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ceedingly dull and uninteresting. There is perfect mental discipline. Perhaps it never , they do not pervert it, and make study al. no kind of ambition or excitement about it may be reached, but we ought to aim at it, together hateful. The child goes to this toil of encumbering and it is the criterion by which all our ele- But we must conclude. Some of our his mind with materials, which are after mentary books are to be tried. There are, readers will be startled, perhaps, at what all only in the way, reluctantly; and with indeed, some studies now used, that might we have said in this article against the labour feels no enterprise or enthusiasm for be peculiarly suited to this important pur- study of English grammar,--a book of such

But in the higher exertions of in- pose. We have already mentioned that of established reputation, and so universally tellect, there is the greatest ardour and de- the learned languages. Its great excel- used in all our systems of early education. light. Teach him to find out himself some- lence is, that it can be accommodated to It was this circumstance alone, indeed, thing new, something remarkable, in the every capacity. It may be brought within which created any doubt or hesitation in subject he is examining, and you will deep- the reach of the feeblest powers, and give our minds on the subject. How a study, so ly interest him in it immediately. Discovo them play and exercise. It may be made miserably suited to the purpose, could so ery and invention, and the reasoning that to call for the strongest and most elevated, long hold its ground undisputed, was the lead to, and accompany them, give to the and require profound learning and research. puzzle to us. Probably it is owing to the mind most peculiar satisfaction. Who does Some of the classics are so simplified, that great cause we have before dwelt upon at realize the rapture of Archimedes which the child who reads English can compre- length. But, early association and prejudrove him from his bath naked, to express hend them fully, while there are those dice aside, let it be brought to the test of the triumph of his genius ? Every body of which the efforts of the greatest scholar reason and inquiry, and we are willing to good talents must have felt a touch of the are hardly able to master. The situation abide the result. If we are wrong, we wish same thing. In proportion to the powers of the writer,—the object of his composi- to be corrected, and if we are right, an aland efforts put forth in the execution of tion,—the manners and customs of his teration ought to take place immediately. some useful discovery, is the emotion of de- country, and of his times,-the bistory of All we can say is, that every step we have light which will arise from its success, and the age in which he lived,-his style, and taken in the inquiry has brought additional in consequence of this, the greatest im- character, and opinions,-lastly, and chief-conviction with it, and we give our opinion provements have been made, and the hap- ly, the effort of mind required to change now with the most perfect confidence in its piest consequences have flowed into society. the idiom, and select, and put on the Eng- truth. What checks these powers and efforts prin- lish dress, must call forth ingenuity, dilicipally, is the exclusive exercise of memory. gence, taste, reflection, indeed, every intel

MISCELLANY. If we had no other objection to the early lectual faculty in its place; and the study study of English grammar, than this we admits of infinite gradations, and may be have last stated, it would of course, be de- accommodated exactly to the rank, and cisive with us. We here take our leave of state of advancement of the pupil. This is WHOEVER has wa a moment in specit, however, with the earnest hope that be observing the order of nature. The same ulating upon the discomfort and ennui fore long its place will be changed at least, excellence is fonnd too, in Colburn's sys- which sadden many hours of every one's if it be not, under its present form, exclud- tem of arithmetic. Figures are first taught life, is probably aware, that external and ed from the system altogether.

as they are connected with things, and visible circumstances exert comparatively Our readers may, perhaps, expect of us, then abstractly; examples are immediate- little influence upon the happiness of men. that we should be a little more particular, ly proposed, questions put, sums given,- Few, or none, pass through life without ena little more definite, in pointing out the very small and simple at first, then grad-joying much; and existence would, on the means necessary to supply the deficiencies ually increasing, and becoming larger and whole, be a blessing, though it ceased when we complain of. But this is not the pluce larger, by slow degrees, till they embrace the breath stopped, and the limbs stiffened. for it. We have already passed our limits, the profoundest problems, and the deepest It is one of those things which all say, and and it is time this article should close. We mysteries of numbers. In the mean time, none feel, that we live, not to enjoy, but to will, however, refer to a single principle, not a single rule is given. The pupil never create a capacity of happiness. To this which ought to be made the ruling one in hears of addition, subtraction, multiplica- end, the assistance of suffering is needed by every system of education. It is the order tion, &c., and he needs not know that such all, and is given to all, I sometimes think, of nature in the developement of the mind. things are in existence. The mind takes in nearly equal degrees, though in very The exercise of all our faculties, if properly its own course to the solution, and it will different forms. To some it comes like the trained, and judiciously conducted, is de- be sure to find out the shortest and best thunder-clouds of Summer ;-they do their lightful. Heaven has not given us these high path to it, if it be conducted slowly and by work, they pour forth their fire and storm, instruments for our improvement merely, proper gradations. Every body must see and then pass on, and roll up to the mounfor cold uninteresting duty; they are sources the advantages of this system at once. The tain's top, and rest there silent and beauof enjoyment, and they constitute, in- faculties are trained for action, as they are tiful, and leave the air pure, and the sun deed, all the felicity we have here, and, called for. The mind is not burthened bright, and the earth glad. These are the perhaps, hereafter. Each brings in its with cumbersome general rules, definitions, bappy ones among men; but there are tribute of pleasure, and the greatest, as we laws, &c., which it cannot understand. It others whom afiiction enwraps like the ophave already said, comes from the most is saved, too, the toil of a formal demon- pressive mists of Autumn; nourishing, peruseful of them. This, we think the key to stration, because it will see its course de- haps, what may bereafter bear beautiful all the secrets of successful instruction. It monstratively before it pursues it. It is flowers, and drop rich fruits, but now is identifying utility with happiness. While prepared, too, for every arithmetical ques- shrouding the loveliness of nature. the young learner is preparing himself for tion that can possibly arise in life. There I was much struck, a few evenings since, the claims that society has upon him, he is is no previous inquiry what rule it belongs with Goldsmith's account-meagre as it is feeling also the highest elevation of which to. The mind instantly makes a rule, or -of Sir Philip Mordaunt. I was desirous humanity is capable. The preceptor ought solves it without one. it is here, and in to know more of him, and sought for farto make this the constant guide of his course. this manner, the powers of thought and re. ther particulars of his life with “strenuous Let him observe the natural growth of the flection,--the elements and principles of idleness.” His name occurs several times mental powers, and the order in which reasoning, may be first satisfactorily brought in the lighter works of last age; still, they tend to come forth, and not exercise forth and educated. Tbis last book, is indeed I found it impossible to learn much respectone to the exclusion of all the rest. Books a perfect example of the principle we be- ing him beyond the little which Goldsmith and lessons are to be applied with this ob- fore mentioned. Unless other elementary states. But I completed this broken outject in view exclusively, and the mind will treatises retain something of it, they are line with imaginary facts,—and filled it out soon feel conscious of its advancement wholly forced and unnatural, and they will as I thought best.' I amused myself with This we propose as the ultimate limit of certainly retard education very much, if constructing a tale, some of the incidents

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of which occurred in reality ;-others have was withering, and his hopes were dying, a gering death of consumption ;-that cruel existed, as far as I know, only in my own change took place in bis situation and his disease, which selects for its prey the lovefancy. He seemed to me singular and in- feelings, which gave him an earnest of much liest and fairest, and paints the cheek of teresting, not because the elements of his felicity, and the promise of far more. He a brighter hue, and spreads upon the brow character were uncommon, but as he gave loved, and was beloved, and for a while life a purer snow, and kindles in the eye a the strongest proof, and the best illustra- ceased to be to him a toil and a burtben. softer splendour, as if it would adorn with, tion of feelings, which few escape entirely, The earliest hours of affection are al- the flowers of sacrifice, the victim it offers and still fewer suffer from so severely. 1 ways happy. Most people have loved at to Death. mean the melancholy and discontent, aris- some time or other;-and most of those There are things in this world which it ing, not from suffering, not from any posi- who have, can remember the colouring of is the fashion to laugh at, and the suffering tive evil, but from a want of interest in the hope and joy, which the first dawning of which arises from wounded affection is one things about us, and a consequent indiffer- this passion threw upon every object on of them. And there are good reasons why, ence to life and its incidents. Upon the which its beautiful light fell ;—there are generally, it should be laughed at; it is whole, such sensations cause little misery few who cannot also remember how evan- very difficult for him who is much used to life, in the world, for they are not apt to be felt escent this glow and beauty was. To our and has observed and analyzed the various often, or long. The vicissitudes and needs of hero, it opened a scene of happiness fair- motives and feelings which go to make up lise, generally provide most men with ob- er than it discloses to the hopes of many, what is called love ;--who has learned how jects enough to employ their faculties,—and even in this season when hope reigns and true the quaint saying of the old Frenchsomething or other is continually occurring revels without control. His opinions upon man is, “Take self-love from love, and to amuse us till we die.

love and marriege were peculiar, and they nothing remains,"--and who has seen how They arise-as often, perhaps, as from whom experience has taught to judge aright easily affection, apparently sincere and arany source-from the consciousness of of these things, will no doubt think I should dent, yields to time and absence, and how powers unemployed; of energies which can have said-romantic. Many of his notions surely it dies, when the hope which fed it is not act, and will not slumber; of feelings, were slightly tinged with mysticism; if I | taken away ;-it is difficult for such an one which need but some object about which might use such a figure, I would say, the to regared the warmest attachments as they may cling and fasten, and they will fervor and activity of his imagination threw more enduring than the hues of sunset, or shelter it from the sun and the storm, and around the truths he contemplated a bril- the sparkle of the morning dew. But there hang round it rich clusters, but without liant halo, which sometimes showed them are peculiarities of constitution in this, as it, wither and die.

more distinctly, and at others, veiled thein in every other respect,—and there are inThe sorrow and trouble thus arising, is with excess of light. It was a fault of his dividuals who do not love easily nor often; necessarily short-lived; for, when our af- character, that he could not see things as whose affections root too deeply into the fections are not called forth, it is astonishing other men do; he carried his thoughts so far, heart to be plucked up and cast away, how soon we lose the need, if not the pow- and extended his views so. widely, that the without leaving a fearful wound. There er of affection; and when they have found sphere of his intellectual vision bacame too may not be many of this sort of either sex, a house, where they may rest, and expand, broad; no wonder then, that distance threw but at any rate, such was Sir Philip Mor-, and dwell forever,—the foul fiend, Melan- its enchanting, deceitful bue, over many daunt. choly, spreads his wings, and flies far parts of it. He saw the eartbly use and It had been the principal employment of from it.

purpose of love as distinctly as any one, but his affianced bride, during the long period But to return to Sir Philip Mordaunt. In he could not rest there; he could not rest while early life he appeared like other boys of in the belief, that the most glorious attriardent and irritable tempers, but even then bute of the Almighty came from his throne And menaced oft, and oft withheld the blow,"

" at her couch Death took his patient stand, gave many indications of what he would be, to earth, only to dignify the weakness and and suffer. His intellect was vigorous, but bless the misery of man. O no; its work to reconcile her lover to her early death, marked rather by extent and strength of may begin “ amid the smoke and stir of and to living without her; and she drew grasp, than by versatility and readiness; this dim spot," but it seemed to him a folly from him a promise, that he would not and his imagination, though luxuriantly fer- and a sin to think that it can end here. abandon himself to wretchedness, without tile, was better adapted to darken with He held that marriage ought to be the an effort to be happy. Her influence deeper gloom the shadows of life, than to chief instrument of the Deity in promoting lasted longer than her life; he strove bard delight and revel in the sunny spots which that object for which alone man is; in as- to shake off the load of misery which opgladden its barrenness.

similating him to his maker,-in advancing pressed him ;—but sorrow had taken strong While he was yet young, the death of his progress in that career which begins hold upon his heart, and would not loosen his father placed bim at the head of his upon earth, and leads far away from it, and her grasp. He could not force himself to family, and in possession of its title and es- ends with eternity. All bis affections had be interested in the common amusements tates; to this early misfortune, much of the entwined themselves around her who lov- and occupations of life; he could not form subsequent misery of his life must be at. ed him with the unsuspecting confidence of the tastes and habits which fill the hours tributed. He could no longer feel the love woman's love. For the first time since his of many with happiness, or—which is just and the desire, of fame and fortune, which boy hood, he was willing that his days should as well—forgetfulness; he had no longer a forces many into occupation and happiness; be many, for he thought not one would pass tie which could bind him to earth, and he and he lost, at once, almost all object of ac- without giving to the mind of his beloved felt too strongly, that happiness, which, like tion or of hope. With all that wealth new powers and resources, and awakening the rainbow, seems to rest upon the earth, could give him, he enjoyed enough of the in him the consciousness that the passions like that, exists only in the heavens ;-and deference and respect that is paid to rank, whose violence had wrought him much harm, he determined to seek it there. to assure him that it was hardly worth while were stilled and subdued in the intensity of His religious opinions were firm, and to strive for more. He became restless, his affection. He felt, or fancied, that all more than commonly operative upon bis dispirited, and melancholy. He looked up the evil of his heart was gradually melting conduct; but they were fatally false, for on the world, but his moral perceptions away, beneath the sweet influences which they admitted the possible innocence of the were so false and distorted, that he saw emanate. from the moral loveliness of self-murderer. He felt, or imagined, that nothing there which seemed worth the woman.

life no longer answered its purpose with winning; he turned his look upon himself, Such were his hopes, and they might him; neither his feelings nor his faculties and upon all that was his,-and tried in have been verified; but she, to whom he were exercised, and lie thought bis moral vain to forget that he had found it all looked for all the happiness be expected in sense grew duller, and his mind parrower, nothing

this or any other world,died. Ere he and weaker, and darker, every day. At this period in his life, when his heart had made her his, she died the painful, lin- He valued the moment which we pass on 1


earth, justly, for he thought it worthless in About the flowers; the cheerful rivulet surg itself;--infinitely important when regarded

And gossiped, as he hastened ocean-ward ; as the entrance to eternity. He well knew, And chirping from the ground the grasshopper up

To the gray oak the squirrel, chiding, clung, too, the office and the purpose of misery;

sprung. and if he had been able to see that it was a minister of good to him, he might have And from beneath the leaves that kept them dry lived and suffered on. There is a pride

Flew many a glittering insect here and there, which is almost joy, in the stern endurance And darted up and down the butterfly,

That seemed a living blossom of the air. of pain, when we remember that it is the

The flocks came scattering from the thicket where triumph of all that is noble in our nature; The violent rain had pent them, in the way and there is a bope which is bliss, in the Strolled groups of damsels frolicksome and fair, tient submission to suffering, when we feel The farmer swung the scythe or turned the hay, that the strength of Omnipotence is uphold And 'twixt the heavy swaths his children wore at

play. ing the weakness of humanity. But it was not thus with him; his own strength failed It was a scene of peace--and, like a spell, him, and he sought no aid. There seemed Did that serene and golden sunlight fall to be a palsy upon his soul; despair crush- Upon the motionless wood that clothed the fell, ed all its energies with her iron hand, and

And precipice npspringing like a wall, held down the hopes and aspirations which And happy living things that trod the bright

And glassy river and white waterfall, might have consoled and sustained him.

And beauteous scene ; while, far beyond them Perhaps he suffered under a species of de

all, lirium; certainly his mind wandered from On many a lovely valley, out of sight, the truth, for it seemed to him almost a

Was poured from the blue heavens the same soft

golden light. duty to quit life ere he sank lower in the scale of moral and intellectual being. I looked, and thought the quiet of the scene

It was with such views and feelings that An emblem of the peace that yet shall be, he dared to shake off the burthen which When, o'er earth's continents and isles between,

The noise of war shall cease from sea to sea, oppressed him sorely ;-to withdraw himself from the duties of life;—to commit that when millions, crouching in the dust to one,

And married nations dwell in harmony. only crime which cannot be repented. No more shall beg their lives on bended knee,

This event did not take place until many Nor the black stake be dressed, nor in the sun years after the death of her whom he had The o'erlaboured captive toil, and wish his life loved ; aud until she was forgotten by all but

were done. him wbo could sooner have forgotten his Too long at clash of arms amid her bowers own existence. In the days of their hap- And pools of blood, the earth has stood aghast, piness they had exchanged miniatures; his The fair earth, that should only blush with flowers was buried with her in compliance with a And ruddy fruits; but not for aye can last request she had made when her mind was Lo, the clouds roll away=they break--they fiy,

The storm, and sweet the sunshine when 'tis past; weakened with disease; and bers was worn

And, like the glorious light of summer, cast suspended at his neck until his friends took O'er the wide landscape from the embracing sky, it from bis corpse. Upon the edging around on all the peaceful world the smile of heaven shall it he had written the lines which Shenstone


engraved upon an urn erected at the Lea-
sowes to the memory of a friend ;

Heu! quanto minus est cum reliquis versari, quam ing to La Fayette, brought to my recollection


The welcome which this nation is now giv. tui meminisse.

lines written a few years since, by a veteran who It is difficult to retain the force and pa. had fought for the same cause, --and was willing thos of these beautiful lines in a translation; thus to vent his sorrow, and his anger, at the inditat least, I find it so; they mean, however, ference then felt—at least, manifested--towards the

claims of his brother officers upon the gratitude something like this:-

of their country. The lines amused me when I Alas! how much inferior is the living conversation first read them, and though they have little poetical of others to the bare remembrance of thee.

pretensions, they may amuse some of your readers.
S. X.
I can assure you that they are genuine.

D. B.


In former times-no matter when

Four-footed beasts resembled men,

Partook of human shapes and cares.
The day had been a day of wind and storm;-

And managed mighty state affairs. The wind was laid, the storm was overpast,

'Twas then a horrid war arose And stooping from the zenith, bright and warm,

Between a Lion and his foes.
Shone the great sun on the wide earth at last. This Lion was a Lion stout,
I stood upon the upland slope and cast

Who put the fiercest herds to rout,
My eye upon a broad and beauteous scene,

Kept the quadruped nations under,
Where the vast plain lay girt by mountains vast, And slew like death and roared like thunder,
And bills o'er hills lifted their heads of green,

Establishing his royal will
With pleasant vales scooped out and villages be- By right divine to govern ill;

Demolished equity and law,

And measured justice by his paw.
The rain-drops glistened on the trees around,

Aroused at last, the Beasts convene,
Whose shadows on the tall grass were not stirred, In full assembly, on the green.
Save when a shower of diamonds, to the ground, For common sense and common fear
Was shaken by the flight of startled bird ;

United them both far and near.
For birds were warbling round, and bees were Why should we lavish precious time,

To number all their names in rhyme,

Or swell our verse to bring in pat
The Rabbit, Monkey, Mouse, or Cat?
Suffice it, all the beasts were there,
And voted Reynard in the chair.
And then each quadrupedal yeoman
Spoke like a veteran Greek or Roman,
Determining to bid defiance
And die, or kill despotic Lions,
And one and all united roar
We'll never serve this tyrant more ;
Then holding up the hoof or paw,--
They make it a perpetual law.
Scarce had the Chairman signed the same,
Ere down upon them Leo came,
And like a whirlwind swept along,
And rent the boldest of the throng.
The nimble Hare, the subue Fox,
The Kid, the Heifer, and the Ox,
The Monkey, Mouse, and Mole, and Pig,
And many a cloven-footed whig,
At once forsook the promised strife,
Took to their heels and fled for life.
But in this crisis of their fate,
When terror shook them, small and great,
The Mastiffs rose, a gen'rous band,
Resolved to make one gallant stand;
Repel this rampant Lion's might,
And check his force, or die in fight.
At once they beard him face to face,
And carnage covers all the place.
Their reeking lives the soil be-stain,
They fall by thousands on the plain,
Nor yet from well fought field withdraw,
Till they have torn away his paw.*
And now the fugitives collect,
And yield the victors high respect;
To recompense their martial pranks,
Behold a gen'rous vote-of thanks ;
With promise, if they 'll fight again,
Of nourishment from common den ;
And, if they 'll break the Lion's head,
To them, and to their offspring, bread;
And further, should their lives be lost,
A funeral at the public cost;
Nay—and, besides what's due each beast,
Full five days' extra food at least.
This solemn contract sealed and signed,
And executed to their mind,
The assembled brutes erect their jaws,
And yield the Mastiffs fresh applause ;
Hail them defenders of their freedom,
And swear to love and bless and feed 'em ;
Fawn on them with the fondest greeting,
And then-adjourn their present meeting;
While each retires to tranquil life,
To rear his young and kiss his wife.
Meanwhile the Mastiffs, in the front
Of bloody battle, bear the brunt.
And now the enemy attacking,
They get perhaps a thorough whacking ;
Anon by stratagem, or chance,
They claw his ears and make him dance.
Full seven long days, as many nights,
Are crimsoned thus with horrid fights,
When Jove, or destiny, or fate,
Impelled each dog on Leo's pate;
Full on him the whole cohort runs,
He roars,—they bite like sons of guns,
And lacerate bis monstrous jaw,
And lear away his other paw.t
This caused the rage of war to cease,
And gave the affrighted forests peace;
But who can now their joy display,
On such a happy holyday.
Again quadruped crowds convene,
And prance throughout the sylvan scene,
Exult around in raptures rude,
And festive sounds of gratitude.
With pealing shouts the woodlands ring,
Each Mastiff's glory how they sing!
This nobly fought, that glorious died,
And t'other thrashed the Lion's hide;
What shaggy trophies shall they raise,
Perpetuating patriot praise.

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Burgoyne. † Cornwallis.




Ani now, released from martial strife,

Yes!-think not that the brightest eye, ny; it is called from the neighbouring The Mastiffs seek a peaceful life.

The softest lip, the balmiest sigh

chalet, Montarguis. Two countrymen of Worn out with battles, toils, and cares,

The cheek where loveliest roses bloom,

the village of Sionzier, near the road to In scar-seamed coats and silver hairs,

Can save the fair one from the tomb.

this ice-cave, had the curiosity and perThey humbly ask their promised food,

Ha! my Aurelia, did'st thou hear?The price of safety bought with blood;

severance to make three visits to this

Yet what hast thou, bright nymph, to fear? But envy, avarice, reared their crest,

The flower of beauty tades, and dies,

place during the last autumn and winter, And brutal nature stood confest.

But Virtue shall ascend the skies.

and have drawn up a short notice, which The Fox beyins, 'I'd rather shoot ye


has been read to the Geneva Society. It Than pay you for a public duty.

is as follows: No honest brute would dare to mention That vile commute, the five-days' pension;

" The 22d October we ascended to the

INTELLIGENCE. In this new commonwealth of reason,

ice-caye of Montarguis with some little Its very name amounts to treason.

trouble, because of the first snow,

and we 'Tis true, in war we found you stout,

found very little ice, in columns ; it had Then who so fit to fight it out?

A Literary Society has been founded at begun to melt.
All animals of sense and science
Make beasts like you contend with Lions;

Calcutta, by native Indians of distinction, “The 26th November we reascended to Hence to promote it, we, the wise,

the object of which is truly praiseworthy. the before mentioned ice-cave. There we Agreed to coin politic lies,

It is intended to enter into discussions on found very little ice at the bottom of the For which all nations justify us,

all subjects connected with the progress of cave, out of which came a sort of warmth. Turk, Christian, Jew, profane and pious.

civilization and literature. Works of learn- “The 25th December we reascended Besides, the contract has a flaw,

ing and general utility are to be published to the above mentioned cave with much Some quadrupeds ne'er signed the law, And silence does not give consent

in English ; and little manuals of morals difficulty and trouble, and were almost carIn beastly courts of parliament.

and science, tending to impugn certain in- ried away by an avalanche. This circumBe sure, we kept this matter quiet,

veterate customs, and to lay down rules of stance discouraged us, but, recovering from Till you 'd suppressed the bloody riot ;

reformation conducive to the well-being of our fear, we ascended. There we found a Yet, ergo, since all never signed,

individuals in Bengal. To promote these moderate warınth in the cave and no ice; The five-days' bargain cannot bind.' • Bravissimo,' exclaims the Mole,

ends, mechanical and mathematical instru- instead of which, where there is ice in Just creeping from his dirty hole;

ments, together with a chemical apparatus, summer, there was actually water: thereA contract, except each consents,

are to be procured. A house is to be erect-fore, in winter it is warm in this cavern, Is null and void to all intents.

ed for the purpose of holding their assem- and in summer it is cold. The roof apThis promise is defunct no less,

blies, and containing their different collec-pears cavernous; it appears as if there We made it under war's distress, And all such covenants should cease,

tions. A college will be annexed for in- were chimneys." The moment we have gotten peace. struction in the arts and sciences.

The fact, therefore, seems well ascerHence, for my life I cannot see,

tained, and the concluding part of this acWhy dogs are favoured inore than we.'

count comes in support of the explanation *Nor I,' replies the bearded Goat. "I hate a Mastiff,' grunts the Shote.

Near the top of a mountain, under the given by Professor Pictet, that the phenomeThe Monkey grins, What! give my nut first cliff of rocks, about a mile and a half non depends on descending currents of air, To cram a ragged Mastift's gut.'

from the road leading to Niagara (on the cooled by evaporation, whilst traversing conThe little squirrel cocks his tail,

Canadian shore), is situated å large cave, siderable strata of stones constantly moist. And hopes their whole demand will fail.'

within which, about a rod from its mouth, is This effect can only take place in summer, E'en Grasshoppers erect their backs, And shrugging, hate the impost tax;'

spring which flows the whole year. About for in winter the current of air would be And last a Flea, in patriot pet,

the end of March, the water issuing from ascending, from the superior warmth of the Had rather bleed than pay the debt. the rock freezes, forming large pieces of interior, to the exterior. The descending Thus were the war-worn Mastiffs treated,

ice. During the heat of summer, the ice current of air was noticed during the last Cajoled, and vilified, and cheated.

continues to form. In the fall of the year, summer by M. Gampert, who visited this MORAL.

about the end of September, as the weath-cave, and penetrated to its extremity; Let all whom no such fable suits,

er gets cooler, the ice disappears; and there there he discovered a crevice or aperture, Detest ungrateful, cheating brutes.

is no ice formed, during the cold winter by which water descended and flowed over D. B. months, until the ensuing spring. The the ice, and also a very rapid current of

water is quite pure, issuing out of the rock. very cold air.

Caves like that which is here noticed TO AURELIA-WHO HAD PRESENTED SOME have been observed in the neighbourhood


of the Alps. The above account is given The printing apparatus invented by Mr Sweet Hafiz. !* were thy harp hut mine, on the authority of a Canadian newspaper. Church of the Britannia Works, BirmingMy numbers too should glow like thine : And these fair buds forever bloom,

The Bibliothèque Universelle gives the fol- ham, forms perhaps the most extraordinary Forever breathe divine perfume.

lowing account, which renders the truth of combination of machinery that has for a

the above statement highly probable. long time been submitted to the public. But ah! I touch the strings in vain;

It consists of tbree pieces of mechanism. 'Tis still the same wild wayward strain: In a memoir on some natural ice-caves, The first of these has for its object the And the lov'd maiden's cherished boon, With me must fade and wither soon.

read before the Helvetic Society, by Pro- casting of metallic types with extraordinary

fessor Pictet, in 1822, the author had ad- expedition, and the arrangement of them Perish the huds; but O! their breath- vanced the singular fact, attested by the for the compositor. By turning a handle, How sweet the fragrance even in death! neighbouring inhabitants, that the ice forms a plunger is made to displace a certain The Poet dies, unknown to fame,

more in summer than in winter, and con- portion of fluid metal, which rushes, with Nor leaves the perfume of a name.

ceived that this effect might be due to two considerable force, through small apertures And Youth and Beauty-must they fade ?

concomitant causes ; descending currents into the moulds and matrices by which the Shall Death their soft retreats invadeof air, and the cold produced by evapora- types are cast.

The farther progress of Dash from their lips the nectar'd bowl, tion. It was desirable that this fact should the machine discharges the types from the And dim the lustre of the soul ?

be confirmed by observation made in the moulds and causes them to descend into

winter; a season, however, when the fall square tubes, having the shape of the types, Hafiz has been termed the Persian Anacreon, of snow prevented ascents to any great and down which they slide. It then brings but not, perhaps, with the strictest propriety. The Poets of the East delight to dwell upon the beau- height. One of these natural ice-caves, the body of each type into the position reties of the rose, and fancy that the nightingale is visited by Professor Pictet, is situated near quired for placing it in the composing maenamoured of it.

the crest of the Mont Vergy, in Faucig- chine ; and when the types have descended




in the guides, they are pushed back by the


beautiful quotations from books of travels machine into ranges, each type preserving

and from other works, continually excite its erect position. The machine then re


and gratify the curiosity of the reader.” turns into its former state, and the same


Christian Spectator. operation is renewed. The construction

“We consider the Sketches' well suited of the mouldbar is the most striking portion ELEMENTS OF GEOGRAPHY—ANCIENT AND to give a large fund of entertainment and of the machine.

instruction to the youthful mind." The second machine selects and com- CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. have

North American Review. bines the types into words and sentences.

“We know of no book which would be The several sorts of types are arranged / published a new and much improved edi. more suitable to be read by scholars in our

tion of this work. The Geography is printslip containing a great number of types of the Eastern and Middle States is added to in narrow boxes or slips, each individualled in a handsome style, and a new map of higher schools, and which would excite

more interest in the family circle." the same letter, which is called a file of

Ř. I. American the Atlas. letters. The cases containing the files are

“ These volumes are extremely enterplaced in the upper part of the composing Extracts from Reviews, fc. taining, and may be recommended to the inachine; and by means of keys, like those “Mr Worcester’s Geography appears to perusal of those even, who conceive themof a piano-forte, the compositor can release us a most excellent manual." It is concise, selves to be past the necessity of elemenfrom any file the type which he wants. well arranged, free from redundancies and tary instruction.”-Christian Examiner. The type thus liberated is led by collect. repetitions, and contains exactly what it

« The Sketches' &c. form a most valuaing arms into a curved channel, which an- should, a brief outline of the natural and ble companion to the · Elements of Geograswers the purpose of a composing-stick. political characteristics of each country. phy,' admirably calculated to interest the From this channel they may be taken in The tabular views are of great value.” attention, and impart useful knowledge to words or sentences, and formed by the

North American Review. our youth.”—Roberts Vaux, Esq. hand into pages, by means of a box placed « We consider the work, in its present cuted, and well fitted to be both popular

“The work is, in my opinion, ably exeat the side of the machine.

state, as the best compend of Geography and useful." —Rev. Dr S. Miller. The third machine, for taking off impres- for the use of schools, which has appeared sions from the types, evinces much ingenui- in our country.” ty; but cannot be understood without sev

Monthly Literary Journal. eral drawings. After the types have been used, and the requisite number of impres

“From a careful examination of thy Gesions obtained, they are re-melted and reography, and a comparison of the work Extracts from Revievos, &c. cast as before, so that every sheet is print- with other productions of like character, I “ The authorities which Mr Worcester ed with new types.

am led to the opinion that it is the most specifies, are certainly those most worthy It is pretty obvious, we should think, that valuable system of elementary geography of reliance. We have ourselves used his however well this machine may be made to published in our country.”

Gazetteer for some time past, and we con

Roberts Vaux, Esq. operate in theory, or in a few experiments, it

tinue to regard it as by far the most accuwill be found to fail in the attempt to adopt it “I have no hesitation in expressing it as rate, copious, and generally serviceable for the performance of actual printing ingen- my opinion, that it contains more valuable work of the kind, which we have ever seen. eral. We are too much accustomed to the matter, and better arranged, than any sim- The second edition comprises nearly two failure of projects which promise a vast ilar work of its size I have ever met with.” thousand pages, printed in the neatest man. deal better than this, to have our faith

Professor Adams. ner, on handsome paper." much disturbed by accounts of wonder

National Gazette. “I cannot hesitate to pronounce it, on working machines that are to save so un- the whole, the best compend of geography

“In its present form, it [the Universal reasonable a share of time and labour. for the use of academies, that I have ever

Gazetteer) is, we believe, the most com

Rev. Dr S. Miller. prehensive geographical dictionary that ANIMAL HEAT AT LOW TEMPERATURES.

“Of all the elementary treatises on the can be called a manual, and we think it peratures of a number of animals comparseen none with which I am, on the whole, tained. We are disposed to regard it as The following is a statement of the tem- subject which have been published, I have would be difficult to name a work in two

volumes, in which more information is coned with the temperature of the atmosphere, so well pleased, and which I can so cheer- freer from defects than any other work of as observed by Capt. Lyon, during Capt. fully recommend to the public.” Parry's second voyage.

the kind before the public.

President Tyler.
Temp. of Animals. Temp. of Air.

“ The typographical execution is unusuAn arctic fox · 106 14

ally neat and sightly, and the whole work Do. 1011 5

forms a repository of geographical and staDo. 100 3

tistical information, greater, we apprehend, Do. 1014


Comprising a description of the Grand than is elsewhere condensed into the same Do. 993


Features of Nature; the principal Moun-compass.”—North American Review. Do. 98


tains, Rivers, Cataracts, and other interest. Do. 992


ing Objects and Natural Curiosities; also All publishers of books throughout the Do. 1045

23 of the Chief Cities and Remarkable Edi- United States, are very earnestly requested Do. 100

15 fices and Ruins; together with a view of to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, Do. . 106

- 32 the Manners and Customs of different Na- the names of all works of every kind, preDo. 103

27 tions; illustrated by One Flundred Engrav- paring for publication, in the press, or reDo. 102


cently published. As they will be inserted Do. 101

Extracts from Revieros, &c. in the Gazette, it is particularly desired A white hare



“We have attentively perused these that the exact titles be stated at length.

"Sketches,' and have no hesitation in say*** The proprietors of Newspapers, for ing that we know of no similar work, in

CAMBRIDGE: which this Gazette is exchanged, and of which instruction and amusement are so which the price is less than that of the much combined. The accuracy of the PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, Cazette, are expected to pay the difference. statements, the brevity and clearness of

C. H. & Co. the descriptions, the apposite and often HILLIARD AND METCALF.


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