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“ and sin against God ?" 10. And it ers that were in the prison; and whatcame to pass, as she spake to Joseph soever they did there, he was the doer day by day, that he hearkened not unto of it. 23. The keeper of the prison her, to lie by her, or to be with her.

looked not to any thing that was under 11. And it came to pass, (y) about this his hand; because the LORD tas with time that Joseph went into the house to him : and that which he did, the Lord do his business; and there was none of

made it to prosper. the men of the house there within. 12. And she caught him by his garment,

CHAP. XLII. saying, “ Lie with me:" and he left his Now when Jacob saw that there was garment in her hand, and fled, and got corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, him out. 13. And it came to pass Why do ye look one upon another?" when she saw that he had left his gar- 2. And he said, “ Behold I have heard ment in her hand, and was fled forth, " that there is corn in Egypt: get ye 14. That she called unto the men of “ down thither, and buy for us from her house, and spake unto them, saying, “ thence, that we may live, and not “ See, he hath brought in an Hebrew “ die.” 3. And Joseph's ten brethren 66 unto us, to mock us : he came in unto went down to buy corn in Egypt. 6 me to lie with me, and I cried with a 4. But Benjamin, Joseph's (z) brother

, 6 loud voice. 15. And it came to pass, Jacob sent not with his brethren: for 6 when he heard that I lifted up my he said, “ Lest peradventure mischief “ voice, and cried, that he left his gar- - befall him.” 5. And the sons of ment with me, and fled, and got him Israel came to buy corn among.

those " out.” 16. And she laid


gar- that came: for the famine was in the ment by her, until his lord came home. land of Canaan. 6. And Joseph tas 17. And she spake unto him according the governor over the land, and he to these words, saying, “ The Hebrew it was that sold to all the people of the “ servant which thou hast brought unto land; and Joseph's brethren came, and

us, came in unto me to mock me. bowed down themselves before him 66 18. And it came to pass, as I lifted up with their faces to the earth. 7. And

my voice, and cried, that he left his Joseph saw his brethren : and he knew “ garment with me, and Aed out.” them, but made himself strange unto 19. And it came to pass, when his them, and spake roughly unto them; master heard the words of his wife and he said unto them, “ Whence which she spake unto him, saying, "come ye?" and they said, “ From “ After this manner did thy servant to “ the land of Canaan to buy food.” “ me;" that his wrath was kindled. 8. And Joseph knew his brethren, but 20. And Joseph's master took him, and they knew not him. 9. And Joseph put him into the prison, a place where remembered (a) the dreams which he the king's prisoners were bound : and dreamed of them, and said unto them, he was there in the prison. 21. But “ Ye are spiess to see the nakedness of the Lord was with Joseph, and shewed “ the land you are come.” 10. And they him mercy, and gave him favour in the said unto him, “ Nay, my lord, but to sight of the keeper of the prison. “ buy food are thy servants come. 22. And the keeper of the prison com- 6 11. We are all one man's sons: we are mitted to Joseph's hand, all the prison- “true men, thy servants are no spies.” is the most usual construction of the (z) v. 4. “ Joseph's brother.” Joseph words. There are then two reasons given and Benjamin were the only children by for Joseph's conduct, gratitude to his mas- Rachel, Jacob's favourite wife. ter, and duty towards God: the compli- (a) v. 9. “ The dreams which he dreamed ance would have been ungrateful and “ of them."

They are recorded Gen. wicked. Kennic. Rem. 36.

xxxvii. 7. 9. The one signified that he (y) v. 11. For “ about this time," read should be above his brethren, and his \at a certain time.”

brethren make obeisance unto him; and

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, them d'to see the nakedness of the land you again

, and communed with them, and “ are come.” 13. And they said, “ 'Í'hy took from them Simeon, and bound

servants are twelve brethren, the sons him before their eyes. 25. Then Jo“of one man in the land of Canaan ; seph commanded to fill their sacks with “ and behold, the youngest is this day corn, and to restore every man's money “ with our father, and one (6) is not.' into his sack, and to give them provision 14. And Joseph said unto them, “ That for the way; and thus did he unto them. “ is it that I spake unto you, saying, 26. And they laded their asses with the “ Ye are spies.

spies. 15. Hereby shall ye corn, and departed thence. 27. And as “ be proved; by the life of Pharaoh

ye one of them opened his sack to give his “ shall not go forth hence, except your ass provender in the inn, he espied his " youngest

brother come hither. money : for behold it was in his sack's “ 16. Send one of you, and let him mouth. 28. And he said unto his “ fetch your brother, and ye shall be brethren, “ My money is restored; and "kept in prison, that your words “ lo, it is even in my sack :” and their

may be proved whether there be any heart failed them, and they were afraid, “ truth in you, or else by the life of saying one to another, “What is this “ Pharaoh surely ye are spies.” 17. And that God hath done unto us?" 29. And he put them altogether into ward, three they came unto Jacob their father, unto days. 18. And Joseph said unto the land of Canaan, and told him all them the third day, “ This do, and live: that befel unto them, saying, 30. “ The " for I fear (c) God. 19. If ye be true man who is the lord of the land, spake men,

let of brethren be roughly to us, and took us for spies “ bound in the house of your prisons :

6 of the country.

31. And we said go ye, carry corn for the famine of

66 unto him, We are true men ; we are 20. But bring your no spies. 32. We be twelve brethren, youngest brother unto me; so shall sons of our father: one is not, and "your words be verified, and ye shall “ the youngest is this day with our fa"not die.” And they did so. 21. And 66 ther in the land of Canaan. 33. And they said one to another, “ We are ve- “ the man, the lord of the country, said “rily guilty concerning (d) our brother, “ unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye " in that we saw the anguish of his soul are true men; leave, one


your “ when he besought us, and we would

“ brethren here with me, and take food not hear : therefore (e) is this distress for the famine of your households, and

come upon us.” 22. And Reuben “ be gone. 34. And bring your younganswered them, saying, “ Spake I not 66 est brother unto me: then shall I

unto you, saying, Do not sin against “ know that you are no spies, but that " the child; and ye would not hear? you are true men: so will I deliver therefore, behold also his blood is re- you your brother, and ye shall traffick quired.” 23. And they knew not

66 in the land.” 35. And it came to that Joseph understood them; for he pass as they emptied their sacks, that spake unto them by an interpreter. behold, every man's bundle of money 24. And he turned himself about from was in his sack: and when both they

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the other, that his father and mother, and and because of the dreams mentioned in also his brethren, should bow down them- the note to verse 9. Reuben (as an expeselves before him.

dient to save him) recommended casting (6) v. 13. “ Is not," i. e. “ is dead." him into a pit in the wilderness: and at

(c) v. 18. “God.” “ Him whom you length, upon the suggestion of Judah, they “worship, not the gods of the Egyptians." sold him to the Ishmaelites, who carried (d) v. 21. “Our brother,” i. e. “ Jo

him into Egypt. “seph.” Some of them had proposed to (e) v.21. “ Therefore, &c." A striking kill him, because they were jealous of the instance of the workings of conscience : extraordinary love his father showed him, imputing present distress to past sin.

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and their father saw the bundles of mo- “ will be surety for him: of my hand ney, they were afraid. 36. And Jacob “ shalt thou require him: If I bring their father said unto them, “ Me have “ bim not unto thee, and set him before

bereaved of my children: Joseph is “ thee, then let me bear the blame for “ not, and Simeon is not, and ye will ever. 10. For except we had lingered, s take Benjamin away: all these things surely now we had returned this se“ are against me." 37. And Reuben • cond time.” 11. And their father Isspake unto his father, saying, “ Slay

“ Slay rael said unto them, “ If it must be so my two sons, if I bring him not to now, do this; take of the best fruits in “ thee: deliver him into my hand, and “ the land in your vessels, and carry $ I will bring him to thee again.” “ down the man a present, a little balm, 38. And he said, “ My son shall not " and a little honey, spices and myrrh, “ go down with you : for his brother is nuts and almonds. 12. And take · dead, and he is left alone; if mischief “ double money in your hand; and the “ befall him by the way in the which ye " money that was brought again in the “go, then shall ye bring down my grey

" mouth of your sacks, carry it again in “ hairs with sorrow to the


your hand; peradventure it was an

“oversight. 13. Take also your broCHAP. XLIII.

" ther, and arise, go again unto the man. And the famine was sore in the (g)land: “ 14. And God Almighty give you 2. And it came to pass when they had mercy before the man, that he may eaten up the corn which they (h) had “ send away your other (1) brother, and brought out of Egypt, their father said “ Benjamin ; If I be bereaved of my unto them, “ Go again, buy us a little children, I am bereaved." 15. And “ food.” 3. And Judah spake unto him, the men took that present, and they took saying, “ The (i) man did solemnly pro- double money in their hand, and Ben" test unto us, saying, Ye shall not see jamin: and rose up, and went down to “ my face except your(i) brother be with Egypt, and stood before Joseph. 16. And " you. 4. If thou wilt send our brother when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, 6 with us, we will go down and buy thee he said to the ruler of his house, “ Bring 56 food. 5. But if thou wilt not send him, these men home, and slay, and make 56 we will not go down: for the (i) man “ ready : for these men shall dine with " said unto us, “Yeshall not see my face, me at noon.” 17. And the man did

except your (i) brother be with you.” as Joseph bade: and the man brought 6. And (k) Israel said, “Wherefore dealt the men into Joseph's house. 18. And 66 ye

so ill with me, as to tell the man the men were afraid, because they were 6 whether ye had yet a brother?” 7. And brought into Joseph's house, and they they said, “ The man asked us straitly said, “ Because of the money that was 56 of our state, and of our kindred, say- " returned in our sacks at the first time, “ ing, “ is your father yet alive? have

“ are we brought in; that he may seek 5 ye another brother ?” and we told “ occasion against us, and fall upon us, 5 him according to the tenour of these 6 and take us for bondmen, and our 66 words: Could we certainly know that 66 asses." 19. And they came near to 6 he would say, Bring your brother the steward of Joseph's house, and they 66 down ?” 8. And Judah said unto communed with him at the door of the Israel his father, “ Send the lad with house, 20. And said, “ O sir, we came 56 me, and we will arise, and go; that “ indeed down at the first time to buy we may live and not die, both we,

and “ food. 21. And it came to pass when " thou, and also our little ones.

9. I we came to the inn, that we opened (g) v. 1. “ The Land," i.e." of Canaan;" (k) v. 6. “ Israel," i. e. “ Jacob." where Jacob then lived. B. C. 1707.

(l) d. 14. “ Your other brother," i. e. y," i. e. “ Jacob's sons." “Simeon," whom Joseph had detained in (i) v. 3.5. “ The man," i. e." Joseph.” Egypt. ** Your brother," i.e. “Benjamin."

(h) v. 2.“

the 1.



66 that

“our sacks, and behold, every man's

CHAP. XLV. our money

in full weight: and we have Then Joseph could not refrain himself “ brought it again in our hand. 22. And before all them that stood by him; and “ other money have we brought down he cried, “ Cause every man to go out

in our hands to buy food: we cannot from me:" and there stood no man “ tell who put our money in our sacks.” with him, while Joseph made himself 23. And he said, “ Peace be to you, fear known unto his brethren. 2. And he " not: your God, and the God of your wept aloud; and the Egyptians and the “ father hath given you treasure in your

house of Pharaoh heard. 3. And Joseph “ sacks: I had your money." And he

said unto his brethren, “ I am Joseph; brought Simeon out unto them. 24. And “ Doth my father yet live ?” And his the man brought the men into Joseph's brethren could not answer him: for they house, and gave them water, and they were troubled at his presence. 4. And washed their

feet; and he gave their asses Joseph said unto his brethren, “ Come vender. 25. And they made ready “ near to me, I pray you;” and they the present against Joseph came at noon: came near : and he said, “ I am Joseph for they heard that they should eat bread “ your brother, whom ye sold into there. 26. And when Joseph came home, Egypt. 5. Now therefore be not they brought him the present which was grieved nor angry with yourselves, in their hand into the house, and bowed


sold me hither : for God did themselves to him to the earth. 27. And “ send me before you, to preserve life. he asked them of their welfare, and said, “6. For these two years hath the famine Is your father well, the old man of s been in the land : and yet there are five “whom ye spake ? Is he yet alive ?” years, in the which there shall neither 28. And they answered, “ 'Thy servant be earing nor harvest. 7. And God s our father is in good health, he is yet sent me before you, to preserve you a ** alive;" and they bowed down their “ posterity in the earth, and to save your heads, and made obeisance. 29. And “ lives by a great deliverance. 8. So he lift up his eyes, and saw his brother


it was not you that sent me hiBenjamin his mother's son, and said, ther, but God: and he hath made me * Is this your younger brother, of whom a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all

ye spake unto me? And he said, “ his house, and a ruler throughout all * God be gracious unto thee, my son.

“ the land of Egypt. 9. Haste you, 30. And Joseph made haste, for his and go up to my father, and say unto bowels did yearn upon his brother: and “ him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, he sought where to weep, and he en- “ God hath made me lord of all Egypt; tered into his chamber, and wept there. “ come down unto me, tarry not. 31. And he washed his face, and went “ 10. And thou shalt dwell in the land out, and refrained himself, and said, 6 of Goshen, and thou shalt be near

Set on bread.” 32. And they set on unto me, thou, and thy children, and for him by himself, and for them by “thy children's children, and thy flocks, themselves, and for the Egyptians which " and thy herds, and all that thou hast, did eat with him, by themselves : be- “ 11. And there will I nourish thee (for cause the Egyptians might not eat bread “ yet there are five years of famine), lest with the Hebrews; for that is an abo- “ thou, and thy houshold, and all that mination unto the Egyptians. 33. And 6 thou hast, come to poverty. 12. And they sat before him, the first-born ac- “ behold, your eyes see, and the eyes cording to his birth-right, and the 6 of my brother Benjamin, that it is youngest according to his youth: and the “ my mouth that speaketh unto you. inen marvelled one at another. 34. And “ 13. And you shall tell my father of he took and sent messes unto them from “all my glory in Egypt, and of all that before him: but Benjamin's mess was you have seen; and ye shall haste, five times so much as any of theirs. And “ and bring down my father hither.” they drank, and were merry with him. 14. And he fell upon his brother Ben


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jamin's neck and wept; and Benjamin the way. 29. To all of them he gave wept upon his neck. 15. Moreover, he each man changes of raiment; but to kissed all his brethren, and wept upon Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces them : and after that his brethren talked of silver, and five changes of raiment. with him. 16. And the fame thereof 23. And to his father he sent after this was heard in Pharaoh's house, saying, manner, ten asses laden with the good “ Joseph's brethren are come:” and it things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. with corn and bread and meat for his 17. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, father by the way. 24. So he sent his “ Say unto thy brethren, This do ye; brethren away, and they departed : and “ lade your beasts, and go, get you unto he said unto them, “ See that ye fall not 6 the land of Canaan. 18. And take “ out by the way.” 25. And they went

your father, and your housholds, and up out of Egypt, and came into the come unto me: and I will give you land of Canaan unto Jacob their father, the good of the land of Egypt, and ye

26. And told him, saying, “ Joseph is ho shall eat the fat of the land. 19. Now yet alive, and he is governor over all $thou art commanded, this do


take “ the land of Egypt.” And Jacob's “ you waggons out of the land of Egypt heart fainted, for he believed them not. “ for your little ones, and for your wives, 27. And they told him all the words of “and bring your father, and come. Joseph, which he had said unto them ; “ 20. Also regard not your stuff: for and when he saw the waggons which “ the good of all the land of Egypt is Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit yours.” 21. And the children of Is- of Jacob their father revived. 28. And rael did so; and Joseph gave them wag- Israel said, “ It is enough ; Joseph my gons, according to the commandment

son is yet alive: I will


and see him of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for “ before I die.”

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was not consumed. 3. And Moses said, Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro “ I will now turn aside, and see this his father in law, the priest of Midian : great sight, why the bush is not burnt." and he led the flock to the back-side of 4. And when the () LORD saw that he the(n) desert, and came to the mountain turned aside to see, God called unto him of God, even to (o) Horeb. 2. And the out of the midst of the bush, and said, (p) angel of the (9) Lord appeared unto “ Moses, Moses.” And he said, “ Here him in a flame of fire out of the midst

5. And he said, “ Draw not of a bush: and he looked, and behold, nigh hither : put off thy shoes from the bush burned with fire, and the bush “ off thy feet, for the place whereon

(n) v. 1.“ The desert," i.e. “ of Sinai.” “ Moses. Ist Apology, s. 83.;" and he See Numb. xxxiii. 15, 16. B. C. 1491. says of him, that he being the first-born of

(0) “ Horeb,” or mount Sinai.” See God, is also God. So Dial. cum Tryphone, Exod. xix, 1.

282, 3. and Euseb. Eccl. Hist. B. 1. c. 2. (p) v. 2. “ The angel.” In verses 4. 6. p. 5, 6. and c. 4. p. 11. he is called “God and according to (9)

“ The angel of the Lord," or (acDr. Gray (Gray's Key, 321. n.) it was uni- | cording to the note at the end of Bishop versally believed in the antient church Horsley's Hosea) “ Jehovah Angel," i.e. that all the divine appearances described that person of the Trinity who was in the in the Old Testament, whether actual or habit of visiting mankind, the Great Mesin vision, were made by the Logos, the senger of the Father : the same who is second person in the Trinity. — Justin called in Mal. iii. “ The Messenger of the Martyr says expressly, that the appear

6 Covenant.” In verses 4. 7. he is called ance in this instance was by the Son: “ It “ Jehovah." “ was the Son of God, who is called both (r) v. 2. 4. 7. “ The Lord." Hebr. " Je,

Angel and Apostle, that spake with “ hovah.” Gr. Kúpe and Kýgues.


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