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This harmless grove no lurking viper hides,
But in my breast the serpent Love abides.
Here bees from bloffoms fip the rosy dew,
But your Alexis knows no sweets but you. 70
O deign to visit our forsaken seats,
The mossy fountains, and the green retreats !
Where'er you walk, cool gales shall fan the glades
Trees, where you sit, shall croud into a shade :
Where'er you tread, the blushing flow'rs shall rise,
And all things flourish where you turn your eyes. 76
O! how I long with you to pass my days,
Invoke the Muses, and resound your praise!
Your praise the birds shall chant in ev'ry grove,
And winds shall waft it to the pow'rs above. 8.
But would you sing, and rival Orpheus' strain,
The wond'ring forests foon should dance again,

VARIATIONS. Ver. 79, 80.

Your praise the tuneful birds to heav'n shall bear,

And lift'ning wolves grow milder as they hear. So the verses were originally written. But the Author, young as he was, soon found the absurdity which Spenser himself overlooked, of introducing wolves into England.

POPE IMITATIONS. VIR. 80. And winds fball wafi, &c.] “ Partem aliquam, veniti, divům referatis ad aures ?" Virg.

VER. 73. Where'er you walk, &c.] Very much like some lines
in Hudibras, but certainly no resemblance was intended :

Where'er you tread, your feet shall set
The primrose and the violet;
Nature her charter shall renew,
And take all lives of things from you !

The 86

The moving mountains hear the pow'rful call,
And headlong streams hang list’ning in their fall!

But see, the shepherds fhun the noon-day heat,
The lowing herds to murm’ring brooks retreat,
To closer shades the panting flocks remove;
Ye Gods! and is there no relief for Love?
But soon the fun with milder
To the cool ocean, where his journey ends.

rays descends


REMARKS. Ver. 84. And beadlong, &c.] Pope has carried the idea into extravagance, when he makes the stream not only “ listening," but “ hang listening in its headlong fall.” Mr. Stevens in his MS. notes, quotes Lucan, in a passage where the image is precisely the same, though possibly Pope never saw it:

_“ de rupe pependit Abscissâ fixus torrens !” But as it is here used, it is too hyperbolical, and only allow. able in a very young writer. An idea of this fort will only bear just touching, if I may say so; the mind then does not perceive its violence : if it be brought before the eyes too minútely, it becomes almost ridiculous. This is often the fault of Cowley. Oldham has a passage of the same stamp:

« For which the lift'ning streams forgot to run,

And trees lean'd their attentive branches down." How much more judiciously and poetically has Milton given the same idea?

- Thirsis, whose artful strains have oft delay'd
The huddling brook, to hear his madrigal,
And sweeten’d, &c."



Ver. 88. re Gods, &c.]
" Me tamen arit amor, quis enim modus adfit amori?"

Virg. POPE.


On me love's fiercer flames for ever prey,
By night he scorches, as he burns by day.

Ver.g1. Me love inflames, nor will his fires allay.


REMARKS. VER. 92. By night, &c.] This is certainly the poorest of Pope's Paftorals ; and it has many false thoughts and conceits,

such as,

“ The bleating flocks with my complaints agree,

They parch'd with Thirst, and I inflam'd by thee."
“ This harmless grove no lurking viper hides,
“ But in my breast the serpent love abides, &c."

« On me love's fiercer flames, &c.” But the ingenuous and candid critic will always bear in mind the early age in which they were written, and the false taste of Cowley at that time prevalent.

Speaking of the “ Headlong stream, that hangs lift'ning in its fall,” Ruffhead says, “ Though it may be allowed that the new " images in these Pastorale are not frequent, yet it is too much to “ say they do not contain a single image that is new! Let any « reader of senhbility attend to the following lines :

“ But would you ling, &c.
“ The moving mountains hear your pow'rful call,

“ And headlong freams bang lifl' ning in their fall !" « The last line," he adds,“ surely presents a new image, and a bold one too !!bold indeed! Virgil has,

Et mutata fuos requierunt Aumina cursus. But this idea is certainly not so "hold !” and according to Mr. Ruffhead, Milton's image is very tamé in comparison of Pope's.







ENEATH the shade a spreading Beech displays,

Hylas and Ægon sung their rural lays;
This mourn'd a faithless, that an abfent Love,
And Delia's name and Doris' fill'd the Grove.
Ye Mantuan nymphs, your sacred succour bring ; 5
Hylas and Ægon's rural lays I sing.


REMARKS. a This Pastoral consists of two parts, like the viïïth of Virgil : The Scene, a Hill; the Time at Sunset.

Pope. † His intrigues with the Dutchess of Cleveland, his marriage with the Countess of Drogheda, Charles the Second's displeasure on this marriage, his debts and distresses, and other particulars of his life, are well related by Dennis in a Letter to Major Pack, 1720. In Dennis's collection of Letters, published in two volumes, 1721, to which Mr. Pope subscribed, Lord Lansdown has drawn his character, as a Writer, in an elegant manner; chiefly with a view of shewing the impropriety of an epithet given to him by Lord Rochester, who called him Slow Wycherley ; for that, notwithstanding his pointed wit, and forcible expression, he composed with facility and halte.


Thou, whom the Nine, with Plautus' wit inspire, The art of Terence, and Menander's fire; Whose sense instructs us, and whose humour charms, Whose judgment sways us, and whose spirit warms! Oh, skill'd in Nature! fee the hearts of Swains, II Their artless passions, and their tender pains.

Now REMARKS. VER. 7. Thou, whom the Nine,] Mr. Wycherley, a famous author of Comedies ; of which the most celebrated were the Plain-Dealer and Country-Wife. He was a writer of infinite fpirit, satire, and wit. The only objection made to him was, that he had too much. However, he was followed in the same way by Mr. Congreve, tho' with a little more correctness. Pore. Surely with much more correctness, taste, and judgment.

WARTON. VER. 8. The art of Terence, and Menander's fire ;] This line alludes to that famous character given of Terence, by Cæfar:

Tu quoque, tu in fummis, ô dimidiate Menander,

Poneris, et merito, puri sermonis amator:
Lenibus atque utinam scriptis adjuncta foret vis

Comica." So that the judicious critic fees he should have faid--with Menander's fire. For what the Poet meant, was, that his friend had joined to Terence's art, what Cæsar thought wanting in Terence, namely, the vis comica of Menander. Besides,—and Menander's fire, is making that the Characteristic of Menander which was not. He was distinguished for having art and comic spirit in conjunction, and Terence having only the first part, is called the half of Menander.

WARBURTON. Ver. 9. Whofe sense instrues us,] He was always very careful in his encomiums not to fall into ridicule, the deserved fate of weak and prostitute flatterers, and which they rarely escape. For fenje, he would willingly have faid moral; propriety required it. But this dramatic Poet's moral was remarkably faulty. His plays are all shamefully profligate both in the Dialogue and Action.

WARBURTON. Oh, skilld] Few writers have less nature in them than Wycherley.


Ver. II.

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