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APPENDIX C

THE TEXT OF THE PRESENT EDITION

The text of the present volume is, by permission of the Oxford University Press, that of the Oxford Shakespeare, edited by the late W. J. Craig, except for the following deviations:

1. The stage directions of the Folio have been restored as far as possible, with necessary modern additions in square brackets.

2. The punctuation, especially in the use of exclamation points, has been modernized, and the spelling of Calpurnia brought into conformity with current usage:

3. The only significant verbal departures-usually in the direction of a return to the Foliorare listed below, the readings adopted in the present text being placed before the colon while Craig's readings follow it; and Folio authority is given wherever involved:

I. i. 65 whether: whe'r (F where)
ii. 154 walks F: walls

iii. 96 these F: those
II. i. 72 moe F: more

275 you are F: are you
283 or F: of

ii. 76 statue F: statua
III. i. 31 Cæs. F: Casca

206 lethe (F1 Lethee F4 Lethe): leth

209 stricken F2, 3, 4: strucken (F1 stroken) li. S. d. et pas.

Plebeians F: Citizens
193 statue F: statua
IV. i. 37 objects, arts F: abject orts
iii. 13 speaks (speakes F): speak

101 Pluto's F: Plutus'
V. iii. 61 to night F: to-night

97 whether: whe'r (F_where) 104 Thasos: Thassos (F Tharsus) iv. 18 Brutus is ta’en, Brutus is ta'en, my Lord

F: Brutus is ta’en, my lord 30 whether: whe'r (F where)

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APPENDIX D

SUGGESTIONS FOR COLLATERAL READING

Thomas Rymer: A Short View of Tragedy with some Reflections on Shakespear. London, 16923. (Chapter viii begins with some twelve pages devoted to crude ridicule of Julius Cæsar.)

John Dennis: On the Genius and Writings of Shakespeare. London, 1711. (Reprinted in D. Nichol Smith's Eighteenth Century Essays on Shakespeare. Glasgow, 1903. Early appreciation of the Roman plays, disgruntled by pseudo-classical bias.)

William Hazlitt: Characters of Shakespear's Plays. London, 1817. (Reprinted in 'Everyman's Library.' Standard criticism.)

Samuel Taylor Coleridge: Lectures and Notes on Shakespeare and Other English Poets. London, v. d. (Reprinted in 'Everyman's Library,' and in Bohn's Libraries. A landmark in modern literary criticism of Shakespeare.)

Henry Norman Hudson: Lectures on Shakespeare. New York, 1848. (Very full and sympathetic interpretations of character and action.)

George L. Craik: The English of Shakespeare; illustrated in A Philological Commentary on his Julius Cæsar. Revised ed. by W. J. Rolfe. Boston, 1867. (The most detailed commentary on the text of the play.)

Richard G. Moulton: Shakespeare as a Dramatic Artist. Oxford, 1885. (Contains some interesting theories of dramatic construction, with two chapters analyzing Julius Cæsar.)

Frederick S. Boas: Shakspere and his Predecessors. New York, 1896. (A useful general history, with a

120

The Tragedy of Julius Cæsar

noticeably good treatment of Julius Cæsar among the discussions of the separate plays.)

Thomas R. Lounsbury: Shakespeare and Voltaire. New York, 1902. (A rather prolix study of pseudoclassicism's opposition to Shakespeare, with a searching discussion of Voltaire's revamping of Julius Cæsar.)

C. F. Tucker Brooke: Shakespeare's Plutarch. Vol. I: containing The Main Sources of Julius Cæsar. London, 1909. (A very convenient and thorough edition of North for the student's purposes.)

M. W. MacCallum: Shakespeare's Roman Plays and their Background. London, 1910. (An elaborate and comprehensive work.)

W. F. P. Stockley: Reading Julius Cæsar. Dublin, n. d. (By no means first-class in quality, but offering many helpful suggestions to the elementary-school teacher.)

A. DeV. Tassin: Julius Cæsar, in Shaksperian Studies by Members of the Department of English

in Columbia University. New York, 1916. (A fine piece of appreciative criticism, though one may fail to concur in all its views.)

H. H. Furness, Jr.: A New Variorum Edition of Shakespeare. Vol. XVII: Julius Cæsar. Philadelphia, 1913. (For the faults of this volume, see the present writer's article in Journal of English and Germanic Philology, 1919.)

...

INDEX OF WORDS GLOSSED

(Figures in full-faced type refer to page-numbers)

as (as if): 87 (V. i. 87)
as (expletive): 86 (V. i. 72)
as (such as): 10 (I. ii. 173)
as (where): 26 (II. i. 106)
as his kind: 23 (II. i. 33)
at once: 96 (V. v. 39)
at the stake: 68 (IV. i. 48)
Ate: 53 (III. i. 271)

abide: 47 (III. i. 94)
accoutred: 8 (1. ii. 105)
action, nor

utterance: 62
(III. ii. 226)
address'd: 44 (III. i. 29)
affections: 23 (II. i. 20)
after their fashion: 17 (I.

iii. 34)
aim: 10% (I. ii. 162)
alchemy: 22 (I. iii. 159)
alive: 78 (IV. iii. 195)
all over: 27 (II. i. 112)
along: 47 (III. i. 115)
an: 13 (I. ii. 268)
and no: 26 (II. i. 90)
angel: 61 (III. ii. 186)
annoy: 28 (II. i. 160)
answer ...

made: 20 (I. iii.
114)
answer on their charge: 84

(V. i. 24)
answer'd (atoned for): 57

(III. ii. 86)
answered (faced): 68 (IV.

i. 47)
answered (fulfilled): 83 (V.

i. 1)
apace: 92 (V. iii. 87)
apparent: 30 (II. i. 198)
appoint: 67 (IV. i. 30)
apprehensive: 45 (III. i. 67)
apt (impressionable): 91 (V.

iii. 68)
apt (ready): 49 (III. i. 160)
are to: 36 (II. ii. 29)
art (theory): 78 (IV. iii.

193)
arts (works of art): 67 (IV.

i. 37)

barren-spirited: 67 (IV. i.

36)
battles: 83 (V. i. 4)
bay (bark at): 71' (IV. iii.

27)
bay'd (brought to bay): 50

(III. i. 204)
be not deceiv'd: 6 (I. ii. 37)
be out: 2 (1. i. 18)
be patient till the last: 55

(III. ii. 12)
bear .. a hand: 5 (I. ii. 35)
bear his comment: 71 (IV.

iii. 8)
bear me a bang: 65 (III. iii.

20)
bear me hard: 15 (I. ii. 318)
begin his fashion: 67 (IV.

i. 39)
beholding: 57 (III. ii. 71)
bend: 8 (1. ii. 123)
bending . . expedition: 77

(IV. iii. 169)
bestow thy time with: 97

(V. v. 61)
betimes: 27 (II. i. 116)
bills: 88 (V. ii. 1)
bird of night: 17 (I. iii. 26)
blood ill-temper'd: 75 (IV.

iii. 114)

clean from the purpose: 17

(I. iii. 35)
climate: 17 (I. iii. 32)
close: 50 (III. i. 202)
closet: 23 (II. i. 35)
cobbler: 1 (1. i. 11)
cognizance: 38 (II. ii. 89)
cold demeanour: 88 (V. ii.

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commons

bloody sign of battle: 84 (V.

i. 14)
bold: 26 (II. i. 86)
bootless: 46 (III. i. 75)
bosoms: 83 (V. i. 7)
bound in: 79 (IV. iii. 220)
brav'd: 74 (IV. iii. 95)
break with: 28 (II. i. 150)
brook'd: 10 (I. ii. 158)
brought: 16 (1. iii. 1)
Brutus (Lucius Junius): 10

(I. ii. 158)
Brutus' history: 96 (V.

v. 39, 40)
budge: 72 (IV. iii. 44)
but I will do so: 84 (V. i.

20)
by Cæsar: 49 (III. i. 162)
by him: 30 (II. i. 218)
by this: 20 (I. iii. 125)
by ... whereof: 6 (I. ii. 49)
by your leave, gods: 92 (V.

iii. 89)
by your pardon: 52 (III. i.

235)
Cæsar doth not wrong: 45

(III. i. 47)
calculate: 18 (I. iii. 65)
call in question: 77 (IV. iii.

164)
Capitol: 43 (III. i. S. d.)
carrion

(rotting
corpses): 53 (III. i. 275)
carrions (wretches): 27 (II.

Colossus: 9 (I. ii. 135)
colour: 23 (II. i. 29)
combin'd: 67 (IV. i. 43)
common pulpits: 46 (III. i.
80)

(plebeians): 59
(III. ii. 136)
commons (pasture): 67 (IV.

i. 27)
companion: 76 (IV. iii. 137)
complexion . . . element: 20

(I. iii. 128)
conceited: 22 (I. iii. 162)
condemn'd to have: 71 (IV.

iii. 10)
conference: 11 (I. ii. 187)
confidence: 37 (II. ii. 49)
confines: 53 (III. i. 272)
consorted: 87 (V. i. 83)
constant: 44 (III. i. 22)
construe (explain): 34 (II.

i. 307)
construe (read meaning in-

to): 6 (1. ii. 45)
coronets: 12 (I. ii. 238)
corse: 50 (III. i. 199)
couchings: 44 (III. i. 36)
countenance: 22 (1. iii. 159)
courtesies: 44 (III. i. 36)
covert: 68 (IV. i. 46)
coward: 89 (V. iii. 4)
coward lips

colour: 8
(1. ii. 122)
crown him that: 23 (II. i.

15)
cull out: 3 (I. i. 53)
curtsies: 45 (III. i. 43)

i. 130)
cast. in: 18 (I. iii. 60)
Cato: 33 (II. i. 295); 87 (V.

i. 102)
cautelous: 27 (II. i. 129)
ceremonies: 3 (I. i. 69)
change: 91 (V. iii. 51)
charactery: 34 (II. i. 308)
charm: 32 (II. i. 271)
check'd: 74 (IV. iii. 96)
chew: 10 (I. ii. 170)
chopped: 13 (I. ii. 245)

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