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Protesting Against British Use of American Flag

(February 10, 1915) 223

Identic Note to Great Britain and Germany, Pro-

posing Solution of Blockade and Submarine

Controversy (February 20, 1915) . . . . 225

Pointing Out Irregularities in British and French

Blockade of Germany (March 5, 1916) . . 227

Denouncing British Blockade as Illegal (October

21, 1915) 229

First "Lusitania" Note to Germany (May 13,

1915) 239

Second and Third "Lusitania" Notes (June 9,

1915, and July 21, 1915) 244

Note to Austria, on the "Ancona" Sinking (Decem-

ber 6, 1916) 254

Note to Germany, on the "Sussex" Affair (April

18, 1916) 257

Special Message to Congress on the "Sussex"

Affair (April 19, 1916) 262

Accepting German Agreement to Modify Sub-
marine War Against Merchant Ships (May 8,
1916) 269

Address before League to Enforce Peace, Washing-

ton (May 27, 1916) 271

Address before Press Club, New York (June 30,

1916) 276

Address at Salesmanship Congress, Detroit (July

10, 1916) 279

Address at Citizenship Convention, Washington (July

13, 1916) 290

Special Message to Congress, on Threatened Railroad

Strike (August 29, 1916) 294

Address Accepting Renomination, Long Branch (Sep-

tember 2, 1916) 302

Address on Lincoln, Hodgenville, Ky. (September 4,

1916) 819

Twenty-eighth President Of The United States

[Vice-President, two terms, Thomas R. Marshall]

The return of the Democratic party to power was made certain by the feeling of the country that the Payne-Aldrich tariff, enacted by the Republicans early in Mr. Taft's term, did not properly meet the pledge that the tariff should be thoroughly revised and substantially reduced by those responsible for the protective policy. In 1910, the Democrats elected a majority of the new Congress. In 1912, they carried the Presidential election as well as the Congressional. For the first time, the plan of popular primaries was used by the parties in the selection of candidates.

The Democratic primaries showed Champ Clark (Speaker of the House) to be a plurality favorite, while the Republican primaries showed a clear preference for Theodore Roosevelt. But the effort to secure a second term for Taft gave him control of the Republican convention at Chicago, with the result that the larger half of the Republican party supported Roosevelt on a separate ticket. Woodrow Wilson, Governor of New Jersey, had been a prominent Democratic candidate, and through the influence of Mr. Bryan, Wilson prevailed over Clark in the Democratic convention at Baltimore. Apart from the fact that it was logically a Democratic year, the split in the Republican party made Democratic victory quite inevitable.

Woodrow Wilson had not been in active politics, but he had long been a distinguished citizen and an eminent authority in the field of American history, government, and public policy. From his youth he had excelled in oratory, and his life study had been in the fields of jurisprudence

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