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abridged, with a key to some of the pages in “The Isolation Plan,” where the ideas are to be found. 27% 2’--~&x- /... it, ADDRESS JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS,

JAN. 8, 1918

I. “Open covenants of peace " * * openly arrived at.”

As a uniform system of law is proposed under this Plan, there would be no object in even discussing them privately.

II. “Absolute freedom of navigation on seas outside of territorial waters * * * except by international action to enforce covenants.”

“No nation has the sovereign right to use arms beyond its territorial limits * * * open sea, where other nations have an equal right,” etc., p. 34. Naval disarmament, save for piracy. Claim 14, p. 2, and pp. 26–29. Art. XXVI Convention, et seq., p. 63.

III. “Removal, so far as possible, of economic barriers.” Water and other ways (“Hinterland” principle), Duties, taxes, etc., pp. 47-48.


“Adequate guarantee given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to lowest point consistent with domestic safety.”

“Disarmament must be general, save always for internal police purposes and the prevention of piracy on the seas,” p. 29.

Provisions for compulsory arbitration and general disarmament under sanction of non-intercourse. Convention, Arts. on disarmament, XXV et seq., p. 62 et seq. Claim 14, p. 2, “Stronger Assurance,” 53.

V. Self-determination of “all colonial claims.”



Provision for periodical plebiscites on self-government in all colonies, pp. 46-8.

“Evacuation of French territory “ ” * and wrong

done France by Prussia in 1871, should be righted.”

Statu quo ante and plan for demarcation of racial sections of Alsace and Lorraine and self-determination therein by plebiscites, pp. 48-9.

“General association of nations * * * guarantees * * * territorial integrity to great and small alike.”

“Territorial Integrity. The recognition by the Convention of only independent states and the treatment of them as equals in their international relationship, disposes of the question of territorial integrity” * * * p. 31.

Equal rights in matters of justice, Claim 5, p. 1, and pp. xxi and 10. Equal recognition, p. 46.

(VI, VII, IX, X, XI, XII, and XIII refer to rights of self-determination of peoples in Russia, Belgium, Italy, Austria, Hungary, Roumania, Turkey and Poland, respectively, and follow ideas cited under V and VIII, above.)


I. “Destruction of every arbitrary power * * * or reduction to virtual impotence.” “No nation should dominate,” p. 50.

II. “Settlement of every question * * * on basis of free acceptance * * * by the people immediately concerned.” “The co-operation of both belligerents is essential for the establishment and maintenance of any future relationship that is to endure,” p. 52.

III. “Consent of all nations to be governed by principles of honor—promises * * * sacredly observed— handsome foundation of mutual respect for right.” “Without injury to national pride * * * no rancor,” p. 52.

IV. “Organization of Peace " * * which shall check every invasion of right and serve to make * * * justice " * * secure by affording a * * * tribunal

of opinion to which all must submit.”
Whole Isolation Plan.


* I. “Impartial justice—no discrimination between those to whom we wish to be just and those to whom we do not wish to be just.” “The mode of constituting the (arbitral) courts is the most complete device to assure impartiality.” Claim, 6, p. 1 and p. 13 et seq.

II. “No special or separate interest of any nation or group of nations can be made the basis of any part of the settlement.” “It (The Isolation Plan) would afford an absolute equality between large and small nations in matters of right.” Claim 5, pp. 1, 17 and 50.

III. “No Leagues or alliances * * * within the League of Nations.”

“It would lend no encouragement to

alliances between nations.” Claim 4, p. 1.

IV. Repetition of III and “no employment of any form of economic boycott or exclusion except as power in League as means to discipline and control.” “It would be wholly scientific. * * * The sanction (of isolation) would be the most drastic. The application of the sanction would not be directed toward the support of any side of the contention. The function of the body that would administer it would simply be to establish a fact which should be determined in less than a day.” Claims 9-12, pp. 1-2. “Non-compliance would be a breach of the Convention * * * (p. 22.)

W. “All agreements and treaties must be made known.” An Arbitral Court would not recognize an agreement compromising its jurisdiction or enforce those prejudicial to the interests of third nations, unless the latter had had previous notice. When the matter in nowise affects other nations the reason for making it known would not


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