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abstract according action ages agricultural American Aristotle authority balance barons basis body bourgeois called causes century citizens civilization clergy combined common composed conclusion condition considered constitution course democracy destroy distribution distribution of property divided doctrine economic effect election England English equality erty established fact followed forces foundations founded four French fundamental give hand hold House human individual influence interests kinds king land laws Lords majority means mediaeval ment middle minority namely nature necessary nobility origin Parliament party peasants person philosophy political poor possession practice principle prop protected remained representation representatives Revolution Rousseau rule says secure sentiments separate share simply social society struggle suffrage theory third estate thought tion United universal views vote wealth whole writers
Страница 30 - The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man . and we see them everywhere brought into different degrees of activity, according to the different circumstances of civil society.
Страница 31 - Those who hold and those who are without property have ever formed distinct interests in society. Those who are creditors, and those who are debtors, fall under a like discrimination. A landed interest, a manufacturing interest, a mercantile interest, a moneyed interest, with many lesser interests, grow up of necessity in civilized nations, and divide them into different classes, actuated by different sentiments and views.
Страница 39 - The freest government, if it could exist, would not be long acceptable, if the tendency of the laws were to create a rapid accumulation of property in few hands, and to render the great mass of the population dependent and penniless.
Страница 38 - They were themselves, either from their original condition, or from the necessity of their common interest, nearly on a general level in respect to property. Their situation demanded a parcelling out and division of the lands, and it may be fairly said, that this necessary act fixed the future frame and form of their government. The character of their political institutions was determined by the fundamental laws respecting property.
Страница 21 - ... they never learn, even at school, the habit of obedience. On the other hand, the very poor, who are in the opposite extreme, are too degraded. So that the one class cannot obey, and can only rule despotically; the other knows not how to command and must be ruled like slaves. Thus arises a city, not of freemen, but of masters and slaves, the one despising, the other envying...
Страница 21 - ... goods ; nor do others covet theirs, as the poor covet the goods of the rich ; and as they neither plot against others, nor are themselves plotted against, they pass through life safely. Wisely then did Phocylides pray, — 'Many things are best in the mean ; I desire to be of a middle condition in my city.
Страница 11 - Also fragen wir bestandig, Bis man uns mit einer Handvoll Erde endlich stopft die Mauler — Aber ist das eine Antwort?
Страница 27 - The great and chief end, therefore, of men's uniting into commonwealths and putting themselves under government is the preservation of their property.
Страница 30 - From the protection of different and unequal faculties of acquiring property, the possession of different degrees and kinds of property immediately results ; and from the influence of these on the sentiments and views of the respective proprietors, ensues a division of the society into different interests and parties.
Страница 20 - Now in all states there are three elements: one class is very rich, another very poor, and a third in a mean. It is admitted that moderation and the mean are best, and therefore it will clearly be best to possess the gifts of fortune in moderation; for in that condition of life men are most ready to follow rational principle.