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jamín's neck and wept; and Benjamin the way. 29. To all of them he gave wept upon his neck." 15. Moreover, he each man changes of raiment; but to kissed all his brethren, and wept upon Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces them : and after that his brethren talked of silver, and five changes of raiment. with him. 16. And the fame thereof 23. And to his father he sent after this was heard in Pharaoh's house, saying, manner, ten asses laden with the good

Joseph's brethren are come:" and it things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. with corn and bread and meat for his 17. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, father by the way. 24. So he sent his

Say unto thy brethren, This do ye; brethren away, and they departed: and “ lade your beasts, and go, get you unto he said unto them, “ See that ye fall not “ the land of Canaan. 18. And take “ out by the

way.” 25. And they went “ your father, and your housholds, and up out of Egypt, and came into the

come unto me: and I will give you land of Canaan unto Jacob their father, " the good of the land of Egypt, and ye 26. And told him, saying, “ Joseph is so shall eat the fat of the land. 19. Now “ yet alive, and he is governor over all " thou art commanded, this do ye; take “ the land of Egypt." And Jacob's

you waggons out of the land of Egypt heart fainted, for he believed them not. “ for your little ones, and for your wives, 27. And they told him all the words of “ and bring your father, and come. Joseph, which he had said unto them; “ 20. Also regard not your stuff: for and when he saw the waggons which “ the good of all the land of Egypt is Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit

yours.” 21. And the children of Is- of Jacob their father revived. 28. And rael did so; and Joseph gave them wag- Israel said, “ It is enough ; Joseph my gons, according to the commandment

yet alive: I will go and see him of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for “ before I die."

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was not consumed. 3. And Moses said, Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro “ I will now turn aside, and see this his father in law, the priest of Midian : great sight, why the bush is not burnt." and he led the flock to the back-side of 4. And when the (1) LORD saw that he the (12) desert, and came to the mountain turned aside to see, God called unto him of God, even to (o) Horeb. 2. And the out of the midst of the bush, and said, (p)angel of the (9) Lord appeared unto “ Moses, Moses.” And he said, “ Here him in a flame of fire out of the midst am I.” 5. And he said, “ Draw not of a bush : and he looked, and behold, “ nigh hither : put off thy shoes from the bush burned with fire, and the bush “off thy feet, for the place whereou

(n) v. 1.“ The desert," i. e. “ of Sinai.” “ Moses. Ist Apology, s. 83.;" and be See Numb. xxxiii. 15, 16. B. C. 1491. says of him, that he being the first-born of (0) “ Horeb," or mount Sinai.” See

God, is also God. So Dial. cum Tryphone, Exod. xix. 1.

282, 3. and Euseb. Eccl. Hist. B. 1. c. 2. (p) v. 2. The angel." In verses 4. 6. p.5, 6. and c. 4. p.11. he is called “ God :" and according to “ The angel of the Lord," or (SC Dr. Gray (Gray's Key, 321. n.) it was uni- cording to the note at the end of Bishop versally believed in the antient church Horsley's Hosea) “ Jehovah Angel," i.e. that all the divine

appearances described that person of the Trinity who was in the in the Old Testament, whether actual or habit of visiting mankind, the Great Mesin vision, were made by the Logos, the senger of the Father: the same who is second person in the Trinity. — Justin called in Mal. iii. “ The Messenger of the Martyr says expressly, that the appear. “ Covenant." In verses 4. 7. he is called ance in this instance was by the Son : “ It « Jehovah." « was the Son of God, who is called both (r) v. 2. 4. 7. “ The Lord.” Hebr. Jo “ Angel and Apostle, that spake with “ hovah." Gr. Kúpu and Kúques.


" thou standest, is holy ground." and he said, “ Thus shalt thou say unto 6. Moreover he said, “ I am the God “ the children of Israel, I AM hath “ of thy father, the God of Abraham, “ sent me unto you.” 15. And God “the God of Isaac, and the God of said moreover unto Moses,

66 Thus “ Jacob.” And Moses hid his face : 66 shalt thou say unto the children of for he was afraid to look upon God. “ Israel, the (u) LORD God of your fa7. And the (r) LORD said, “ I have “thers, the God of Abraham, the God of

(s) “ Isaac, and the God of Jacob hath “ people which are in Egypt, and have sent me unto you: this is my name “ heard their cry, by reason of their task- “ for ever, and this is my memorial

masters : for I know their sorrows : “ unto all generations. 16. Go and “ 8. And I am come down to deliver them gather the elders of Israel together, “ out of the hand of the Egyptians, and say unto them, “ The (u) Lord God to bring them up out of that land, unto “ of your fathers, the God of Abraham, a good land and a large, unto a land

6 of Isaac, and of Jacob appeared unto “ flowing with milk and honey ; unto “ me, saying, "I have surely visited you, “the place of the Canaanites, and the " and seen that which is done to you in “ Hittites, and the Amorites, and the “ Egypt. 17. And I have said, I will “ Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the bring you up out of the affliction “ Jebusites. 9. Now therefore behold, “ of Egypt, unto the land of the Ca“the cry of the children of Israel is “ naanites, and the Hittites, and the “come unto me: and I have also seen “ Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the " the oppression wherewith the Egypt- “ Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a “ians oppress them. 10. Come now “ land flowing with milk and honey." “therefore, and I will send thee unto “ 18. And they shall hearken to thy “ Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth 66 voice : and thou shalt come, thou and

my people the children of Israel out " the elders of Israel, unto the king of “ of Egypt ?" 11. And Moses said Egypt, and you shall say unto him, unto God, “ Who am I, that I should 6 66 The (u) LORD God of the Hebrews “ go unto Pharaoh, and that I should “ hath met with us; and now let us go “ bring forth the children of Israel out “ (we beseech thee) three days journey “ of Egypt ?" 12. And he said, “ Cer- “ into the wilderness, that we may sacri“tainly I will be with thee, and this “fice to the (1) LORD our God.” 19. And shall be a token unto thee, that I have “ I am sure that the king of Egypt will “sent thee: When thou hast brought “ not let you go, no, not by a mighty “forth the people out of Egypt, ye “ hand. 20. And I will stretch out my “shall serve God upon this mountain.” “ hand, and smite Egypt with all my 13. And Moses said unto God, “ Be- 66 wonders which I will do in the midst “ hold, when I come unto the children 6 thereof: and after that he will let you “ of Israel, and shall say unto them, go. 21. And I will give this people " the God of your fathers hath sent me “ favour in the sight of the Egyptians :

unto you: and they shall say to me, " and it shall come to pass, that when ye “ What is his name? What shall I say go, ye shall not go empty: 22. But

unto them ?14. And God said unto every woman shall (y) borrow of her Moses, “I (t) AM THAT I AM :" neighbour, and of her that sojourneth

() v. 7.. “My people which are in Egypt," i. e. “ The Israelites."

(t) v. 14. The Sept. reads “I AM HE “ THAT IS," and « HE THAT IS hath sent me,”.iwy, the self-existing Being. (u) v. 15, 16. 18. “ The Lord." Hebr.

Gr. verse 15, 16. Κύριος. (y) v. 22. “

Borrow," rather“ ask,"

“ demand;" they were not fraudulently to borrow, and then carry away, but to ask as gifts: Kennic. Rem. 40. The Egyptians had so long had the benefit of their labour, that they were entitled to a return : and God had told Abraham, (Gen. xv. 14.) that they should “ come out (from Egypt “ with great substance.” They would

“ Jehov


“ in her house, jewels (z) of silver, and straw where you can find it: yet not “ jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye “ought of your work shall be dimi“shall put them upon your sons, and

“ nished.” 12. So the people were scat“ upon your daughters, and ye shall tered abroad throughout all the land of 6 spoil the Egyptians.”

Egypt, to gather stubble instead of

straw. 13. And the task-masters hasted CHAP. V.

them, saying, “ Fulfil your works, your And afterward (a) Moses and Aaron “ daily tasks, as when there was straw." went in, and told Pharaoh, “ Thus 14. And the officers of the children of “ saith the (6) LORD God of Israel, Let Israel, which Pharaoh's task-masters

my people go, that they may hold a had set over them, were beaten, and “ feast unto me in the wilderness.” demanded, “ Wherefore have ye not 2. And Pharaoh said, “Who is the “ fulfilled your task in making brick, “ (6) Lord, that I should obey his voice " both yesterday and to-day, as hereto“ to let Israel go? I know not the " fore ?" 15. Then the officers of the (6) LORD, neither will I let Israel go. children of Israel came and cried unto 3. And they said, “ The God of the Pharaoh, saying, “Wherefore dealest “ Hebrews hath met with us : let us go, " thou thus with thy servants? 16. There “ we pray thee, three days journey into “ is no straw given unto thy servants, " the desert, and sacrifice unto the “ and they say to us, “ Make brick :" “ (6) LORD our God; lest he fall upon us “ and behold, thy servants are beaten ; 6 with pestilence, or with the sword.” “ but the fault is in thine own people." 4. And the king of Egypt said unto 17. But he said, “Ye are idle, ye are them, “ Wherefore do ye, Moses and “ idle: therefore ye say, “Let us go, “ Aaron, let the people from their " and do sacrifice to the (c) LORD." " works? get you unto your burdens.” 6 18. Go therefore now and work: for 5. And Pharaoh said, “ Behold, the “ there shall no straw be given you, yet “ people of the land now are many, “ shall ye deliver the tale of bricks." " and you make them rest from their 19. And the officers of the children of “ burdens." 6. And Pharaoh com- Israel did see that they were in evil case, manded the same day the task-masters after it was said, “Ye shall not minish of the people, and their officers, say- ought from your bricks of your daily ing, 7. “ Ye shall no more give the “ task.” 20. And they met Moses and “ people straw to make brick, as here- Aaron, who stood in the way, as they “ tofore : let them go and gather straw came forth from Pharaoh. 21. And they “ for themselves. 8. And the tale of the said unto them, “The (c) LORD look “ bricks which they did make hereto- “ upon you, and judge; because you have o fore, you shall lay upon them ; you “ made our (d) savour to be abhorred " shall not diminish ought thereof : for “ in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the “ they be idle; therefore they cry, say- “ eyes of his servants, to put a sword in « ing, “ Let us go and sacrifice to our “ their hand to slay us." 22. And « God.” 9. Let there more work be Moses returned unto the (c) LORD, and “ laid upon the men, that they may la- said, "LORD, wherefore hast thou so evil u bour therein : and let them not regard “ intreated this people? Why is it that

vain words." 10. And the task-mas- “ thou hast sent me? 23. For since I ters of the people went out, and their “ came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, officers, and they spake to the people, “ he hath done evil to this people ; saying, “Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not “ neither hast thou delivered thy peo“ give you straw. 11. Go ye, get you “ple at all.” therefore only obtain that to which in jus- (6) v. 1, 2, 3. “ The Lord.” Heb. " Jetice they had a right, and would be acting “ hovah.” Gr. Kúprose under God's sanction and command.

(c) v. 17. 21. 22. “ The Lord," Heb. (z) “ Jewels,” or “ vessels.”

“ Jehovah." (a) v. 1. “ Afterward.” B. C. 1491. (d) v. 21. “Our savour," i.e.“ us."

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6 and upon beast, throughout all the Then (e) the (g) Lord said unto Moses, “ land of Egypt.” 10. And they took “Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, ashes of the furnace, and stood before “ Thus saith the LORD God of the He- Pharaoh ; and Moses sprinkled it up “ brews, “Let my people go, that they toward heaven: and it became a boit

may serye me. 2. For if thou refuse breaking forth with blains, upon man, “ to let them


and wilt hold them still, and upon beast. 11. And the magicians “ 3. Behold, the hand of the Lord is could not stand before Moses, because

upon thy cattle which is in the field, of the boil : for the boil was upon the upon the horses, upon the asses, upon magicians, and upon all the Egyptians. " the camels, upon the oxen, and upon

12. And (h) the LORD hardened the “the sheep: there shall be a very griev- heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not ous murrain. 4. And the LORD shall unto them; as the LORD had spoken

sever between the cattle of Israel, unto Moses. 13. And the LORD said " and the cattle of Egypt: and there unto Moses, “ Rise up early in the “ shall nothing die of all that is the “ morning, and stand before Pharaoh, “ childrens of Israel.” 5. And the LORD " and say unto him, Thus saith the appointed a set time, saying, “ To-mor- “ LORD God of the Hebrews, “ Let my " row the Lord shall do this thing in people go, that they may serve me. “ the land.” 6. And the Lord did that 66 14. For I will at this time send all thing on the morrow, and all the cattle my plagues upon thine heart, and of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the upon thy servants, and upon thy children of Israel died not one. 7. And people; that thou mayest know that Pharaoh sent, and behold, there was there is none like me in all the earth. not one of the cattle of the Israelites “ 15. For now I (i) will stretch out dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was “my hand, that I may smite thee and hardened, and he did not let the people “ thy people with pestilence; and thou go. 8. And the LORD said unto Moses, 66 shalt be cut off from the earth. 16. And and unto Aaron, “Take to you hand- “ in very deed for this cause have I "fals of ashes of the furnace, and let “ raised thee up, for to shew in thee my “ Moses sprinkle it towards the heaven power; and that my name may be “in the sight of Pharaoh. 9. And it “ declared throughout all the earth. « shall become small dust in all the 6 17. As yet exaltest thou thyself against “ land of Egypt, and shall be a boil my people,

that thou wilt not let them “ breaking forth with blains, upon man, go? 18. Behold, to-morrow, about

(e) v.1. “ Then." This was after the (i) v. 15. “ For now, &c.” or “For now plagues of frogs, lice, and fies. B.C. 1491. “ could I stretch out my hand, to smite

(g) v. 1. 3, 4, 5, 6. 8. 12, 13. 20, 21, 22, “ thee and thy people with pestilence, and 23. 27, 28, 29, 30. 33. 35. “ The Lord,” " thou shouldest be cut off from the earth : Hebr." Jehovah," Greek (Except in v. 3. 6 But in very deed for this cause have I 4. 5.) Κύριος.

preserved thee, (i. e. forborn to destroy (h) v. 12. ^ The Lord hardened.” In this 6. thee,) to shew in thee my power, and instance the hardening Pharaoh's heart is " that my name might be declared, &c." stated as God's act. In five former in- No pestilence was sent, it is not likely stances, upon other plagues, the statement therefore that any was threatened: the obis, either that “ his heart was hardened,” or ject of these verses probably was to inti" that Pharaoh hardened his heart." See mate that God could at once destroy, but Exod. vii. 22.-Exod. vii. 15. 19.32 -and that it better suited his purpose, to reserve supra, v. 7. And after he had wilfully, and for further trial, and further punishment. of his own act, so often withstood God's “ He knoweth how to reserve the unjust to warnings, God might well, as a punishment, “ the day of judgment, to be punished, lead him on to further resistance, that he “ 2 Pet. ii. 9." See Pole and Patrick in might even here still further feel the


loco. Hamm. note on Rom. ix. 17, 18. he had so often disregarded. See 2. Hales, Kennic. Rem. 48. 2. Hales, 192. 184, note 191



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