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Colbert, et scéllées du mesme sceau sur mesme cire et lacqs, par lesquelles en faveur des services rendus à sa Majesté, par Jean Vincent Philippe, Sieur de Hautmesnil, en ce pais de la Nouvelle France, sa dicte Majesté aurait confirmé et confirme les dictes lettres d'annoblissement accordées au dict Pierre Philippe, son pére, pour sortir leur plein et entier effect, nonobstant l'Edict du mois de Septembre, 1664, à condition toutefois de demeurer en ce pais de la Nouvelle France, les dictes lettres, addressées au dict Conseil, pour y estre enregistrées.

Certificat des dicts services, le tout attaché ensemble sous un contre-scel en mesme cire et lacqs. Requeste du dict Sieur de Hautemesnil afin du dict enregistrement. Quy le substitut du procureur general du Roy en ses conclusions ; le rapport du Sieur d'Amours conseiller au dict conseil.

TOUT CONSIDERE. Le Conseil à ordonné et ordonne que les dictes lettres de confirmation seront registrées au greffe diceluy pour jouir par le dict sieur de Hautmesnil, ses enfans et postérité naiz et a naistre en loyal mariage de la qualité de noble et des honneurs prerogatives, pre-eminences, privileges, exemptions, franchises, et immunitez dont jouissent, et ont accoutumé de jouir les autres nobles de France d'ancienne extraction, conformement aux dictes lettres, tant et si longuement que luy et ses dicts enfans et postérité vivront noblement et ne feront acte desrogeant à leur noblesse. Monsieur Damours rapr. Courcelle Talon.

ARCHIVES DU CANADA.
MEMOIRES DE LA BASTILLE, Paris, BUISSON, 1789.

Vol. III, P. 88. Affaire de la Louisiane, 1765.—Philippe de Marigny de Mandeville, Lieutenant dans les troupes d’Infanterie de la Louisiane mis à la Bastille le 30 Mars, 1765, sorti le 24 Mai suivant. Le Sieur de Mandeville et les Sieurs Grondel et de Rocheblave avoient répandu dans le public des mémoires contre le gouvernement de la Louisiane, dans lesquels ils se plaignoient de la tyrannie de Mr. de Kerlérec cydevant Gouverneur de cette Province. Mr. de Kerlérec s'adressa au Ministère, et ces trois officiers furent arretés et conduits à la Bastile d'ou ils sont sortis aprés avoir fait leur soumission de ne point faire imprimer ni débiter aucun mémoire sans avoir en auparavant une permission particuliére de Mr. le Duc de Choiseul. Ces trois officiers servoient à la Louisiane, sous les ordres de Mr. de Kerlérec, qui les avoit renvoyés en France, sous prétexte d'insubordination.

Extract from Kerlérec's letter of complaint, dated April 16th, 1765, Hotel de Strasbourg, Rue Neuve St. Eustache. (Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal, archives de la Bastille, carton 12262, folio 38.)

“Il y a trois jours que j'ay été instruit que le Sr. de Mandevant gouverneur de la Louisiane, de se tenir éloigné de trente ses adhérents, un nouveau libelle en forme de memoire. J'abandonne, Monsieur à votre zelle et a vos sentiments pour moy, les reflexions accablantes qu'entraine la situation dans laquelle Je me trouve.

“KERLEREC." A MR. LE DUC DE CHOISEUL.

LETTER OF EXILE.

A COMPIEGNE LE 12 AOUT, 1769. Je Joins ici, Monsieur, une lettre du Roy que sa Majesté m’achargé d'expedier pour enjoindre à Mr. de Kerlérecci devant gouverneur de la Louisiane, de se tenir éloigné de trente lieues de Paris et des châteaux et maisons que sa Majesté habite et pourra habiter, son intention est que ces ordres lui soient notifiées sans retardement, et que vous retiriez de lui une soumission de s'y conformer.

J'ai l'honneur d'être, avec un sincére attachement, Monsieur, votre humble et obeissant serviteur,

LE DUC DE PRASLIN. A MR. DE SARTINES.

Je reconnais que Mr. D'émery m'a remis és mains, la lettre de cachet qui méloigne à trente lieues de Paris, et à laquelle Je promets d'obeir exactement. A PARIS LE 13 AOUT, 1769.

KELEREC.

ORIGIN OF THE NAME “TAMMANY."

By H. G. MORGAN, JR.

NEW ORLEANS, LA., January 29th, 1910.

Prof. Alcee Fortier, Pres. Louisiana Historical Society:

MY DEAR SIR—In reply to your very kind note suggesting that you would like to read, at some meeting of the Society, my explanation of the origin of that political household expression, “Tammany Hall,” I take great pleasure in submitting the following historical fact, compiled from letters and documents in the archives of the State Department in Washington, and letters and copies of letters, manuscripts, etc., in my possession.

Wtih pardonable pride I refer to an incident in the remarkable life of my great-grandfather, Col. George Morgan, the now almost forgotten pioneer, Indian Agent, explorer and scientific farmer. Col. George Morgan received an appointment as agent under the Commissioners for Indian Affairs by a resolution of Congress, January 8th, 1777. Immediately after receiving his appointment he was ordered to Fort Pitt, now Pittsburg; before setting out to his new field of usefulness, however, he was the recipient of a very pretty compliment from the Eastern tribe of the Delaware Indians. At his splendid estate, “Prospect,” the site of which is now occupied by the official residence of the president of Princeton College, the Delawares gathered, and solemnly conferred upon him the name of Taimenand, or Tamene, signifying "the affable.”

It was the name of the greatest chieftain of their legends and time, and had endowed him, in the estimation of his descendants with every known virtue. This name afterwards became popularized into the “Tammany” of our day. The Indians stated that they had conferred it upon Col. George Morgan because he was the first man they had found worthy to bear it.

Morgan could speak the Indian dialects with great ease, and the name of “Taimenand” carried more than an empty compliment.

To further illustrate Col. Morgan's knowledge of Indian affairs, it may not be out of place to say that the archives of the State Department contain letters from the Marquis de Lafayette to General Washington, informing the General that the Empress of Russia had engaged in the preparation of a universal dictionary, and earnestly desired the translation of a collection of words, which she would submit, into the several idioms of the nations on the banks of the (Oyho). Lafayette suggested that this work be entrusted to their mutual friend, Col. George Morgan.

General Washington communicated with Col. Morgan, “being persuaded,” as he wrote from Mount Vernon, August 20th, 1786, that “ a gentleman of your taste for science in general, and particularly of your capacity for acquiring the information in question, will enter upon the task with pleas ure, I make no apology for troubling you."

Heckewelder, the famous missionary of that time, in his account of the Indian tribes of Pennsylvania, Delaware, etc., writes that the Delawares conferred on Morgan the name of “Taimenand” in honor and remembrance of their ancient chief, and as the greatest mark of respect which they could show to that gentleman, who, they declared, had the same address, affability and meekness of their honored chief, and therefore ought to be named after him.

Lossing also gives us a similar account. When Morgan brought back to the whites glowing accounts of the qualities of this great chief, “Who loved liberty more than life,” the admirers of the chief conferred upon him the title of Sainthence Saint Tammany—his name was placed on some calendars, and after the Revolution an association was formed in Philadelphia, called the Tammany Society, or Columbia Order, and the first meeting was held during 1789.

The Society was very popular and very patriotic in its influence, and no party politics was then tolerated. How times have changed! Now, what a contrast, and what immense power in the politics of New York City and of the whole country our “Tammany” wields to-day!

Trusting this little incident in the life of an almost forgotten pioneer will prove of some interest, and thanking you particularly for your interest in the matter, I remain,

Very respectfully,

H. G. MORGAN, Jr.

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