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office, can answer no other purpose, proclamation; and do hereby dif? We consider that to be an indem- Tolve the said parliament accordnity which renders trial, and conse- ingly : and the Lords fpiritual and quently punishment impracticable.' temporal, and the knights, citizens, And trial is impracticable when the and burgesses, and the commiffion. very governor, under whose autho. ers for shires and burghs, of the rity acts of violence may be com- house of commons, are discharged mitted, is impowered to send the from their meeting and attendance, instruments of that violence to on Tuesday the said 15th day of three thousand miles distance from November next. And we being the scene of their offence, the reach desirous and resolved, as soon as of their prosecutor, and the local may be, to meet our people, and evidence which may tend to their to have their advice in parliament, conviction. The authority given do hereby make known, to all our by this bill to compel the transpor- loving subjects, our royal will and tation from America to Great-Bri- pleasure to call a new parliament : tain, of any number of witnesses at and do hereby further declare that, the pleasure of the parties prosecut with the advice of our privy council ing and prosecuted, without any we have, this day, given order to regard to their age, sex, health, our chancellor of Great Britain to circumstances, business or duties, issue out writs, in due form, for seems to us so extravagant in its calling a new parliament ; which principle, and so impračticable in writs are to be attested on Saturday its execution, as to confirm the ist day of O&tober next, and to further in our opinion of the spirit be returnable on Tuesday the 29:h which animates the whole "fyf- day of November following. tem of the present American regu Given at our court at St. James's lations.
the 3cth day of September, 1774, Richmond, Portland, in the 14th year of our reign. Fitzwilliam,
Craven, Ponsonby, Leinster, Rockingham, Manchester.
Proteft of the Lords.
Die Mercurii, 30 Novembri, 1774. By, the KING,
THE lord chancellor reported A Proclamation, for diffolving this his majesty's speech, and the
present Parliament, and declaring same being read by the clerk, the calling of another.
Moved, that an humble address
be presented to his Majesty, to reGEORGE R.
turn his majesty the thanks of this
house for his molt gracious speech HEREAS we have thought from the throne.
and with the advice To declare our abhorrence and of our privy council, to diffolve detestation of the daring fpirit of this present parliament, which now resistance and disobedience to the stands prorogued to Tuesday the laws, which so strongly prevails in 15th of November next: we do, the province of the Massachusetts for that end, publish this our roya Bay, and of the unwarrantable
attempts in that and other pro- inculcate, by our example, a due vinces of America, to obftruct, by reverence for the laws, and a just unlawful combinations, the trade sense of the excellency of our conof this kingdom.
stitution ; and, impressed with the To return his majesty our humble deepest gratitude for the many blesthanks for having been pleased to fings we have enjoyed during the communicate to us, that he has course of his majesty's reigni, to taken such measures, and given testify with unaffected zeal at this such orders, as his majesty hath conjuncture our inviolable fidelity judged most proper and effectual to his majesty, and our serious atfor the protection and security of tention to the public welfare, the commerce of his majesty's sub- Then an amendment was projects, and for carrying into execu- posed to be made to the said motion the laws, which were passed tion, by inserting, after the word in the laft session of the late parlia- throne, at the end of the first para. ment, relative to the province of graph, these words : the Massachusett's Bay.
To desire his majesty would be To express our entire satisfaction graciously pleased to give direction in his majetty's firm and stedfast for an early communication of the resolution to continue to support accounts which have been received the supreme authority of the legif- concerning the state of the colonies, lature over all the dominions of his that we may not proceed to the crown, and to give his majesty the consideration of this most critical ftrongest assurances that we will and important matter, but upon chearfully co-operate in all such the fullest information, and when measures as Thall be necessary to we are thus informed, we shall, maintain the dignity, safety, and without delay, apply ourselves with welfare of the British empire. the most earnest and serious zeal ,
That as this nation cannot be to such measures as Mall tend to unconcerned in the common in- secure the honour of his majesty's terest of Europe, we have the great- crown, the true dignity of the est satisfaction in being acquainted mother country, and the harmony with the conclusion of the peace and happiness of all his majesty's -between Russia and the Porte ; dominions. that we confide in his majesty's Which being objc&ted to, endeavours to prevent, as far as After long debate, possible, the breaking out of fresh The question was put, whether disturbances; and from the assure these words shall be inserted in the ances given to his majesty by other faid motion ? powers, we have the pleasing ex- It was resolved in the negative. pećtation that nothing is likely to Contents
13 intervene that may interrupt the
633 present happy tranquillity in Eu
Because we cannot agree to comThat it is no less our duty than mit ourselves with the careless faciour inclination to proceed with lity of a common address of complitemper and unanimity in our deli- ment, in expressions, which may berations and resolutions, and to lead to measures in the event fatal
to the lives, properties, and li- This unfortunate system, conceived bertie of a very great part of our with so little prudence, and purfellow-subjects.
sued with fo little temper, consis We conceive that an address tency, or foresight, we were in upon such objects as are before us, hopes, would beat length abandonand at such a time as this, muft ed, from an experience of the mis. necessarily have a considerable in-chiefs which it has produced, in fluence upon our future proceed- proportion to the time in which it ings; and must impress the public was continued, and the diligence with an idea of the general spirit with which it has been pursued; a of the measures which we mean to system which has created the utmost fupport.
confusion in the colonies, without Whatever methods we shall think any rational hope of advantage to it adviseable to pursue, either in the revenue, and with certain defapport of the mere authority of triment to the commerce of the parliament, which seems to be the mother country. And it affords us fole confideration with fome,', or a melancholy prospect of the disfor reconciling that authority with position of lords in the present par. the peace and satisfaction of the liament, when we see the house, whole empire, which has ever been under the preffure of fo fevere and our constant and invariable object, uniform an experience, again ready, it will certainly add to the weight without any enquiry, to countenance, and efficacy of our proceedings, if if not to adopt, the spirit of the they appear the result of full infor- former fatal proceedings, mation, mature deliberation, and But whatever may be the mil. temperate enquiry.
chievous designs, or the inconfideNo materials for such an enquiry rate temerity, which leads others have been laid before us; nor have to this desperate courfe, we wih any such been so much as promised to be known as persons who have in the speech from the throne, or ever disapproved" of measures fo even in any verbal assurance from pernicious in their paft effects, and ministers.
their future tendency, and who are In this fituation we are called not in hafte, without inquiry or inupon to make an address, arbi formation, to commit ourselves in trarily impofing qualities and de- declarations which may precipitate fcriptions upon
acts done in the our country into all the calamities colonies, of the true nature and just of a civil war. extent of which we are as yet in a Richmond, Torrington, great measure unapprized ; a pro Portland, Ponsonby, cednre which appears to us by no Rockingham, Wycombe, means consonant to that purity Stamford, Camden. which we ought ever to preserve in Stanhope, our judicial, and to that caution which ought to guide us in our deliberate capacity.
Translation of his Catholic Majesty's 2. Because this address does, in Declaration of War against the effect, imply an approbation of the
Emperor of Morocco. fyftem adopted with regard to the THEREAS at the adjustcolonies in the last parliament,
ment of the
King of Morocco, the renewal and according to the treaties of peace fixing the boundaries of the terri- made between us and you: but the tory, which is annexed to my forts Mahometans of our dominions, and on the coasts of that kingdom, were of Algiers, have agreed, saying : settled, as also the restitution of That they will not suffer any deserters, and various other condi. Christian whatever to be on the tions, which all testify the said coasts of Mahometan countries from prince's recognition of the incon- 'Ceuta to Oran, and they will reteftible right in my crown to those cover to themselves the possession> places, situate in countries which of them ; for which reason they had been part of the Spanish mo- have requested us to attend serinarchy; and although by the very ously to this affair, saying, " Thou act of the King of Morocco himself haft no excuse for remaining quiet, having complied with these stipu- or consenting that Mahometan counlations, it appears, that living in tries should remain in the power of peace with christians who occupied Christians, at a time when God those places in Africa, was not in. hath given thee forces and warlike confiftent with the feet which he instruments, such as no one else profeffes; notwithstanding all this, hath." It was not possible for he, doubtless not attending to all us not to attend to their inthe advantages which he receives ftances, or aslift them upon this from peace
and commerce with my subject: and now we are desirous dominions, has written me a letter, of taking the matter into considera. in which, founding himself upon tion. If the Algerines undertake maxims and principles of his own the war together with us, as they fect and policy, strange and new have desired to do, it is well; but ones entirely, compared with those if they withdraw themselves, and received among European nations, oppose what they themselves have he tells me, that he will make war defired; we will consider them as against these ports, and pretends, 'enemies, and fight in person, till at the same time, that such a step God mall decide between us and is not to interrupt the friendship, them. And this business is not the intercourse, and commerce be- against the peace which subsists betwixt our respective states, &c. as twixt us and you: your traders and appears from the tenor of the said their ships will remain as before, letter; which, being translated from and will take their provisions and the Arabic, is literally as follows : other things from any of our ports,
as they please, conforming to the “ In the name of the merciful customs now observed in them,
God, and there is no help but in agreeable to the marine treaty bęthe great God.
tween our respective caravels, and “ Mahomed Ben Abdalla, (L.S.) your hips hall receive no damage,
The 15th of the month of Ra. so that your subjects will trade in geb, in the year 1188.
all our dominions, and will travel
by land and by sea, with all secu“ To the King of Spain. rity, and nobody will hurt them, “ Health to him who follows because we have established peace the law, and persists therein. Know with you, which we will not break, ye, that we are in peace with you if you, on your part, do not :-In
which which case you will be allowed four that, in case of a rupture, fix months months, that every body may know thould be allowed to the individuit ; and what we have said con- als of both nations to retire freely cerning our going to the faid coun- to their respective countries with tries, is, becanse we are obliged their goods and effects, which I to it, and have no method of ex. order Thall be kept and observed cufing ourselves from it. But with punctually with the Morocco subrespect to peace at sea, we will do jects ; being persuaded, that that according to our own will. And prince will observe the same with now we give you an account of the respect to mine. And whereas truth of this business, that you may lately, the King of Morocco having be advised thereof, and consider sent me some Spanish captives, what suits you ; and we have signed which he had obiained from the this letter with our own illustrious regency of Algiers, I did order the hand, that you may be assured of alcaide who brought them, that its certainty. Greeting, the 15th not only all the Morocco Moors, day of the month of Rageb, in the who, by having been taken on year 1188." (19th Sept. 1774.) board Algerine vessels, were pri
And judging it unbecoming my foners in Carthagena, should be de. sovereignty to listen to, much less livered up, but also all the wounded to admit" such propofitions; and and old Algerines who were there ; being besides informed that the am desirous that these unhappy person who was charged by the people should effectually have their King of Morocco to deliver this liberty, and be conyeyed to the letter to the governor of Ceuta for kingdo:n of Morocco, as was inme, had declared, that, in proof tended, notwithstanding the new of the peace being at an end, the state of affairs which has arisen, be. Moors in the camp would fire ing moved thereto by the pity with against the fort with balls as soon which I consider their fate, and be. as he had left it ; which they actu. cause they should not be prejudiced ally did; and being informed that by an event in which they have no the said Moors have since continued concern. Wherefore, and in conto fire against certain fishermen's sequence of all that has been stated, boats, which were near them as I order, That ihe peace between usual, by which hoftilities the those dominions and these shall be Moors have broken the peace ; I held to be broken, and the war be have resolved, upon
account of renewed, and that the subjects of these acts, and from the time they the King of Morocco shall not be were committed, to declare, That disturbed in their free return to it is to be understood, that the their country, with their goods and friendship and good harmony with effects, for which I grant the term
the King of Morocco is interrupt. of fix months, counting from the 1 ed, all communication is to cease publication of this cedula, for such
between my subjects and his, and is my will. Dated at San Lorenzo things to return to the state of war, el Real. October 23, 1774. by sea and land, in which they
I THE KING, were before the treaty was settled,
Geronimo de Grimaldi. keeping up only the 17th article of it, in which it was ftipulated,