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1, ante, 5327, because of the express provisions of this act creating the district in consideration of the conveyance to the government of the Port Arthur ship canal and other water ways described in the act.
Section 2 of the act provided for the appointment, office, etc., and compensation of a collector for the district of Sabine. It was superseded by said Plan of Reorganization of the Customs Service, pursuant to Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 355, g 1, and the estimate for the district of Sabine accompanying the plan of reorganization, ante, & 5327.
Section 3 of the act made Sabine a subport of entry and delivery in the district, with privileges of immediate transportation, etc., and provided for the appointment, duties, etc., of a deputy collector for the subport, and for other officers. It also was superseded by said reorganization of the customs service, pursuant to Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 355, § 1, ante, $ 5327, in which Port Arthur and Sabine were made ports of entry in the district of Sabine, by section 1, subsection 21, of said plan of reorganization.
(R. S. $8 2577-2579. Superseded.)
See note at the beginning of this chapter. § 5340. (R. S. § 2580.) Additional inspectors upon routes by
which goods withdrawn from bonded warehouse may be ex
ported to Mexico; reports by inspectors. The Secretary of the Treasury shall appoint inspectors of the customs to reside at San Antonio, Eagle Pass, the Presidio del Norte, and San Elizario, or at such other points as he may designate, not exceeding four in number, upon the routes by which goods entered and bonded and withdrawn from warehouse may, in pursuance of law, be exported to Mexico; and such inspectors shall make a report semiannually to the Secretary of the Treasury of all the trade that passes under inspection, stating the number of packages, description of goods, their value, and the names of the exporters.
Act Aug. 30, 1852, c. 96, § 3, 10 Stat. 38.
The appointment of inspectors to enforce the customs laws along the boundary between Mexico and the counties of San Diego and San Bernardino, California, was authorized by amendment of R. S. § 2607, by Act June 16, 1882, c. 223, 22 Stat. 105.
The withdrawal of imported merchandise from warehouse without payment of duties for immediate transportation to designated points in Mexico, through the ports of Lavaca and Eagle Pass, was authorized by R. S. 88 3003, 3004, as amended by Act Sept. 25, 1890, c. 917, § 2, incorporated into R. S. § 3004,
post, 88 5688, 5689. § 5341. (R. S. § 2581.) Transshipment of goods transported in
bond to Brownsville. All merchandise transported in bond to the port of Brownsville from any other port of the United States, by Brazos Harbor, may, on arrival in that harbor, be transshipped under such regulations, not inconsistent with law, as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, in other vessels for transportation by the Rio Grande to Brownsville; and all merchandise imported into the district by Brazos Harbor, from any foreign country, may in like manner be transshipped to Brownsville as provided for goods, wares, and merchandise transshipped in bond.
Act June 16, 1860, c. 134, § 4, 12 Stat. 40.
The withdrawal of imported merchandise entered and bonded at Brownsville, or rewarehoused at said port, without the payment of the duties, for immediate transportation to points in Mexico, was authorized by R. S. 3002, pest, § 5687.
§ 5342. (Act March 1, 1889, c. 309.) Port of Portland, Oregon;
extension of limits. That the limits of the port of Portland, in the State of Oregon, as a port of entry, be, and the same are hereby, extended so as to include all that portion of the east bank of the Willamette River lying opposite to the city of Portland, for a distance of one mile in width, and extending from the south boundary-line of the corporate limits of the city of Portland down said east bank of said river to a point directly opposite to the lower end of Swan Island, in said river. (25 Stat. 750.)
This was an act entitled "An act to extend the limits of the port of Portland as a port of entry.”
(R. S. $$ 2582-2587. Superseded.)
See note at the beginning of this chapter. § 5343. (R. S. $ 2588.) Manifests of vessels bound for Portland.
The master of every vessel entering the Columbia River from the sea, and bound for Portland, in the district of Willamette, shall exhibit his papers to the collector of the port of Astoria, and deposit with him a sworn copy of the manifest of cargo. If the vessel is laden with domestic merchandise or merchandise in bond for Portland, the collector at Astoria shall permit her to proceed to her place of destination; but if she has dutiable merchandise on board not bonded, he shall cause a customs officer to proceed on board the vessel to Portland, who shall see that no goods are landed from such vessel before her arrival and entry at the latter port. The necessary expenses, including the per diem of such Officer and the expense of his return to Astoria, shall be paid by the master of such vessel to the collector of customs at Portland, for the use of the United States, before permit shall be given to unload.
Act June 14, 1870, c. 127, § 2, 16 Stat. 151. § 5344. (R. S. § 2589.) Manifests of vessels clearing from Port
land. All vessels clearing from Portland, in the district of Willamette, and bound to sea, shall, on arrival at Astoria, in the district of Oregon, report to the collector; and the master of every vessel so reporting shall leave a copy of his manifest, including any additional cargo taken on board after leaving Portland, with the collector at Astoria, and thereupon shall be allowed to proceed to sea. The master or other person in charge or command of any vessel entering the Columbia River from the sea, or clearing from Portland and bound to sea as described in this section, who shall neglect to exhibit his papers, or to report to the collector, or to deposit his manifest, as herein required, shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars.
Act June 14, 1870, c. 127, § 3, 16 Stat. 151.
§ 5345. (R. S. § 2590.) Vessels having merchandise for both As
toria and Portland. When a vessel shall arive at Astoria, in the district of Oregon. from sea, having merchandise on board for that place and also for Portland, in the district of Willamette, such vessel shall enter at Astoria and discharge such portion of her cargo as is destined for that place, whereupon the collector shall cause her hatches to be closed and sealed, and shall then permit her to proceed to Portland in charge of a customs officer.
Act June 14, 1870, c. 127, § 4, 16 Stat. 151.
(R. S. $$ 2591–2607. Superseded.)
See note at the beginning of this chapter. § 5346. (Act March 2, 1889, c. 358.) Port of Memphis; extension
of limits. That the limits of the present port of Memphis, Tennessee, be extended from Beale street southward to Jackson street, and that the east line of the present port be extended southward until it intersects said Jackson street. (25 Stat. 790.)
This was an act entitled "An act to extend the limits of the port of Memphis, Tennessee."
(R. S. § 2608. Repealed.) This section provided for the appointment of four appraisers of merchandise, to be employed in visiting ports of entry under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, and to assist in the appraisement of merchandise as might be deemed necessary by the Secretary to protect and insure uniformity in the collection of the revenue from customs. It was repealed by Act June 10, 1890, c. 407, § 29, 26 Stat. 141.
(R. S. $$ 2609, 2610. Superseded.) R. S. & 2609, provided for the appointment of merchant appraisers whenever an appraisement of imported merchandise was to be made at any port for which no appraiser was provided. R. S. § 2610, made every merchant refusing to serve as such appraiser liable to a penalty. Both sections were superseded by the provisions relating to appraisers and appraisements of the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, c. 407, 26 Stat. 131, which was amended by the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of Aug. 5, 1909, c. 6, $ 28, 36 Stat. 91, and again amended by the Underwood Tariff Act of Oct. 3, 1913, c. 16, & III, making the provisions regarding appraisal read as set forth post, 88 5591, 5592, 5594-5602.
R. S. § 2945, which contained a provision similar to that of R. S. & 2610, was repealed, without mention of section 2610, by said Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, c. 407, $ 29, 26 Stat. 141. Said provision was originally enacted by Act March 1, 1823, c. 21, $ 19, 3 Stat. 736, which was incorporated into both said sections 2610 and 2945 of the Revised Statutes.
(R. S. $$ 2611, 2612. Transferred to Chapter 2 of this Title.) R. S. § 2611, required special examiners of drugs, etc., to take and subscribe an oath as prescribed therein.
R. S. § 2612, provided for instructions to collectors of districts for which an examiner of drugs, etc., was not provided by law, to prevent the importation of adulterated and spurious drugs and medicines.
Both sections are placed, with other provisions relating to the qualifications of and duties of officers of the customs, under chapter 2 of this Title, post, $ 5355, 5356.
Qualifications, Pay, and Duties of Officers
Customs-collection districts with headquarters and ports of entry, in lieu of existing districts and ports, were established by the reorganization of the Customs Service pursuant to the provisions of Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 355, $ 1, ante, $ 5327, which section provided that such reorganization "should constitute for the fiscal year 1914, and until otherwise provided by Congress, the permanent organization of the Customs Service.”
The reorganization limited the expense of the Customs Service, prescribed the number of collectors, naval officers, 'surveyors, and other customs officers and employés for each district, and their compensation, required all moneys collected, “whether as fees, storage. commissions or from the sale of blank forms or otherwise,” to be "covered into the Treasury," and authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to "appoint a deputy collector to have charge of each port of entry, who sball perform such duties and receive such compensation as the Secretary of the Treasury shall determine," and to "cause to be stationed at places in the various collection districts, though not named as ports of entry, officers or employés of the customs, with authority to enter and clear vessels, to accept entries of merchandise, to collect duties, and to enforce the various provisions of the customs and navigation laws." Thereby many sections of this chapter of the Revised Statutes and subsequent provisions relating to salaries, fees, etc., of various officers were superseded, as
stated more particularly in the notes under said sections, respectively. Sec.
Sec. 5347. Term of office of collectors, naval 5364. Duties of naval officers. officers, etc.
5365. Duties of surveyors where collec5348. Appraiser's oath of office.
tors and naval officers are ap5349. Oath of assistant appraisers.
pointed. 5350. Oath of office of customs officers. 5366. Duties of surveyor where survey5351. Who may administer oath of of
or only is appointed. fice.
5367. Performance of surveyor's duties 5352. Certification, etc., of oath.
in case of disability. 5353. Oath of subordinate customs of- 5368. Deputy collectors.
ficers; before whom and how 5369. Additional deputy collectors and taken; certification, etc.; pen
other officers; duties; bonds. alty for default.
5370. In case of sickness or absence, 5354. Custody of oaths of subordinate
collectors and surveyors may customs officers.
authorize some officer or clerk 5355. Oath of special examiners of
to act. drugs.
5371. Deputies of naval officers and 5356. Instructions to prevent importa
surveyors. tion of adulterated drugs.
5372. When deputies may be clothed 5357. Bonds of collectors, naval offi
with powers of collectors. cers, and surveyors.
5373. Neglect or minor delinquency of 5358. Bonds, how approved and filed.
customs officers or employés. 5359. Duties of collector where naval 5374. Leave of absence of customs emofficers and surveyors are ap
5375. Rules and regulations to carry 5360. Collectors and special deputies
act into effect. may administer oaths.
5376. Table of fees to be kept post5361. Duties of collector where no naval officer is appointed.
5377. Penalty for extortion by customs 5362. Duties of collector where a col
officers. lector only is appointed.
5378. Penalty for extortion by inspec5363. Performance of collector's duties
tors, weighers, gaugers, in case of disability.
vessels or engage in importa
tion. 5380. Collectors, naval officers, and
surveyors must keep and render
accounts. 5381. Their duty in respect to ac
counts, and the penalty for
omission. 5382. Accounts must include all emol
uments as well as expenses. 5383. List of clerks and account of ex
penditures for stationery, etc.,
to be furnished. 5384. Accounts of collectors upon
northern, etc., frontiers; month
ly estimate in advance. 5385. Accounts to be rendered quar
terly. 5386. Books to be furnished to customs
officers. 5387. Quarterly account of collection
of fines, etc., required.
accounts, etc., of collectors,
etc. 5390. Supervising agent and special
agents to examine books, accounts, etc., of collectors; num
ber and compensation. 5391. Regulations for special agents,
and limitations on their num
ber and compensation. 5392. Customs officers to follow in
structions and decisions of Sec
retary of Treasury, 5393. Fees of collectors. 5394. Apportionment of compensation
for part of a year's service. 5395. Performance of duties of apprais
er during vacancy in office. 5396. Performance of duties of apprais
er or assistant appraiser, during his sickness, disability or absence.
§ 5347. (R. S. § 2613.) Term of office of collectors, naval offi
cers, etc. Collectors of the customs, naval officers, and surveyors of the customs shall be appointed for the term of four years.
Act May 15, 1820, c. 102, § 1, 3 Stat. 582. § 5348. (R. S. § 2614.) Appraiser's oath of office.
The appraiser at New York, before he enters upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe an oath faithfully to direct and supervise the examination, inspection, and appraisement according to law, of such merchandise as the collector may direct pursuant to law, and to cause to be duly reported to the collector the true value thereof, as required by law. All other appraisers, [and all resident merchants appointed according to law to act as appraisers,] shall severally take and subscribe an oath diligently and faithfully to examine and inspect such merchandise as the collector may direct, and truly to report, to the best of their knowledge and belief, the true value thereof.
Act March 1, 1823, c. 21, $ 16, 3 Stat. 735. Act July 27, 1866, c. 284, § 1, 14 Stat. 302. Act July 14, 1870, c. 255, $$ 34, 36, 16 Stat. 271.
The words of this section "and all resident merchants appointed according to law to act as appraisers," inclosed in brackets, were superseded by the provisions relating to appraisers of the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, c. 407, $ 13, 26 Stat. 136, amended by the Payne-Aldrich Tarifi Act of Aug. 5, 1909, c. 6, $$ 28, 36, 99, and again amended and re-enacted by
the Underwood Tariff Act of Oct. 3, 1913, c. 16, III, M, post, $ 5594. § 5349. (R. S. § 2615.) Oath of assistant appraisers.
Each of the assistant appraisers at the port of New York, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe an oath diligently and faithfully to examine and inspect such goods, wares, and merchandise as the appraiser may direct, and truly to report to him the true value thereof, according to law. Such report