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the collection, as a whole, gave little indication of with madness'—an allusion to the hereditary in* The Minstrel.. The poems, without the transla- sanity of their mother. By nature, Beattie was a tions, were reprinted in 1766, and a copy of verses man of quick and tender sensibilities. A fine land

scape or music (in which he was a proficient), affected
him even to tears. He had a sort of hysterical
dread of meeting with his metaphysical opponents,
which was an unmanly weakness. When he saw
Garrick perform Macbeth, he had almost thrown
himself, from nervous excitement, over the front of
the two-shilling gallery; and he seriously contended
for the grotesque mixture of tragedy and comedy in
Shakspeare, as introduced by the great dramatist to
save the auditors from a disordered head or a
broken heart! This is 'parmaceti for an inward
bruise' with a vengeance! He had, among his
other idiosyncrasies, a morbid aversion to that cheer-
ful household and rural sound—the crowing of a
cock; and in his . Minstrel,' he anathematises 'fell
chanticleer' with burlesque fury-

O to thy cursed scream, discordant still,
Let harmony aye shut her gentle ear :
Thy boastful mirth let jealous rivals spill,

Insult thy crest, and glossy pinions tear,
And ever in thy dreams the ruthless fox appear.
Such an organisation, physical and moral, was ill
fitted to insure happiness or fortitude in adversity.
When his second son died, he said he had done with

the world. He ceased to correspond with his friends, James Beattie.

or to continue his studies. Shattered by a long on the Death of Churchill were added. The latter train of nervous complaints, in April 1799 the poet are mean and reprehensible in spirit, as Churchill had a stroke of palsy, and after different returns of had expiated his early follies by an untimely death. the same malady, which excluded him from all Beattie was a sincere lover of truth and virtue, but society, he died on the 18th of August 1803. his ardour led him at times into intolerance, and he In the early training of his eldest and beloved son, was too fond of courting the notice and approbation Dr Beattie adopted an expedient of a romantic and of the great. In 1770 the poet appeared as a meta- interesting description. His object was to give him physician, by his Essay on Truth, in which good the first idea of a Supreme Being; and his method, principles were advanced, though with an unphiloso- as Dr Porteous, bishop of London, remarked, 'had phical spirit, and in language which suffered greatly all the imagination of Rousseau, without his folly from comparison with that of his illustrious oppo- and extravagance.' nent, David Hume. Next year Beattie appeared in He had,' says Beattie, 'reached his fifth (or his true character as a poet. The first part of. The sixth) year, knew the alphabet, and could read a Minstrel' was published, and was received with uni- little; but had received no particular information versal approbation. Honours flowed in on the for- with respect to the author of his being, because I tunate author. He visited London, and was ad- thought he could not yet understand such informamitted to all its brilliant and distinguished circles. tion, and because I had learned, from my own exGoldsmith, Johnson, Garrick, and Reynolds, were perience, that to be made to repeat words not unnumbered among his friends. On a second visit in derstood, is extremely detrimental to the faculties 1773, he had an interview with the king and queen, of a young mind. In a corner of a little garden, which resulted in a pension of £200 per annum. without informing any person of the circumstance, The university of Oxford conferred upon him the I wrote in the mould, with my finger, the three inidegree of LL.D. and Reynolds painted his portrait tial letters of his name, and sowing garden cresses in an allegorical picture, in which Beattie was seen in the furrows, covered up the seed, and smoothed by the side of an angel pushing down Prejudice, the ground. Ten days after he came running to me, Scepticism, and Folly! Need we wonder that poor and with astonishment in his countenance, told me Goldsmith was envious of his brother poet? To the that his name was growing in the garden. I smiled honour of Beattie, it must be recorded, that he de- at the report, and seemed inclined to disregard it; clined entering the church of England, in which but he insisted on my going to see what had hap. preferment was promised him, and no doubt would pened. “Yes," said I carelessly, on coming to the have been readily granted. The second part of the place ; “I see it is so; but there is nothing in this

Minstrel was published in 1774. Domestic circum- worth notice; it is mere chance," and I went away. stances marred the felicity of Beattie's otherwise He followed me, and taking hold of my coat, said with happy and prosperous lot. His wife (the daughter some earnestness, “It could not be mere chance, for of Dr Dun, Aberdeen) became insane, and was ob- that somebody must have contrived matters so as liged to be confined in an asylum. He had two sons, to produce it.” I pretend not to give his words or my both amiable and accomplished youths. The eldest own, for I have forgotten both, but I give the sublived till he was twenty-two, and was associated stance of what passed between us in such language with his father in the professorship: he died in as we both understood. So you think,” I said, 1790, and the afflicted parent soothed his grief by " that what appears so regular as the letters of your writing his life, and publishing some specimens of name cannot be by chance?” “Yes," said he with his composition in prose and verse. The second son firmness, “I think so !” “Look at yourself,” I replied, died in 1796, aged eighteen; and the only consola- “ and consider your hands and fingers, your legs and tion of the now lonely poet was, that he could not feet, and other limbs; are they not regular in their have borne to see their elegant minds mangled appearance, and useful to you?” He said they were.




Came you then hither," said I,“ by chance ?" "No," There are, who, deaf to mad Ambition's call, he answered, "that cannot be; something must have Would shrink to hear the obstreperous trump of Faine; made me.” " And who is that something ?" I asked. Supremely blest, if to their portion fall He said he did not know. (I took particular notice Health, competence, and peace. Nor higher aim that he did not say, as Rousseau fancies a child in Had he, whose simple tale these artless lines proclaim. like circumstances would say, that his parents made The rolls of fame I will not now explore; him.) I had now gained the point I aimed at; and Nor need I here describe, in learned lay, saw that his reason taught him (though he could How forth the Minstrel fared in days of yore, not so express it) that what begins to be, must have Right glad of heart, though homely in array ; a cause, and that what is formed with regularity; His waving locks and beard all hoary gray; must have an intelligent cause. I therefore told While from his bending shoulder, decent hung him the name of the Great Being who made him His harp, the sole companion of his way, and all the world, concerning whose adorable nature which to the whistling wind responsive rung: I gave him such information as I thought he could And ever as he went some merry lay he sung. in some measure comprehend. The lesson affected him deeply, and he never forgot either it or the Fret not thyself, thou glittering child of pride, circumstance that introduced it.'

That a poor villager inspires my strain; • The Minstrel,' on which Beattie's fame now rests, With thee let Pageantry and Power abide; is a didactic poem, in the Spenserian stanza, de - The gentle Muses baunt the sylvan reign ; signed to 'trace the progress of a poetical genius, Where through wild groves at eve the lonely swain born in a rude age, from the first dawning of fancy Enraptured roams, to gaze on Nature's charms. and reason till that period at which he may be They hate the sensual, and scorn the vain ;

The parasite their influence never warms, supposed capable of appearing in the world as a minstrel.' The idea was suggested by Percy's pre- Nor him whose sordid soul the love of gold alarms. liminary Dissertation to his Reliques--one other Though richest hues the peacock’s plumes adorn, benefit which that collection has conferred upon Yet horror screams from his discordant throat. the lovers of poetry. The character of Edwin, the Rise, sons of harmony, and hail the morn, minstrel (in which Beattie embodied his own early While warbling larks on russet pinions float: feelings and poetical aspirations), is very finely Or seek at noon the woodland scene remote, drawn. The romantic seclusion of his youth, and Where the gray linnets carol from the hill, his ardour for knowledge, find a response in all o let them ne'er, with artificial note, young and generous minds; while the calm philo- To please a tyrant, strain the little bill, [will. sophy and reflection of the poet, interest the more But sing what Heaven inspires, and wander where they mature and experienced reader. The poem was Liberal, not lavish, is kind Nature's hand; left unfinished, and this is scarcely to be regretted. Nor was perfection made for man below. Beattie had not strength of pinion to keep long on Yet all her schemes with nicest art are planned, the wing in the same lofty region; and Edwin would Good counteracting ill, and gladness wo. have contracted some earthly taint in his descent. With gold and gems if Chilian mountains glow; Gray thought there was too much description in If bleak and barren Scotia's hills arise ; the first part of the · Minstrel,' but who would ex-There plague and poison, lust and rapine grow; change it for the philosophy of the second part? | Here peaceful are the vales, and pure the skies, The poet intended to have carried his hero into a And freedom fires the soul, and sparkles in the eyes. life of variety and action, but he certainly would Then grieve not thou, to whom the indulgent Muse not have succeeded. As it is, when he finds it Vouchsafes a portion of celestial fire : necessary to continue Edwin beyond the flowery Nor blame the partial lates, if they refuse path' of childhood, and to explore the shades of life, The imperial banquet and the rich attire. he calls in the aid of a hermit, who schools the young Know thine own worth, and reverence the lyre. enthusiast on virtue, knowledge, and the dignity of Wilt thou debase the heart which God refined ? man. The appearance of this sage is happily de- No; let thy heaven-taught soul to Heaven aspire, scribed

To fancy, freedom, harmony, resigned ;
At early dawn the youth his journey took, Ambition's grovelling crew for ever left behind.
Ånd many a mountain passed and valley wide, Canst thou forego the pure ethereal soul,
Then reached the wild where, in a flowery nook, In each fine sense so exquisitely keen,
And seated on a mossy stone, he spied

On the dull couch of Luxury to loll,
An ancient man; his harp lay him beside. Stung with disease, and stupified with spleen;
A stag sprung from the pasture at his call,

Fain to implore the aid of Flattery's screen,
And, kneeling, licked the withered hand that tied

Even from thyself thy loathsome heart to hide A wreath of woodbine round his antlers tall, (The mansion then no more of joy serene), And hung his lofty neck with many a floweret small. Where fear, distrust, malevolence abide,

And impotent desire, and disappointed pride ? [Opening of the Minstrel.]

O how canst thou renounce the boundless store Ah! who can tell how hard it is to climb

Of charms which Nature to her votary yields ! The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar; The warbling woodland, the resounding shore, Ah! who can tell how many a soul sublime

The pomp of groves, and garniture of fields; Has felt the influence of malignant star,

All that the genial ray of morning gilds, And waged with Fortune an eternal war;

And all that echoes to the song of even, Checked by the scoff of Pride, by Envy's frown, All that the mountain's sheltering bosom shields, And Poverty's unconquerable bar,

And all the dread magnificence of heaven, In life's low vale remote has pined alone,

( how canst thou renounce, and hope to be forgiven? Then dropped into the grave, unpitied and unknown! And yet the languor of inglorious day

There lived in Gothic days, as legends tell, Not equally oppressive is to all;

A shepherd-swain, a man of low degree, Him, who ne'er listened to the voice of praise, Whose sires, perchance, in Fairyland might dwell, The silence of neglect can ne'er appal.

Sicilian groves, or vales of Arcady;

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But he, I ween, was of the north countrie;

In billows, lengthening to the horizon round, A nation famed for song, and beauty's charms; Now scooped in gulfs, with mountains now embossed ! Zealous, yet modest; innocent, though free;

And hear the voice of mirth and song rebound, Patient of toil; serene amidst alarms;

Flocks, herds, and waterfalls, along the hoar proInflexible in faith; invincible in arms.

found ! The shepherd swain of whom I mention made, In truth he was a strange and wayward wight, On Scotia's mountains fed his little flock;

Fond of each gentle and each dreadful scene. The sickle, scythe, or plough he never swayed ;

In darkness and in storm he found delight; An honest heart was almost all his stock;

Nor less than when on ocean-wave serene,
His drink the living water from the rock:

The southern sun diffused his dazzling shene.
The milky dams supplied his board, and lent Even sad vicissitude amused his soul;
Their kindly fleece to baffle winter's shock;

And if a sigh would sometimes intervene,
And he, though oft with dust and sweat besprent,

And down his cheek a tear of pity roll, Did guide and guard their wanderings, whereso'er A sigh, a tear, so sweet, he wished not to control. they went.

Oft when the winter storm had ceased to rave, [Description of Edwin.]

He roamed the snowy waste at even, to view

The cloud stupendous, from the Atlantic wave And yet poor Edwin was no vulgar boy.

High-towering, sail along the horizon blue ; Deep thought oft seemed to fix his infant eye. Where, 'midst the changeful scenery, ever new, Dainties he heeded not, nor gaude, nor toy,

Fancy a thousand wondrous forms descries, Save one short pipe of rudest minstrelsy;

More wildly great than ever pencil drew; Silent when glad; affectionate, though shy ;

Rocks, torrents, gulfs, and shapes of giant size, And now his look was most demurely sad,

And glittering cliffs on cliffs, and fiery ramparts rise. And now he laughed aloud, yet none knew why. The neighbours stared and sighed, yet blessed the lad; Thence musing onward to the sounding shore, Some deemed him wondrous wise, and some believed The lone enthusiast oft would take his

way, him mad.

Listening, with pleasing dread, to the deep roar
Of the wide-weltering waves.

In black array
But why should I his childish feats display?

When sulphurous clouds rolled on the autumnal day, Concourse, and noise, and toil, he ever fled;

Even then he hastened from the haunt of man, Nor cared to mingle in the clamorous fray

Along the trembling wilderness to stray, Of squabbling imps; but to the forest sped,

What time the lightning's fierce career began, Or roamed at large the lonely mountain's head, And o'er heaven's rending arch the rattling thunder Or where the maze of some bewildered stream To deep untrodden groves his footsteps led, There would he wander wild, till Phæbus' beam,

Responsive to the sprightly pipe, when all Shot from the western cliff, released the weary team.

In sprightly dance the village youth were joined,

Edwin, of melody aye held in thrall, The exploit of strength, dexterity, or speed,

From the rude gambol far remote reclined, To him nor vanity nor joy could bring :

Soothed with the soft notes warbling in the wind. His heart, from cruel sport estranged, would bleed

Ah then, all jollity seemed noise and folly! To work the wo of any living thing,

To the pure soul by Fancy's fire refined,

Ah, what is mirth but turbulence unholy,
By trap or pet, hy arrow or by sling;
These he detested; those he scorned to wield:

When with the charm compared of heavenly melanHe wished to be the guardian, not the king,

choly ! Tyrant far less, or traitor of the field,

Is there a heart that music cannot melt? And sure the sylvan reign unbloody joy might yield. Alas! how is that rugged heart forlorn ;

Is there, who ne'er those mystic transports felt Lo! where the stripling, wrapt in wonder, roves

Of solitude and melancholy born? Beneath the precipice o'erhung with pine ;

He needs not woo the Muse; he is her scorn. And sees on high, amidst the encircling groves,

The sophist's rope of cobweb he shall twine ; From cliff to cliff the foaming torrents shine;

Mope o'er the schoolman's peevish rage; or mourn, While waters, woods, and winds, in concert join,

And delve for life in Mammon's dirty mine; And echo swells the chorus to the skies.

Sneak with the scoundrel fox, or grunt with glutton Would Edwin this majestic scene resign

swine. For aught the huntsman's puny craft supplies ? Ah, no! he better knows great Nature's charms to For Edwin, Fate a nobler doom had planned ; prize.

Song was his favourite and first pursuit.

The wild harp rang to his adventurous hand, And oft he traced the uplands to survey,

And languished to his breath the plaintive flute. When o'er the sky advanced the kindling dawn, His infant muse, though artless, was not mute. The crimson cloud, blue main, and mountain gray, Of elegance as yet he took no care ; And lake, dim-gleaming on the smoky lawn :

For this of time and culture is the fruit;
Far to the west the long long vale withdrawn, And Edwin gained at last this fruit so rare:
Where twilight loves to linger for a while;

As in some future verse I purpose to declare.
And now he faintly kens the bounding fawn,
And villager abroad at early toil :

Meanwhile, whate'er of beautiful or new, But, lo! the sun appears ! and heaven, earth, ocean, Sublime, or dreadful, in earth, sea, or sky, smile.

By chance, or search, was offered to his view,

He scanned with curious and romantic eye. And oft the craggy cliff he loved to climb,

Whate'er of lore tradition could supply When all in mist the world below was lost

From Gothic tale, or song, or fable old, What dreadful pleasure there to stand sublime, Roused him, still keen to listen and to pry. Like shipwrecked mariner on desert coast,

At last, though long by penury controlled, And view the enormous waste of vapour, tost

And solitude, his soul her graces 'gan unfold.

Thus on the chill Lapponian's dreary land,

Shall I be left forgotten in the dust,
For many a long month lost in snow profound, When Fate, relenting, lets the flower revive?
When Sol from Cancer sends the season bland, Shall Nature's voice, to man alone unjust,
And in their northern cave the storms are bound; Bid him, though doomed to perish, hope to live?
From silent mountains, straight, with startling sound, Is it for this fair Virtue oft must strive
Torrents are hurled ; green hills emerge ; and lo! With disappointment, penury, and pain ?
The trees with foliage, cliffs with flowers are crowned; No: Heaven's immortal spring shall yet arrive,
Pure rills through vales of verdure warbling go; And man's majestic beauty bloom again,
And wonder, love, and joy, the peasant's heart o’erflow. Bright through the eternal year of Love's triumphant

[Morning Landscape.]

Eren now his eyes with smiles of rapture glow,
As on he wanders through the scenes of morn,

When in the crimson cloud of even
Where the fresh flowers in living lustre blow,

The lingering light decays,
Where thousand pearls the dewy lawns adorn,

And Hesper on the front of heaven
A thousand notes of joy in every breeze are borne.

His glittering gem displays ;

Deep in the silent vale, unseen,
But who the melodies of morn can tell ?

Beside a lulling stream,
The wild brook babbling down the mountain side;

A pensive youth, of placid mien,
The lowing herd; the sheepfold's simple bell;

Indulged this tender theme.
The pipe of early shepherd dim descried
In the lone valley; echoing far and wide

• Ye cliffs, in hoary grandeur piled
The clamorous horn along the cliffs above;

High o'er the glimmering dale;
The hollow murmur of the ocean-tide;

Ye woods, along whose windings wild
The hum of bees, the linnet's lay of love,

Murmurs the solemn gale :
And the full choir that wakes the universal grove.

Where Melancholy strays forlorn,

And Wo retires to weep,
The cottage-curs at early pilgrim bark;
Crowned with her pail the tripping milkmaid sings;

What time the wan moon's yellow horn

Gleams on the western deep :
The whistling ploughman stalks afield; and, hark !
Down the rough slope the ponderous wagon rings ;

To you, ye wastes, whose artless charms
Through rustling corn the hare astonished springs;

Ne'er drew Ambition's eye,
Slow tolls the village-clock the drowsy hour;

'Scaped a tumultuous world's alarms,
The partridge bursts away on whirring wings;

To your retreats I fly.
Deep mourns the turtle in sequestered bower,

Deep in your most sequestered bower
And shrill lark carols clear from her aërial tower.

Let me at last recline,
Where Solitude, mild, modest power,

Leans on her ivied shrine.
[Life and Immortality.]

How shall I woo thee, matchless fair ?
O ye wild groves, 0 where is now your bloom!
(The Muse interprets thus his tender thought)

Thy heavenly smile how win?

Thy smile that smooths the brow of Care,
Your flowers, your verdure, and your balmy gloom,

And stills the storm within.
Of late so grateful in the hour of drought?

O wilt thou to thy favourite grove
Why do the birds, that song and rapture brought

Thine ardent votary bring,
To all your bowers, their mansions now forsake?

And bless his hours, and bid them move
Ah! why has fickle chance this ruin wrought?
For now the storm howls mournful throu the brake,

Serene, on silent wing?
And the dead foliage flies in many a shapeless flake.

Oft let Remembrance soothe his mind

With dreams of former days,
Where now the rill, melodious, pure, and cool,

When in the lap of Peace reclined
And meads, with life, and mirth, and beauty crowned?

He framed his infant lays ;
Ah! see, the unsightly slime, and sluggish pool,

When Fancy roved at large, nor Care
Have all the solitary vale embrowned ;

Nor cold Distrust alarmed,
Fled each fair form, and mute each melting sound,
The raven croaks forlorn on naked spray.

Nor Envy, with malignant glare,
And hark: the river, bursting every mound,

His simple youth had harmed.
Down the vale thunders, and with wasteful sway

'Twas then, O Solitude! to thee
Uproots the grove, and rolls the shattered rocks away. His early vows were paid,
Yet such the destiny of all on earth :

From heart sincere, and warm, and free,

Devoted to the shade.
So flourishes and fades majestic man.
Fair is the bud his vernal morn brings forth,

Ah why did Fate his steps decoy
And fostering gales a while the nursling fan.

In stormy paths to roam,

Remote from all congenial joy !-
O smile, ye heavens, serene; ye mildews wan,

O take the wanderer home.
Ye blighting whirlwinds, spare his balmy prime,
Nor lessen of his life the little span.

Thy shades, thy silence now be mine,
Borne on the swift, though silent wings of Time,

Thy charms my only theme;
Old age comes on apace to ravage all the clime.

My haunt the hollow cliff, whose pine
And be it so. Let those deplore their doom

Waves o'er the gloomy stream.

Whence the scared owl on pinions gray
Whose hope still grovels in this dark sojourn ;
But lofty souls, who look beyond the tomb,

Breaks from the rustling boughs,

And down the lone vale sails away
Can smile at Fate, and wonder how they mourn.

To more profound repose.
Shall Spring to these sad scenes no more return?
Is yonder ware the Sun's eternal bed ?

O, while to thee the woodland pours
Soon shall the orient with new lustre burn,

Its wildly warbling song,
And Spring shall soon her vital influence shed,

And balmy from the bank of flowers
Again attune the grove, again adorn the mead.

The zephyr breathes along;

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Let no rude sound invade from far,
No vagrant foot be nigh,

No ray from Grandeur’s gilded car
Flash on the startled eye.

CHRISTOPHER SMART, an unfortunate and irre-
But if some pilgrim through the glade

gular man of genius, was born in 1722 at Ship

bourne in Kent. His father was steward to Lord Thy hallowed bowers explore,

Barnard (afterwards Earl of Darlington), and dying
O guard from harm his hoary head,
And listen to his lore;

when his son was eleven years of age, the patronage For he of joys divine shall tell,

of Lord Barnard was generously continued to his That wean from earthly wo,

family. Through the influence of this nobleman, And triumph o'er the mighty spell

Christopher procured from the Duchess of CleveThat chains his heart below.

land an allowance of £40 per annum. He was ad

mitted of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, in 1739, For me, no more the path invites

elected a fellow of Pembroke in 1745, and took his Ambition loves to tread;

degree of M.A. in 1747. At college, Smart was No more I climb those toilsome heights, remarkable for folly and extravagance, and his By guileful Hope misled;

distinguished contemporary Gray prophesied truly Leaps my fond fluttering heart no more that the result of his conduct would be a jail or To Mirth's enlivening strain;

bedlam. In 1747, he wrote a comedy called a Trip For present pleasure soon is o'er,

to Cambridge, or The Grateful Fair, which was acted And all the past is vain.'

in Pembroke College Hall, the parlour of which was

made the green-room. No remains of this play have The Hermit.

been found, excepting a few songs and a mock

heroic soliloquy, the latter containing the following At the close of the day, when the hamlet is still,

humorous simile :And mortals the sweets of forgetfulness prove, When nought but the torrent is heard on the hill, Thus when a barber and a collier fight, And nought but the nightingale’s song in the grove: The barber beats the luckless collier white; 'Twas thus, by the cave of the mountain afar, The dusty collier heaves his ponderous sack, While his harp rung symphonious, a hermit began : And, big with vengeance, beats the barber black. No more with himself or with nature at war,

In comes the brick-dust man, with grime o'erspread, He thought as a sage, though he felt as a man. And beats the collier and the barber red; "Ah! why, all abandoned to darkness and wo,

Black, red, and white, in various clouds are tossed,

And in the dust they raise the combatants are lost. Why, lone Philomela, that languishing fall? For spring shall return, and a lover bestow,

From the correspondence of Gray, it appears that And sorrow no longer thy bosom inthral:

Smart's income at Cambridge was about £140 per But, if pity inspire thee, renew the sad lay,

annum, and of this his creditors compelled him to Mourn, sweetest complainer, man calls thee to mourn; assign over to them £50 a-year till his debts were O soothe him, whose pleasures like thine pass away: paid. Notwithstanding his irregularities, Smart Full quickly they pass—but they never return. cultivated his talents, and was distinguished both Now gliding remote on the verge of the sky,

for his Latin and English verse. His manners were The moon half extinguished her crescent displays : agreeable, though his misconduct appears to have But lately I marked, when majestic on high

worn out the indulgence of all his college friends, She shone, and the planets were lost in her blaze.

Having written several pieces for periodicals pubRoll on, thou fair orb, and with gladness pursue lished by Newberry, Smart became acquainted The path that conducts thee to splendour again ;

with the bookseller's family, and married his stepBut man's faded glory what change shall renew ?

daughter, Miss Carnan, in the year 1753. He now Ah fool! to exult in a glory so vain !

removed to London, and endeavoured to subsist by 'Tis night, and the landscape is lovely no more ;

his pen. The notorious Sir John Hill-whose wars I mourn, but, ye woodlands, I mourn not for you;

with the Royal Society, with Fielding, &c., are well

known, and who closed his life by becoming a quack For morn is approaching, your charms to restore, Perfumed with fresh fragrance, and glittering with dew: latter replied by a spirited satire entitled The Hil

doctor — having insidiously attacked Smart, the Nor yet for the ravage of winter I mourn; Kind Nature the embryo blossom will save.

liad. Among his various tasks was a metrical But when shall spring visit the mouldering urn!

translation of the Fables of Phædrus. He also O when shall it dawn on the night of the grave !

translated the psalms and parables into verse, but

the version is destitute of talent. He had, how'Twas thus, by the glare of false science betrayed, ever, in his better days, translated with success, and That leads, to bewilder; and dazzles, to blind ;

to Pope's satisfaction, the Ode on St Cecilia's Day. My thoughts wont to roam, from shade onward to In 1756 Smart was one of the conductors of a shade,

monthly periodical called The Universal Visiter ; and Destruction before me, and sorrow behind.

to assist him, Johnson (who sincerely sympathised, “O pity, great Father of Light," then I cried,

as Boswell relates, with Smart's unhappy vacilla" Thy creature, who fain would not wander from thee; tion of mind) contributed a few essays. In 1763 we Lo, humbled in dust, I relinquish my pride:

find the poor poet confined in a mad-house. He From doubt and from darkness thou only canst free!" has partly as much exercise,' said Johnson, as he And darkness and doubt are now flying away, used to have, for he digs in the garden. Indeed, No longer I roam in conjecture forlorn.

before his confinement, he used for exercise to walk So breaks on the traveller, faint, and astray,

to the ale-house ; but he was carried back again, I The bright and the balmy effulgence of morn. did not think he ought to be shut up. His infirSee Truth, Love, and Mercy, in triumph descending, mities were not noxious to society. He insisted on

I And Nature all glowing in Eden's first bloom ! people praying with him (also falling upon his On the cold cheek of death smiles and roses are knees and saying his prayers in the street, or in any blending,

other unusual place); and I'd as lief pray with Kit And beauty immortal awakes from the tomb.' Smart as any one else. Another charge was, that

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