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All contracts made with any negro or mulatto coming into the State, contrary to the provisions of the foregoing section, shall be void; and any person who shall employ such negro or mulatto, or otherwise encourage him to remain in the State, shall be fined in any sum not less than ten dollars, nor more than five hundred dollars.
All fines which may be collected for a violation of the provisions of this article, or of any law which may hereafter be passed for the purpose cf oarrying the same into execution, shall be set apart and appropriated for the colonization of such negroes and mulattoes, and their
descendants, as may be in the State at the adoption of this Constitution, and may be willing to emigrate.
The General Assembly shall pass laws to carry out the provisions of this article.
No free negro or mulatto, not residing in this State at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall come, reside or be within this State, or hold any real estate, or make any contracts, or maintain any suit therein; and the Legislative Assembly shall provide by penal laws for the removal by public officers of all such negroes and mulattoes, and for their effectual exclusion from the State, and for the punishment of persons who shall bring them into the State, or employ or harbor them.
The Making of Profit out of Public Money a Felony.
THE MAKING OF PROFIT OUT OF PUBLIC MONEY A FELONY.
Restrictions in Regard to Chinamen.
RESTRICTIONS IN REGARD TO CHINAMEN.
The Legislature shall prescribe all necessary regulations for the protection of the State, and the counties, cities and towns thereof, from the burdens and evils arising from the presence of aliens who are or may become vagrants, paupers, mendicants, criminals, or invalids afflicted with contagious or infectious diseases, and from aliens otherwise dangerous or detrimental to the well-being or peace of the State, and to impose conditions upon which such persons may reside in the State, and to provide the means and mode of their removal from the State, upon failure or refusal to comply with such conditions: Provided, that nothing contained in this section shall be construed to impair or limit the power of the Legislature to pass such police laws or other regulations as it may deem necessary.
No corporation now existing or hereafter formed under the laws of this State shall, after the adoption of this Constitution, employ, directly or indirectly, in any capacity, any Chinege or Mongolian. The Legislature shall pass such laws as may be necessary to enforce this provision.
No Chinese shall be employed on any
State, county, municipal or other public work, except in punishment for crime.
The presence of foreigners ineligible to become citizens of the United States is declared to be dangerous to the well-being of the State, and the Legislature shall discourage their immigration by all the means within its power. Asiatic coolieism is a form of human slavery, and is forever prohibited in this State, and all contracts for coolie labor shall be void. All companies or corporations, whether formed in this country or any foreign country, for the importation of such labor, shall be subject to such penalties as the Legislature may prescribe. The Legislature shall delegate all necessary power to the incorporated cities and towns of this State for the removal of Chinese without the limits of such cities and towns, or for their location within prescribed portions of those limits, and it shall also provide the necessary legislation to prohibit the introduction into this State of Chinese, after the adoption of this Constitution. This section shall be enforced by appropriate legislation.
No Chinaman, not a resident of the State at the adoption of this Constitution, shall ever hold any real estate or mining claim, or work any mining claim therein. The legislative assembly shall pro. vide by law in the most effectual manner for carrying out the above provisions.