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every obstacle in the way of scientific exertion, sisting of ballets and pieces of other kinds. INTELLIGENCE.

but at the same time rejoice that the sciences are suc- The different theatrical establishments at

cessfully cultivated in America by the scholars of which these productions were brought out, In the “General Gazetteof October, a kindred nation, whom we would assist and en

are thirteen in number; the smallest num1821, we find a notice of several American courage.

"The esteemed author of No. 1 and 2 proceeds ber of new pieces appertaining to either of productions. As that journal has for its in the first article, from the apparent necessity of these establishments, was three, and the contributors some of the most eminent Ger- having a uniform method of expressing sounds, by largest thirty six. The list of authors enman scholars of the age, it cannot but be writing in all those languages which are as yet interesting to the American public to learn imperfectly

known ; he gives examples of differen. gaged in preparing these pieces for reprehow favourably the literary efforts of our ces in the mode of writing (for example the Isuluki sentation amounts to no less than one countrymen are regarded by them.

or Cherokee Reader of the missionaries, Buttrick hundred and forty eight writers of song or

and Brown), and contends with the difficulties dialogue, fifteen compositors, and five cho“ Worcester, Massachusetts, printed by Man- which oppose clearness and regularity iu the Eng. rographes or inventors of ballets. ning: Archæologia Americana Translations and lish more than any other alphabet. His treatise most prolific among this host of authors is

The Collections of the American Antiquarian Society. will certainly be of great utility in his own coun. Vol. I. 1820. 436 pages in 8vo.

try; the comparison, which is here undertaken, of one M. Carmonche, who has composed "The conviction that the preservation of the the sounds of all the nations that are mentioned as thirteen vaudevilles. With regard to this monuments of antiquity and of the researches of inbabiting that region, may lead to the adoption of numerous offspring of the muse, a French leamed men respecting them, are worthy objects of similar principles, especially since the author is sup- Journalist observes, that one third at least a national institution, occasioned the foundation of ported by so meritorious a student of languages as perished at once, that another third linthe American Antiquarian Society. A new im- M. Du Ponceau.” pulse has thus been given to the spirit of inquiry. Here follows in the review Mr Picker- longer; whilst of the remaining third about

gered in a weak and feeble state a little The president of the society, Isaiah Thomas, LL. D. has given

it considerable collections, and the ing's account of the manuscript dictionary a score would probably survive and become learned Dr Bentley increased their collection of of Seb. Râle, which is in the library of the known to posterity. It is calculated that books with nine hundred volumes of the works of University at Cambridge. No. 2 is spoken on an average at least 20,000 people are the best German authors, the most valuable works of as a work, in which many useful obser- nightly entertained at the various theatres printed in New England, and rare and valuable vations on the pronunciation of the several in Paris. Persian, Arabic, and other manuscripts ; individual members are constantly sending books and curi- Greek letters have been collected by a osities. Institutions commenced under such aus- scholar who understands the subject.

NEW THEATRICAL SPECTACLE. pices come to maturity. “ This Society, which was first established in

The Christmas pantomime at Covent Massachusetts in 1812, and of which the origin,


Garden theatre for the present season is act of incorporation, and laws are contained from

A new tragedy with this title, founded entitled the “House that Jack built,” and page 13 to 59 (directly after the preface, table of contents, and the list of the members), offers in upon the well known Sicilian Vespers, has is founded upon the old nursery tale of the this first volume of its transactions a multitude of lately been brought out at Covent Garden same name. In the course of the exhibition remarkable materials and well-digested investiga- theatre, but has met with an unfavourable one of the personages is represented as maktions, which have an interest not only for the his- or at best a doubtful reception from the ing an aerial voyage in a balloon from Lontory of this part of America, but for the history of public, and been withdrawn for revision. don to Paris, and during the excursion, the

It is the production of Mrs Hemans, who audience as well as the traveller are grat"Of course they are not all equally interesting is already known as the author of some ified with a view of the country over which in this point of portant in the communications of C. Atwater, Esq. poetry of

acknowledged merit. The critics the balloon passes, the Thames, the chanand Samuel Mitchell, both unwearied in their re- allow to this tragedy great merits of style nel, &c. &c.; night comes on, and the bal. searches."

and sentiment, and great poetical beauty. loon, emerging from the clouds, alights in Here follows, in the original review, an They in fact seem to attribute, in part at the garden of the Thuilleries. It is said abstract of all the communications of the least, its failure on the stage to the too that this spectacle is the most brilliant and gentlemen just mentioned. Their essays highly elevated strain of poetry and senti- splendid in scenery, and the most complete are called interesting and worthy of atten- ment which is maintained throughout the in mechanical execution of any which has tion. The researches of Moses Fiske are piece; but which injures its effect as a theat- been presented at either of the theatres. also commended for their acuteness; and rical exhibition. the “ excellent map of the river Ohio” is mentioned. The reviewer laments that so

A young Hungarian, named Leist, only few of the Indian songs are made pub. lic. A desire is expressed “to announce

The tragical romance of Kenilworth has eleven years of age, is astonishing the musisoon the continuance of these valuable la- been dramatized both in London and Paris

. cal world at Paris, by his wonderful perIn the English drama the catastrophe is

formances. bours."

He is remarkable both for altered, and Varney is made to undergo the great rapidity of fingering on the piano forte, "1. Cambridge (in America), by Hilliard &- Met- fate which in the original befals Amy Rob- and for a union with it of great delicacy

calf: An Essay on a Uniform Orthography for sart. What new disposition of the char- and firmness of touch, whilst at the same John Pickering, A. A. S. 1820.42 pages in ian stage, we do not know; the Indian Languages of North America ; by acters is made in adapting it to the Paris- time he exhibits a beauty of expression


which is equalled by few performers. He

be 4to.

may pre* 2. At the same place : An Essay on the Pronun- sumed however that there is some im- also composes in the style of the greatest

ciation of the Greek Language ; by John Pick- portant change in the personages or inci- masters with the most wonderful facility. ering. 1818. 70 pages in 4to.

dents, since the title under which it is Since the time of Mozart, who at eight ." It is very pleasing to observe the literary acti- announced is-Leicester or the Castle of years of age astonished several of the wity, which is now awakening in the free states of Kenilworth, A Comic Opera, in three acts ! European courts by his performances, nothNorth

ing has appeared so surprising as the exhiand improvement of its productions employ not

bition of the talents of the young Leist. only many hands but also many minds. When their civil prosperity shall have long been established, many will be devoted to the pursuits of


It appears from some of the French found science. But even now there are on all Journals, that in the course of the year sides symptoms of such a tendency in that happy 1823, the Parisian Theatres have exhibited Mr Faraday, Chemical Assistant at the country: On all sides societies are formed to ad- not less than 217 new pieces. Of these, Royal Institution in Great Britain, has vance the sciences (No. 1 and 2 belong to the eight were tragedies, twenty-two comedies, lately performed some very important and Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences). It has been said, that scientific culture one hundred and twenty-two vaudevilles, interesting experiments on the condensawill emigrate from Europe to America; that must nineteen melodrames, fourteen comic operas, tion of the gases into liquids. In these exnot be. We desire rather to remove still more and four grand operas; the remainder con- periments he has been favoured with the







countenance and advice of Sir Humphrey There is considerable risk from explo- 10. An account of all events of national imDavy. The method employed by Mr Far- sions in conducting these experiments, par

portance, especially of the doings of congress.

Under this head, the most important speeches aday was to generate the gases under pow- ticularly on those gases which require a

will be given as reported in the National Intelerful pressure, and at the same time favour great number of atmospheres to reduce

ligencer. their condensation by the application of them to the liquid state, such as carbonic 20. An account of all events of importance, in cold. The materials for producing the gas acid and nitrous oxide.

the several states, not already related under the

former head. were placed in one of the legs of a bent

II. History of the several independent states of glass tube, which was then sealed at both

America south of the United States, for the ends. Heat, if necessary, was applied to


year, viz. Mexico, Colombia, Buenos Ayres, the end containing the materials, while the The temperature at this depth in lat. 204 III. History of the several states of Europe for the

Chili, and Peru: Brazil. other was placed in a freezing mixture. As !

N. long. 831 W. was ascertained by Capt. the gas forms, it is gradually deposited in a


an iron liquid state in the cold end of the tube. Sabine in the following manner;

PART II. Chronicle. In this way the properties of chlorine, mu- cylinder of 75 lbs. weight was let down at

Notices of important and curious events, not

forming a part of the general historical narriatic acid, sulphureous acid, sulphuretted the end of the line used in the experiment,

rative. hydrogen, carbonic acid, euchlorine, nitrous containing a self-registering thermometer,

and so arranged as to exclude the entrance APPENDIX TO THE CHRONICLE. oxide, cyanogen, and ammonia, in a liquid of the water. Another iron cylinder of Important state papers. state, have been ascertained, with a greater less weight and strength was attached two

Remarkable trials and law cases. or less degree of precision. The following

Statistical tables. is a view of the results at which Mr Fara fathoms above it on the line, also contain

Notices of inventions and discoveries. day has arrived with regard to the colour, ing a thermometer, and permitting the

Obituary notices of distinguished characters.

After being down General miscellany. consistency, and specific gravity of these ingress of the water. several gases, and of the degree of pres, and the apparatus came up in good order. work and its certain

utility, if well executfifty three minutes the line was hauled in, The excellence of the design of this sure and temperature which is necessary The thermometer to which the water had ed, must be obvious. It will be edited by to reduce them to a liquid state.

free access stood at 45°.5; the other, from Prof. Evereti, and the mention of this gen

which it had been intended to exclude it, tleman's name renders all comment upon
although the attempt did not fully suc- its probable character and merits super-
ceed, at 490,5. The water at the surface fluous.
was from 820.5 to 83o.2, at the time of the

Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. Boston, have in

press, and will shortly publish, Florula BostoCOPPERING OF SHIPS BOTTOMS.

niensis, a Collection of Plants of Boston and Sir H. Davy has lately read a paper to its vicinty, with their places of growth, time the Royal Society, on the cause of the of flowering, and occasional remarks. Ву corrosion and decay of copper used for cov- Jacob Bigelow, M. D. Rumford Professor, ering the bottoms of ships. This he has and Professor of Materia Medica in Har: ascertained to be a weak chemical action vard University.—Second edition, greatly constantly exerted between the saline con- enlarged. tents of sea water and the copper, and This edition will contain the plants which which, whatever may be the nature of the the author has collected in different parts copper, sooner or later destroys it. The of the New England States since the pubremedy he has found in the application of lication of the first edition in 1814. These, those electrical powers and relations of together with enlarged descriptions of the bodies which have been found to exert so plants of the first edition, will constitute extensive an influence upon chemical phe- about double the quantity of matter originnomena. He finds that a very small sur-ally contained in the work. face of tin or other oxidable metal in contact any where with a large surface of copper renders it so negatively electrical that

[Some delay in the appearance of this the sea water bas no action upon it; and number of the Gazette has been caused by cireven a little mass of tin brought into com- cumstances beyond our control; we have not,

munication with a large plate of copper by however, availed ourselves of the opportuni11

a wire, entirely preserves the copper. Sir
H. Davy is now putting this discovery into ty to obtain a large subscription list, because
actual practice on some of the British ships

we believe it more just and more safe to soliof war.

cit public patronage, by actual performance,

than by promises. We state this by way of Cummings, Hilliard & Co. and Oliver apology to those gentlemen who may receive Everett, propose to publish by subscription our first number, without having authorized a new work, to be called “The American us to send it to them. Annual Register of History and Politics." It will be printed annually (or, should the

Every one who receives this number, is nature of the work be found to require it, requested to return it to us, by mail, with semi-annually), and will contain 900 large no greater delay than his convenience may pages, 8vo.

The price will be $5,00 a require, unless he wishes to become a subscribyear. The general plan will accord with er; in which case, if he will have the goodthe following arrangement; which, however, will receive such modifications as may be ness to make his intention known to us, he found expedient.

will receive the numbers as they are publishNone of the liquids thus obtained be

ed. came solid at any temperature to which I. History of the United States of America for the No. 1 Cornhill, Feb. 1824.] they were subjected.

PART I. General History.

year, containing

| Sp. Grav. Pres. in Atmos. Temp. Materials employed for procuring the gases.

Muriate of Ammonia and Sulphuric Acid.

Sulphuric Acid and Mercury.
600 Hydrate of Chlorine.

Muriatic Acid and Sulphuret of Iron.
Carb. of Ammonia and Sulphuric Acid.
Chloride of Silver saturated with Ammon. Gas.
Chlorate of Potash and Sulphuric Acid.
Nitrate of Ammonia.

Cyanuret of Mercury.

4 atmospheres


Bright yellow -1.33



Deep yellow


Muriatic Aci
Sulphurous Acid
Sulphuretted Hydrogen
Carbonic Acid
Nitrous Oxide









[This list of new publications will be published


BY JAMES LORING, monthly, and the intermediate numbers will con


tain in its place, items of literary and scientific SERMONS—By the Rev. Samuel C. THE Moral Dignity of the Missionary

Thacher. With a Memoir. By F. W. P. Enterprise. A Sermon delivered before the

Boston Baptist Foreign Missionary Society, on the
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By John White, Lieutenant in the United States Translation Society on the evening of November REFLECTIONS on the Politics of An- Navy.

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By John Pierpont, Minister of Hollis-street Church, Observations on the Diseases of Females A NEW and greatly improved edition of
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BY PHELPS AND FARNUM, ed to adapt it to the present state of knowledge. By Private and Special Statutes of the Com

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by SPOME, Account of the Medical School in

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authority of the Legislature, in comformity with a

pital; with two engravings.
The Greek Reader, by Frederic Jacobs, resolution, passed 220 February, 1822. [These
Professor of the Gymnasium at Gotha, and editor volumes contain the Acts passed since the publica-

BY CUSHING AND APPLETON, of the Anthologia. From the seventh German tion of the three first volumes, and comprise vol

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Journal of a Residence in Chili. By A ATHENS, and other Poems. By the
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author of “Ruins of Pæstum."
and Duty of Justices of the Peace in Criminal the Revolutionary Scenes of 1817-18-19.

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and Treatment of Pertussis or Chin Cough,
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No. 2.

of the Romans in the West. Under a total new care and pains. For these subjects

change of national character, manners, and have a close connexion with practice. It Reflections on the Politics of Ancient Greece, religion, Aristotle, Galen, and Euclid were is common with one class of Christians to

translated from the German of Arnold H. still more respected at Bagdad, than they say that doctrinal subjects are unimportant. L. Heeren: By George Bancroft. Bos- had been at Athens or Rome. Our modern We speak merely now in a practical sense, ton. 1824. Syo.

learning is not less Grecian in its main when we ask, what is more important? It has been well remarked by Lessing, complexion and tendency. When ostensi- The opinions, which a man entertains on in confirmation of the claims of the Scrip-bly occupied with the remains of Roman the interpretation of certain passages in tures on our attention, that, in addition to literature, the superior importance of the the Scriptures and the Church Fathers, every higher consideration, they deserve Grecian is still apparent. This attractive powerfully affect his standing in society, in our notice, as the subject which has most power of Grecian letters, which has made most of the countries of Europe and in our exercised the thoughts of the human mind. them so nearly the centre of intellectual own. The Duke of Norfolk is the oldest, one More has been thought, spoken, and written accomplishments, has not been confined to of the richest, and, in parliamentary influupon them, and subjects connected with letters. The historical traditions and po- ence, the most powerful nobleman in Engthem, than upon any thing else. A greater litical institutions of Greece have maintain- land. He nominates to the House of Comcomparison and accumulation of human ed nearly an equal ascendency. The events mons the six members for Steyning, Arunopinion, reasoning, and feeling, have taken of the Grecian history are more frequently del, and Horsham, and he influences the place in respect to them, than with regard quoted than all others, contained in profane election of the five for Hereford, Carlisle, to any other subject :-nor is there any one annals; and almost all political disquisition and Shoreham. And yet, since he interpoint on which man can be compared with not avowedly abstract, resolves itself into prets Matthew xxvi. 26, and a few other man, in different periods and regions, which speculation on the Grecian forms of gov- texts, differently from the convocation would furnish so good a relative estimate of ernment, or the principles developed in who established the articles of the English his character and progress. What has been their various constitutions.

church, he is excluded from the House of thus justly remarked by the German critic While these circumstances prove the Lords. The political study of antiquity on the subject of the Scriptures, is true, great importance of ancient Greece, in its presents no examples, perhaps, so direct of perhaps, in the next degree of ancient connexion with human improvement, they the connexion of a man's speculative opinGreece, in the full comprehenson of that create proportionate difficulty in forming ions with his condition in actual life. But term. Ancient Greece, its history, institu- impartial opinions, on most of the leading indirectly the connexion exists and opetions, literature, and arts, may be regarded points, brought into question in the study rates. The opinions, which monarchs, in the literary world, in much the same of its history, institutions, and literature. ministers, and statesmen form on many toplight of pre-eminence, in which the religion It is the inevitable effect of the long con- ics, seemingly speculative, are often proof the Scriptures stands in the moral world. tinued attention bestowed from age to age ductive of mighty effects in real life. The On Greece, and the subjects attached by by great multitudes of minds on leading statesman, it is true, is not examined as to association to it, the time, attention, and subjects of inquiry and speculation, to sub- his opinions of the character of Demosthethoughts of the cultivated classes of man, stitute for the real nature of things, new, nes and the designs of Philip; but his confrom the Romans downward, have been artificial, ingenious views of them which victions on the alternative of liberty and more employed than on any other, with the owe their origin merely to the imagination. power, his interpretation of the greai docexception already made. The Romans of The modern philosophy tells us how justly we trines of deputed authority and popular education formed an early acquaintance do not now inquire), that it is our own minds right, will decide, in almost every country, with Greek learning. Their rhetoricians which create all the qualities in external where he is to rank in society; or if he be, and philosophical instructers were Greeks; objects which we fancy that we discern in by privilege of birth, in a powerful station, all the terms of art employed, even in the them; nay, to go the whole length, that it this interpretation may affect the condition study of Latin eloquence, were Greek; is our own minds, which create the exter- of whole states. and Athens was the holy land of intellec- nal objects themselves. However wild this We make these remarks in some degree tual pilgrimage. The perisal of Cicero's species of metaphysics may be, it is very to illustrate the importance of the new, epistles alone is sufficient to prove, that the true that, in all the different sects of re- work on the Politics of Ancient Greece. Greek language was to the well-educated ligion, schools of literature, and parties in " The politics of ancient Greece,” cries the Romans more a second and dignified ver- politics—though the materials on which statesman of caucuses and central commitnacular tongue, than a foreign language. they act be the same-the results are so tees, “ fine politics indeed for men of this Many Romans wrote Greek works : Cicero different, as to show well, that what men age! Tell us of the politics of Massachuhimselt did it, and his friend Atticus also; are thought to have learned, they have in- setts or Virginia; let us know whether and had the Greek History of the Etrus- vented :-what they would discover in an- the tariff will succeed in the Senate; or cans, by the Emperor Clandius, survived to cient authors is the device of their own if General Jackson is likely to be Presithe present day, it would probably have minds; the religious rite, which they trace dent. That we call politics. The politics given that monarch a celebrity, which he to apostolic antiquity, is an institution of ancient Grecce, forsooth! Tell us, if has not acquired from the Roman purple. which has been gradually formed in the you please, of the politics of Great Britain, In the middle ages, the Greek mathemati- church; and the political constitution, to of South America, of the Holy Alliance; cians, physicians, and philosophers were which they give a Greek name, has noth- nay, if needs must, of modern Greece: almost the sole masters of the human intel- ing else Grecian.

but ancient Greece,-Priam and Achilles, lect. The Greek learning maintained its From these considerations, which would Leonidas and Xerxes,—who will deliver us ascendency over the human mind, through soem to show the vanity of study bestowed from them !” the medium of the Arabic language in the on such subjects, we deduce, on the other Such observations, which we can easily conEast; as it had done before, through that hand, the importance of studying them with ceive to be made, are the remarks of men


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