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minated in his dissolution the 4th of April, 1774, after an illness of ten days, in the forty-third year of his age. He was buried in the Temple Church-yard, the 9th of the same month. A pompous funeral was intended; but a slight inspection into his affairs showed the impropriety of that design, and most of his friends sent excuses. A few coffee-house acquaintance, rather suddenly collected, attended his remains to the grave.

A few years after bis death, a monument, by Nollikens, was erected in Westminster Abbey, at the expense of the literary club to which he belonged ; and upon it is inscribed the following epitaph, written by Dr. Samuel Johnson ;


Poetæ, Physici, Historici,
qui nullum fere scribendi genus

non tetigit,
nullum quod tetigit non ornavit;
sive risus essent movendi,

sive lacrymæ,
affectuum potens, at lenis dominator;
ingenio sublimis, vividus, versatilis ;
oratione grandis, nitidus, venustus;
hoc monumento memoriam coluit

sodalium amor,
amicorum fides,

lectorum veneratio.
Natus Hibernia, Forneiæ Lonfordiensis,

in loco cui nomen Pallas,

Nov. 29, 1731.
Eblanæ literis institutus,

obiit Londini,
Apr. 4, 1774.

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This monument is raised to the memory of

Poet, Natural Philosopher, and Historian,
who left no species of writing untouched, or

unadorned by his pen,
whether to move laughter, or draw tears:
he was a powerful master over the affections,
though, at the same time, a gentle tyrant;

of a genius
at once sublime, lively, and equal to every subject :

in expression
at once noble, pure, and delicate.

His memory
will last as long as society retains affection,

friendship is not void of honour,

and reading wants not her admirers. He was born in the kingdom of Ireland, at Fernes,

in the province of Leinster,
Where Pallas had set her name,

Nov. 29, 1731.
He was educated at Dublin, and died in London,

April 4, 1774.

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Goldsmith's Miscellaneous Essays, in prose and verse, were collected into one volume, 8vo, 1775; and again much enlarged in 3 vol. 12mo, by the late Mr. Thomas Wright, printer, and published in 1798. His poetical and dramatic works were collected, and printed in 2 vol. 8vo, 1780. An edition of his Miscellaneous Works was printed at Perth, 3 vol. 8vo, 1793. His Traveller and Deserted Village have been frequently reprinted, and with his Retaliation and other pieces were received into the edition of the “ English Poets,” 1790.

As a poet, Goldsmith is characterised by elegance, tenderness, and simplicity. He is of the school of Dryden and Pope, rather than that of Spencer and Milton. In sweetness and harmony, he rivals every writer of verse since the days of Pope. It is to be regretted, that his poetical performances are not more numerous. Though he wrote prose with great facility, he was rather slow in his poetry, not from the tardiness of fancy, but the time he took in pointing the sentiment, and polishing the versification. His manner of writing poetry, it is said, was this: he first sketched a part of his design in prose, in which he threw out his ideas as they occurred to him; he then sat carefully down to versify them, correct them, and add such other ideas as he thought better fitted to the subject.







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