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CONTENTS

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Hearing Days:

Page
May 7, 1975—The U.S. Role in the U.N.: the Vision and the Reality--

Harold E. Stassen, member of the U.S. Delegation to the United Na-

tions Conference on International Organization, San Francisco,

1945

3

Henry Cabot Lodge, former U.S. Permanent Representative to the

United Nations -

6

Arthur Goldberg, former U.S. Permanent Representative to the United

Nations

10

Charles W. Yost, former U.S. Permanent Representative to the United

Nations

18

May 8, 1975-The U.N. in the Seventies_

53

The U.S. Role Today: Senator J. W. Fulbright, former chairman, Com-

mittee on Foreign Relations; sponsor of the Fulbright Resolution

of 1943.

54

Is the U.N. Working?

Richard N. Gardner, Henry L. Moses Professor of Law and Interna-

tional Organization, Columbia University ---

76

Abraham Yeselson, chairman, Political Science Department, Rutgers

University; author, "A Dangerous Place: The United Nations as

a Weapon in International Politics”.

90

Joseph Segel, former chairman, Board of Governors, United Nations

Association; U.S. Alternate Representative to the 29th U.N. Gen-

eral Assembly

96

C. Maxwell Stanley, president, Stanley Foundation...

100

May 14, 1975—The Impact of Détente -

119

William F. Buckley, Jr., editor-in-chief, The National Review-

119

Alexander Dallin, Professor of History and Political Science,

Stanford University-

122

The Impact of the Third World: Richard A. Falk, Professor of Inter-

national Law and Practice, Princeton University --

153

May 15, 1975—The United Nations : Other Visions..

181

Buckminster Fuller, architect--

182, 189

Richard Scammon, Elections Research Center.

197

Bruno V. Bitker, chairman, American Bar Association Advisory Com-

mittee on World Peace Through Law----

198, 202

Pauline Frederick, former U.N. correspondent for NBC News.

212

May 21, 1975—The United Nations: Other Visions (continued)

William Sloane Coffin, chaplain, Yale University

238

Seymon Brown, Brookings Institution.-

241

Norman Cousins, editor, Saturday Review ---

252

Alvin Toffler, author, "Future Shock”.

260

May 22, 1975—The U.S. Role in the U.N.: Official Views—Ambassador

John A. Scali, U.S. Representative to the United Nations---

304

June 4, 1975-Nomination of Daniel Patrick Moynihan to be Representa-

tive of the United States to the United Nations with the rank and status

of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary.

333

Page Statements by:

Bitker, Bruno V., chairman, American Bar Association Advisory Committee on World Peace through Law-

198 Brown, Seyom, Brookings Institution.

241 Buckley, William F., Jr., editor-in-chief, The National Review---- 119, 202 Coffin, William Sloane, chaplain, Yale University

238 Cousins, Norman, editor, Saturday Review

252 Dallin, Alexander, Professor of History and Political Science, Stanford University.

122 Falk, Richard A., Professor of International Law and Practice, Princeton University

153 Frederick, Pauline, former U.N. correspondent for NBC News.

212 Fulbright, Senator J. W., former chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations; sponsor of the Fulbright Resolution of 1943___

54 Fuller, Buckminster, architect-

182, 189 Gardner, Richard N., Henry L. Moses professor of law and international organization, Columbia University -

76 Goldberg, Arthur, former U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations.

10 Lodge, Henry Cabot, former U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations..

6 Moynihan, Daniel P., of New York, to be the Representative of the

United States of America to the United Nations with the rank and
status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and the
Representative of the United States of America in the Security
Council of the United Nations_-

333 Scali, Ambassador John A., U.S. Representative to the United Nations. 304 Scammon, Richard, Elections Research Center..

197 Segel, Joseph, former chairman, board of governors, United Nations

Association; U.S. Alternate Representative to the 29th U.N. Gen-
eral Assembly-.

96 Stanley, C. Maxwell, president, Stanley Foundation

100 Stassen, Harold E., member of the U.S. Delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization, San Francisco, 1945

3 Toffler, Alvin, author, "Future Shock"

260 Yeselson, Abraham, chairman, political science department, Rutgers

University; author, "A Dangerous Place: The United Nations as a
Weapon in International Politics”.

90 Yost, Charles W., former U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations

18 Insertions for the record :

“Clash of the 'Two Majorities',” article by Charles W. Yost, New Republic, Déc. 28, 1974.-

18 "The United Nations Was Never More Relevant Than Today,” article by Charles W. Yost, Saturday Review, January 1975_

21 "Bending the Rules of the U.N.,” article by C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times, Nov. 16, 1974.--.

33 Letter from C. Maxwell Stanley, president, The Stanley Foundation -- 117 Questions submitted by Senator Percy and answered by Professor Falk

178 "The Great Rehearsal—The Story of the Making and Ratifying of the

Constitution of the United States," by Carl Van Doren (preface). 205 Resolutions unanimously adopted at a meeting of the Governors Commission

209 Text of H. Con. Res. 206_.

210 "Sweeping Change in U.N. is Urged by World Panel," article by Kathleen Teltsch, New York Times, May 21, 1975_

272 Letter transmitting additional comments from Seyom Brown, Brookings Institution

292 “The United States in Opposition,” article by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Commentary, March 1975-

338 "The United States and the New World Society," article by Daniel P. Moynihan, Reader's Digest, June 1975__

353 Letter from John Kenneth Galbraith, Harvard University-

390

Pago

391

392 413

417

429

436 451

454 459

460 471

471

Appendices :
Appendix I: Official documents referred to during hearings:

Fulbright Resolution
Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court

of Justice-----
"Uniting for Peace”: Resolution of the General Assembly, No. 3, 1950-
Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States : Resolution of the

General Assembly, Dec. 12, 1974.----
Address by Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger, Milwaukee, Wis.,

July 14, 1975----
Appendix II: Statements submitted for the record :

Statement on substantive issues adopted by delegates present and

voting at the Biennial Convention of the United Nations Association

of the United States of America, Apr. 17, 1975_-. Statement of Edith Wynner of New York-The World Association of World Federalists Proposals for United Na

tions Reform.--. Statement of Women's League of Conservative Judaism.. Letter from Cordell Burch transmitting a copy of "What's Wrong with the United Nations” by Reed Benson and Robert Lee, The Re

view of the News, Sept. 9, 1970-
Letter from James L. Elsman---
Statement of Robert Y. Gromet, M.D., chairman, Northern American

Group, World Federal Authority Committee.
Letter from Herman Will, associate general secretary, Board of

Church and Society of the United Methodist Church, enclosing
official statements of the United Methodist Church concerning the

United Nations
Statement of Eleanore Schnurr, United Nations Representative,

American Baptist Churches, U.S.A., National Ministries -
Statement by Campaign for World Government, Inc., submitted by

Georgia Lloyd, executive secretary-
Letter from Mr. and Mrs. Francis M. Randall, Alabaster, Ala------
Telegram from Ruth C. Clusen, president, League of Women Voters

of the United States
Letter and resolution from the United Nations Association of the

U.S.A., Iowa Division..
Statement by the Citizens for a New International Economic Order

(CNIEO), June 11, 1975..
Letter from Edward J. Sparling, president, World Federalists, U.S.A.,

Chicago Region, Inc.---
Letter and testimony of Walter Hoffman, chairman, executive council,

World Federalists, U.S.A., New Jersey Branch, Inc---
"The 29th General Assembly of the United Nations”: Report by

Donald F. Keys and George Mannello, World Federalist Education

Fund
"The U.S. versus the U.N.?: article by Harlan Cleveland, New York

Times Magazine, May 4, 1975..
Statement and article by John Nelson Washburn.-
Letter and article by Benjamin M. Becker, attorney, Chicago, Ill-

473

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477 478

479

479

479

485

486

491

499 506 533

THE UNITED STATES AND THE UNITED NATIONS

THURSDAY, MAY 7, 1975

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,

Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 4221, the Dirksen Senate Office Building, the Hon. John Sparkman [chairman] presiding

Present: Senators Sparkman, Clark, Case, Javits, and Percy.

OPENING STATEMENT

The CHAIRMAN. Let the committee come to order, please.
We are promised very good attendance today.

We are meeting today to open a series of hearings on the United States and the United Nations. The purpose of these hearings is to put into perspective what our original hopes and aims were, how the U.N. has developed, and what our future policies and attitudes should be.

I think it is fair to predict that recent world developments will focus greater attention on the United Nations. The question is whether the U.N. will be a constructive force in ameliorating difficult situations, such as in the Middle East and Southeast Asia, or whether it will be a destructive force in pitting the developing and third world nations against the developed, mostly Western countries, thereby further increasing the polarization evident at the U.N.

To start us off, the committee has invited a distinguished panel of past officials whose involvement with the United Nations spans the time of the signing of the Charter at San Francisco in 1945 to the Nixon administration.

We have with us the Honorable Harold E. Stassen, the only living U.Ş. signatory of the United Nations Charter; our former colleague, both in the Senate and on this committee, Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, who represented the United States at the United Nations from 1953 to 1960; Justice Arthur J. Goldberg, who held that post from 1965 to 1968; and Ambassador Charles S. Yost, who followed in 1969 and served until 1971. These gentlemen need no further introduction, but before calling on them I would like to ask Senator Percy, whom I hold responsible for these hearings, and have asked to act as cochairman, to say a few words.

STATEMENT BY SENATOR PERCY

Senator PERCY. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

I hope you are not implying I am responsible for everything that is said at the hearings. [Laughter.]

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