Environmental Management in Practice: Instruments for Environmental Management

Предња корица
Bhaskar Nath, Paul Compton, Dimitri Devuyst, Luc Hens
Psychology Press, 1998 - 508 страница
These three volumes feature research and practical applications in the field of environmental management. Spanning the main aspects of environmental management - instruments, compartments, sectors and ecosystems, this work contains over 60 contributions from specialists in each field. This volume focuses on the instruments and tools currently available to the environmental manager. The second volume ("Compartments, Stressors and Sectors") deals with the problems that occur in the three "compartments" of the environment: air, water and soil. The third volume ("Managing the Ecosystem") focuses on those ecosystems in which human intervention has been or continues to be predominant, specifically within cities and rural areas.
 

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Садржај

IMPACT OF A GROWING POPULATION ON NATURAL RESOURCES The challenge for environmental management
6
POPULATION AND CONSUMPTION OF RESOURCES
7
STATUS OF WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES
9
CONSTRAINTS IN MANAGING RESOURCES
14
IMPROVING RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
15
CONCLUSIONS
16
NOTE
18
SUGGESTED READING
21
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
240
INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT INSTRUMENTS
241
TYPES OF MFMS AND THEIR CONSTRUCTION
243
STATIC MATERIAL FLOW MODELS
246
DYNAMIC MATERIAL FLOW MODELS
249
CONCLUSIONS
253
SUGGESTED READING
254
ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
255

PROBLEMINCONTEXT A framework for the analysis explanation and solution of environmental problems
22
ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
25
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS IN TRIPLE CONTEXT
31
SOCIALSCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
34
DESIGN AND EVALUATION
37
CONCLUSIONS
41
REFERENCES
42
SUGGESTED READING
43
THE CULTURAL FILTER
44
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CULTURE AND SUSTAINABILITY
45
THE CULTURAL FILTER
47
FACTS AND VALUES
48
INTERDISCIPLINARITY
50
PUBLIC DECISIONMAKING
52
INTERCULTURALITY
53
BIOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL EVOLUTION
57
CONCLUSIONS
59
SUGGESTED READING
60
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
61
INSTRUMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
63
INTRODUCTION
65
EFFECTDIRECTED AND SOURCEDIRECTED INSTRUMENTS
66
ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS
67
CONCLUSIONS
68
PREDICTIVE AND SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS
69
ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
71
UNDERSTANDING THE ENVIRONMENT
73
TRENDS IN PLANNING
74
CONCEPT AND APPROACHES
76
STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
78
CONCLUSIONS
86
REFERENCES
87
SUGGESTED READING
88
STATE OF ENVIRONMENT REPORTING
90
THE DEVELOPMENT OF STATE OF ENVIRONMENT REPORTING IN EUROPE
91
THE CHARACTER OF SoE REPORTS
94
INDICATORS
98
THE QUALITY OF ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION
100
CONCLUSIONS
104
REFERENCES
105
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
106
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
108
HEALTH STANDARDS
111
ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
118
GUIDELINES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT?
120
CONCLUSIONS
121
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
122
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
123
MEASURING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
124
INFORMATION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR DECISIONMAKING
125
CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING MEASURES
128
STATEOFTHEART IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEASURES
129
FRAMEWORKS
133
SOME PROBLEMS IN DEVELOPING MEASURES OF SUSTAINABILITY
139
THE NEXT STEPS
140
SUGGESTED READING
141
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
142
RISK ANALYSIS
144
THE HUMAN FACTOR
152
METHODS OF RISK ANALYSIS
156
RISK MANAGEMENT
163
REFERENCES
166
SUGGESTED READING
167
HAZARD EXPOSURE AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT
169
HAZARD ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES
170
HAZARD ASSESSMENT UNCERTAINTY AND LIMITATIONS
176
RISKBASED HAZARD ASSESSMENT
180
EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT
181
ENDOCRINEDISRUPTING CHEMICALS
183
RISK ASSESSMENT AND REALITY
184
SUGGESTED READING
186
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
188
HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
189
CONTENTS OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT
192
METHODOLOGY OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
193
MAJOR LIMITATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT TOPICS OF DISCUSSION AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
200
LIST OF EIA RESOURCE CENTRES
207
REFERENCES
208
SUGGESTED READING
209
LIFECYCLE ASSESSMENT
211
DEFINITIONS
213
THE METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK
214
THE MAIN COMPONENTS OF AN LCA
216
RUNNING THE PROJECT
226
APPLICATIONS OF LCA
230
LCA IN CONTEXT
231
CONCLUSIONS
232
LIST OF LCA RESOURCE CENTRES
236
LIST OF LCARELATED HOMEPAGES
237
REFERENCES
238
SUGGESTED READING
239
METHODS OF ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING
257
SETTING UP ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITS
260
IMPLEMENTATION OF AUDIT POLICY IN SOME COUNTRIES
262
AN INTEGRAL COMPONENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
264
FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
267
REFERENCES
269
SUGGESTED READING
270
ACCOUNTING FOR ECOEFFICIENCY
272
ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING
275
CALCULATION OF ECOEFFICIENCY
278
CONCLUSIONS
285
SUGGESTED READING
286
ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING
288
THE STAKEHOLDER APPROACH
289
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AS AN ENVIRONMENTAL GOAL
292
THE VALUE CIRCLE AS A STRUCTURE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING
293
NONMONETARY INSTRUMENTS FOR INFORMATION GATHERING AND DECISIONMAKING
299
CONCLUSIONS
301
REFERENCES
302
ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS
305
ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
307
SOME ECONOMIC CONCEPTS
310
ADJUSTMENTS TO THE BASIC ECONOMIC MODEL
313
COST TRADEOFFS FROM A PRIVATE AND SOCIAL PERSPECTIVE
315
INSTRUMENTS FOR REACHING THE SOCIAL OPTIMUM
317
CRITERIA FOR SELECTING SUITABLE POLICY INSTRUMENTS
320
CONCLUSIONS
323
SUGGESTED READING
324
APPLICATION OF ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
325
A SUMMARY
327
AIR POLLUTION
331
WATER POLLUTION
333
SOLID WASTE
335
EIs IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND IN THE COUNTRIES IN ECONOMIC TRANSITION
337
CONCLUSIONS
338
REFERENCES
339
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
340
INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRITY
341
THE MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM
342
MANAGING IMPORTED GOODS
347
MANAGING EXPORTED GOODS
355
CONCLUSIONS
356
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
357
LEGAL INSTRUMENTS
359
INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
361
THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
362
EVOLUTION OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
364
THE INSTRUMENTS OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
365
NONSTATE ACTORS AND INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
372
CONCLUSIONS
374
REFERENCES
375
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
376
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW IN THE USA
378
THE LEGAL BACKGROUND
380
UNDERLYING POLICIES INFLUENCING LEGAL DOCTRINE AND STATUTORY LAW
389
METHODS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ADOPTED BY UNITED STATES LAW
391
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW IN THE USA
399
RECENT TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF US ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
400
CONCLUSIONS
401
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
402
EU ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION
404
LEGISLATIVE ACTS
407
CONTROL OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EU LEGISLATION IN THE MEMBER STATES
414
CONCLUSIONS
417
SUGGESTED READING
418
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
420
INSTRUMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL COMMUNICATION AND EDUCATION
421
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION Complementary tools for environmental management
423
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION IN THE FRAMING OF DECISIONS INVOLVING THE ENVIRONMENT
426
EXAMPLES OF APPROACHES
428
INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION WITH ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
430
CONCLUSIONS
432
SUGGESTED READING
434
ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
436
TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT RESOLUTION
441
THE MUTUAL GAINS APPROACH
443
ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
448
OBSERVATIONS
453
REFERENCES
454
SUGGESTED READING
455
CURRENT OPTIONS OF THE UN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
457
GENERAL METHODS FOR SETTLING CONFLICTS
459
CURRENT OPTIONS FOR TECM WITHIN THE UN
460
CONCLUSIONS
472
REFERENCES
473
SUGGESTED READING
475
GLOSSARY
476
ANSWERS TO SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
489
INDEX
499
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