. Christianity would recover some of its lost articulateness through uniting its fortunes with the cause of international organization.

There are immense and weighty considerations in favour of the establishment of a League of Nations which appeal to us as citizens of America and of the world. It seems to be the only ground for hope of a durable peace. We should determine to fight on unflinchingly until the issue has been fought out between isolation and co-operation, between the waning cause of nationalism and the waxing cause of internationalism. The outcome of the war must be world organization. But above and beyond these considerations are the reasons which appeal to the Christian church. The League of Nations holds the promise of the future for Christianity. Through it once more will be realized the ideal so finely stated

in an anonymous writing of the second century of the Christian era, “As the soul holds the body together, so Christians hold the world together. God has assigned them this illustrious position, which it were unlawful for them to forsake."

APPENDICES

APPENDIX I

THE LEADERS OF THE BRITISH CHURCHES

SUMMON CHRISTIANS TO A LEAGUE OF
NATIONS

BASE THE APPEAL ON THE PROPOSALS OF THE PRESIDENT

OF THE UNITED STATES

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HE following appeal has been issued over the

signatures of the Archbishop of Canterbury,

the Bishop of Winchester, the Bishop of Oxford, the Bishop of Southwark, the Bishop of Peterborough, the Rev. Dr James Cooper, Moderator of the Established Church of Scotland; the Rev. Dr. W. B. Selbie, the Rev. Dr. J. Scott Lidgett, the Rev. Dr. F. B. Meyer, the Rev. Dr. D. S. Cairns, the Rev. Dr. J. Estlin Carpenter, the Rev. Dr. Alexander Connell, the Rev. Father Plater, Lord Henry Bentinck, Lord Parmoor, the Rt. Hon. Arthur Henderson, George Lansbury, Arthur Mansbridge, Professor A. S. Peake, and Principal T. F. Roberts :

“We, the signatories of this document, belonging to various Christian bodies, have noted with the greatest satisfaction the prominent place given by the President of the United States and by successive Prime Ministers and Foreign Secretaries of our own country to the proposal of a League of Nations. The idea has also, as was to be expected, won wide support among the official repre

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