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GENERAL HISTORY.

1858 (February 25). Lord Derby,

Prime Minister.

1859. Italian War. - Battles of

Magenta and Solferino. (June 18.) Lord Palmerston,

Prime Minister.

1865 (November 6). Lord Russell

INDIA.

1858. Government of India Act,

1858 (21 & 22 Vict. c. 106), places British India under direct government of Crown.—Lord

Canning, Viceroy. (November 1.) Queen's Amnesty

Proclamation published in

India. 1859. Punjab constituted a Lieu

tenant-Governorship under Sir

John Lawrence.
Indian Code of Civil Procedure

passed.
1860. Indian Penal Code passed.
1861. Indian Civil Service Act, 1861

(24 & 25 Vict. c. 54), Indian Councils Act, 1861 (24 & 25 Vict. c. 67), and Indian High Courts Act, 1861 (24 & 25 Vict. c. 104), passed by Parliament. -Code of Criminal Procedure

passed in India. 1862-3. Lord Elgin, Viceroy. 1864-9. Lord Lawrence, Viceroy. 1864. Bhután Dwárs annexed. 1865. Indian Succession Act passed.

1866. Famine in Orissa.

1867 (September). Straits Settle

ments separated from India. 1868. Sher Ali, Amir of Afghanis

tan.

becomes Prime Minister on

death of Lord Palmerston. 1866. War between Prussia and

Austria.- Battle of Königgrätz

or Sadowa. (July 6.) Lord Derby, Prime

Minister. 1868 (February 27). B. Disraeli,

Prime Minister. Abyssinian expedition. (December 9.) W. E. Gladstone,

Prime Minister. 1869 (November). Suez Canal

opened. 1870. Franco-German War.–Revo

lution in France. 1871. King William of Prussia

becomes German Emperor. 1874 (February 21). B. Disraeli,

Prime Minister.

1869-72. Lord Mayo, Viceroy. 1869. Legislative Department of

Government of India estab

lished. 1872. Indian Contract Act and

Evidence Act passed. 1872-6. Lord Northbrook, Vice

roy. 1876-80. Lord Lytton, Viceroy. 1876-8. Famine in India.

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1877. Russo-Turkish War.

1878. Treaties of San Stefano

(March) and Berlin (July).

1880 (April 25). W. E. Gladstone,

Prime Minister. 1882. Indian troops used in the

Egyptian War.

1877 (January 1). Queen pro

claimed Empress of India at

Delhi. 1878. Invasion of Afghanistan. 1879 (July). Treaty of Gandamak. (September.) Cavagnari killed

at Cabul.-English invade Af

ghanistan. 1880-4. Lord Ripon, Viceroy. 1880 (July). Abdurrahman recog

nized as Amir of Afghanistan. -Battle of Maiwand. General Roberts' march from Cabul to

Kandahar. 1884. Boundary Commission ap

pointed to settle North-West

frontier. 1884-8. Lord Dufferin, Viceroy. 1885. Third Burmese War.

1886 (January 1). Upper Burma

annexed. (November 21.) Legislative Coun

cil established for North-Wes

tern Provinces. 1888-93. Lord Lansdowne, Viceroy. 1889. Military expeditions sent

against hill tribes. 1890. Chin and Lushai expeditions.

-Rising in Manipur. 1891. Massacre in Manipur. 1892. Constitution and procedure of

Indian Legislative Councils altered by Indian Councils Act,

1892 (55 & 56 Vict. c. 14). 1893. Separate armies of Madras

and Bombay abolished by Madras and Bombay Armies Act,

1893 (56 & 57 Vict. c. 62). (June 26.) Indian Mint closed. 1894 (January 27). Lord Elgin,

Viceroy. (December 27.) Import duty

imposed on cotton. 1895. Chitral Expedition.

1885 (June 24). Lord Salisbury,

Prime Minister. 1886 (February 6). W. E. Glad

stone, Prime Minister. (August 3.) Lord Salisbury.

Prime Minister.

1887. Jubilee of Queen Victoria's

reign.

1892 (August 18). W. E. Gladstone,

Prime Minister.

1894 (March 3). Lord Rosebery,

Prime Minister.

1895 (July 2). Lord Salisbury,

Prime Minister.

1896. Appearance of plague in

Bombay.

GENERAL HISTORY.

INDIA.

1897 (June). Jubilee celebrations

in England.

1899 (October 11). Boer War con

menced: ended May 31, 1902.

1901 (January 22). Death of Queen

Victoria. (January 24.) Proclamation of

King Edward VII.

1896-7. Famine in India. 1897 (April 9). Legislative Council

established for Punjab. Burma constituteda Lieutenant-Governorship, with a Legislative

Council. (June 12.) Earthquake in Bengal.

1902 (August 9.) Coronation. (January 30). Anglo-Japanese

Treaty signed. (July.) Mr. Balfour, Prime Minis

ter.

1904 (February 8). Russo-Japanese

War on North-Western frontier. 1898. Appearance of plague at Cal

cutta and in Madras. Famine

Commission. 1899 (January 6). Lord Curzon,

Viceroy. 1899-1900. Recurrence of famine

in India. 1901 (October). Death of Amir

Abdur Rahman of Afghanistan. Punitive operations against Mah

sud Waziris. (November.) Constitution of the

North-West frontier Province

under a Chief Commissioner. 1902. 'North-Western Provinces

and Oudh' renamed 'United

Provinces of Agra and Oudh.' 1902-3. Indian Police Commission. 1903 (January). Delhi Durbar. (October.) Incorporation of Berar

with the Central Provinces.
1903-4. Mission to Tibet.
1904. Indian Universities Act.
1904-5. Mission to Cabul.

War commenced : ended Sep-
tember 5, 1905 ; Peace Treaty

signed at Portsmouth, U.S.A. Anglo-French Agreement signed. 1905 (August 12). Anglo-Japanese

Treaty signed. (November.) Sir Henry Camp

bell-Bannerman, Prime Minister.

1905 (March). Constitution of Rail

way Board in India. (April 4.) Earthquake in Punjab.

Reorganization of Military Department of the Government of India : creation of Army and

Military Supply Departments. Eastern Bengal and Assam con

stituted a separate administration under a Lieutenant-Gover

nor with a Legislative Council. (November 18.) Lord Minto,

Viceroy.

GOVERNORS-GENERAL OF FORT WILLIAM IN BENGAL?.

1774. Warren Hastings (Governor

of Bengal from 1772). 1785. Sir J. Macpherson (temporary,

February 1, 1785, to September

12, 1786). 1786. Lord Cornwallis. 1793. Sir John Shore (Lord Teign

mouth). 1798. Sir Alured Clarke (temporary,

March 6 to May 18, 1798). 1798. Earl of Mornington (Marquis

Wellesley). 1805. Lord Cornwallis (took office

July 30, died October 5).

1805. Sir George Barlow (tempo

rary, October 10, 1805, to July

31, 1807). 1807. Lord Minto. 1813. Lord Moira (Marquis of

Hastings). 1823. John Adam (temporary,

January 9 to August 1, 1823). 1823. Lord Amherst. 1828. W. B. Bayley (temporary,

March 13 to July 4, 1828). 1828. Lord William Bentinck.

GOVERNORS-GENERAL OF INDIA. 1834. Lord William Bentinck. 1842. Lord Ellenborough. 1835. Sir Charles Metcalfe (tem- 1844. Sir Henry (Lord) Hardinge.

porary, March 20, 1835, to 1848. Lord Dalhousie.
March 4, 1836).

1856. Lord Canning. 1836. Lord Auckland.

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(FROM Nov. 1, 1858). 1858. Lord Canning (continued as 1880. Lord Ripon. Viceroy).

1884. Lord Dufferin. 1862. Lord Elgin.

1888. Lord Lansdowne. 1864. Sir John (Lord) Lawrence. 1894. Lord Elgin. 1869. Lord Mayo.

1899. Lord Curzon. 1872. Lord Northbrook.

1905. Lord Minto. 1876. Lord Lytton.

PRESIDENTS OF THE BOARD OF CONTROL. 1784. Lord Sydney.

1806 (July 26). Thomas Grenville. 1790. W. W. Grenville (afterwards 1806 (October 1). George Tierney. Lord Grenville.

1807. Robert Dundas (afterwards 1793. Henry Dundas (afterwards Viscount Melville). Viscount Melville).

1809 (July). Lord Harrowby. 1801. Lord Lewisham (afterwards 1809 (November). Robert Dundas Dartmouth).

(afterwards Viscount Melville). 1802. Lord Castlereagh.

1812. Earl of Buckinghamshire. 1806 (February 12). Lord Minto. 1816. George Canning.

· For more minute particulars as to dates see the India List.

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