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XI.-1. Parliamentary Reform. A series of Speeches on that
subject delivered in the House of Commons. By the
Right Hon. B. Disraeli (1848-66). Reprinted (by
permission) from Hansard's Debates.' Edited by
Montagu Corry, B.A., of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister-at-
Law. London, 1867.


2. Speeches on Parliamentary Reform in 1866. By the
Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P. for South Lanca-
shire. With an Appendix. 2nd edition. London,

3. Speeches and Letters on Reform, with a Preface. By
the Right Hon. R. Lowe, M.P. London, 1867.

4. Speeches on Parliamentary Reform, &c. By John
Bright, Esq., M.P., delivered during the Autumn of
1866, to the people of England, Scotland, and Ireland,
at Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Glasgow, Dublin,
and London. Revised by himself. Manchester.


5. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates.' 3rd Series
(29 Vic. 1866), Vols. 182, 183, and 184 -





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ART. I.-1. Final Memorials of Charles Lamb, consisting of unpublished Letters, with Sketches of his Companions." By Serjeant Talfourd. London, 1848.

2. Charles Lamb; a Memoir. By Barry Cornwall. London, 1866. MONG the modes of expression by which philosophers

have sought to classify the divisions of our species, the nickname is obviously the most convenient. It condenses the tediousness of description into the tersest compactness of epigram; and finds ready acceptance with the facile ill-nature which the learned Huet assures us is the prevalent characteristic of an intelligent public. According to that venerable authority, there is nothing which men in polite society enjoy more than unflattering representations of their fellow-creatures. This, he asserts, is the main reason why Tacitus is so popular with scholars— displeasing likenesses of humanity being especially pleasant to the cultivators of humane letters.

To a certain set of writers who flourished at the earlier part of this brilliant century, and who were supposed to live in close intercourse with each other, and to have many attributes of mannerism in common, one of the wits of Edinburgh applied the unalluring denomination of the Cockney School. It was a name sufficiently significant of ridicule to frighten away bashful admirers, and had just so much of that kind of one-sided justice which belongs to satire, as not to seem to the ordinary public an unfair definition.

We know not how it is that among civilized nations England stands alone in imputing to that development of the national intellect more peculiarly metropolitan, the defective liberality, whether in the culture of letters or in the survey of men and manners which in other countries is rather ascribed to the denizens of provinces. Cicero finds a want of 'urbanitas,' in those writers who lived remote from the Roman capital, and narrowed their views of the world to the limited range of a coterie. It is praise to a French author to say that on life and manners he writes like a thoroughbred Parisian; it is the reverse of praise to an English author on such subjects to say that he writes like a

Vol. 122.—No. 243.



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