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BY S. G. GOODRICH,
AUTIOB OF PETER PARLEY'S TALES, ETC., ETC.

FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES.

A NEW EDITION,

PHILADELPHIA:
PUBLISHED BY E. H. BUTLER & CO.

1871.

EducT 708.71.427

PREFACE TO THE NEW EDITION. This work was originally published about fifteen years ago, since which time nearly 500,000 copies have been sold. The decided and continuous approbation indicated by these facts, has stimulated the author and publisher to bestow upon it a careful revision, with a view to meet the constantly improving taste of the public in respect to educational works.

In the present edition, the original form of the work has been pre crved, buit numerous additions have been made, either for the purpose f perfecting certain portions and passages, or in order to bring down the train of events to the present time. A large number of illustrative notes have been appended to the pages, and at the end of the work will be found the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, adopted during the Revolutionary period, and the Constitution of the United States, together with a full Index of proper names.

While, therefore, the original design of this work, which was to make it primarily a book for schools—interesting to the pupil and easy to be learned, yet leaving vivid and abiding impressions on the memory-has been kept steadily in view, it is believed that, as now presented, it will prove to be a convenient and useful manual for the family, and the general reader.

Entereil, aceording to the Act of Congress, in the year 1843, by S. G. GOODRICHI, in the Clerk's once of the District Court for the District of Massachusetts,

Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1954, by S. G. GOODRICII, in the Clerk's Office of the Distriot Court for the Southern District of New York.

Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1859, by S. G. GOODRICHI, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1905, by

THE UEIRS OP S. G. GOODRICII,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York

DEPARTMENT OF I'UBLIC INSTRUCTION,

Baltimore, Md., July 22d, 1865. At a meeting of the State Board of Education, held this day, “GOODRICH'S I'ICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES” was adopted as a Text-Duok to be used in the l'ublic Schools throughout the State.

W. IDAC: SOPER, Clerk.

OFTICE CF THE CONTROLLERS OF Public Schools, First DISTRICT OF 1'EXX: ILVANIA,

Philadelphia, April 2d, 18C8. At a meeting of the Controllers of Public Schools, First District of Pennsylvania, held at the Controllers’ Chamber, Tuesday March 10th, 1868, the following resolution was adopted:

Resolved, That “GOODRICA'S PICTORIAL HISTORY OF UNITED STATES," "GOODRICU'S HISTORY
OF THE WORLD,” “GOODRICH'S PICTORIAL CHILD'S HISTORY,” and “MITCHELL'S PHYSICAL CEO
GRAPRY," be introduced to be used in the schools of this District.
Froin the Minutes,

H. W. IIALLIWELL. Secretary.

CAXTON PRESS OF

SHERMAN & Co., PHILADELPHIA.

CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTION.

PAGB

CHAPTER I. Early Seulement of Asia, Africa, and Europe. Progress of Nariga jon. 11

II. Sailors of Scandinavia. Vasco da Gama. ' Spectre of the Cape. Im-

provement oi Navigation. Columbus. Madoc.....

III. Discovery and Settleinent of the Nor:bmen in North America.. 14

IV. About Christopher l'olumbus. Ilis plans for making discoveries.

His cause espousel by the King and Queen of Spain

18

V. First Voyage of Columbus across the Atlantic. His Discovery of

America.

21

VI. The o: her Voyages of Columbus..

26

VII. Other Discoveries in America by the English, Portuguese, and French, 27

VIII. Various Discoveries in North America The Voyage of Verrazani.

Discoveries of Cartier. Ponce de Leon. De Soto. Sir Walter Raleigh. 28

IX. The Native Inhabitants of the New World. Its Plants and Animals. 30

UNITED STATES.

X. An English Colony sent out to Virginia. Settlement at Jamestown. 32

XI. Visit to Powhatan. Account of the Indians in this Quarter. Sad

('ondi the Colony..

36

XII. Captain John Smith. His remarkable Life and Adventures. He joins

the Expedition to Virginia. Makes Treaties with the Indians, etc.. 87

XIII. Cap ain Smith goes on an Exploring Voyage. He is taken l’risoner,

and carried before Powhatan.

39

XIV. The Story of Pocahontas. She saves Captain Smith's Life, and be-

comes the Friend of the English. She is married to Rolfe.

XV. Depressed state of the Colony. Arrival of Captain Newport and more

Emigrants. The Gold Fever. Smith's Voyage of Discovery.... 43

XVI. Increase of the Colony. Smith's Administration of the Government.

Failure of his Ilealth. His Return to England....

43

XVII. The Colony on the Verge of Ruin. Preparations to abandon James-

town. Lord Delaware. His new and successful Government.. 47

KVIII. Progress of the Colony at Jamestown. Lord Delaware's Govern-

ment. Adıninistration of Governor Dalc,

XIX. Discoveries of Heary Hudson. Settleinent of New York by the Dutch. 51

XX. Various Settlements in New England. Captain Smith's Survey of

the Coast...

52

XXI. Tho Puritans the first Settlers of New England..

55

XXII. The Puritans at Cape Cod.

57

XXIII. Further Surveys of the Shore. Indians. The Landing at Plymouth. 59

XXIV. Settlement of Plymouth. Two men get lost in the Woods, and are

greatly frightened by the Wolves..

61

XXV. Severe Sufferings of the Plymouth Colonists.

62

XXVI. Arrival of the Indian Sainoset. Treaty with the Massachusetts and

other Indian Tribes....

64

XXVII. The Colony threatened by the Niraganset Indians. Drought and

Scarcity. Governor Bradford journey's among the Indians..

66

XXVIII. Progress of the Virginia Colony. Opechancanougli's l’lot and the

Massacre of 16?2. The Massacre of 1644.

68

XXIX. Seulement at Weymonth. Cap ain Standish chastises the Indians.

Oiher Seulemen s. Incorporation of Massachusetts Bay Colony.. 70

XXX. Seulement of New Hampshire. Other Events in this Siaie..

72

XXXI. Government of the Colonics. Union of the Colonies of Plymouth and

Massachusetts Bay...

73

XXXII. IIistory of Maryland. Lord Baltimore's Visit to America. Leonard

Calvert's Arrival. Settlement of Maryland. Claiborne's Rebellion. 76

XXXIII. Various Settlements in Connecticut. Opposition of the Dutch. A

Singular Journey across the Wilderness

79

XXXIV. Roger Williams. Ile is banished from Massachusetts, and seriles in

Rhode Island. The Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.... 80

XXXV. War wi:h the Pequod Indians. The Battle at Mystic River. Burn-
ing of the Indian Fors. Uiter Defeat of the Pequods.....

8

XXXVI. Anecilotes of ile Pequod War. The Indian Chiefs Uneas and Sassa-

cus. The Beneficent Conduct of Roger Williams..

84

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