Слике страница
PDF
ePub

Consonants.

F, 4, 7, 4, P, &, L, fu, &, 4, S, &, q,. a, s, ', J, 4, 2, {, 1, 2, m, ", 4, m, c, g, t, e, I.

SYLLABLE.

A syllable is an articulate sound, as, L,

ar. Eu, nah. qwp, tar. шqin, aghd. npil, worm. pшpq, part. qunu, karn. 4, temk. Lp, zor. fun, unt. [f, tiv. Sw, zham, ընդ-, թիւ, ժամ, Lyu, looyce. Sun, dzar. 4w, gahl. Supp, hire. &ufu, tzine. Xun, jar. Sup, mire. ¿nu, shoon. up, tchar. Qap, tshoor or chure. unupp, soorp. hp, der. pw, rahm. gal, tz00. f, ւիւթ, ute or evt. fung, park.

A syllable may be also composed of six letters, as ubweg, siampk. Qage, chiurpk.

Two or three consonants are sometimes formed before or after a vowel.

Double consonants at the end of a syllable are pronounced short, as, upp, darr.pw quee, cahghack.

in

as,

?

When the word ends with double, the pronunciation an is inserted t մատնն ( մատնըն ) madnun. ձեռնն (ձեռնըն)

tziernun.

So also when in the beginning of a word the same consonant is doubled, as, 224 (2244) shushoog. 44ng (4p4ny) gugotz.

When the liquids, 2, r, are at the end

of a syllable after another consonant, they have equally in the pronunciation the letter ը, as, մուկն ( մուկն ) moogun. աստղ ( աս տլ ) asdugh, դուստր ( դուստր ) toosder.

But not when they precede the consonant, as, գունտ, coond. աղտ, aghd. կարգ, garck . Likewise when the consonants are different, as, թուղթ, tooght . սուրբք, soorpk. Հողմք, hoghmk .

In the beginning of many words between two consonants the letter is understood in t the oblique cases in stead of another vowel of the nominative case, as, ձուկն, tzoogun . ձկան (ձըկան) tugan. միշտ, misha. մշտակայ ( մշտակայ ) mushdagah.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

FAMILIAR ABBREVIATIONS

ամենայն .
այսինքն
| ստուած . 'ի վը

թt or

at or i թենէ.
թեամբ
՛ի վերայ .
կամ.

|

կԲ

ստուծոյ .
ստուծով
բազում.

ն

դորա

եալ:

էւ.

եւ այլն •

ընդ •

ր

ըստ

թ օր ի թիւն.

թt or “ թեան

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors]

Յիսուս

նորա նմանէ .

նր

նմէ

նոքա

նոցա

նոսա :

պ

որպես

պս or պ պէս .

.

սորա սմանէ .

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

WORD

A word is an articulate sound expressive

of our ideas.

Words in the Armenian language consist of eight parts of speech; Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles, Prepositions, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Interjections.

NOUN

A noun signifies some substance, or quality, as, ip, man. Ephþp, earth. ju, light. wppwynɩdhir, kingdom. Snqþ, soul, spirit. անձն, person. նութիւն, nature. միտք, mind, thought. puph, good. qbqbybų, handsome. pwqgp, sweet. &, great.

In nouns six peculiarities are to be considered: Gender, Form, Species or Kind, Number, Case, Declension.

GENDER.

In the Armenian language the genders are distinguished by their natural significations, as

MASCULINE.

դամ՝, Adam . ]՝ովսէս, Moses . Պետ pnu, Peter. pbqap, Gregory. \] wpquí, Vardan, etc.

up, father. Equp, brother. Lump, son, a male-child. puy, a husband, spouse. up, a father-in-law. pháp, uncle, a mother's brother. upwSwjp, gossip, Godfather. up, man, husband. Sunuy, a man-servant. թագաւոր օր արքայ, king . նախարար , sa– trap, a peer. gn, a bull. Equ, an ox. pwq, a he-goat. funy, ram, a male sheep. qпLшpш, bullock, a young ox. Eq2bpпɩ, a stag. wpw qwq, cock, etc.

Հեծելա

Tuntuu, tribunal. qop, soldiers. Sk&bqu quq, cavalry, horse-troops, etc,

FEMININE.

ւայ, Eve . Սառա, Sarah . |՝արիամ՝, Mary . ( ուշան օր ( ուշանիկ , Susanna . 1] wpqm, Rose, etc.

u, grandmother. Jupp, mother. £"jp, sister. Swpuu, spouse, bride. 4, woman; wife. qaLump, daughter. wq2b4, girl, maid. qpwls, mother-in-law. unı, son's wife, daughter-in-law. uhkunup, mother-in-law, husband's mother. Lupuliye, gossip, Godmother. դշխոյ, տիկին, թագուհի, queen, princess . օրիորդ, young girl. նաժիշտ, աղա fufiu, servant-maid. 4, cow. Epfing, hei

fer, a young cow.ugh, ewe, female sheep. duph, hen. Lu, hind, etc.

COMMON

J՝արդ, man. որդի, զաւակ, child. տղայ, infant. Sunwuq, an heir. Innu, grandson, or grand-daughter. Pan, bird. unfuð, առիւծ, lion, or lioness. 4nph, a young beast. Suq, chick, chicken. Su, bird, fowl. nguwp, sheep. wpwn, cattle. wqwuf, pigeon, dove. &p, horse. 2, dog, bitch. 4, charmer. wpqwph, prophet, or prophetess, etc.

NEUTER

ուր, Lp, water. oq, air. Snq, earth. Sup մար Miu, body. Ephe, heaven. Luu, light. Sun, tree. &ng, hand. ning, foot. Snqt, soul, spirit. hung, mind. nu, house. w Jan, chair. 4bug, life. f, death. Sw բերութիւն, patience . անիրաւութիւն, injustice, etc.

The genders are distinguished also in this manner V.Je Swpqwph, prophet, a male prophet. 4 upqwph, prophetess, a female prophet. yp lwpq, man, male. 4 կին մարդ-, woman . մատակ առիւծ, lioness, female lion, a she-lion. wpn qunuh, male արու աղաւնի, pigeon. why inny, girl, a female child, etc. Some genders are indicated also by their terminations, as

« ПретходнаНастави »