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Switzerland Continued.

| Treaty of Brest Litovsk, Russia-Cen-
recognition of Soviet régime, at tral powers-Continued.
titude, 548–549.

German proposals, 410-413, 432-433.
sequestration of Russian archives, indemnities, 404, 412, 444, 604.
548–549.

losses of Russia under, 476, 490.

negotiations, 317, 320, 349, 355, 359,
Telegraph employees, strike, 231.

360, 362, 378, 405, 410, 413, 421,
Temporary Government. See Provi 427; removal to neutral ground
sional Government.

proposed, 414, 420, 424, 426;
Tereshchenko, Michael I., 66, 75, 567, severance, 418, 428, 431, 486.
568.

ratification, 388, 401, 436, 440, 441,
Terror:

492, 534.
campaign, 300-301, 581, 668. 677.

Russian protests, 309,423,490,492,493.
681-682, 685, 686-687, 691, 732. signature: Mar. 3, 1918, 428, 431,
order to use, 684; cessation discussed, 434; Aug. 27, 1918, 583, 586.
696.

Socialist-Revolutionist Party, atti-
policy, 270-271, 335, 684, 707-708. tude, 401, 514.
protests: American Red Cross Com Soviet delegation: divergencies, 413-
mission, chief of, 685–686, 714, 715; 414, 435, 440; proposal, 404;
Diplomatic Missions, neutral, and terms, refusal, '428, 431; terms,
German Consul General, 694, acceptance, 429, 430, 431, 434..
697-698, 705–708; U. S. Consul at Supreme War Council, statement,
Moscow, 683; world-wide, by Al 438–439.
lied and neutral powers, 693–704, Ukraine, attitude, 336, 364, 413, 415-
707-712, 715-718; world-wide, ini 417, 428, 443, 602.
tiated by United States, 682, 687 United States: aid sought from, 392,
690.

396, 398, 418, 422; attitude, 397,
Thomas, Albert, 52, 53, 120, 135.

402, 484, 547, 557, 570.
Thompson, Lieut. Col. William B., U. S. Ambassador's statements against
292, 294, 530.

separate peace, 427, 440-441;
Thomson, Alfred R., 386, 496.

German protest, 439, 440; Soviet
Trade-unions. See Labor.

reply, 439, 440, 441-442.
Trans-Caucasus:

violations, German: Soviet protests,
independence, 555.

506, 507, 512-513, 516, 520, 539,
military situation, 500, 508.

553-554; German reply, 533-534,
Transportation (see also Advisory Com 556.

mission of Railway Experts; Trans- | Treaty of Brest Litovsk, Ukraine
Siberian Railway):

Central powers, 381, 430_432, 724.
control, 171, 365, 496, 501.

Trotsky, L. D. (Bronstein), 209, 225,
food and munitions, relation, 2, 106, 360, 620.
137, 138, 264, 266, 333.

activities before November revolu-
ocean tonnage, 135, 138, 537.

tion, 203, 288, 375–378.
railways, defects, 135–138, 141, 264, Commissar for Foreign Affairs, 227,
343, 489, 515, 552, 559.

228, 238, 244, 293.
vehicles drafted, 31.

Commissar for War, 396, 483, 486,
Trans-Siberian Railway, 136.

487-488, 519.
U. S. management suggested, 28, demands, 160, 195, 215, 224.
394-395.

Germany: appeal to soldiers, 259;
Treaties, secret:

influenced by, 370, 380, 384, 538.
attitude of Russians, 39, 52, 66, tactics, 284-285, 315, 326, 336–337,
76-77, 228, 365, 421.

398.
publication or revision proposed, 35,

United States: aid sought, 392, 396,
49, 76, 106.

398, 418, 483; criticism, 246, 264
repudiation by Soviet régime, 243, 265, 275, 303.
249, 588.

Tseretelli, I. G., 59, 264, 265.
Treaty. See London agreement.

Turkey:
Treaty of Brest Litovsk, Russia-Cen advance into Russia, 508, 584.

tral powers (see also Peace), 442– Ambassador to Soviet Russia, 505–
471, 598-617.

506.
Allied and American attitude, 438– Brest Litovsk treaty, gains by, 434.

439, 635.
Central Executive Committee, at- | Ufa, taking of hostages at, 680-681, 701,

titude, 419–421, 433–434, 434-435. 702, 712–713, 719.
commissions, 527, 539-540.

Ukraine:
Congress of Soviets, attitude, 436. armistice, Russo-German, attitude,
Constituent Assembly, attitude, 323, 243, 416.
332, 388.

army, 245, 317.

Ukraine-Continued.

| United States-Continued.
Bolshevism, 302, 339, 346, 347, 358, couriers, 233, 303-304, 318, 320, 409.
364, 381.

diplomatic and consular service,
Cossacks, relations, 311-312, 320, 584. Soviet, attitude, 317, 361-362, 363,
federal Russia, plans, 346, 415, 417.

397, 551.
France, relations, 317, 331.

embargo on shipments to Russia,
Germany: arrests by, 539; influ 266-267.

ence, 366, 496, 501, 668; joint estrangement sought by Soviet from
military action, 512-513, 518; mili Allies, 538–539, 582, 585; from
tary advance, 393, 484, 501, 508, Japan, 403, 502, 504, 510, 529, 538,
529, 532, 553, 583; monarchy, 545 582, 585, 672.
plans, 574; supplies obtainable, hostages, attitude, 720.
431, 496, 515, 566, 583.

immigration from Russia, surveil-
Great Britain, relations, 337, 379.

lance, 723–724, 725.
political conditions, 339, 345–347, industrial interests, forced contribu-
381.

tions and arrests, 489, 495, 502,
Provisional Governmentrelations, 503.
159.

interests, national, assumed by Nor-
recognition, U. S., discussion, 336, way, 383, 661, 664, 667; by Sweden
357.

for Moscow Consulate General,
republic proclaimed, 415.

641, 643, 652, 653, 658, 667.
Soviet Russia: boundaries, discus interference in Russian affairs,

sion, 490, 492, 513, 533, 539; con charges: Ambassador, 321-322,
trol by, 381, 724; military ad 326-330; Military Mission, 272–
vance into, 512-513, 518; peace 273.
negotiations, 490, 501, 527, 533, loans: conditions of granting, 7, 27,
566, 584.

28, 40, 43, 145-146, 161, 178, 209,
treaties of Brest. Litovsk: Russian, 218, 252; repudiation, attitude,

336, 364, 413, 415-417, 428, 443, 488, 492, 494-495.

602; Ukrainian, 381, 430-432, 724. military aid to Soviet régime: Soviet
United States (see also Advisory Com request, 392, 396, 398, 483; U. S.

mission of Railway Experts; Allied response, 386, 402, 484, 485, 495,
and American Governments; Armi 498, 517-518; reasons, 392, 487-
stice; Asylum; Communications; 488, 493, 494, 519.
Diplomatic immunity; Diplomatic Military Mission and Attachés :
Missions; Inter-Allied Conference; views, 266-267, 269–270, 272-273,
Intervention; Military Missions; 279, 361, 516-517; withdrawal,
Publicity; Recognition; Relations, 646-655, 657-658, 663, 679.
informal; Retaliatory measures; noninterference in Russian affairs,
Special Diplomatic Mission; Wil 269, 302, 319, 322, 326-327, 542-
son, Woodrow; World War):

543, 547, 557, 638."
Ambassador: press statements, 427,

questionnaire to consuls, 324.
439, 440-441, 508-509, 542-543; retaliatory measures toward Soviet
569-571, 631, 633-636; threats proposed by Great Britain, atti.
against, 320, 321, 323, 353–354, tude, 692, 693.
362.

revolutionists, protests against U. S.
arrest of Allied representatives and arrest of, 200, 201-202, 203, 322–

nationals: attitude, 688–689; 323.
efforts of Consul at Moscow for Russian people, attitude toward, 221,
release, 645, 652, 653, 656, 661,672, 361, 362, 397, 440-441, 484, 494,
691.

495, 508, 524-525, 542-543, 547,
arrest of Rumanian Minister, efforts 562, 570, 624, 638.

of Ambassador for release, 477, terror: Consul at Moscow, protest,
478-479, 480–481.

668, 683; world-wide protest initi-
Brest Litovsk treaty: aid against ated, 682, 687-690.

Germany sought by Soviet, 392, war, state of: with Germany, 20;
396, 418, 422; efforts of Ambassa with Soviet Russia, discussion,
dor to prevent separate peace, 390, 620, 641-642, 643, 648-649, 650,
418, 422, 427, 440-441, 478, 481, 651, 659.
484, 508; validity, attitude, 397, Uritski, 675, 686.

402, 484, 547, 557, 570.
Consul at Moscow, withdrawal, 647, Venezuela, protest against Soviet ter-
656, 657, 660-661, 671, 673.

ror, 708.
Consul at Vladivostok, demand for Visas, refusal (see also under France
recall, 516, 520.

and Great Britain):
Consul General at London, relations Soviet régime, 303–304.

with Soviet representatives, 576. United States, 723-724, 725.

Vladivostok (see also Intervention): | World War-Continued. Allied and American interests, 28, army, Russian, attitude, 34-35, 384, 387, 392.

237, 253, 345, 384, 414, 423, 546. consuls, recall demanded, 516, 520. Bolsheviks, attitude, 102, 166. freight congestion, 28, 136.

Congress of Cossacks, attitude, 101. munitions, 391.

Congress of Soviets, attitude, 99-102, political conditions, 131-132, 287.

105–106. Vologda. See Diplomatic Missions, Duma, president of, views, 56-57. removal.

eastern front, German forces reduced, Volunteer Army, 284, 296, 308, 381, 205, 263, 501. 429, 496.

entrance of Russia into war, 69-71.

fleet, Russian, attitude, 73, 103, War, state of, between Associated 112, 125, 533, 566-567.

Governments and Soviet Russia, Galician offensive, 91, 99, 134, 143. discussion, 620, 641-642, 643, 648 Guchkov, A. I., speech, 64-66. 649, 650, 651, 659.

London agreement, Russian violaWardwell, Maj. .Allen, 679; protest tion protested, 245, 248-249. against terror, 685-686.

Petrograd Soviet, attitude, 26, 34War-Revolutionary Committee. See 35, 40, 41, 42–51, 74, 83-85.

Military Revolutionary Commit prosecution of war, Russian: ability, tee.

discussion, 138-139, 145, 218, Warships:

221-223, 235, 240, 335; Allied Allied and American, asked to leave and American effort to induce, Russian ports, 563, 564, 585.

635–636, 638, 639; Allied joint Russian, disposition, 566-567, 603.

note, 196-197, 203, 207–208. Webster, Capt. William B., 483.

Provisional Government, attitude, White Guard, 580, 585, 670, 715.

24, 38–39, 7577, 80, 172-173, measures of terror against, 684.

178, 193, 212. uprising, 647, 657.

Riga, fall, 182–184, 186. White Russia, independence rumored, Russian forces in France, 585, 651,

653, 654, 664. Women's battalion, 226.

socialists, attitude, 50, 55, 58, 59, Wilson, Woodrow:

61, 62, 63. Congress of Soviets, message, 395– Soviet régime: cessation of hostili396, 397, 399–400.

ties, 225, 253, 383, 428, 429, 430; Death Battalion and war aims, 280. renewal of war, discussion, 392, Moscow conference, message, 177.

396, 398, 418, 422, 483, 494, 498. Root mission and peace terms, 127. Wright, J. Butler, 392, 484. Socialist-Revolutionist Party and peace terms, 350.

Yaroslavl, revolt, 578, 585, 670. U. S. Congress, messages, 17, 117, Y. M. C. A.: 119–120, 423, 426, 427.

activities, 122, 151–153, 215, 240, war aims, reception of message, 52, 537, 546, 669, 670. 86–97.

arrest of representatives, 671, 673, World War (see also Allied and Ameri 674.

can Governments; Armistice; Cen departure, 663.
tral powers; Germany; Peace; unofficial views, 284, 289, 531.

Treaty of Brest Litovsk). aims: Allied statements, 330-331, 439; Zalkind, Ivan A., 363, 368, 370, 724.

reception of Allied and American Zemstvos, 71, 143, 151, 273, 284, 285, messages, 52, 86-97; restatement 314, 415, 537. asked by Russians, 238, 254-255, dissolution, 313-314, 340. 280; U. S. statements, 405, 423- | Zinoviev, Gregory E., 351, 486, 676, 424, 426-427.

677, 697.

555.

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