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233.

Petrograd Soviet of Workmen's and | Propaganda, hostile-Continued.

Soldiers' Deputies—Continued. German: Allied and American
Duma, relations, 10, 11, 26, 43.

countries, 73, 371-378, 391; Rus-
July uprising, attitude, 161, 162, 164. sia and army, 121, 128, 146, 143,
November revolution, part in, 225, 147, 205, 235, 240, 243, 264, 268,
226, 227, 293.

284, 288, 314, 377, 487.
peasants' soviets, union with, 283. Protection of Allied and American
peoples, appeals to, 19, 45–46, 49.

missions and consulates by:
Provisional Government, relations: Provisional Government, 9, 201, 219,

support, 26, 34–35, 58, 59, 95, 98,
108; joint meeting, 43, 174-175; Soviet régime, 265, 266, 354.
opposition, 40, 41, 42-51, 72, 74, volunteer Polish committee, 234, 265.
76, 190, 191, 192, 194, 195–196, | Protection of foreigners (see also Indus-
199; coalition, 63-64, 79, 81, 142, trial interests, foreign), 240, 281-
160; domination, 28-29, 59, 141, 282, 313.
171, 174, 225, 226.

Protection of German Embassy, 577,
Root mission, relations, 137.

578, 581, 582–583, 618, 626-627.
treaties, publication, attitude, 35, 76. | Provisional Council of the Republic.
war, attitude, 26, 40, 41, 42-51, 74, See Pre-Parliament.
83-85.

Provisional Government (see also
Platinum, 694.

Army; Constituent Assembly;
Plekhanov, George V., 181.

Loans; Peace; World War):
Poland:

conditions under, 74, 132, 198.
armed forces, 502.

expenses, 178.
detention of soldiers in Moscow, 648. industrial interests, attitude, 178,
self-determination: German attitude, 180-181, 190, 193.

411, 413, 420-421, 437, 439; Pet Ministry of Lvov, First (Mar. 15,
rograd Soviet, attitude, 419-421.

1917).
Polish military committee, protection authority, 11, 45, 48, 51, 55.
of embassies, 234, 265.

coalition proposed, 63–64.
Police power, 11, 45-48, 63, 166, 341, composition, 2, 4, 116.
342.

Conference of Soviets, relations,
Pouren case, 114-115.

28-29.
Portugal, protest against Soviet terror, Duma, relations, 4, 6, 22.

Milyukov and Guchkov, resigna-
Pravda (Truth), 60, 74, 413.

tion, 52, 66, 77-79.
suppression, 163, 167.

Petrograd Soviet, relations, 26,
Pre-Parliament (Democratic Council; 28–29, 34-35, 40, 41, 42-51, 58,
Council of the Republic):

59, 72, 141.
authority, 202, 206, 214.

policies, 5, 10-11, 24, 38–39, 54–55.
Bolsheviks, withdrawal, 210.

Ministry of Lvov, Coalition (May 18,
Kerensky, relations, 208–209, 225.

1917).
sessions, 204, 206, 210, 215, 217, 220, anarchists, arrest, 99, 104.
225.

authority, 94, 104, 131-132, 141-
Press:

142, 162, 166.
censorship, 655–656.

Bolsheviks, demonstration, 98, 99,
freedom, constitutional provision,

103–104.
589.

composition, 66, 75, 79, 142.
suppression, 163, 167, 220, 225, 271, Congress of Peasants' Deputies,

300, 302, 355, 400, 490, 496, 507, relations, 97.
527, 681.

Congress of Soviets, relations, 98,
Prisoners, exchange of, 262, 516, 546.

99-100, 105-106, 142, 162.
Prisoners of war, reports of arming, 388, July uprising, 159-161, 162–163,
483, 485, 489, 496, 499, 502, 563,

164-169.
565.

Petrograd garrison, relations, 143.
Propaganda, hostile (see also Appeals Petrograd Soviet, relations, 74, 76,
to peoples; Publicity, U. S.; Revo-

79, 81, 95, 98, 108, 142, 160.
lution, world-wide):

171, 174.
Bolshevik: Allied and American policies, 7577, 79-81, 112.

countries, 268, 375–378, 380, 391, railways, U. S. aid, 116, 125, 156–
485, 722-730, 732; diplomatic

157.
privileges, abuse of, 722–723, 730– resignation of Ministers, 159, 160,
731; funds, 722, 724, 726, 727, 728,

161-162, 163-164, 165.
729; Germany and army, 259, 307, Ministry of Kerensky, First (July 20,
359, 556, 583, 732; international,

1917).
380; Russia and army, 200, 205, authority, 167-168, 179–180.
268, 374, 375; through Scandina composition, 163, 170, 171, 175–
vian countries, 722–732.

176.

716.

Provisional Government–Continued. | Railways (see also Advisory Commis-
Ministry of Kerensky, First-Con.

sion of Railway Experts; Trans-
Congress of Soviets, relations, 170. portation; Trans-Siberian Rail-
Duma, relations, 175.

way):
food shortage and riots, 172, 184 control: German, 496, 501; military,
185.

171; workers, 365.
Kornilov episode, 171-172, 178, defects, 135–136, 141, 264, 343, 489,
179, 186–190.

515, 532, 558.
Moscow Conference, 170, 177, Recognition of Provisional Govern-
178–179, 180-181, 183.

ment:
Petrograd Soviet, relations, 171, France, 13.
174, 175, 176, 190.

Great Britain, 6, 13.
policies, 172-173, 176–177.

United States, 6, 12-14.
railways, U. S. aid, 171.

Recognition of Soviet régime (see also
Ministry of Kerenský, Second (Sept. Relations, informal):
13, 1917).

all governments withhold, 316.
anarchy, conditions of, 198, 204 Allied officers at Murman, views, 552–
205.

553, 562.
Bolsheviks, relations, 193, 200, 202, Belgium, attitude, 332.

210; armed conflict with, 228, Bulgaria, 554.

229-230, 231-233, 234, 236, 239. Diplomatic Missions, Allied and
Committee of Five, 191, 194.

American: agreement purposed,
composition, 190, 191, 193, 195, 248, 250; attitude, 245, 279, 287.
199, 200-201, 206.

France, attitude, 272, 322.
Democratic Conference, 191–192, Germany, 401, 428, 431, 434, 505-

195, 196, 197, 199, 200, 202, 204, 506, 548.
206, 209.

Great Britain, attitude, 272, 273, 274,
fall, 240-241.

276, 285, 299, 316, 319.
Kerensky, flight, 224, 228, 229, Inter-Allied Conference, attitude,
291, 292–293.

255.
Minister of War, removal, 219 Italy, attitude, 332.
220,

neutrals, attitude, importance of,
Ministers, dispersion, 224, 225, 226, 277, 286, 290, 297-298; Denmark,
227, 229, 293.

* 300, 731; Netherlands, 286, 298;
Petrograd 'Soviet, relations, 191, Norway, 287, 298; Sweden, 297-

192, 194, 195–196, 199, 225, 226. 298; Switzerland, 548–549.
policies, 212–214.

Soviet attitude, 250, 303, 498, 535,
Pre-Parliament, 202, 204, 206, 208–

538-539, 548.
209, 210, 214, 215, 217, 220, 225. United States: Ambassador, views,
republic proclaimed, 191, 192.

336, 357, 369, 423; Chargé in
problems, 37, 51, 54.

Denmark, views, 337-338; false
recognition, 6, 12-14.

press statements, 488, 492, 504,
reform measures, 43, 88, 168, 213.

505, 511; Government, attitude,
War Office, authority after Novem-

253, 254, 257, 271, 289, 294, 487,
ber revolution, 240–241.

547, 550-551, 562; unofficial Ameri-
Ways of Communication department, cans, views, 271, 291, 530, 531.

activities after November revolu- | Red Army:
tion, 264, 296.

activities, 205, 365, 401, 490, 491,
Publicity, U. S.:

518, 588.
Moscow activities, 269.

Allied and American aid sought, 392,
official speeches, distribution, 128, 396, 398, 418, 483, 484, 485, 487,
129, 133, 426.

498, 499-501.
purpose: counteract German propa American aid: reasons for giving,

ganda, 128-129, 235, 270-271; 392, 487-488, 493, 494, 519; with-
improve Russian Army morale, held, 402, 495, 498, 517-518.
147–153, 214–215.

German attitude, 486, 517.
railway employees, aid to, 296.

purpose, 486, 487, 488, 519.
war preparations, 121-122, 127. | Red Cross. See American Red Cross

Commission to Russia.
Railway employees, 346.

Red Guard:
civil war, part in, 404, 415.

activities, 60, 260, 266, 291, 302, 305.
November revolution, part in, 228, 358, 362, 483.
231, 239.

July uprising, part in, 166.
shipments of shoes from United November revolution, part in, 234,
States, 296, 329, 537, 543, 571.

236.
strikes, 204, 231, 583.

staff headquarters, occupation, 308,

323.

Reed, John, appointment as Soviet | Revolution, November–Continued.
consul, 363.

German influence, 333.
Relations, informal, United States with plans fo!, 191, 194, 200, 202, 209, 211,
Soviet régime:

214, 216, 220, 294.
Ambassador, views, 325-326, 357, Revolution, world-wide (see also Propa-
422, 423-424, 519.

ganda, Bolshevik):
commercial attaché as channel, 429,

Congress of Soviets, plan, 101-102.
536.

effect on existing governments, 486,
communications, 523, 659.

678-679.
Consul at Moscow as channel, 536, Foreign Commissars, statements,
541, 646-647, 655-658.

407-408, 419, 707-708.
couriers, 303-304, 320.

funds, 409, 724, 729.
economic aid, Soviet request, 485. Red Army, purpose of, 486, 487, 488,
instructions, 381.

519.
Lenin, attitude, 363, 389.

Soviet tactics, 326, 336, 359, 380,
Marines, consent for entrance, 368.

421, 505, 521, 532, 544, 559, 588.
military aid, 386, 392, 396, 398, 402,

Revolutionary Committee. See Mili-
418, 483, 484, 485, 487, 488, 493,

• tary Revolutionary Committee.
494, 495, 498, 517-518, 519.

Revolutionists, protests against U. S.
military attaché as channel, 235, 245,
250, 253, 279, 282-283, 288-289,

arrests of, 200, 201-202, 203, 322–
294-295, 392, 396.
Murman, 'cooperation with local

Robins, Raymond, 327, 328, 329, 501.
officials, 486, 537, 542, 546, 569.

American Red Cross, messages, 301,
railway matters, 264, 296, 394-395,

319, 356, 499, 503.
483, 488, 498, 519, 526, 543.

communications with Soviet to be
Robins, Raymond, as channel, 356–

withheld, 301, 319.
357, 358,359, 370, 422.

contacts with Soviet régime and
Rumanian Russian commissions, So-

U. S. Embassy, 321, 356, 358,359,
viet request, 488.

363, 369, 370, 389, 391, 398, 418,
Soviet attitude, 303–304.

422, 426, 484, 485, 487, 488, 508,
war prisoners, 483.

519, 526.
Rent. See Decrees, Soviet.

recall, 523-524, 525, 530,531, 543,
Reprisals. See Hostages; Retaliatory
measures.

recognition of Soviet régime, views,
Republic, proclaimed by:

497, 499, 531.
Provisional Government, 191, 192.

war prisoners, arming, views, 483,

499.
Congress of Soviets, 365.
Constitution, 587-597.

Rodzyanko, M. V., 2, 33, 55, 284, 311,

565.
Retaliatory measures by Soviet régime:
Allied nationals, arrest, 585, 642, 643,

Root, Elihu, on extradition, 114-115.
644-655, 658, 663, 687.

Root mission. See Special Diplomatic
Ambassadors, Allied and American:

Mission to Russia.
gentle reprisals," plan, 622; hos-

Rosen, Baron, 32, 94, 95.
tages, detention as, plan, 630, 634,

Ruggles, Lieut. Col. James A., 485,
650, 651.

516-517, 544.
American Ambassador, threats | Rumania:
against, 320, 321, 323, 362.

arrest of Minister, 353, 357, 377, 378,
Czecho-Slovaks, arrest and threats,

477--482; efforts of Diplomatic Mis-
585, 645, 701-702.

sions for release, 477-478, 480–481;
funds of Diplomatic Missions, with Soviet reasons for arrest, 478, 480,

drawal limited, 368.
internment of British nationals, Bessarabia, agreement with Soviet
threat, 268, 276, 282, 285.

Russia concerning, 492; independ-
Military Missions, detention, 642, ence, 360.
646-655, 664-665.

Bolsheviks, relations, 377-378, 479.
Rumanians, threat, 481, 482.

interests protected by Great Britain,
visas, refusal, 303-304, 409.

378-379.
Revolution, March (see also Army), retaliatory measures by Soviet Rus-
1-14.

sia, 481, 482.
causes, 67-72.

Root mission, 120, 128, 146.
problems, 37, 51.

Russian-Rumanian commissions, 488.
Revolution, November (see also Army; war with Soviet Russia, state of, 359.

Military Revolutionary Commit- Russian Extraordinary Embassy to the
tee; Petrograd Soviet; Railway em-

United States, 153-158.
ployees), 224-241.

conversion into ordinary Embassy,
cause, immediate, 220, 293.

158n.

549.

481.

702.

63.

721.

Russian Railway Service Corps (see | Siberia—Continued.

also Advisory Commission of Rail grain, 576.
way Experts), 524.

war prisoners, 489.
Russian Red Cross, 321, 508, 678. Singer Co., forced contributions, 502,
Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Re-

503.
public, 365, 506.

Sisson, Edgar G., 215, 295, 487.
constitution, 587-597.

Sisson documents, 371-378, 380, 381-
Russians:

382.
characteristics, 67–69, 71–72, 81, 82, Skobelev, M. I., 211, 215, 217, 219, 293.
182-184, 550.

Social Democratic Party, 165, 237.
political theories, 139–140, 166-167, Socialist-Revolutionist Party, 350, 425,
398, 532.

679, 684.
Russkiya Vedomosti, 183, 184, 185, 314, Constituent Assembly, part in, 300,
340-341.

354.
suppressed by Soviet, 490.

foreign policy of Soviet, protest, 401,
Russkoe Slovo, 53, 183, 184, 403.

507, 514, 540-541.
suppressed by Soviet, 300, 496, 507. Mirbach, responsibility for assassina-
Russo-German peace. See Treaty of. tion, 573, 578, 583.
Brest Litovsk.

revolt, 573-574, 578.

Socialists, 60, 63, 139–140, 166-167,
Salvador, protest against Soviet terror 264, 265, 304.'

World War, attitude, 50, 59, 61, 62,
Samara, hostages, 701, 702, 713, 719,

Socialists, American, 55.
Sands, W. F., on Russian conditions, Society for Promoting Friendly Rela-
277-278.

tions between Russia and the
Savinkov, Boris V., 176, 178.

United States, 32–33.
Scavenius, Erik, 718.

Southeastern federation, 342, 347–348,
Scavenius, Harald, 676, 731-732.

555.
Self-determination of peoples, 39, 112, Soviet. See Congress of Soviets; Petro-
124, 211, 253, 317.

grad Soviet; Soviet régime.
Allied Governments, attitude, 330– Soviet of People's Commissars, 249,
331.

293, 591-592.
application to sections of Allied Soviet of Soldiers' Deputies, 10.

states, 406–407, 419; of Russia, Soviet of Workmen's Deputies, 10, 17.
411.

Soviet of Workmen's and Soldiers' Dep-
Baltic provinces and Poland, German uties. See Petrograd Soviet.

attitude, 411, 413, 420-421, 423, | Soviet régime (see also Armistice; Army;
432, 437, 599.

Bolsheviks; Central Executive
Central powers, attitude, 406.

Committee; Decrees; Diplomatic
Congress of Soviets, attitude, 365.

and consular service; Diplomatic
Soviet régime, policy, 410-411, 419– immunity; Diplomatic privileges;
421.

Finland; Industrial interests; In-
Ukraine, position, 416.

tervention; Peace; Propaganda;
United States, attitude, 427, 542.

Recognition; Red Army; Red
Semenov, Gregory, 489, 507, 524, 571. Guard; Relations, informal; Retali-
Serbia:

atory measures; Revolution, No-
interview of Minister with Trotsky, vember; Terror; Treaty of Brest
504.

Litovsk; Ukraine; World War):
protest against Soviet terror, 710 alliance with United States, discus-
711.

sion, 403.
troops in Russia, 281, 491, 631.

Ambassador in Germany, 401.
Shingarev, A. I., 302, 305, 354n.

anarchists, relations, 497, 499.
Shipping. See Merchant shipping; appeals to peoples, 105, 250, 251, 294,
Transportation.

585.
Shoes, shipments to railway employees, bad faith, 581-582, 643, 649, 652,
329, 537, 543, 571.

659, 667.
Siam:

Bessarabia, agreement with Ru-
protest against Soviet terror, 693.

mania concerning, 492.
violation of Legation, 369.

British representative, 337, 379.
Siberia (see also Intervention; Kolchak; compromise ministry suggested, 231-
Semenov; Vladivostok):

232, 233, 234.
Bolshevism, growth, 302, 349, 489, Congress of Peasants' Deputies, rela-
502, 507.

tions, 237–238.
governments organized: by Soviet, Constituent Assembly, attitude, 271,
535; by various groups, 349, 367,

298, 302, 305-306, 317–318, 350,
354, 355, 357.

524.

Soviet régime-Continued.

Soviet régime--Continued.
Cossacks, relations, 300, 301, 302, Rumanian-Russian commissions, U.S.
308-311, 320, 492.

aid sought, 488.
couriers, 303–304, 318, 409.

self-determination of peoples, atti-
Czecho-Slovaks, relations, 561, 564, tude, 410-411, 419-421.

565, 623, 645, 648, 687, 701-702, submarine warfare, German, protest,
706.

534, 541, 553.
dictatorship, 270,271, 294.

war, state of: with Associated Gov-
Diplomatic Missions, Allied and ernments, discussion, 620, 641-642,

American: removal from Vologda, 643, 648-649, 650, 651, 659-660;
attitude, 585, 619, 620, 622, 626, with Rumania, 359.
634, 646, 647, 656, 657; withdrawal world-wide revolution, policy, 326,
from Russia, effect on relations,

336, 359, 380, 407-408, 409, 419,
views, 355, 627, 637, 639, 640, 647– 421, 486, 487-488, 505, 519, 521,
648, 656, 657.

532, 544, 558, 678-679, 707-708.
divergencies among members, 237,

Soviets, local, 132, 340–341, 434-435,
434-435, 489, 492.

495, 593-594.
duration, estimates of probable. 291. | Spain, protest against Soviet terror,
294, 361, 400, 531, 550, 553, 554-

715-716.
555, 558, 559, 566.'

Special Diplomatic Mission to Russia
foreign relations, Commissar's report,

(Elihu Root, chairman), 92, 110, 112,
581-586.

. 113, 125-127, 133-135, 144, 146.
formation, 225, 230-231, 244.

members, 109-110.
German Ambassador, 505-506, 583.

plans and purpose, 107, 108, 110-111,
Germany, influenced by, 295, 296,

113–114.
300, 314, 333, 370, 380, 385, 393–

presentation, 116-117, 118, 120, 122–
394, 419, 425, 486, 487, 488, 490,

124.
504, 517, 527, 538, 545, 563, 564,

publicity, discussion, 121-122, 127,

128, 129, 133, 214-215.
567, 569, 580; Sisson documents,
371-378.

reports and recommendations, 120–

122, 128-129, 131-146, 147-153.
guard for German Embassy, attitude,

transportation, discussion, 135, 138.
577, 578, 581, 582-583, 618, 626–
627.

Spitsbergen Archipelago, provisions of

Brest Litovsk treaty, 455.
hostages; taking of, 642, 645, 651,

Stevens, John F., 296.
652, 676, 677, 680–681, 684, 687;
threat, 630, 634, 650, 651.

Straits. See Constantinople and the.

Submarine warfare, German, 534, 539,
internment of Russians in England,

541, 553, 600.
protest, 268, 274, 276, 319.

Supplies, Allied and American. See
land and peace, promises of, 225, 242,

Munitions.
294, 315.

Supreme government of the northern
leaders, responsibility for crimes,

region, 630, 632, 633, 635, 713.
642-643, 665, 666, 676, 678, 682, Supreme War Council, attitude toward
693, 698.

Brest Litovsk treaty, 438-439.
mercenaries, use of, 691.

Sweden (see also Diplomatic Missions,
munitions, 415, 566.

neutral; Neutral powers):
Murman, cooperation of Allied and

Bolshevik propaganda, 730-731;
American forces with local Soviet, funds, 722, 724; Scandinavian con-
attitude, 486.

ference to prevent, 728.
opposition: industrial interests, 558– Consul General at Moscow: British,

560, 561; parties, 231, 237, 302, Italian, and Japanese interests as-
306, 350, 401, 507, 514, 540-541, sumed by, 641, 644; efforts on
573-574, 578; peasants, soldiers, behalf of Allied and American
and workmen, 216, 225, 226, 237– nationals, 645, 650, 651, 653, 661,
238, 333, 358, 505, 521, 552, 554.

666-667; U. S. interests in Moscow
559, 570-571, 580, 589; treatment assumed by, 641, 643, 652, 653,
of opposing parties, 302, 305, 306, 658, 667.

315, 325, 350, 354, 355, 357, 684. diplomatic relations with Soviet
program, 225, 242.

Russia, 730–731.
railway matters, U. S. aid accepted, nationalization of factories, attitude,

264, 296, 394 395, 483, 488, 498, 300.
519, 524, 526, 543.

protest against Soviet terror, 694, 705.
recall demanded: Consuls at Vladi recognition of Soviet régime with-

vostok, 516, 520; French Ambassa held, 297-298.
dor, 509-510, 511, 513-514, 522; | Switzerland (see also Diplomatic Mis-

German Chargé, report, 577-578. sions, neutral; Neutral powers):
representatives in United States ap- protest against Soviet terror, 697-
pointed, 363, 551.

698.

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