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12. Many oxen (s) are come bones : they stand staring and about me : fat bulls (s) of Basan | looking upon me. close me in on every side.
18. They part (y) my garments 13. They gape upon me with among them : and cast (y) lots their mouths : as it were a ramp
upon my vesture. ing and a roaring lion.
19. But be not thou far from 14. I am poured out like water, me, O Lord : thou art my sucand all my bones are out of joint : cour; haste thee to help me. my heart also in the midst of my 20. Deliver my soul from the body is even like melting wax. sword : my darling (2) from the
15. My strength is dried up power of the dog. like a potsherd, and my tongue 21. Save me from the lion's cleaveth to my gums : and thou mouth : thou hast heard me also shalt bring (t) me into the dust of from among the horns (a) of the death.
unicorns. 16. For many dogs are come 22. (b) I will declare thy Name about me : and the counsel of unto my brethren : in the midst the wicked layeth (u) siege against of the congregation will I praise
thee. 17. They pierced (r) my hands 23. O praise the Lord, ye that and my feet ; I may tell all my fear him: magnify him, all ye of
(s) v. 12. “Oxen” and “bulls of Basan," “ to every soldier a part, and also his coat: persons as impetuous, cruel, and overbear
now the coat was without seam, woven ing as oxen fed in the rich pastures of “ from the top throughout: they said Basan. See Amos iv. 1.
“ therefore among themselves, “Let us (2) v. 15. “ Shalt bring," or (B.T.)“ hast “ not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it brought."
“shall be:" these things therefore the sol(u) v. 16. “ Layeth siege, &c." verified “ diers did. John xix. 23, 24.” What but when the chief priests and elders took the foresight of God could have suggested counsel against Jesus, to put him to death. so remarkable a prophecy? what but his See Matt. xxvi. 8. 15. 59. - Matt. xxvii. 1. power have caused its completion ? - Mark xiv. 1.-Mark xv.1.- Lukexxii. 2. (z) v. 20. “ My darling," i.e.“my life, (2) v. 17. Pierced, &c.” This occurred
my existence, that about me which is to our Saviour when he was nailed to the “most dear and precious.” So Ps. XXIV. cross. It may be observed, that cruci- 17. fixion was not a Jewish punishment, that (a) v. 21. “ From the horns of the unithere was no Jewish punishment in which “corn," a figurative expression, to express the hands and feet were pierced, that it a situation of the greatest danger : "thou was not likely they should adopt any such “ hast lieard and delivered me when I was punishment so long as they continued in “ upon the point of being gored by the the free exercise of their own laws; and “ horns of the unicorns." that if they became subject to those of (6) v. 22. Here the character of the any other nation, it was not likely they Psalm changes: the deliverance prayed for should have the power of bringing about is foreseen, the success of Christ's kingdom the Messiah's death. The probability, contemplated, and praise and glory to Go! therefore (humanly considered) was against required on those accounts. The author the fulfilment of this prediction; but the of the Epistle to the Hebrews consider almighty Power that suggested the pro- this verse as spoken in phecy could also bring it to pass.
Messiah, Heb.ii. (y) v. 18. “ Part, &c.” and “cast lots.” "sanctifieth These two singular predictions were lite- “are all of rally fulfilled at our Saviour's death : “ The is, Jesus “ soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, (that “ took his garments, and made four parts, "th
the seed of Jacob, and fear him, 28. For the kingdom is the all ye seed of Israel ;
Lord's (1): and he is the Gover24. For he hath not despised nor among the people. nor abhorred the low estate of 29. (0) All such as be fat upon the
poor : he hath not hid his earth : have eaten and worshipped. face from him ; but when he 30. All they that go down into called unto him, he heard him. the dust shall kneel before him :
25. My praise is of thee in and no man (k) hath quickened the great congregation (c): my his own soul. vows (d) will I perform in the 31. My (1) seed shall serve sight of them that fear him. him : they shall be counted unto
26. The poor shall eat (e), and the Lord for a generation. be satisfied : they that seek after 32. They shall come, and the the Lord, shall praise him ; your heavens shall declare his righteousheart shall live for ever.
ness : unto a people that shall be 27. All the ends (8) of the born, whom the Lord hath made. world shall remember themselves, and be turned unto the Lord :
Psalm xxiii. (m) and all the kindreds of the nations The Lord is my shepherd : there. shall worship before him.
fore can I lack nothing. " unto my brethren, in the midst of the “ art my people ;" and they shall say, "church will I sing praise unto thee.
“ Thou art my God.” And again, Mal. i. (C) v. 25. “ The great congregation.” 11. “ From the rising of the sun even unto " The great religious assembly of the “ the going down of the same” (that is, " Jews.” So Ps. xxxv. 18.“ I will give thee
from the extremities of east and west)“ my " thanks in the great congregation, I will
“ name shall be great among
the Gentiles, "praise thee among much people.” And “and in every place incense shall be ofPs. xl. 11. 13.
“ fered unto my name, and a pure offering; (d) “ My vows, &c.” So Ps. cxvi. 16. “ for my name shall be great among the "I will pay my vows unto the Lord, in “ heathen, saith the Lord of Hosts." See " the sight of all his people, in the courts
Ps. ii. 8. — 1xxxvi. 9. and Is. xlv. 23. " of the Lord's house, even in the midst of
(h) v. 28. “The Lord's :" a triumphant thee, O Jerusalem."
burst of rapture. “ He alone shall have a (e) v. 26. “ The poor shall eat, &c.”
“ kingdom! He alone shall be governor It is a mark of great temporal prosperity, amongst the nations ;" because, in the where there is such abundance, that the language of Rev. i. 16.) “ The kingdoms pery poorest have enough; and the meaning
“ of this world shall have become the here probably is, that in the times referred kingdoms of our Lord, and of his to, the times of the Messiah, there shall be
« Christ." a proportionate abundance of spiritual bles- (i) v. 29. “ All, &c." The meaning sings. See Ps. Ixxii. 16.
perhaps is, his worship shall be universal : (g) v. 27. “ All the ends, &c.” One, all ranks shall join — the rich, “ the fat among many, of the predictions as to the
down extent to which the true worship of God
“ into the dust," the poor and abject. should in time prevail. Isaiah, in his
(k) v. 30. “ No man,” i. e. (perhaps) figurative language, says,
" It shall no one can of himself, without my means, "come to pass in the last days, that the “ quicken his own soul, obtain eternal "mountain of the Lord's house" (that is,
“ life.” the worship of the true God) “ shall be (1) v. 31. “ My seed,” i. e. (perhaps) " established in the top of the mountains,
“ the church of Christ, the professors of " and shall be exalted above the hills, and “ Christianity.” See Ps. Ixxxix. 30. and "all nations shall Aow unto it. Is. ii. 2." the note there. So Hos. ii. 23. “I (i. e. God) will say to
(m) A hymn of great simplicity, written " them which were not my people, “ Thou by David, on the protection and kindness
upon earth,” and “
2. He shall feed me in a green trouble me : thou hast anointed pasture (n) : and lead me forth my head with oil, and my cup beside the waters of comfort. shall be full (r).
3. He shall convert (o) my 6. But thy loving-kindness and soul : and bring me forth (P) in mercy shall follow me all the days the paths of righteousness for his of my life : and I will dwell (5) Name's sake.
in the house of the Lord for ever. 4. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil : for thou art
MORNING PRAYER. with me; thy rod and thy staff comfort me.
Psalm xxiv. (1) 5. Thou shalt prepare a table The earth is the Lord's, and all before me against (9) them that that therein is : the compass of
God had shewn him. Mr. Addison, in the 441st number of the Spectator, says, “ David has very beautifully represented “ his steady reliance on God in the 23d “ Psalm, which is a kind of pastoral hymn, " and filled with those allusions which are “ usual in that species of writing: as the “poetry is very exquisite, I shall give the “ following translation of it:
“ The Lord my pasture shall prepare,
" And streams shall murmur all around."
as abundantly as sheep feed in a green «
“ direct; * turn into the right way.".
(p)“ Bring me forth,” i. e. “ conduct « me."
(9) v. 5.“ Against," i.e." in defiance of."
(r) “ Full,” i. e. “ of prosperity; of “ thy blessings."
(s) v. 6. « Dwell, &c.” David often mentions his opportunities of visiting the house of God, as a source of great delight; and when he was driven from Jerusalem, by Absalom's rebellion, laments the loss of those opportunities with great feeling. See Ps. xxvi. 8. — xxvii. 4. — xlii, and Ix.xxiv.
(t) A spirited hymn, upon some solemn procession with the ark of God to the top of mount Sion, either upon its removal from the house of Obededom the Gittite, (see 2 Sam. vi. 12.) or upon some victory. Justin M. considers it as prophetical
, applying to the Messiah, and thinks it clear that the King of Glory” means Christ ; and that the order to open the gates, &c. refers to Christ's ascension into heaven. Justin M., Dial. cum Tryphone, 254, 5.310, 11.-357. Other primitive Fathers interpret it of Christ, 4. Aug. 461. Water). 230.; and Christ is distinctly called the “ Lord of Glory, 1 Cor. ii. 8.;" and in our Te Deum, « Thou art the King of “ Glory, O Christ.” It notices the universal dominion of God, and the qualities he requires in those he suffers to approach or attend him, and concludes with a cormand for opening the gates for the admission of the ark, (which was looked upon as a type or representation of the Mes. siah's ascension into heaven). It is one of the Psalms for Ascension Day. It appears to be responsive, performed by several sets of singers, and the first six verses were probably sung as the procession advanced towards the tabernacle ; and the other four just as they were reaching the
the world, and they that dwell | from the Lord: and righteoustherein.
ness (6) from the (c) God of his 2. For he hath founded it (u) salvation. upon the seas : and prepared it (u) 6. This is the generation (d) of upon the floods.
them that seek him: even of them 3. Who shall ascend (x) into that seek thy face (e), O Jacob (8). the hill of the Lord (y) : or who 7. Lift up (h) your heads, Oye shall rise up in his holy place. gates, and be ye lift up ye ever
4. Even he that hath clean lasting doors : and the King of hands, and a pure heart (2): and glory (i) shall come in. that hath not lift up his mind unto 8. Who is the King of glory? vanity, nor sworn to deceive (a) it is the Lord, strong and mighty, his neighbour.
even the Lord mighty in battle. 5. He shall receive the blessing 9. Lift up your heads, O ye
gates. Dr. Blair has pointed out the “ for he hath triumphed gloriously ; the manner in which it was sung, to give an
" horse and his rider hath he thrown into idea, from this instance, of the grand " the sea. Exod. xv." effect their sacred performances were cal- (u) v. 2. “Upon," or " against :” referculated to produce: “ The whole people ring to the boundaries of land and sea. “are supposed to attend the procession. (3) v. 3.
" Who shall ascend, &c.” * The Levites and singers, at least 4000 Nearly the same question as that in Ps. “ in number, divided into 24 sets, and "accompanied with their musical instru- (y) v. 1. 3. 5. 8. 10.
• The Lord: 18 "ments, lead the way. After the intro- Kuple, or Kupée et Kúpos. “ duction in the first two verses, when the (z) v. 4. “A pure heart.” External “ procession is beginning to ascend the conformity was not sufficient; inward purity “ Mount, the question is put, as by a se- was requisite. “ michorus, “Who shall ascend, &c." (a) “ Nor sworn to deceive," i.e.“ nor "and the response is made by the full “ deceived after having sworn." “ chorus, " he that hath clean hands, &c." as in Ps. xv. 5. “ He that sweareth unto “ As the procession approaches the doors “his neighbour, and disappointeth him “ of the tabernacle, the chorus, with all “ not, though it were to his own hin“their instruments, join in this exclam- “ derance;" or “not sworn in order to “ation, “ Lift up your heads, &c.” The “ deceive." “ semichorus then put the question, (6) v. 5.“ Righteousness," i.e." favour, “Who is the King of Glory?" and the mercy.” Wilson's Hebr. Gr. 381. “ response is made by the burst of the (c) “ The God of his salvation," or “ whole chorus, “ The Lord strong and “ God his Saviour.” Sept. Oef owlūpos &vlē. "mighty, &c.” The effect resulting from (d) v. 6." The generation, &c." i.e." the the grandeur of the procession, and the “ character, the disposition: this is the race number of the performers, must have
" that seek him." · been surprising. No wonder that among (e) “ Thy face," i. e. “thy countenance the things which astonished the Queen of 6 or favour.” Sheba, when she went to see Solomon, (g) “Jacob," i.e. “God of Jacob." was bis “ ascent by which he went up to 7ο πρόσωπον 18 Θεξ Ιάκωδ. Sept. and Justin " the house of the Lord. 1 Kings x. 5."
M. 255. Even in the times of Moses their hymns (h) v. 7. “ Lift up," i. e. were responsive, and accompanied with The manner of opening them was by lifting music. In the first piece of poetry extant, up the gates, as the gates of a portcullis. the Song of the Children of Israel on the (i) "The King of glory," i.e. “ the destruction of Pharoah, Moses and the “ ark, the symbol of God's presence;" or Children of Israel sang the song, and Mi. " the Messiah." 4. August. 461. Justin riam went out, and all the women after M. 254, 5,—311. her, with timbrels and dances; and Mi- (i) υ. 7. 8. 10. « ο Βασίλευς 7ης δόξης: 1ίς εσιν riam (either alone or with the women)
17ος ο βασιλευς 7ης δόξης; Κύριος, &c. answered them, “ Sing ye to the Lord,
" to open.”
gates, and be ye lift up ye ever- | according to thy mercy think thou lasting doors : and the King of upon me, O Lord, for thy goodglory shall come in.
10. Who is the King of glory? 7. Gracious and righteous is the even the Lord of hosts, he is the Lord : therefore will be teach King of glory.
sinners (m) in the way.
8. Them that are meek (n) shall Psalm xxv. (k)
he guide in judgement: and such Unto thee, O Lord, will I lift as are gentle (n), them shall he up my soul; my God, I have put learn his way. my trust in thee: O let me not 9. All the paths of the Lord be confounded, neither let mine are mercy and truth : unto such enemies triumph over me.
as keep his covenant and his tes2. For all they that hope in thee timonies. shall not be ashamed: but such as 10. For thy Name's sake (0), O transgress without a cause, shall Lord: be merciful unto my sin, be put to confusion.
3. Shew me thy ways, O Lord : 11. What man is he that fearand teach me thy paths.
eth (p) the Lord : him shall he 4. Lead me forth in thy truth, teach in the way that he shall and learn me: for thou art the choose; God of my salvation ; in thee
12. His soul shall dwell at ease: hath been my hope all the day long. and his seed shall inherit the land.
5. Call to remembrance, O 13. The (9) secret of the Lord is Lord, thy tender mercies : and among them that fear him: and thy loving-kindnesses, which have | he will shew them his covenant. been ever of old.
14. Mine eyes are ever looking 6. O remember not the sins unto the Lord : for he shall pluck and offences of my youth (1): but my feet out of the net.
for it is great.
(k) A warm appeal to God for pardon, (m) v. 7. “ Sinners.” Even them, protection, and guidance, and a spirited in) v. 8. “ Meek,” and “gentle.” These eulogium on the advantages of God's are the dispositions God will take under assistance. In the Hebrew it is alphabeti- his more especial care. cal; the first word of the first verse begin- (o) v. 10. “ Thy Name's sake.” When ning with the first letter of the Hebrew distress or calamity fell upon any of God's alphabet, the first word of the second with followers, the heathen thought disrespectthe next letter, and so on. There are in fully of God, as if he was unable to relieve the Old Testament twelve of these com
them. This consideration is frequently positions, seven of which are in the Psalms. pressed as an argument to avert the When perfect, they consist of twenty-two punishments their sins deserved. See verses or parts, that being the number of Numb. xiv. 15, 16. - Deut. ix. 28.- Isaiah letters in the Hebrew alphabet. One of xlviii. 9, 11. – Jer, xiv. 7.- Ezek. xx. 9. the objects in this practice probably was,
14. 22. — Ps. xxxi. 4.- Ps. lxxiv. 23.to assist the memory in repeating the
Ps. lxxix. 9. 11.– Ps. cái. 8. composition.
(p) v. 11. “ Feareth, &c.” « The fear (0) v. 6. “My youth.” So Job. xiii. 26. “ of the Lord therefore is" (as is observed When Job is noticing how strict God is Ps. cxi. 10. and Prov. ix. 10.) “the beginagainst him, he says, “Thou writest bitter ning of wisdom.” “ things against me, thou makest me to (9) v. 13. “ The secret, &c." i. e. (per“possess" (i.e. bringest in charge against haps) " what is kept secret from others me) “ the iniquities of my youth.'
« he suffers them to know."