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Che Balance.



fion in a company in this city a few days | all over Europe, Sir-I myself, Sir, was ago, much good natured argument, and intimate with the duke of Montrose, Str pleasant muiual raillery, or badgering, as -have been in all the courts in England, it is called, took place. One anti-federalist, Sir-I've plead in the Court of King's

however, stuck firmly lothe old stale topic Bench." Che Wreath.

i Have you, sir, (belched out i of economy, and enlarged upon the mer. votary of Bacchus, fresh from his orgies

, it of administration in filling the coffers of who had entered while Graham was mà the treasury ; while on the other hand, it king his pompous replication) and what dia was insisted that a great part of the apparent inciease was not created by actual sav.



ing, or found financial management ; but
by the sale of the shipping, provisions and

The subject of GIVING OR REFUSING QUARTER to naval stores, of that návy which the feder-
the French Inyåders, has recently been discus al administration had erected, and wh:c.

TEMPERATE AND HAPPY! sed in the British papers ; and the discussion ter ought at this day to be proiecting our coufis minated in favor of forbearance. As auxiliary and harbours, from pirates under the name

The following is from a láte Liverpadl to the prevailing argument, the following, m of privateers. After much argument on

paper :the benevolent Muse of Collins, has been in both sides, by which neither seemed whe Extract of a letter from Thomas Painte

, da liated. The peru al will gratify the poet as well convinced, one of the dispuianis turneri

a friend in England. as the philanthropist. [Boston Cinel] to an Irishnan, not long arrivelin Ame.

"My preperty in this country (Amt. ica, and said, Well, what do you think ica,) has been iaken care of by my lieres ODE

of it?" " Why, fail Pat, in answer, i'i. and is worth 6oool. ferling; which pa TO MERCY.

tell what I think of it. The financial in the funds will bring me 400!. iterus inanagement of your government reminds

a year. o THOU! who sit’st a smilingoBride,

ime of poor Katy Mirphy, the huckler, " I have yet, I believe, sopre vers is

in the town I came from." There was a store, for I have a good state of teal, and By Valo:r's arm'd, and awful side, g?neral'laugh, of course, and the anti-ted.

a happy mind; and I take care of both, Gentlest of sky-born foro:s, and best adorid,

crai advocate, a little disconcerted, criet nou ishing the firf with temperatuce! Ei Wlo ofc with sorgs, divine to hear,

out hoflily, “How, how, how in the name the latter with abundance: Wins't, from his fatal grasp, the spear,

oi wonder do you make that out?" " Why. Rilum tenea!is amici ? And hid'st in wreaths of flowers his bloodiess

you must know, replied Pais that Katry, sword.

[Evening Pol.) like many others, though penurious eThou, who, amidst the deathful field,

nough in heart, was fo waiteiul from ftuBy godlike chiefs alone beheid,

pidity, that she became bankrupt, and at
last had nothing but one.Shilling and about

TERMS OF THE BALANCE, Oft with ihy bosom bare, art found

FOR 1804. l'leading for him, the youth that sinks to ground;

a peck of ilur; v poor soul, the went See MERCY, see, with pure and loaded han.is, to the butcher, and give her shilling for a

To City Subscribers, Two Dollars are Before thy shrine my country's genius stands, breast of mutton, which shucui into!welve

Certs, payable quarterly. And decks thy altar still, tho' pierc'd with many a

very nale little chops, of which she made ; To those who receive them by mail, wound.

twelve very nate little pics, and sold them lars, payable in acirance.

for three half, orice a piece. Meeting a To those who take their papers at the other When he, whom e'en our joys provoke;

neigibour, the legan to boast of her drift, bindies, or otherwise, a deduction from The Fiend of Nature join'd his yoke,

and financial fill-I have got fix pence | price will be riale. And rush'd, in wrath, to make our ble his prey, cleur gains this ble ned morning, tuid poor

i landsome. Tit. Page and Table of cancers Tiiy form, from out thy sweet aboue,

How 10;? faid the

oderno O'ertook him on his blasted road, · Why, I bought a breaft ef mion, the

will be con prebody the past pamber of the value And stopp'd bis wheels, and look'd his rage away!

replied, for a fhill ry, and I made it in

i weive pies, which I fuld for thrce:ha: I see recoil his sable steeds,

pence a piece."
But where, ai hier

N (. T E.
That bore him swist to savage deeds ;
more fagacious friend, where did you go

The ars: and second Thy tender melring eyes they own, the flour ? Och, my denty jaid


may be had on the fillowing terms Oh, Maid! for all thy love to Britain shewn, ly, why I had iha! nisi Where Justice bars her iron tower,

Turit Volume-unboundTo thee we build a roseate bower,

Scconil Volume Thou ! thou shalt rule our Cueen, and share our

THE celebrated John A. Graham, L. L.

Bith Volumes,
Monarch's thione !
D. was lately introduced into à room in a

If bound, the price of binding (either plain or el
Coffre Houie in me city of ********

egant) ivih be added. -Anbound jume may in which were several gentlemen ; and

sent to any past-oice in the state for 52 cèw the began with his usual pertness and impl.

25€; or to anly prsi-silice in the unit for 7x cents. Diverity.

dence, to usurp all the conversation. At
length, one of the company, provoked

with his pertinacious impertinenceiuform. IROM THE CHARLESTON COURIER.

ed him, that his prcience could be difpenf.
ed with." Sir, cried the enraged doin

THE conduct of the prefent administra. cinlant of the house of M********) 'I fee

Warien-Streer, Hudson tion as compared with that of their prede- you don't know me. My name, Sir, is WHERE PRINTING IN ÇENERAL

XECUTED cessors, happening to come under difcuf. General John A. Graham, Sir-travelied


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What things are necesary to secure a and which bear some just proportion to good agency?

the offence.

Wisdom, goodness and power in the Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,

Can this proportion be ascertained and Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind. Agent : wisdom to devise, goodness to made permanent ? choose, and power to apply, the means oi

It cannot ; it must admit of some va. FOR THE BALANCE. public happiness.

riation, as circumstances vary ; the pub. How may a State avail itself of the at.

lic safety must be consulted and a found POLITICAL CATECHISM. tributes of wisdom and goodness? discretion exercised, in fixing, from time

By selecting wise and good men to man. to time, the scale of punishments. Being a sketch of what might, on a matured plan, age its concerns.

You observe that the laws ought to be be taught in Schools, and also, by Heads

Does not this presuppoje intelligence I promptly executed ; the reason if you of Families, to Youth and Children.

and goodness in those, whose duty it is please ?

io elect or appoint to ofice ? HAT is civil government ?

The reason for executing a law is the It does ; and when it is otherwise, the same as tor enacting it. A law without It is the agency of the State as a body- State is rotten at the core.

a penalty executed on offenders, is the politic unde: a single direction.

What is the power of the State ? Came, in effect, as a law without a penalty ; What is meant by agency under a fingie

It is that force, with which it can act

wh.cb, indeed, is no law : transgression is direction? against those who oppose its will ; and can

setting up the will of the individual a. It is meant, that agency which is gove | acquire the means of its own perfection.

gainst the public will; it is hoftility to the erned by the will of the body. politic, as

In what does this power confill ?

Stale; and, as far as its goes, it subveris the agency of an individual is governed

government isfell. by bis will.

It consists, chiefly, in the number and union of its citizens or fubjets.

Has not a suljet? his option, in case of Il hat is the will of the State as a body

laws prohibiting alls not evil in them

What is the bond of this union ? politic ?

selves either to obey, or to submit to the It is the determination of a majority,

It is the public will, or the laws.

penalty ? expressed according to the forms of the What is requisite to give energy to the He has not more in those cases, than in conftitution. laws ?

others ; his will is bound by the public IVhat is meant by conflitution ?

It is requisite that they be just and e will in all cales : fubmitting to the pen. By constitution are meant those foun. qual, and that they be promptly execu

alty is not voluntary ; and it it were, it ted ? dation principles, whether written or un.

will not constitute him a good citizen, or written, whici characterize the State, as What is meant by just and equal laws ? prevent the effeet of bad example. distinguished from others, and which are Such laws as conduce to the public Is the citizen, in all cafes, bound lo the basis of its acts and proceedings. good, prescribe a common rule to all the obey the law, as matter of conscience ? What is meant by the forms of the concitizens, and are enforced by proper pen

He is ; the reason is plain ; civil gov. fitution? aliies.

ernment is a divine in{ticution ; all

pow. By the forms of the constitution is What are proper penalties ?

er is of God; human laws which are just meant that organization or arrangement, They are such pains or evils as are suffi. and equal are, in truth, the laws of God; through which the State chooses te will l cient, ordinarily, to enforce the duty en and we are bound to obey, not only for and to act.

jolled or prevent the crime inbibited, | wrath, but also for conscience fake.

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Must you not judge whether a law be Especially those scattered in the wilds, || rity and in a manner the most trust worthy. agreeable or repugnant to the law of God have need of all their diligence and econ And whereas his successor, in November and act accordingly.

omy in bringing to a new farm and raising | term laft, in the District Court of the U. I must ; but I must judge at my peril, a family of children. Hence they have nited States, confeffed judgment for ONE I must be answerable for all inistakes, and no money to spare to purchase books, and HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS, for pub. I must be content to abide the conse much less to expend in travelling 10, 20, lic monies which come lo his hands by virquences; the State will prefer its own or 30 miles to see the 'Squire, and learn tue of his office, and have been applied to judgment to mine. the news from Congress.

his own private use : Is not subjection to law repugnant to

If thole delegates were more generally Now THEREFORE, we have thought pro. freedom?

to publish an address to their constituents per to propose the two following queries :

on their return from Congress, enumerat. First. Has not Mr. Living!ton been fut. Il !, repugnant to licentiousness, but

fered to leave this fate without having in cd that freedom 'which creatures, howev. lling the latt feflion-the difficulty would any manner secured the payment of the faid. : freedom ; nay, it is the parent of ling the moft material alterations, &c. durbe in part removed.

lumn or any part thereof? en salted, can enjoy. For where all are

The writer could enumerate several in Secondly. If this large sum should be bound to do no injury to others, all are

stances of unintentional offences : The lost to the community, on whom ought the secure in the enjyment of their own.

offenders were ignorant of the laws. loss in equity and good conscience to fall; (TO BE CONTINUED.)

This subject, with the examination ol on the public at large, comprehending the our laws, will be continued, as leisure at-tederalists, who reprobated the conductot fords opportunity

the Executive in the removing of a truft

SOCRATES. worthy oflicer, and who bore their testimony FOR THE BALANCE.

against the appointment of his successor,

or ought it to fall on Mr. Jefferson bimON THE SUBJECT OF THE LAWS.

self and those who advised this measure ? No. I. Selected.

Let it be understood that this is not a

wanton attempt to injure the feelings of Mr. CROSWELL,

Mr. Livingiton, or of any of his friends. " IS HE HONEST?"

But surely, after the malicious charges of

mal-conduct, as to public monies, which E boast much of being citi. [It will be recollected that we some time since re.

have, at one time or other, been brought zens of a tree Republic ; and glory in the peatedly called on the little democratic bancl.or- || against every officer in the federal adminidea that our laws are made by ourselves. gans of this state, for information concerning liitration, not merely by the hireling ediThat the idea is a source of pride to mil EDWARD LIVINGSTON, ESQUIRE. We called lions, the writer is happy in believing.

tors of the ministerial papers, but by men

in vain. Not a syllable would a deinocratic edi- || of high standing in the party, not excepting We poliefs the power to lay which of our tor say, respecting that great ornament of the the President himsell, and after the wickfellow.citizens Thall be entrusted with the party ; and the public might have remained to.

ed charges have been circulated with an framing of laws for our government. But tally ignorant of some very interesting facts, had | industry and preservance unexampled in our constitution wisely provides, that the not Mr. Coleman brought them to light. The

the history of calumny, without a title of number fo defignated, shall not exceed a following publication from the Evening Post, ac.

evidence to support them ; after all this, I certain ratio of the whole number of our counts for the silence of Mr. Livingston's pelit | say, in vain have they to expect that real citizens. He..ce it is obvious, that the ical friends.

Edit. Bal.]

delinquences will be winked at by us, or number of our Legislators must be com

even ibat they will not be fought out, and paratively small; and, from a view of the


when detected boldly and plainly published means of obtaining information on the

Sbort queries to make long faces.

to the world. We, however, thall nevsubject of the laws, that fo gencrala knowl.

er be one of thole who deal in ambiguedge thereof, as seems to be highly neces WHEREAS Thomas Jefferson, soon af

ous whispers ;" which do almost equal in. sary to the peace and happineis of socie. ter he came to the Presidency, published his jury whether true or false, and which elude ty, is here impracticable at present. In tenets as to removals from office, and

pro detection it unfounded. No: we speak the year of Rome about three hundred, ceeded to carry them into practice ; And

in positive terms, of this public defaulter. the laws of that Republic were read before Whereas, in pursuance thereof, he dil

If any one doubts the truth of what we say, general assemblies of the people, on the placed Richard {arrison, Esq. U. S. at

we refe: him to the records of the District first day of every month. Let us briefly iorney for this diftriel, and appointed Ed

Court. colder whether such a measure would be ward Livingíton, Eiq. in his stead : And falutary here.

Whereas, in this arrangement we must, || The Post, of a subsequent date, contains the folOur Republic is {pread over a vast ex. in charity to the said Thomas Jefferson sup

lowing supplementary article :tent of thinly populated country:

Cer pose that " time was taken, information tain diftriés, in fome instances it is be. || lought and obtained,” to the same amount A word of consolation for Mr. Jefferson. lieved, comprehending an extent of terri. as in the case of Samuel Bishop at New We were informed half an hour ago, tory equal 10 50 14.12.0 miles, send a mem Haven : And Whereas we are to presume || thai there is a milake in the statement we ber to Congress once every year, for the that in this case, as in that, he proceeded gave veilerday of the amount of Mr. Liv. purpose of making laws. In the turn of " in the operation (a technical word by the ingston's default; and that it is not so almost every lithon, lorne old laws are al. way well suited to bis amputating procels] || much as a hundred thousand dollars, or icred, ron: abolished and many created with deliberation and enquiry, that it miglit || at least that the amount of what has yet

efect the purposes of justice and public u been discovered is not so great, but only But few of the people of such a dirtility :" And Whereas, during the four somewhere about seventy thousand doltrict will be informed immediately of such teen years that Richard Harnton, Esq. Il lars, more or less." How this is we alterations in the laws. The Anierican Was diftrict attorney for the United States, I know not; but this we do know, that a people in general are far from being rich. Il he conducted himself with theftri&citinteg.' judgment by confession for one hundred

an iv.

tic use.

thousand dollars ftands upon record against Mr. Livingston in the Clerk's office of the Diftri&t Court. Left we should have been misinformed in this point, we exam. ined for ourselves, and have seen the doc. ket of the judgment itself. Whether indeed this is the amount due from Mr. Liv. ingston to the United States, or whether it is to cover whatever sum he may, upon a settlement of his accounts, be found to be indebted, or whether it is the penal sum of a bond, the half of which is conse. quently the actual debt, we cannot pretend to say.-The present District Attorney may, however, if he thinks proper, set us right in these particulars. Nor can we think it would be an improper condescension in him to do this without delay, as the public at large are deeply interested in knowing the truth. He will add to the favor too, if, at the same time, he will inform us what security he obtained from Mr. Livingston before he suffered him to depart.

Alas! her crimes were worse than vain.
Fast in a foreign tyrant's chain,
Prostrate and breathless, see, she lies,

“ With scarce a friend to close her eyes." The poet seems to have reserved in his quiver, some of his best-pointed shafts of satire, for dames

They are discharged, with much liberality, on this side the Atlantic,

" Where, dress'd in simplest garb of state,
A philosophic statesman, great,
Well versed in all the arts of war,

Majestic, fills the federal chair.” Mr. Jefferson's great Louisiana Land-speculation is made the subject of the following lines :

“ Hail mighty Thomas--by thy wit,
The crafty Consul has been bit.
For, when, he thought, he gave you trash,
In pay, for fifteen millions cash;
When he took in our Plenipo,
And made a fool of wise Munroe ;
And when the crafty dog believ'd,
E'en thou, great Thomas, wast deceiv'd,
Thou quickly, shew'd him, who's the dolt,
And turn'd a mountain into salt.
Nay, some affirm, that just below,
Where vales of grass in general grow,
Thy philosophic eye has found

A lake of guineas, flowing round." After briefly noticing the “ younglings," who “ exercise their unfledged wit” at Washington, the writer closes in the following firm and dignified

jury were ont, the democrat was boasting loudly, and offered to lay any bet that the verdict would be in his favor. “ It is very doubiful (observed a bystander) 1 think your proof was not very satisfactory."-" Proof" (exclaimed the democra:) what the devil do you think I care for proof? Are not all the jury democrats ? and do you think they will give it against me?"

Least the reader might suppose this democrat to be some obscure person, it may be proper to mention that he was one of that nored grand.jury who found the indictments against me last winter. Whether he possessed, at that time, the same correct ideas of justice, that he now avows, is best known to himself.

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Moralityof Conneticut Democrats. It is said that the democrats of Hartford, are in deep mourning, on account of the premature departure of one of their principal leaders, who has committed a forgery on Middletown bank, and taken a French leave, carrying with him, 100,000 dollars “ more or less.” But the cream of the jest is, that Captain Bee, should mention this fact, to prove that Connecticut has nothing to boast of, in point of morality. Who ever pretended that the democrats of Connecticut had more morality than those of Vir. ginia or France ? We do not wish to mention names, but while C. Holt and Joseph Hart are known, we shall entertain no very high opinion of the moral. ity of Connecticut democrats.

For the apprehension of Hart, the president of Middletown Bank has offered a reward of 1,000 dollars. He was a reputable merchant of Hartford, and had done business extensively ; but (as an old gentleman of his acquaintance observed, on hearing of his late conduct) baa become a

a great democrat.

Editor's Closet.

manner :


The editor proposes to review some of the po. etical new-year's addresses, which he may receive the present season. Beginning with his nearest neighbors, he will first notice the

Hudson Gazette. This address is apparently a hasty performance ; but is generally correct, and is written with much ease. In the following lines, the writer presents us with an excellent idea of two great European nations. Speaking of the late peace, he says,

“ Britannia, mistress of the main,
“ Unbound her laurell'd arms--and France

" Threw by her sword to frisk and dance." The dignified character of an Englishman, and the volatile nature of a Frenchman, could not have been better described.

In the subjoined passage, the writer sketches, with a judicious and animated pencil, a picture of the present state of France :

“ Though from her towns a motley host,
Collected, throng her western coast,
Though, gun-boats on the channel pour,
And point their beaks to Dritain's shore-
Though, blustering threats are heard afar,
And all the empty noise of war ;
Still see the Corsican aghast ;
His reign, he dreads, is almost past.
A nation by his arm oppressed,
He knows, ere long shall be redressed;
His guilty soul foresees the day,
And all his courage dies away.
Unhappy France ! through seas of blood,
Of Kings and Princes great and good,
Of statesmen just, of warriors brave,
(All buried in one common grave)
Through anarch's dark and dreary reign
And all her Jaccbinic irain,
Sht now has past and look around ;
What has she gain'd for ey'ry wound ?

“ Go on, ye children of confusion,
Spread wide the seeds of revolution ;
Indulge your taste, for innovation,
And call the havoc, reformation.
The deeds, your sires have done, survey,
And fritter all their works away.
Break every paper barrier down,
And seat your idol on a throne !
Yet know there is a chosen band,
Who ne'er will bow beneath your hand ;
Whose souls, ye:, feel the generous flame,
Which led our sires to endless fame;
Who, at their country's call will fly

And freely live, or bravely die."
Next in course comes

The Bee, Whose address begins with

" At twelve o'clock last Saturday night,

“ If Andrew Beers has told us right-" And ends with

“ To thank you kindly for the fee

“ You give the Carrier of the Bee." The rearler must guess at the rest.

The following are among the toasts drank at the late festival of the Sons of the Pilgrims, at Plymouth :

Our Constitution, as it is our Rulers as they should be."

Louisiana--a country wit bout patriots-May our Patriots without a coun. try occupy what they have bought, and leave us to enjoy what we have inherited.

Lct those who buy right and sell honor, have contempt gratis.

Such sound:ress in public opinion, that if our great men will not speak the truth they fall hear it."

“ The ambition of our democratic ru. lers--like Louisiana, without bounds or limits." Toast drank by the younger Sons of the Pilgrims. “ The majority of the present Congress.

The world has grown so bad, That Wrens may prey, where Eagles dare not perch."


My dronisb neighbor appears to exult at the resignatior. of judge Radclift. He flatters himself, it is said, that Ambrose Spencer will be appointed to his place ; and imagines that the consequences of this change will be serious to me. The democrats must entertain very curious notions of justice and equity, to suppose that our supreme judges are to be gov. erned in their decisions by party.spirit. If such an insinuation does not amount to a contempt, I cannot tell what does. At any rate it may be considered as base, and, i trust, groundless. It reminds me, however, of che following fact in

A few days since a demociat of this county, was engaged in a lawsuit with a federalist. While the

To Currespondents. An Oration sent us by “ A Customer," will be ab. tended to.

The Toasts of the Mechanic Society are omitted for want of room.

That apostolic order offends no law of char- il popular and carried further from the fedity, which enjoins that " if any will not erative principle. This claim we find was. work, neither should be eat." The good made at the formation of the constitution. man in his charity studies to sew favor : The great states naturally wished for a pophe gives, not merely to gratily the impulse ular choice of first magistrate : This mode of his own bosom, nor to rclieve himselt was fanctioned by the example of many of the vexation of importunity ; but he en.

of the states in the choice of governor. deavors to promote the real good of the ob. The finall states claimed a choice on the agricultural.

ject of his benevolence, both in bis kind federative principle, by the legislatures, of charity and manner of bestowing it, so and to vote by fiates; analogies and ex

as to prevent occasions of abuse, and ex. amples were not wanting to lanètion this E X TRACT.

cite to a due improvement, and return. mode of election. A consideration of A good man theweih favor and lendeth the weight and influence of a president of

thus run the words of the text. It is of. this union, must have inultiplied the diffiTO FARMERS.

ten a more discreet and efficient exercise culties of agreeing upon the mode of

and display of charity, to adıninifter that choice. But, as I have before faid, by EXPERIENCE has proved, red ves than tog efo when direct gir upon present mode, combining both principles, that smoking your Seed Corn, thoroughly, 1l them : to loan them, with the expeétation

them: to loan them, with the expectation and dividing between the two parties, thus betore planting, will effeétually prevent

of some return, that which may call up mutually jealous, as equally as they the worms or any other insect from touch

their attention to some useful employmeni, i could, this important privilege of elecing it whilst growing. Care must be tak.

encourage their care ad industry, and at. ting a chief magiftrate. en that it is not heared in the finoking, left tach a degree of responsibility to it. In this

This mode then became established, it fhould destroy the vegetation. It will

view, I have always admired those inftitu. and the right of the small states, to elect therefore be best to hang it where the

tions, which have cortemplated the aid and (moke may gradually impregnate the ker

upon the federative principle, or by ftates, encouragement of the indigent and untornel during the winter season.

in case of the contingency of electoral tunate, by loans at little or no premium ;

failure of choice, cannot with reason and Probably the smoaking of other feeds and have thought it a species of the wifeft

fairness be taken from them, without their may have the fame happy efici. Should | and best directed charity, calculated to do | ta:

consent, and on a full understanding of this be the case, it would lave much la. more good than a direct giit of the whole

iis operation ; since it was meant to be lebor and care in railing Squalhes, Melons, il loan; the gift might induce ease, indul.

cured to them by the conftitution, and Cucumbers, &c." gence, and carielloels; the loan, as it a:

was one of the terms upon which they be. taches responsibility to it, while it afforded

came members of the present confederacy; present relief, would add nerve to endeav

and for which privilege, in facrificing to lor, and excite care, canion, and econo

much of the federative principle, or state soonitorial Departnicnt. my. The man who studies that his chari

cy lhould befavor, and that gnides its ex-
ercile with difcretion, will endeavor that

The conftitution is nicely balanced,

with the federative and popular principles; To aid the cause of virtue and religion. the diversified fruits of his benevolence should, as far as polible, be of this kind,

the Senate are the guardians of the former,

and the house of representatives of the calculated to correct, and not cherish, the E X T R A CT i regularities or vices which afford occa.

latter ; and any attempts to destroy From a discourse, delivered before the members of ion for sucha chai y."

this balance, under whatever specious the l'ortsmouth Female Charity School, October

names or pretences they may be present14, 1803, by the Rev. JOSEP BUCKMINSTER.

ed, thould be watched with a jealous eve.

Perhaps a lair definition of the conftiiue " A good man skeweth favor and lendeth; be will Columbian Eloquence.

cional power of amending is, that you guile bis affairs with discretion."

may upon experiment so modify the con.

fiution in iis practice and operation, as 66

M. TRACY'S SPEECH, io give it, upon its own principles, a o duty, perhaps, receives a

inore complete effet. But this is an alIN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, greater influence from ihe dictates of wis

tack upon a fundamental principle eftab. dom and the guidance of discretion, than

Friday, December 2, 1809,

lifhad after long deliberation, and by muthat of giving to the poor. An indiscrim

cual conceflion, a principle of eflential inaie and indilcieet giving, without regard

imporance to the instrumene itieif, and an to the object, or the kind of gift, olien

attempt to wreit from the small faies, a frustrales its own design, and increases,


veftoi iht; and, by it, to increase the eventually, both tle guilt and ihe sufferings

po ver and intl.ience of the large ftz:es. of thole it is intenderlo relieve. To give AFTER this view of the constitution I shall not preieni, sir, that the parties to frong drink to the intemperate, or that let us enquire what is the direet object of this cnfiitutional compact, cannot alter which they may with facility convert into the propoled alioration in the chuice of its original and effential principles; and the fascinating poison, is but io pour oil Prefilent?

that suci alterations inay not be effected, upon the flame that has already confumped To render more practicable and certain under ile name of amendment; bui, lei a their lies in their strength, and their re- the choice by electors: an for this rea proposal of that kind come forward in its putation. To give to the viciouslvidleandfon ; that the people at larse, or is other own proper and undilguilai thape ; let it lazy, that wbizu will support them in their words, that the great states online to have be fairly flated to congress, to the state levice and indolence, is only to ftrengthen more weight ani influence in the choice. Il gillatures, to ihe people at laige, that the the habits that are the source of their ruir. Thai it should be brought nerer in the intention is to change an imporrant tester







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