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SCALBY.

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CALBY, in Domesday-Book, Scallebi,

is rendered venerable by the conjecS

ture that it's name may be derived from the Poets of the Ancient Britons,

who were called, in the northern countries, Scaldi or Scaldri. In a poem of rich and glowing description, and in true keeping as to the manners of the time in which the plot is laid, is the following illustration:

“ The Harp of Fame
Is tuned in concert to the lofty voice
Of venerable and time-honour'd Scald,
Chaunting the wild and legendary lay
Of ancient warrior kings."

Pennie's Rogvald, p. 1. And as a recent writer is inclined to think that “Hulleys, in the neighbourhood, has retained an

1 Miles: vide his • Description of the Deverel Barrow.'

6

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importance among the legends of the people even up to the conquest, and, in all probability, given the name to Stainton Dale,” why, on the same grounds, may we not conform to a similar opinion in regard to Scalby, environed as it is by Druidical • remains ?

SCALBY is seated in a vale, surrounded by ranges of majestic hills, in the wapentake of PickeringLythe, in the North Riding of the county of York, distant from Scarborough 3 miles, 40 from York, 18 respectively from Pickering and Whitby, and from London, via York, 237, via Lincoln, 211. The orthography of Scalby has, in different ages, like most other places, considerably varied; as instances, the following may be added to those already given: Scauby, Scavby, scawbye, &c. In an old work which bas fallen under observation, but whose title cannot now be ascertained, Scalby is stated to have heen anciently a market-town.

MANORIAL HISTORY.

The jurisdiction of the lands attached to Scalby, Burniston, and Cloughton 'was, at the time the domesday book was formed, in the manor of Walesgrif or Falsgrave, near Scarborough, as the following extract from that great national record will display:

" There are in Walesgrif and in the hamlet of Nordfeld 15 geldable (i. e. taxable) carucates of land which may be cultivated by 8 ploughs. Tosti held these as one manor. It is now the King's. There are within this manor 5 villans who hold two

carucates. There is a wood, with pasturage, three miles in length and two miles in breadth. In the time of King Edward (the Confessor) it was valued at 56 pounds, now at 30 shillings. To this manor belongs the soke (or jurisdiction) of the following lands. Asgorbi (4 carucates ;) Ledbeston, Grieftorp; Scagetorp; Eterstorp; Rodbestorp; Facelac; Bertune;

Bertune; Depedale; Atune; Neuuetun; Prestetune; Hortune; Martune; Wicham; Rostune; Tornelai; Steintun; Brinnistun; Scallebi; Cloctune.' In the whole there are 84 carucates of geldable land, which may be cultivated with 42 ploughs. Upon these lands there were 12 socmen, who had 46 carucates. There are now 7 socmen and 15 villans, and 14 borders, who have 7 carucates and a half. The rest of the land is waste,'

The lands, &c. of Scalby subsequently came into the Percy family, evident from the subjoined notice from Collins's Peerage:

“Geffery de Percy, earl of Caux and Poictiers, had issue two sons, William de Percy and Serlo de Percy, who both came, A.D. 1066, into England with William the Conqueror. William de Percy being, much beloved by that King, and one of his Barons, enjoyed, through his bounty, large possessions in this realm, as appears by the general survey, which sets forth that he held Ambledune, in Hantshire, also 32 Lordships in Lincolnshire, whereof. Imingeham, Lenishby, and Caborne were part; he had, likewise, in Yorkshire 86, of which Topeclive, or Topeliff, in the North Riding, and Spofford, in the West Riding, became their chief seats in those parts. This Wil

1 Several of the names of the lands in the above extract from Domesday-book being now obsolete, it may be proper here to give the modern names in illustration. Nor!hfeld, Northstead or Peasholm; Asgorbi, Osgodby; Ledbeston, Lebberston; Griestorp, Gristhorp; Scargetorp, Scagglethorp; Eterstorp, and Rodbeslorp, uncertain; Facelac, Filey; Berlune, Burton-dale, near Weaponness; Depedale, between Weapon-ness and Cayton; Atune, Ayton; Neuuelun, Prestetune, Horlune, and Martune, now united in Hutton-Bushell; Wicham, Wykeham; Rostune, Ruston; Tornelai, Thorney-brow; Steintun, Stainton-dale; Brinnislun, Burniston; Scallebi, Scalby; and Cloclune, Cloughton.

. liam de Percy, surnamed Le Gernons, or Algernon, also obtained from Hugh Lupus, earl of Chester, the lordship of Whitby, with the large territory adjacent thereto, lying in the North Riding of the county of York, where he founded an Abbey of Benedictine monks to the honor of God, St. Peter, and St. Hilda, in the time of King William Rufus, on the site of the ancient Monastery of Strenshale (destroyed about the year 867 by the Danes under Inguar and Hubba) and endowed it with ample possessions lying in that part of the country.

But after he had founded the said abbey at Whithy, and amongst other lands given thereto the towus of asculhy and Everley, he resumed them again, and bestowed them upon Ralph de Everley, bis squire (who had been his servant many years) which juduced Serlo his brother, then second abbot, to complain of injury to King William Rufus (with whom he had been very familiar in the days of King William the Conqueror, his father) who thereupon caused restitution to be made. Nevertheless, Serlo being displeased with bis brother's humour, had no mind to continue at li bithy, and, therefore, affecting

to reside out of his power, begged of the King six carucates of land, viz. two at Hakenas and four in Northfield, and translated part of the convent at Whitby thither, all which is recited in the Monasticon.

This William de Percy took to wife Emma de Port, Lady of the Honour of Semar, near Scarborough, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, and by her he bad three sons, Alan, Geffery, and Richard.

William, eldest son of Alan, gave the church of Semar to the monks of Whitby, and two oxgangs of land in Upper-Lythum. By Alice his wife, daughter of Everard de Ross, he had 3 sons: 1. Alan, who died without issue, and was buried on the south side of the Chapter-house at Whitby. 2. Richard de Percy, and 3. Robert, who left a son John de Percy.

The said Richard, 2nd son, upon the death of his elder brother, Alan, succeeded to the paternal inheritance, and having wedded Joan, daughter of William de Brewere, hy her was father of an only son and heir.

William de Percy, who in 1133, (34 Hen. I.) founded the Abbey of Handell for Cistercian monks and in 1147. (12 Steph.) that of Salley, in Craven, Yorkshire, and taking a journey to Jerusalem, departed this life at Montjoy, in the Holy Land. Before going on that dangerous expedition he granted and confirmed whatsoever himself, or Alan de Percy, had granted to the Monastery of Whitby, in Yorkshire, wbich contained these large possessions, viz. the town and port of Whitby, Overby and Netherby, Stenisecher, Thingwala, Lierpel, Holderdale, Gnip, Harchesgard, Normaneby, Fielingham, the other Fielingbam, Bortwait, Setwait,

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