The Orthocratic State
Praeger, 2003 - 200 страница
Sicker argues that it is the achievement of orthocracy as the motivating concept of the state rather than democracy as its optimum form that is crucial for mankind in the 21st century, notwithstanding that the widespread adoption of substantive democracy may be the best currently conceivable means for reaching the goal of universal responsible statehood. In a critique of much modern political theory, Sicker reexamines the essential idea of the state as well as its purpose as understood from a variety of perspectives, a subject that has largely been neglected over the past several decades as a subject of interest to political theorists in the United States. He then considers the relationship of the state to its constituents, a subject that leads to a discussion of rights and obligations, and whether that relationship is defined entirely by the state or whether its constituents are endowed with natural rights that are independent of the state that the state must take into account in asserting its authority. This is followed by an extensive discussion of the corollary concepts of generic, social, political, and economic equality, and concludes with a consideration of some ideas that might serve as the motivating principles of an orthocratic state.
The treatment of equality developed by Sicker differs in a number of respects from the approach taken in a good deal of modern writing on political theory, much of which is primarily concerned with the question of individual liberty. However, he argues equality must necessarily take precedence over liberty in the hierarchy of social values, that the primary social value is not liberty but equality, and that the claim of a right to individual liberty is clearly predicated on the presumed equality of men in society. This is a thoughtful analysis that will be of concern to scholars and students involved with political theory as well as the concerned citizen.
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The extensive discussion of concepts of equality , and particularly the relation of
equality to the idea of individual liberty , which constitutes about half of the work ,
is of particular relevance to the question of orthocracy . Its treatment here differs ...
... literature that deals with various aspects of the issues raised in this study , I do ,
wherever possible , draw on that considerable body of work to the extent that the
citations I employ are directly relevant to the point under discussion . Again , I ...
Moreover , the bulk of Bosanquet ' s “ operative criticism ” takes place , at least in
an open society , through discussion and debate , as well as through the
activities of a range of voluntary agencies that are not empowered by the state .
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The Essence of the State
Natural and Legislated
The Idea and Ideal of Equality
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