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of God; and justice and good will, be- || publican economy might be manitested lars every two years, than have a rascally, come gene:al, muft, from their nature, erery where--and nothing be wanted to a unprincipled federal aristocracic tory son mke liciery happy, complete reform. We have heard this of a bh in office.

Now did you Are not the objects of religion and of | argument a hundred times and how can ever hear the like? Well there is no rea. phy, in a great measure, dilind? it be answered ? Why the proof of the foning with thele democrats.

Tacir ohjeet is the lame, the latier is a pudding is in the eating of ii, and so we hand-maid io the former.

have a story io tell, tho' we luft caution How does this appear ?

the reader, particularly if he is a demu. 1: appears from hence, that both are di crat, not to believe one word of it, but to

Editor's Closet. vine mftiturions, that both are designed to (wear roundly that " it is a curled feder. promote the honor of God and the happi.al lie.. Nevertheless we will tell the ftonefs of men, and that we are bound to ry, if it is only for pallime. Now we

« IS HE HONEST" pray for Kings and all in authority to the entreat you not to believe one Gingle iota end that we may lead a quiet and

of it. 1'he United States never lost a ceni peacea.

We are extremely sorry to inform our readers ble life in all godiness and honesty. by Mr. Harrison the former district attor that the Hartford democrat, Joseph Hart, who has (TO BE CONTINUED.)

ney, but then he was a federalist, a rank lately been caught tripping"—that is, who has had federalift--as honeft a man, other ways to the pistortune to commit a forgery for something be sure, as ever broke bread, and as clev. less than $ 100,000 on the Middletown bank,

er, otherways, bless me, as the day is long proves to be a man of such high standing, that we Seleded.

in fummer--but then the blockhead was have risqued an indictment, by publishing the para. lo stupid, that in spite of all the beautiful graph in our last concerning him. l'eople who do republican sermons he heard, he would be not perfectly understand the nature of the cor


a federalift-and yet in every other ref law, may require an explanation. The common law

pcet, he was a very sensible man ! Now provides, that if any person publi: h aught against a A PRACTICAL comment on the reis not that strange ? And then in the bu

public officer (if true, su much the worse) tending to publican doctrine of turning capable and finess of his office in particular, why no. bring him into disgrace or disrepute, he shall be faithfui men out of office, io mike way body ever found any fault with him-and

punished, &c.—Now, this Joseph Hart was one of for needy partizans, may be found in the

vet he was a federalist.

'Tis ftrange, Mr. Jefferson's Commissioners of Bankruptcy-conoffice of the clerk di the district court ai Pris palling ftrange !" Well his crime was

sequently he was a public officer. He committed New.York. It will be remembere!, that

not to be forgiven, especially by such a the forgery as was mentioned last week. We pub. when Congress were voting between Jef philosopher, such a friend to the liberty of lished the fact, not even suspecting that he was a ferson and Burr, Edwuid Livingston re sentiment, as our philanthropic Jefferson. public officer ; for, if we had entertained the least nained obftinate for the former. This Now that is not strange at all-is it? So suspicion of this, the maxim, “ the greater the excited Lume surprise ; as it had been of course away went Mr. Harrison with

truth, the greater the libel,” would have restrainpretty generally given out by the Cheet.

all the relt of the lederal rubbish. Served hanuites that he was Mr. Barr's " confi- | him right enough, exclaims every blow

ed us from publishing any thing that would tend to

bring him, or the man who appointed him, into condential friend"-and if Mr. Burr was bladder of democracy. And now the hon

tempt or disgrace. However, the deed is donereally intriguing for the presidency, and orable Elward Livingston, Esquire the and if another grand-jury can be scraped toge her, Capt. Cheetham has written nine letters hero of republicanism—he who made fuch

in the county of Columbia, sufficientis republican to to prove it-and if Mr. Livingston was fine speeches against the British Treaty,

iudict us for it, we shall be very careful in future, really his confidential friend in this in. and the Sedition Law, and the Alien Law,

when we see an advertisement out for a rery borest trigue ; and the same captain is ready to and all such ruinous things. Oh, it would swear it, the simple ones will hardly be

gentleman, to enqure, before we give it publicity, have dune your heart good to have heard able to satisfy themselves, how it came to

whether he is not a repubjican commissioner of him. He who could not speak three words pass, that Col. Burr was deserted “ at his

bankruptcy, or a district aitorney. without tainting with apprehension for the utmost riked," by this fame “ confidential rights of t?e people.-A5! he was a genfriend"-While the knowing oncs, always

The editor of the Ulster Gazeite is infornied, that uine republican ! He who could not bear


HARRY CROSWELL has not yet forgotten puffed up with feitconceit, tickle them

the isles of high salaries, and the dreadful felves with the idea, that in the subsequent wafle of pubic money under the fqan

there is such a thing as the common law~-2..d a appointment of Mr. Livingston, to be dif.

gaol in almost every county." The editor aforesaid, dering Ajains administration–Yes, this trict attorney, in the place of Mr. Harri. fairelt bud in the tree of Liberty-in plain

is also informed, that H. Croswell is not disposed fon, and of the late chancellor, his broth- || English, Edward Livington became dil

to “ make light of these matters," nor has time er, to be minister to France, they see a

“ made him familiar with terrors." But does the triēt attorney. And now we come to the folution of the whole mystery--and these lie. This same republican has lately been

editor of the Ulster Gazette suppose that H. Crosfellows, with a significant fhrug and ma

well will ever so far gratify his enemies, as to cbliged to confess judgment to the Unit. licious ineer, infinuate that "the labour. | ed States for one hundred thousand dol.

shrink from his duty, the approach of danger ? er is worthy of his hire." These are top

-that he will quit the deck of his little bark, and i lars ! Now reader, is not this as cursed a ics however too deep for us--they belong 1 federal lie as ever was told ? and a repub

skulk below, because the tempests houl, & the shie to that species of cabinet secrets, which lican wo-od friend of the people ; and

lower ; or because he observes pirates beuring door will probably never come to lighi, till at more than all that a friend of ECONOMY.

upon him ?-If he does, he is nistaien. lcast five or six pamphlets more thall be

Croswell is doomed to destruccion-if ruin overtakes 'Tis impossible, 'ris an abominable feder. published by the friends of the people a.

him-!.is enemies shall not derive much consolation al lie. Well, well, my honest democrat gainst each other. We are aware, that

from the manner in a hich he nieers his fare. " But you may see the judgment entered upon

we will talk more about that when we meet at your louy viagd democratic puritans will

record in New York, in the clerk's office say that the removal of Mr. Harrilon and of the district court.

Albany in February.“

DJ yon believe it such like men was necessary, in order tho now ? No, I don't-'tis a dd federal The Baroneter editor acknowledges - a cloud of roughly to cleanse all the departn.ents of lie—and even if it is true I don't care, we cimmunications ;” but he dues not sell when they tederal aristocratic corruption, so that re might rather lose a hundred thousand dol. will descend in rais. upon his readers.

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We lately received a paper from Boston, with ominous to the faction than the Sybils ll sure of two or three great men whom I el. the appropriate title of Tbe Deinocrat edited by a leaves. Let Goody Pickering, gather up teem-for (with John Jay and Alexander foreigner who assumes the name of ANTHONY

the flood as Lachrymæ Johanni, to be | Hamilton) Thomas Jeffer son and James Pasquis. On examining the paper, we thought deposited by Pitt and Cobbelt in the Brit. it too contemptible to deserve animadversion, and

Madison are my particular favorites: I do ith Museum and while he is encircled in were therefore about to pass it in silence, when,

not mean Governor John, General Alexhis final bed, by an enraged and convulsive | ander, President Thomas and Mr. Sectaking up the National Aegis, we found that An

aristocracy, may Hope whisper comfort to retary James, as I lenow nothing about the THONY had received a very bandsome dressing from his wounded spirit, as the hand of a brorber democrat, in the following covering him with fackcloth and ashes!"

Repentance is late acts of those public officers ; but I form, (to wit.)

mean those great men and early patriots

And has it then come to this--that every whom I have long vererated, and hope Anthony Pasquin, alias John Willi ftrolling adventurer, who, in the elegant long to have cause to wenerate." liams.-It is with fincere and unfeigned language of PAsQuin, has “ fcudded from “ I shall continue a reader as long as you regret, that we see this foreign renegado a royal tyrant," is to gain credit and cur. feeking an establishment, and finding en- | rency among us by arraigning without dis .

are permitted to be the editor of a paper ;

which I truit will be as long as I live-God couragement among us. After having crimination, the moment he has put his

forbid that I should furvive the freedom run the gauntlet in Europe, after having foot upon our shores, the motives and con.

and reputation of my country!" run down his reputation and fortune in his duet of those whom we have once been ac. own country, after having run away from customed to respect ?

“ P. S. Don't tell " the Captain"'I am merited chastifeinent beyond the Alantic,

We have already enough, in all corsci- going to Hudson, for it would be uncivil he is now attempting to run himself into ence, of thele imported patriots among us. to decline farving under a brother democonfequence, with the administration, by We want no more Pasquins or Pasquin.

or Pasquin. crat, and yet I could not enlist for some running down the characters of all who

ades, to cherith the flame of discord, oi time to come, as I have so lately re-perused formerly conducted the affairs of our Na.

to keep alive the spirit of resentment. Mr. Addison's "Cato," that it will require tion. In pursuance of this plan, he islu.

several months to chace his abominable ed at Boston, on the 4'h instant, the first

hint from my mind :number of a Semi-weekly paper, to

My much respected friend, who occasionally fawhich he has given the title of the Den vors me with his correspondence, will, I hope,

" When vice prevails, and impious men bear sway, ocrat," – This paper we understand, grows pardon the liberty I have taken in publishing the fol. The post of honor is a private station.” out of the “ Gazetteer," which was be. lowing extracts from one of his late letters. I so selgotton by the Telegraph,During the dom witness any thing like candor or liberality in

CAPTAIN CHEETHAM'S ARITHMETIC. period of its lat transformation, it was my political opponents, that I look upon the writer

of these letters, as a diamond, of sterling value, conducted with decency, and by native

In an address to the “ subscribers to the Watchfound among a mass of glass beads and giwed trink Americans, and we are fincerely sorry to

1 shall feel'extremely thankful for communi. Tower" which has been published by Cheetham find it has fallen into the hands of a hire. cations from the same hand, either for publication

two or three months, we observe the following culing scribbler, who if we know him

rious blunder :or for private use. rightly) has neither talen:s, nor morals, nor

« 800 fubfcribers, owing on an average manners.

THE EXTRACTS. We have seen, an empty and oftenta.

" Mr. - is a good republican; but


dollars each, withhold from the editor tious gasconade in the fi at number of his

I do not believe he is enrolled with any * DEMOCRAT" which he pompoulv enti. - feet"-certain I am, that he is not in tles, a " DECLARATION to the Good Peo.

ihe livery or cabal of any demagogue, 'ple, inhabiting the Eastern States." As

foreign or indigenous. He is an upright, a specimen ot his nauseous and infuffera. uleiul citizen : he is not ashamed to a

A packet of letters larely passed through the postble impudence, we cannot to bear to pre. blelling before every meal, nor is he fo

office in this town, for Po'zbkeepsie--but the person sent to our Democratic Brethren, the fol. fashionable as to omit giving thanks after

who directed them, it seenis, scorned to follow that lowiug extract. After remarking upon

old and tedious mode of spelling, and, therefore, one. He is chief scrivner and fole sur. the Alien and Sedition Bills (which we aro eyor to his neighbors : and, without his

more concisely wrote, “ PEKIPSY." almost tempted to wish were ftill in force, aid, they would be as much at a loss as that he might meet his merited punith.

the primitive Egypiains, after an inunda If Mitchell will convince us that he ought to have ment, or be driven with difgrace troin the

tion of the Nile—not knowing where to his curiosity satisfied with respect to the late arcountry) he adds; “ These ferere pro fence or fow. Our Goldsmith has hit him rangements in the Balance-Office, he shall be attendceedings were followed, by the establish.

off precisely, in his schoolmaster of ed to otherwise, he must be contented with what ment of a STANDING ARMY, heintro.

Deferred Village ;' and, when placed he already knows of the matter." duétion of the elements of a SINKING

near bis circumferentor ; I have often ap. FUND! and the palpable delivery of plied to him these lines of that Poem ;

The New York Commercial Advertiser is enlarged Jonathan Robbins to a British Gibbet ; but in this act of mean barbari:y, the talis.

“ The village all declar'd how much he knew; to a size superior to any paper we have ever seen.

'Twas ceriain he could write, and cypher too : The quality of the paper, the beauty of the type, map of delusion was broken the nerve of

Lands he could measure, terms and rides presage, horror vibrated from Maine, to Georgia, And e'en the story ran-that he could guage.

and the accuracy of the workmanship, we believe,

are not excelled. Our readers are well acquainted and John Adams felt that he had figned In arging, too, the Doctor, ond his shill,

For e'en when vanquish'd he could ague still- with the character of the paper. This character is athe death warrant of his own dignity, While words of learned length, and thund'ring bly supported by the present editor. when it was too late to recede froin the

sound, malefaction. He is now “ Thorn of his Amaz'd the gazing rustics rang'd around ; beams," in meditation and in trouble, and

And still they gaz'd, and still the wonder grew,

That one small head could carry all he knew." fhould be permitted to descued to oblivion

The Utica sixty dollar-democrat, tells Barber and in peace; while he !heds floods of tears I, who do not accord with you in o. Helt to tremble, because rogues and fools are free over the pages of Davila ; pages more pinion, very often admire even your con quently to be mentioned in the Balance.

4200 dollars"!!!


ask a

" the










for the man to be President, who, they by ftates. Any interference of the fifte.

knew by the evidence just mentioned, was lectors, or of an individual or individuals, [Our anxiety to conclude Mr. Tracy's excellent

meant to be Vice President only. One must be informal and improper. The ad. Speech, induces us to occupy those departments | gentleman (Mr. Wright) has said, that if vice ot sensible and candid men, as in ev. with it.(for this and the ensuing weck) which he had been then a member of that house, ery other case, might be useful; but could are generally devoted to other topics.

poflefling such sentiments upon the subject, have no binding force whatever. The Edit. Bal.] as he now does ; such voting would in nim first electors had no right to choose a Vice

have amounted to the crime of perjury, or President. To claim it was overstepping

words to the same effc&t ; I mean to quote Columbian Eloquence.

their duty, and arrogating to themselves a his ideas, as expressed, and believe I have power, not given, nor meant to be given to given nearly his very words.

them by the constitution. M. TRACY'S SPEECH,

And it is added, that thus there was im If there is any thing in this whole tranf

minent danger of a person being imposed action, which has the most diftant appearIN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, upon by the United States as chiet magil-ance of a breach of duty, it was in the Friday, December 2, 1803,

trate, who was not originally intended for eleftors, by attempting to designate, and that high office, and that civil war must by exercising the important office of an have been the consequence. And, as is clector, under the influence of improper

common in such cases, the picture is filled, motives ; that is, by officiously attempting [CONTINUED.]

in the back ground, with brother raising 10 decide the queftion, which of the

his murderous hand against brother, fatheç i two persons was proper for Vice-Preli. At the last election of President two per- || against son, and with an af ating group of dent, which they were conftitutionally in. fons had an equal number of votes, and that etceteras : and to avoid a repetition of this competent to decide. By this conduct number was a majority of the voies of all tremendous crisis, as it is called, the pres. they attempted to break down an importhe electors appointed, which circumilance ent resolution, it is said, muft pass. iant guard provided by the constitution, gave the house of representatives a confti

Let this statement of facts be kept in and improperly to release themselves from tutional right to seleit one of them for view, while we examine the duties aflignal its obligations, which made it their duty Prefident. In exercising this conftitued by the constitution to the several agents

10 seleet iwo men qualified to be Preli. tional right, they voted by itaies, and there concerned. The duty of the electors is

dent. But it there can be a shadow of was at first a divinon, no choice being || precisely defined. • They are cach to bring reason in this claim of the electors, to demade until the sixth day; when an elec

forward two candidates fully qualified for fignate under the present conditutional regtion was effected, of the very man whom President, because they cannot know at the lulations, of which, to doubt, seems to be the great itates, and the advocates of this

time of giving their ballots, upun which so heinous, whiat neceffity can there be resolution, wilhed.

the choice will tall. The circuinfiance of for this amendment ? The object of the a. It ouglit to be noted here, that although two having a majority, and both being e. mendment, or certainly its chief object is they voted by states, yet it happened, in qual in number ot votes, is an expresion, to establish the defignating principle; but this divifon, that a majority, in point of of the public will,through the only conili- why this, it it can already be efic&ed by numbers, voted for the person President, tutional organ, by which, in this case, the the fimple mode of placing one name first who eventually became Vice-President. Il public will can be exprefled, that both

on the ballot, which is lo caly to be done, As to intrigue, by either of the candidates,

had the requisite qualifications. The pub. that it can scarcely be avoided ? And if or by their friends, I know of none; the lic will, then, was in this instance clearly done, by the doctrine of gentlemen, it is sentiments and conduct of the Vice-Presi. and unequivocally expressed, by a coniti.

so far binding on the house of representa. dent, as published, were perfectly fair and tutional, and a numerical majority, that

tives that if they even doubt, they are honorable, containing a declaration of his both candidates were worthy of the office ;

damned? wishes not to stand in the way of the other but here the expriftin of the public will The fact certainly was, that at the last e. candidate.

cealer?, and which of these two should be lection, the great states brought forward After the view of the constitution which

the Profilent, was now to be decided by the iwo candidates ; they were both of we have taken, and coin saring these facts, arviher confu:ional gan, that is, by the same political sentiments ; this, they with the provisions for electing a President, the honie of isprederitives voting by l had a conftitutional right to do; but it we shall really be at a loss io find out the ftates.

now seems that their language to the small mighy evil, which the experience of this The framers of the conftitution fo in. states was ; " because you will not give up election has discovered, and which is said ended, and the people who adopted

tended, and the people who adopted your conftitutional rights to us, and let us to call lo imperiously for a remedy. But it have so ordained, that their uill in this go on and designate, we will stir up a civ. the advocates of this resolution have had cafe should be expressed by a majority of il war, and lay the blame to you. And of the goodness to put th ir finger on the spot. I the states, afting by their representation in this improper conduct of ours we will They say, that in the certificates of the e the house of representatives. This right take the advantage, and obtain an alteration lectors, Mr. Jefferson's name stood first; of selection, is a right complete it. i felf, of the constitution, which will ilereafter this is called a fort of record teftimony, and to be exercised by ihese, tecond ek Elors; gratify us in every respcet,” A gene. in addition, fome, it not all the electors, uninfluenced by any extraneous confider man from Maryland Mr. Smith,) has faid, faid clicy meant to ele&t Mr. Jefferfon Prel ation, and governed only by their own that he heard, though he could not prove ident, and Mr. Burr Vice President ; and

lense of propriety and rectitude. The o. it, that the trderal najority at the time of this is declared to be the public will, ex: pinion of the people had been, exprefled, the läit election, contemplated making a prelred by the constitutional organ, iheel by the electors, but it only reachela cer

by the electors

, but it only reacheda cer- law, anthonizing or appointing some per. lecors. Notwith finding this expreffion tain point, and then was totally silent os fon to act as Presideni, in cale' no choice of le public will, fay the gentlemen, a to which of the two-hould be Picndent, | bad been made by the house of representaJag poriunortho bouli of representatives

any their fen!

this point could only

tives. I was then, sir, a member of the withoitood and opposed the public will, for be collected, through their corfincuriosa il government, and know nothing of lucha the space ot six days, and wiltully voted | organ, the house of repre!entatives, vous project, it might have been to, but lupa

posing it was, what then? Why says the be avoided, by diminishing the chances of || political moderation. And it is clear a gentleman, the person thus appointed its frequent recurrence. So two perfons | my mind, that the experience of the last could not have kept his head on his shoul. are placed in a condition to act as Presi. cléction has caught a lesson to all majoriders 24 hours : and this would have made deni in succession, to prevent both the e. ties, which will in future completely fe. a civil war. If the majority now should vils, of a vacancy, and of a recurrence cure them from again incurring a fitolar contemplate a measure, which the confti of choice more frequently than once in risk. I recolleet well, that it was thought tution does not authorize, as it clearly did four years. And it leems merely inciden probably, when the electoral votes were not authorize the measure fufpe&ted by the tal to this second person, to be called I given, that Mr. Burr would have a vote gentleman, though he cannot prove it ; Vice-President, and neither the first or two, in some ‘of the eastern flates. TE the best thing in the world for them to do, nor second description of electors can he had received but one, he would have would be to give it up, without any at have any right to vote for him as such, in been by an electoral choice, the conflitu. tempt to effect it, as it seems the federal decd he can have no existence till the first tional President. If the majority in future majority did. But what argument all this character is designated and then seems to have the powers of recollection, they will can afford in favor of the anendment, or be discovered, not elected. The Senate, undoubtedly avoid the evil, if it is one, why it was mentioned, in this debate, is in case of an equal number of votes for which happened at the last election, with beyond my comprehension. In the refult two or more remaining persons, after the fuch untailing certainty, that there will be of the last election, the great ftates and the President is elected, are vested with au no need of the remedy proposed by the a. ruling political party, were certainly grat thority to choose a Vice-President, for as mendment. But the majority fay, if their ified, and there does not appear the least such he is to preside over this body, and votes are so scaliered for one candidate as rcasonable ground of complaint agaidit this body therefore seems to be the only to avoid this danger, that another will be the small flates, in the use of their conti. conftitutional organ to designate him. Both incurred ; and that is, the minority will tutional rights on the occafion. All sup- the other desciiptions of electors have elect a Vice-President. The language of port therefore to the amendment, drawn nothing to do with such a character or of the constitution to them, is again, " that from that transaction, muit fail.

fice ; but are confined to act with a single || this was meant as a security for the minori. I have said, that the article fixing the reference to the character and office of ty against the majority." But the majormode of ele&ting a chiet magistrate was, President; and are trufted with no power | iiy exclaim againit both these provisions, from its nature, attended with many diffi. to give any opinion of the character or as very unreasonable indeed ; " what," culties. A more strict inquiry into the qualifications of a Vice-President. And || fay they, are minorities to govern maconftitutional mode, and a comparison of it is remarkable, that there are no appro- jorities'?”—The aniwer of the constitution it, in fome other and more particular priate qualifications made neceffary by the lis " no, but their due weight and influ. points, with the proposed alteration, will conftitution, for a Vice Prefident; but ence shall be secured to them, and the dan. be useful in forming an opinion of their every qualification has reference to Presi. ger of your intolerance guarded againit." relative merits. dent. There is another important feature For the security

For the security of small states and As the constitution stands, each elector in this part of the conftitution. It was minorities, there is, in the constitution a is to write the names of two persons known by the convention, that in this mixture of the federative wii! (he popular on a piece of paper, called a balloi. Ei. country, in common with all others, || principles. And as it is well known that, ther of the two persons thus voted for may where there is freedom of opinion and of when popular majorities alone prevail, and be the President, and the elector cannot speechthere would be parties. They exercile power uncontrolled by conftitu. know which ; this alfords the most pow. I likewise knew, that the intolerance of the tional checks, the minorities, who genererful inducement to vote for two, both of major, or ruling fe&t and political party, |; ally postess their proportion of integriiy and whom are qualified for the very important was frequently exercised upon the minor virtue, are overwhelmed, and liberty it. office. For it is not only uncertain upon party; and that the rights of the minority il felf, by the same means, destroyed ; so it whom the choice will fall at first, but the ought to be protected to them.

is in kindness to both parties, to the coun. one remaining, will certainly be President, As well then, to secure the rights of the try and to humanity, that these wholesome upon any contingency which thall remove minority, as to check the intolerance of checks are confiitutionally provided. Had or incapacitate the first. The convention the majority, they placed the majority in the majority, or the great states been wilseem to have selected a mode of proceed jeopardy, if they should attempt at grasp. l ling, fairly to have submitted to the coning the most simple, the lealt liable to ac ing all the benefits of a President and Vice. ftitutional checks in the last election, 'no cident, and the best calculated to ensure Prefident within themselves, to the total evil could have happened. And it is re. the main object, that is, that both Mould exclusion of the minority. This very casemarkable that the confitution completely be really worthy of the trust. If one can. which happened at the latt election was protects them, as long as they obey its pre. didate withes to make interest with the e contemplated, in which the majority at. cepis, in the creation of which they had an lectors, as each must vote for two, it will templed totally to exclude the minority agency and to which they have folemnly be impossible for bribery or intrigue to from any participation. The language of agreed. To prove that I am correct in fucceed; for, without corrupting the the constitution to loch majorities is, " take these ideas, I not only rcfer to the confi. whole or certainly many more than half, care that you aim not at too much, for if tution but to the secretary of flate (Mr. he may be defeated by the other candidare you do, it is put into the

you do, it is put into the power of the mi. Madison.) Intie Virginia debates, vol. on the ballot. This is, perhaps, the most nority to check you, and by a judicious

gó effe&tual bar to intrigue, that was ever

difpofition of their few voies, determine exanisation of liftory, we fall find that contrived; for, unless all, or a great pro

the choice of President." To avoid this turbulence, violence and abuse of power, portion of the electors are corrupted, an event the majority will probably be cau by the majority trampling on the rights extreme case of depravity not probable in tions in the exercise of power ; and thus of the minority, have produced factions any country, intrigue can have no assu, | the rights, the proper weight and influence and commotions which, in republics, have rance of success. The danger and difii. of a ininority are secured against the con more frequently than any other caufe proculty, which must always attend such an duct of the majority, which is certainly li duced despotism. If we go over the whole important election, as that of chief mag able to be intolerant and oppressive. In history of ancient and modern republics, ifrate of the United States, was meant to this relpect the spirit of the conftitution is, we thall find their deftruction to have gen.

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erally resulted from those causes. If we which an impeachment could be found. || which he did not think proper then to consider the peculiar situation of the Unit edo Mr. Randolph replied, that it was mention-his motives were best known to RCA ed States, and what are the sources of partly in consequence of certain exprel. himself-he desired to know whether that diversity of sentiment which pervades lions which fell from Mr. Smilie at the Judges might commit any act, without its inhabitants, we shall find great danger last session of Congress, and other realons being subject to an enquiry—he was do. that the same causes may terminate here, which he did not think proper to divulge. ling his duty, without being under the inin the fame fatal effeĉts, which they produc- | Mr. Clay, of Pennsylvania, did not think Aluence of party motives. ed in those republics. This danger ought it necessary to mention facts, in order to to be wisely guarded against : Perhaps, in raise the committee ; it was a right the

It being late, the house then adjourn.

ed. the progress of this discussion it will ap house possessed ; the independence of the

You will perceive the object and pear, that the only possible remedy for judiciary, he thought, had been carried too tendency of the above resolution. The ihose evils, and means of preserving and far, and hoped that no charges would at debate was conducted with some warmth." protecting the principles of republicanism, present be made. Mr. R. Griswold obwill be found in that very system, which is served, that to him the procedure was new

On the further con G deration of Mr.

Nina now exclaimed against as the parent vi op- and unprecedented-heretofore impeach- Randolph's resolution, a motion was made pression."

ments had been grounded on affidavits or
some kind of evidence-none had been

by Dr. Leib, to amend it, so as to include cable
advanced by any person as coming within

Richard Peters, district judge of Pennsyl.

vania, and carried 72 to 37. his own knowledge. The Court had only decided, in the case alluded to by Smilie, The following particulars are contained on a point of law, and would not permit in a letter from Washington to a gentleman counsel to argue a case which had been de in Baltimore, dated Joh Jan. 1804. cided. There ought to be good reasons

“ I wrote you on Thursday last respect given for the step we were about to take,

as it amounted to an act of cenfure : being Mr. Randolph's motion for a com. Be it our weekly task, sides, is it certain the committee will en

hittee to enquire into the official conduale quire into all the fa&ts, or only such as

of Judge Chase. I attended at the house To note the passing tidings of the times. they may think expedient ? Mr. Ran

ot representatives on Friday and Saturday

dolph would not consent to postpone the

“ On Saturday afternoon the debae

closed--the difcussion was warm and ani. Hudson, January 24, 1804. question, and likened the house to a grand mated. Griswold, Dana, Dennis, Grif

. jury, whole power it possessed. Mr. Dennis laid we were about to institute an

fin, Huger, Lowndes, Thatcher, ande!. PROGRESS OF JACOBINISM. inquiftorial committee, for the purpose of

liot, oppoled to Randolph, Nicholson, and Searching for facts and not to enquire in

other minor democratic Jeffersonians, and to them. He wished to know, as it was

among them Eppes, son-in-law of the Prel We have long been sensible that de.

the act of the court to which Smilie refer. ident, who acculed Jorge Chase of tyranmocracy could never completely triumph | red, (at the trial of Fries) how it happened

nical and oppreslive conduct in the trial off in this country, until it could bend the ju. that the other judges were not also impli- irial of Cooper was greatly reprobated and

Callender. The Judge's behavior in the diciary to its will. We have, therefore, cated. He faid there was no precedentrongly condemned.” On the division of

is viewed with regret, every attempt that has for establishing an inquisitorial committee. been made to effe&t this object. The der.

the house, 80 members voted in favor of Mr. Elliot thought we would establish a truction of the circuit courts was a pre.

the refolation as amended, and 40 againk very dangerous precedent, which would lude to measures, which were intended. e. authorise any member, in the same way,

it. Yeferday the committee of enquiry ventually to level the judiciary in the dust. to enquire into the conduct of the Pres.

was appointed, and confifts of 7 members By the following, the reader will see how dent." He asked Mr. Randolph, who said

to wit: Mfrs. J. Randolph, Nicholton. rapidly the good work progresles : the house possessed the power of a grand Early. 1. Clay, Boyle, R. Griswold, and

Huger. jury, wheiher be ever heard that a grand

juy had appointed an inquisitorial com “ It is a fact universally known in this sta Extrac of a letter from a gentleman at Washington, to his friend in Hudson, mitee to search for eviderice; and wheth- city and Virginia, that Mr. Giles ofien d'ated Jan. 5, 1804.

threatened to impeach Judge Chale; and ways befoie them to justify an indietmeni? that in a large company he pledged himself " A Resolution was this day introduc. Mr. Huger hoped that at least gentlemen to bring forward the impeachment, if he ed (in the house of representatives) by Mr. would consent to clear the galleries, and could obtain papers iť time from Rich J. Randolph, purporting that “a com suffer the charges to be brought forward, mond. It is allo allerted by gentlemen mittee be appointed to enquire into the of.

that every mmber might judge for him. of veracity, that Mr. Giles declared that ficial conduct of Samuel Chase, a Judge otself, and not rely on the report of a com if he had remained a member, he would the Supreme Court of the United States, mittee, when the character of an impor

mitice, when the character of an impor. have impeached the three Fudges, Chale and to report whether he has so conduct. tent officer was in question. Mr. J.'w. Patterson, and Washington." ed himself as to require the inter position Campbell was not willing to censure beof the conftitutional powers of this house," || fore he was convinced it was morited. or words to this effect. As no previous || Mr. Mott said, only one gentleman ap

In the house of representatives, Jana notice of this resolution had been given, a peared satisfied and acquainted with the 10, or motion of Mr. J. Randolph, re motion 10 postpone the consideration of it charges against Judge Chase, and he tho't solved that the committee appointed, 10 uniil to-morrow, was made and opposed they ought to be laid before the house, enquire into the official conduct of Sam. with much warmth. It was observed, that previous to the appointment of the com

uel Chase and Richard Peters, be em: it was a novel and unprecedented meal. mittee. Mr. Randolph said he had suffi- powered to send for persons, papers ure, as no charges had been made on

cient grounds for the resolution he offered, records.

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