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6 thou standest, is holy ground.”

and he said, “ Thus shalt thou say unto 6. Moreover he said, “ I am the God “ the children of Israel, I AM hath “ of thy father, the God of Abraham, 6 sent me unto you." 15. And God “ the God of Isaac, and the God of said moreover unto Moses,

66 Thus “ Jacob.” And Moses hid his face: « shalt thou say unto the children of for he was afraid to look upon God. “ Israel, the (u) LORD God of your fa7. And the (r) LORD said, “ I have “thers, the God of Abraham, the God of “ surely seen the affliction of my (s) “ Isaac, and the God of Jacob hath “ people which are in Egypt, and have “ sent me unto you: this is my name “ heard their cry, by reason of their task- “ for ever, and this is my memorial masters : for I know their sorrows :

.

« 9. And I am comedown to deliver them - gather the

elders of Israel together

,

“ out of the hand of the Egyptians, and say unto them, “The (u) LORD God " to bring them up out of that land, unto “ of your fathers, the God of Abraham,

a good land and a large, unto a land “ of Isaac, and of Jacob appeared unto “ flowing with milk and honey ; unto me, saying, “I have surely visited you, “ the place of the Canaanites, and the 66 and seen that which is done to you in “ Hittites, and the Amorites, and the “ Egypt. 17. And I have said, I will “ Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the “ bring you up out of the affliction « Jebusites. 9. Now therefore behold, “ of Egypt, unto the land of the Ca" the cry of the children of Israel is “ naanites, and the Hittites, and the

come unto me: and I have also seen “ Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the “ the oppression wherewith the Egypt- “ Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a “ ians oppress them. 10. Come now “ land flowing with milk and honey." “ therefore, and I will send thee unto “ 18. And they shall hearken to thy “ Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth

66 voice: and thou shalt come, thou and my people the children of Israel out 6 the elders of Israel, unto the king of 66 of Egypt ?”

11. And Moses said “ Egypt, and you shall say unto him, unto God, “ Who am I, that I should “ “ The (u) LORD God of the Hebrews go unto Pharaoh, and that I should

“ hath met with us; and now let us go “ bring forth the children of Israel out (we beseech thee) three days journey “ of Egypt ?" 12. And he said, “ Cer- “ into the wilderness, that we may sacri“ tainly I will be with thee, and this “ fice to the(11) LORD Our God.” 19. And shall be a token unto thee, that I have “ I am sure that the king of Egypt will “ sent thee: When thou hast brought “ not let you go, no, not by a mighty “ forth the people out of Egypt, ye

66 hand. 20. And I will stretch out my 6 shall serve God upon this mountain.” “ hand, and smite Egypt with all my 13. And Moses said unto God, “ Be- 66 wonders which I will do in the midst « hold, when I come unto the children “ thereof: and after that he will let you “ of Israel, and shall say unto them, “go. 21. And I will give this people “ the God of your fathers hath sent me “ favour in the sight of the Egyptians : “ unto you: and they shall say to me, " and it shall come to pass, that when

ye “ What is his name? What shall I say go, ye shall not go empty: 22. But “ unto them ?” 14. And God said unto every woman shall (y) borrow of her Moses, “I (t) AM THAT I AM :" neighbour, and of her that sojourneth

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(s) v. 7. “My people which

are in

“ demand;" they were not fraudulently to Egypt," i. e. « The Israelites."

borrow, and then carry away, but to ask (t) v. 14. The Sept. reads “I AM HE as gifts: Kennic. Rem. 40. The Egyptians « THAT IS," and « HE THAT IS hath had so long had the benefit of their lasent me," i wy, the self-existing Being. bour, that they were entitled to a return :

(u) v. 15, 16. 18. “ The Lord.” Hebr. and God had told Abraham, (Gen. xv. 14.) “ Jehovah." Gr. in verse 15, 16. Kúpose that they should “ come out (from Egypt

(y) v. 22. “ Borrow," rather“ ask,' “ with great substance.” They would

29

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6 Let us go

“ in her house, jewels () of silver, and «straw where you can find it: yet not " jewels of gold, and raiment: and

ye “ought of your work shall be dimi“shall put them upon your sons, and

“ nished.” 12. So the people were scat66

upon your daughters, and ye shall tered abroad throughout all the land of spoil the Egyptians."

Egypt, to gather stubble instead of

straw. 13. And the task-masters hasted CHAP. V.

them, saying, “ Fulfil your works, your And afterward (a) Moses and Aaron daily tasks, as when there was straw." went in, and told Pharaoh, “ Thus 14. And the officers of the children of " saith the (6) LORD God of Israel, Let Israel, which Pharaoh's task-masters

my people go, that they may hold a had set over them, were beaten, and 66 feast unto

me in the wilderness.” demanded, “Wherefore have ye not 2. And Pharaoh said, “ Who is the “ fulfilled your task in making briek, (6) LORD, that I should obey his voice “both yesterday and to-day, as hereto“ to let Israel go? I know not the " fore ?" 15. Then the officers of the

(6) LORD, neither will I let Israel go.” children of Israel came and cried unto 3. And they said, “ The God of the Pharaoh, saying, “ Wherefore dealest " Hebrews hath met with us : let us go, “thou thus with thy servants? 16. There “ we pray thee, three days journey into “is no straw given unto thy servants, « the desert, and sacrifice unto the “and they say to us, “ Make brick :5 (6) LORD our God; lest he fall upon us “ and behold, thy servants are beaten; o with pestilence, or with the sword.” 6 but the fault is in thine own people." 4. And the king of Egypt said unto 17. But he said, “Ye are idle, ye are them, “ Wherefore do ye, Moses and

66 idle: therefore ye say, “ Aaron, let the people from their 6 and do sacrifice to the (c) Lord." “ works? get you unto your burdens." “ 18. Go therefore now and work: for 5. And Pharaoh said, “ Behold, the " there shall no straw be given you, yet “ people of the land now are many, shall

ye

deliver the tale of bricks." and you make them rest from their 19. And the officers of the children of “ burdens.” 6. And Pharaoh com- Israel did see that they were in evil case. manded the same day the task-masters after it was said, “ Ye shall not minish of the people, and their officers, say- " ought from your bricks of your daily ing, 7. Ye shall no more give the “ task.” 20. And they met Moses and

people straw to make brick, as here- Aaron, who stood in the way, as they “ tofore: let them go and gather straw came forth from Pharaoh. 21. And they « for themselves. 8. And the tale of the said unto them, “The (c) LORD look “ bricks which they did make hereto- “ upon you, and judge; because you have « fore, you shall lay upon them; you “ made our (d) savour to be abhorred u shall not diminish ought thereof : for “ in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the

they be idle; therefore they cry, say- eyes of his servants, to put a sword in “ing, “Let us go and sacrifice to our “ their hand to slay us.” 22. And u God.” 9. Let there more work be Moses returned unto the (c) LORD, and “ laid upon the men, that they may la- said, "LORD, wherefore hast thou so evil 4 bour therein : and let them not regard “ intreated this people? Why is it that 6 vain words.” 10. And the task-mas- 6 thou hast sent me? 29. For since I ters of the people went out, and their came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, officers, and they spake to the people, “ he hath done evil to this people ; saying, “Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not “ neither hast thou delivered thy pet“ give you straw. 11. Go ye, get you ple at all.” therefore only obtain that to which in jus- (6) v. 1, 2, 3. “ The Lord." Heb. "Jetice they had a right, and would be acting « hovah." Gr. Kúp.os. under God's sanction and command.

(c) v. 17. 21. 22. “ The Lord," Heb. (z) “ Jewels,” or “ vessels."

« Jehovah." (a) v. 1. “ Afterward.” B. C. 1491. (d) v. 21. “Our savour," i.e. “ us."

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CHAP. IX.

“ and upon beast, throughout all the Then (e) the (g) Lord said unto Moses, “ land of Egypt.” 10. And they took “ Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, ashes of the furnace, and stood before “ Thus saith the LORD God of the He- Pharaoh ; and Moses sprinkled it up “ brews, “Let my people go, that they toward heaven: and it became a boil

may serye me. 2. For if thou refuse breaking forth with blains, upon man, " to let them go, and wilt hold them still, and upon beast. 11. And the magicians “ 3. Behold, the hand of the Lord is could not stand before Moses, because

upon thy cattle which is in the field, of the boil: for the boil was upon the

upon the horses, upon the asses, upon magicians, and upon all the Egyptians. " the camels, upon the oxen, and upon

12. And (h) the Lord hardened the " the sheep: there shall be a very griev- heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not

ous murrain. 4. And the Lord shall unto them; as the LORD had spoken

sever between the cattle of Israel, unto Moses. 13. And the LORD said " and the cattle of Egypt: and there unto Moses, “ Rise up early in the “ shall nothing die of all that is the “ morning, and stand before Pharaoh, 6 childrens of Israel.” 5. And the LORD “ and say unto him, Thus saith the appointed a set time, saying, “ To-mor- 6 LORD God of the Hebrews, “ Let my

row the Lord shall do this thing in “ people go, that they may serve me. “ the land.” 6. And the LORD did that 66 14. For I will at this time send all thing on the morrow, and all the cattle

my plagues upon thine heart, and of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the upon thy servants, and upon thy children of Israel died not one. 7. And “ people; that thou mayest know that Pharaoh sent, and behold, there was o there is none like me in all the earth. not one of the cattle of the Israelites “ 15. For now I (i) will stretch out dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was “my hand, that I may smite thee and hardened, and he did not let the people “ thy people with pestilence; and thou go. 8. And the LORD said unto Moses, 66 shalt be cut off from the earth. 16. And and unto Aaron, “ Take to you hand- “ in very deed for this cause have I “fuls of ashes of the furnace, and let “ raised thee

up,
for to shew in thee

my “ Moses sprinkle it towards the heaven power; and that my name may be “ in the sight of Pharaoh. 9. And it “ declared throughout all the earth. « shall become small dust in all the “ 17. As yet exaltest thou thyself against “ land of Egypt, and shall be a boil my people, that thou wilt not let them “ breaking forth with blains, upon man, “ go? 18. Behold, to-morrow, about

(e) v.1. “Then.” This was after the (i) v. 15. “For now, &c.” or “ For now plagues of frogs, lice, and flies. B.C. 1491. « could I stretch out my hand, to smite

(g) v. 1. 3, 4, 5, 6. 8. 12, 13. 20, 21, 22, “ thee and thy people with pestilence, and 23. 27, 28, 29, 30. 33. 35. “ The Lord," “ thou shouldest be cut off from the earth : Hebr. " Jehovah," Greek (Except in v. 3. 6. But in very deed for this cause have I 4. 5.) Κύριος.

“ preserved thee, (i. e. forborn to destroy (h) d. 12. The Lord hardened.” In this thee,) to shew in thee my power, and instance the hardening Pharaoh's heart is “ that my name might be declared, &c.” stated as God's act. In five former in- No pestilence was sent, it is not likely stances, upon other plagues, the statement therefore that any was threatened: the obis, either that “his heart was hardened," or ject of these verses probably was to inti“ that Pharaoh hardened his heart.” See mate that God could at once destroy, but Exod. vii. 22.—Exod. viii. 15. 19.32 -and that it better suited his purpose, to reserve supra, w. 7. And after he had wilfully, and for further trial, and further punishment. of his own act, so often withstood God's “ He knoweth how to reserve the unjust to warnings, God might well, as a punishment, “ the day of judgment, to be punished, lead him on to further resistance, that he “ 2 Pet. ii. 9." See Pole and Patrick in might even here still further feel the power loco. Hamm. note on Rom. ix. 17, 18. he had so often disregarded. See 2. Hales, Kennic. Rem. 48. 2. Hales, 192. 184, note 191

66

« Let us go

“ in her house, jewels (z) of silver, and “ straw where you

can find it: yet not “ jewels of gold, and raiment: and

ye “ought of your work shall be dimi“ shall put them upon your sons, and

“ nished.” 12. So the people were scatupon your daughters, and ye shall tered abroad throughout all the land of spoil the Egyptians.”

Egypt, to gather stubble instead of

straw. 13. And the task-masters hasted CHAP. V.

them, saying, “ Fulfil your works, your And afterward (a) Moses and Aaron daily tasks, as when there was straw." went in, and told Pharaoh, “ Thus 14. And the officers of the children of “ saith the (6) LORD God of Israel, Let Israel, which Pharaob's task-masters “ my people go, that they may hold a had set over them, were beaten, and 6 feast unto

me in the wilderness.” demanded, “Wherefore have ye not 2. And Pharaoh said, “ Who is the “ fulfilled your task in making brick, (6) Lord, that I should obey his voice “hoth yesterday and to-day, as hereto“ to let Israel go? I know not the "fore ?" 15. Then the officers of the “ (6) LORD, neither will I let Israel go." children of Israel came and cried unto 3. And they said, “ The God of the Pharaoh, saying, “ Wherefore dealest 66 Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, " thou thus with thy servants? 16. There “ we pray thee, three days journey into “ is no straw given unto thy servants, " the desert, and sacrifice unto the 66 and they say to us,

Make bricks" (6) LORD our God; lest he fall upon us “ and behold, thy servants are beaten;

with pestilence, or with the sword.” “ but the fault is in thine own people." 4. And the king of Egypt said unto 17. But he said, “ Ye are idle, ye are them, “ Wherefore do ye, Moses and

66 idle: therefore ye say, Aaron, let the people from their and do sacrifice to the (c) LORD." 66 works? get you unto your burdens." 66 18. Go therefore now and work: for 5. And Pharaoh said, “ Behold, the 6 there shall no straw be given you, yet “ people of the land now are many,

shall

ye

deliver the tale of bricks." " and you make them rest from their 19. And the officers of the children of 6 burdens.” 6. And Pharaoh com- Israel did see that they were in evil case, manded the same day the task-masters after it was said, “ Ye shall not minish of the people, and their officers, say- ought from your bricks of your daily ing, 7. “ Ye shall no more give the “ task.” 20. And they met Moses and “ people straw to make brick, as here- Aaron, who stood in the way, as they “ tofore: let them go and gather straw came forth from Pharaoh. 21. And they 6 for themselves. 8. And the tale of the

said unto them, “ The (c) LORD look “ bricks which they did make hereto- “ upon you, and judge; because you have « fore, you shall lay upon them; you “ made our (d) savour to be abhorred

shall not diminish ought thereof: for “ in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the “ they be idle; therefore they cry, say- eyes of his servants, to put a sword in « ing, “ Let us go and sacrifice to our “ their hand to slay us.” • God.” 9. Let there more work be Moses returned unto the (c) LORD, and 64 laid upon the men, that they may la- said, "LORD, wherefore hast thou so evil u bour therein : and let them not regard “ intreated this people? Why is it that 6 vain words.” 10. And the task-mas- " thou hast sent me ? 23. For since I ters of the people went out, and their came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, officers, and they spake to the people, “ he hath done evil to this people; saying, “Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not “ neither hast thou delivered thy peo“ give you straw. 11. Go ye, get you

ple at all.” therefore only obtain that to which in jus- (6) v. 1, 2, 3. “ The Lord,” Heb. "Jetice they had a right, and would be acting " hovah. under God's sanction and command.

(c) v. 17. 21. 22. “ The Lord," Heb. (2) “ Jewels,” or “ vessels.”

Jehovah." (a) v. 1.“ Afterward.” B. C. 1491. (d) v. 21. “Our savour," i.e. "us."

22. And

Gr. Κύριος.

66

CHAP. IX.

6 and upon beast, throughout all the Then (e) the (g) Lord said unto Moses, “ land of Egypt.” 10. And they took “Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, ashes of the furnace, and stood before “ Thus saith the LORD God of the He- Pharaoh ; and Moses sprinkled it up " brews, “Let my people go, that they toward heaven: and it became a boil may serye me. 2. For if thou refuse breaking forth with blains, upon man, “to let them go, and wilt hold them still, and upon beast. 11. And the magicians “ 3. Behold, the hand of the LORD is could not stand before Moses, because “ upon thy cattle which is in the field,

of the boil : for the boil was upon the upon the horses, upon the asses, upon magicians, and upon all the Egyptians. “ the camels, upon the oxen, and upon

12. And (1) the LORD hardened the " the sheep: there shall be a very griev.

heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not ous murrain. 4. And the Lord shall unto them; as the LORD had spoken sever between the cattle of Israel, unto Moses. 13. And the Lord said

and the cattle of Egypt: and there unto Moses, “ Rise up early in the “shall nothing die of all that is the “ morning, and stand before Pharaoh, “ childrens of Israel.” 5. And the LORD “ and say unto him, Thus saith the appointed a set time, saying, “ To-mor

“ LORD God of the Hebrews, “Let my row the LORD shall do this thing in “people go, that they may serve me. “ the land.” 6. And the LORD did that 66 14. For I will at this time send all thing on the morrow, and all the cattle my plagues upon thine heart, and of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the upon thy servants, and upon thy children of Israel died not one. 7. And “people; that thou mayest know that Pharaoh sent, and behold, there was " there is none like me in all the earth. not one of the cattle of the Israelites 66 15. For now I (i) will stretch out dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was “ my hand, that I may smite thee and hardened, and he did not let the people thy people with pestilence; and thou go. 8. And the LORD said unto Moses, 6 shalt be cut off from the earth. 16. And and unto Aaron, “Take to you hand- very

deed for this cause have I "fuls of ashes of the furnace, and let “ raised thee up, for to shew in thee my “ Moses sprinkle it towards the heaven 66

power; and that my name may be " in the sight of Pharaoh. 9. And it “ declared throughout all the earth. “ shall become small dust in all the “ 17. As yet exaltest thou thyself against “ land of Egypt, and shall be a boil my people, that thou wilt not let them

breaking forth with blains, upon man, go? 18. Behold, to-morrow, about

(e) v.l. “ Then.” This was after the (i) v. 15. “For now, &c.” or “ For now plagues of frogs, lice, and fies. B.C. 1491. could I stretch out my hand, to smite

(g) v. 1. 3, 4, 5, 6. 8. 12, 13. 20, 21, 22, “ thee and thy people with pestilence, and 23. 27, 28, 29, 30. 33. 35. “ The Lord," “ thou shouldest be cut off from the earth : Hebr.“ Jehovah," Greek (Except in v. 3. 6 But in very deed for this cause have I 4. 5.) Κύριος.

preserved thee, (i. e. forborn to destroy (h)o. 12. ^ The Lord hardened.” In this “ thee,) to shew in thee my power, and instance the hardening Pharaoh's heart is “ that my name might be declared, &c.” stated as God's act. In five former in- No pestilence was sent, it is not likely stances, upon other plagues, the statement therefore that any was threatened: the obis, either that “his heart was hardened,” or ject of these verses probably was to inti" that Pharaoh hardened his heart." See mate that God could at once destroy, but Exod. vii. 22.-Exod. viii. 15. 19.32 -and that it better suited his purpose, to reserve supra, v. 7. And after he had wilfully, and for further trial, and further punishment. of his own act, so often withstood God's “ He knoweth how to reserve the unjust to warnings, God might well, as a punishment, “ the day of judgment, to be punished, lead him on to further resistance, that he “ 2 Pet. ii. 9." See Pole and Patrick in might even here still further feel the power loco. Hamm. note on Rom. ix. 17, 18. he had so often disregarded. See 2. Hales, Kennic. Rem. 48. 2. Hales, 192. 184, note 191

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