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of opinion on this subject. Every unsophis- whether it should be classed amongst vir- instruction which he has proposed, that have ticated mind views the expression of selfish tues or vices; that is to say, whether it adds any claim to novelty, may be found in the desires for the approbation of others with to the happiness or misery of human crea- works of Pestalozzi and his followers. They displeasure; and conscience and common tures.”

are unquestionably very important, and it is sense infallibly distinguish it as evil.

Nothing is gained by such quibbling about well for the world that they are beginning Pride relates to the judgment we form of the meaning of common language; but let to be thought so. ourselves in comparison with others. The this pass. A more formidable objection to Miss Edgeworth's talent for arranging light by which we are blessed by Heaven, the passage, is, that she makes that to be the ideas which she collects, and presenting enables us to estimate our own qualities virtue which "adds to the happiness ;” and them in a lucid and beautiful dress, is rejustly; but our self-love often opposes and that to be vice which " adds to the misery markably perfect; and the external charins perverts this light,-fills our minds with of human creatures ;” without giving us any of her moral principles combine to produce deceitful imaginations of our superiority standard for determining the ultimate effect a very powerful effect on the mind of the over others, and makes us attach to our of our various passions and sentiments. The reader. It may be asked, how these emiown qualities a value and dignity which christian standard is, that what proceeds nent qualities can be accounted for, without they do not possess. It is because the quali- from love to the Lord, and charity towards supposing that they proceed from a genuine ties are ours, and not another's, that self- our neighbour, and is regulated by truth in love of purity and order. There is certainly love thus exalts and deifies them. This its application to life, is essentially right, is no greater difficulty in accounting for these false estimate of ourselves, proceeding from judicious, and will produce ultimate bappi- than for the beautiful writings of professed self-love, is what is commonly denominated ness. The remark we have already made, infidels. It is not unknown, that "the chilpride.

is illustrated here: Miss Edgeworth does dren of this world are, in their generation, If your readers will excuse the digression, not refer to the principles from which pas- wiser than the children of light." Their I will

say, that what are commonly called sions proceed, but judges of their character minds are less divided. Their thoughts and passions, consist not merely of an affection from their effects. No man is competent at affections are limited to the present world ; of the mind, but they include the immediate all times to do this justly. He is much bet. and it would be strange indeed, if they did expression of such affection. The express- ter able to look within,—to consult his con- not frequently become adepts in their sevion may sometimes be deceitful, but the science, and to ask counsel of his Bible. eral modes of life. Who can board money only way to determine the moral quality of There are a few other passages in the like a Jew, or adorn the natural passions a passion, is to analyze it, and ascertain work, of the same eharacter with those like an infidel? It becomes those who live what is the affection within it, and from upon which I have last remarked; but, in only for the present world, to make the which it proceeds. We may then describe general, the external form of its morals, best of it; and why should it surprise us, it in synthetical order; and this is the or- like that of the other works of this author, that they learn the arts of self-gratification, der in which it must afterwards be viewed. is very pure, and not unfrequently distin- and can imitate the order and beauty which Now, Miss Edgeworth and infidel writers guished by uncommon beauty. The defect would result from bringing even heavenly do not analyze the passions thoroughly. is,and it is not a smallone,-the moral prin- principles into actual life. All that is necesThe distinctions they make between good ciples want a soul. They recommend right sary is consistency of character; and who and evil are external; having reference actions; but the motives from which these was ever more consistent, assiduous, and rather to the immediate expression of an are to proceed, are generally incompetent faithful to any purpose, than Miss Edgeaffection, and the ultimate result of actions, to produce them, and are always destitute worth has been in endeavouring to make than to the affection itself. If it be asked, of that vitality, that reference to God and a life devoted solely to the present world, how we can distinguish good from evil, while futurity, which is necessary to make the ac- comfortable and respectable? S. viewing the very principles of passions, I an- tions good in any other than a worldly, selfswer, that it is by a faculty given by God ish view. It is not a little surprising, that, to every man, and commonly called con- with an education in a christian community, science. Whoever will learn any thing of the language of Scripture and of christian

No. III. metaphysics which will be practically use. writers should have made so little impressful, must acquire the habit of looking within ion on her mind, that she could almost THERE is nothing in our common gramhimself, and tracing his passions to their entirely divest herself of every thing that mars which defines the true nature and use principles, and of noticing the influence would lead the reader to infer that she had of the adjective. In some works we read of which bis aifections have upon his thoughts any knowledge of them. I see no reason for substantive nouns and adjective nouns. This and decisions; and whoever will communi. ascribing this to a love of any system, which is very well. What we denominate adjeccate metaphysical knowledge, should view she has formed to herself. There is nothing tives, are only a particular class of nouns, his subject from its essence to the form, of the originality of a system-maker; and, used in connexion with other nouns. Some and not inversely.

indeed, there are few works which have less of them are very frequently used indiscrimiTo return: the meaning which I have claims to original ideas. In this respect, it nately as nouns or adjectives. Others suffer given to the terins vanity and pride, is what seems to me that Miss Edgeworth has been some change of form, when used as adjecI believe them to have in common language. misjudged. She has a wonderful faculty of tives, in order to make them more readily When, therefore, Miss Edgeworth asks:- selecting the ideas of such writers as Vol. distinguishable; but, in all cases, they should - If we could give our pupils exactly the taire, Rousseau, Helvetius, Darwin, Adam be regarded as a class of nouns, used to excharacter we wish, what degrees of vanity Smith, and Hume; and some affinity of soul press the qualities of other pouns. and pride should we desire them to have with Franklin and Priestley. Most of her When Mr Murray tells us, that "an adjecthe plain answer is, None at all. What she references are to infidel authors; and nearly tive put without a substantive, with the defidenominates vanity and pride, generally all her metaphysical notions are derived from nite article before it, becomes a substantive in proceed from selfish principles, although them. Whoever has had much acquaintance sense and meaning, and is written as a subthey may proceed from something better; with these, can have no difficulty in tracing stantive; as, Providence rewards the good, and she is answerable for the equivocal use the origin of her principles. It must not, and punishes the bad ;" in this case, we can of the terms. More reverence for the lan- however, be inferred that she directly re-only say, that he talks nonsense. It is guage of Scripture, and more regard for re- commends the writings of these authors. proper to speak of substantives being used ligion itself, would have made her avoid this Your readers may perhaps expect me to as adjectives, for this obvious means, that confusion.

concede to Mr Edgeworth the merit of inuch they are used to express the quality of other “ As to ambition,” she remarks, “we originality in his chapters on the propermode substantives; but we cannot with propriety must decide what species of ambition we of teaching some of the sciences. I know say, that an adjeetive is used as a substanmean, before we can determine whether it not but he deserves it; but this I know, tive, because there is no distinct class of ought to be encouraged or repressed ; I that nearly all the principles and modes of words to which the term adjective properly

ON THE COMMON SYSTEMS OF ENGLISH

GRAMMAR.

JUAN FERNANDEZ.

Rang loud, and stopped him in his pride of place. small town, similarly situated, and not a back; which, before the discovery of Pom-
He fell, slow wheeling on his outspread wings, mile off from it. In returning to Naples, peii, was unknown.
Bequeathing all he left to thee ;-a name.
The EAGLE of thy tribe! Thy piercing eye

on the third day, we stopped at a large san- On the 6th of this month (February, Has fed the eagle. Was thy tribe cruel,

dy looking bank, on the right side of the 1824), we made our visit to the top of Ve. Or kind, when full of age, they cast thee forth

road, about ten miles from town. The suvius. The ascent and descent along the Upon that wilderness the world, to thee

bank was that which destroyed Pompeii, lava take about five hours. We had, forA lonelier place than wood or mountain high, A. D. 79; and we were now at the walls of tunately Salvadori for our guide, who told Or the deep glen, or the remotest cave ?

that city. There are few things so strange us all about the different eruptions, &c. &c. And didst thou die, neglected and alone, Or was it thine in victory to fall ?

as a walk through the silent streets of a The crater is not at all the thing I expected, Or fan the flame with thy heroic breath,

town, which, for 1700 years, has been hid but a gulph of most immense size, and one As round thee curled the slow consuming fire,

from the light of day and the world, when can see to the very bottom of it. I can Victim indeed! the requiem yelling

the manners and every-day scenes of so re- scarcely believe what we were told. that it is O'er thine own ashes ? Such was not thy end ! mote an age, stand revealed, unchanged, four and a half miles round the crater, and Thine aged body found a tranquil death,

after so long an interval. It would appear that its depth is two thousand feet; but it And slept among the dewy leaves again A long, unbroken sleep; and in that tree

that, sixteen years before the shower of is a most horrid, magnificent sight. Here Which cradled it, it found its airy grave.

sand and ashes from Vesuvius occurred, an and there a quantity of smoke is seen curlW.C. earthquake bad nearly ruined the town; so ing up the rocky sides; but at present the

that the houses are roofless, partly from mountain is very quiet. All around is a The features of the dead, being exposed by the that cause, and from the weight of ashes dark, black looking waste of lava, extendmode of burial among these Indians, are first de- which fell. Otherwise they stand just as ing to the sea ; and near the foot are the voured by the birds of prey.

they were left. The streets are narrow, vineyards of the Lachryma Christi. In but paved ; and the mark of the carriage spite of the sad example of Herculaneum wheels in the lava pavement is evident. In and Pompeii, villages are sprinkled bere

Murat's time four thousand men were em- and there, at the very foot of the mountain ; “O that the desert were my dwelling place, With one fair spirit for my minister.”

ployed in excavating; and so a great num- and our guide told us that one of them, call

ber of houses, perhaps one third of the ed Torre del Greco, had now been destroyThere's an island afar in the blue western sea, town, have been uncovered; but at present ed fourteen times, and another seven. The Where spring smiles forever for you, love, and me; there are only eleven men and a few boys day was very clear and beautiful, and the The winds breathing fragrance will waft away care, at work. I fancy the Neapolitans find the view very fine. The country around NaAnd sorrow and envy can never come there.

expense of giving 20,000 Austrian troops ples, towards the hills, is so rich and proThe sun when he sets on the fountain and flowers, double pay a little troublesome; and so ex. ductive, that it is called the Campagna Will leave not a bower so delicious as ours; cavations must stand over for the present. Felice; but still the people are poor and And the moon rising pale on that island of green The houses were all small, generally of two miserable. Will shed her calm light over souls as serene. stories, but beautifully painted; and the

figures of animals, such as horses, peacocks, SIMPLE METHOD OF LIQUEFYING THE GASES. To solitudes lovely then hasten with me Where Paradise blooms in the isle of the sea; &c. are as bright as that day they were

Sir H. Davy has recently used a very 0! I shall not regret the lost Eden of bliss

painted. There are two theatres standing, simple method of liquefying the gases by With a being like you, in an island like this. and one amphitheatre, all nearly perfect; the application of heat. 'It consists in plac

S. H.

but I find it impossible to give you any idea ing the gas in one leg of a sealed bent of the wonders we saw in one walk through tube, confined by mercury, and applying Pompeii

. At one time, we walked up a heat to ether, alcohol, or water, in the other INTELLIGENCE.

street, called the Strada dei Mercanti, on end. In this way, by the pressure of the

either side of us, the shops of mosaic selVISIT TO PÆSTUM, POMPEII, AND VESUVIUS. lers, statuaries, bakers, &c. &c. with the vapour of ether, he liquified prussic gas,

and sulphureous acid gas. When these owner's name painted in red, and the sign gases were reproduced they occasioned About fifty miles from Albergo Vittoria, of his shop rudely carved above the door.

cold. are the ruins of three temples, standing to the mill in the baker's shop, and the oven, gether on the seashore, at a place called amused us much. At another time, we Pæstum. We made up a party last week, passed through the hall of Justice, the temand drove out to these ruins. It was cold, ple of Hercules, the villa of Cicero, and

Mr Davis has shown, in a paper lately clear weather, and the Apennines were the villa of Sallust. The only villa of three published in the London Philosophical covered with snow, but a more interesting stories I observed, belonged to a man call. Transactions, that the Chinese year is a trip we never made. The ruins are the ed Arrius Diomedes (his name was at the lunar year, consisting of twelve months of most magnificent in Italy, particularly what outside of the door); and, in the cellar, twenty-nine and thirty days alternately, with is called the temple of Neptune, with four- beside some jars for wine, still standing, the triennial intercalation of a thirteenth teen large Doric pillars in length and eight was the skeleton of this poor fellow found month, or rather an intercalation seven in the other direction. Further than these with a purse in one hand, and some trink. times in nineteen years, to make the year ruins, and the wall of the town, not a vestige ets in his left, followed by another, bearing correspond more nearly with the sun's of it remains; and what is very singular, up some silver and bronze vases, the last course,

It has not been ascertained why scarce a notice now exists of any account supposed to have been his servant. They they fix upon the fifteenth degree of Aquaof the town, though it must have been a had been trying to escape by taking refuge rius as a rule for regulating the commencevery considerable maritime place. Like in the cellar. Many other curious things ment of their lunar year; but they have most of the other places on that coast, it have been discovered here, and a great deal an annual festival about the recurrence of must have been a Greek settlement; but may yet be brought to light, for, from a this period, which resembles the deification times, alas ! have sadly changed with it, for ticket of a sale stuck up on the wall of a of the god Apis. now three solitary farin-houses are all that house, it would appear that one person had remain, owing to its being unhealthy in no fewer than nine hundred shops to let.

VACCINATION IN CUINA. There is something very incom- The street of the tombs is the most im- Mr Davis, in the paper just quoted, menprehensible about the unhealthiness of towns pressive; they are beautiful and extremely tions the following curious fact. When Dr in Italy; for the town of Salerno, situated interesting. One for the gladiators has a Pearson made the Chinese his invaluable on a beautiful bay, which we passed along, representation of the different modes of present of vaccine inoculation, it was acis almost deserted by its inhabitants in sum- fighting carved on it; and from this it would companied by a small pamphlet, in Chinese, mer; and yet they find safety at another seem, that they occasionally fought on horse- ! containing a few vecessary directions as to

CHINESE YEAR.

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summer.

269

AURORA BOREALIS.

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the use of the virus, and stating the discovery, carried off the roofs of two inhabited houses, the names of all works of every kind, preto have been English. A purified edition of and advanced along the mountain in the

paring for publication, in the press, or this little book was very soon after publish- district of Quigliano, where it dissipated ited, in which not one word was retained as self near the convent of Capuchins, situated recently published. As they will be into its origin, nor any trace by which it in the village It tore up many large trees of serted in the Gazette, it is particularly could be known that the discovery was not all kinds, and committed ravages, the extent desired that the exact titles be stated at Chinese,

of which was not certainly ascertained.

The preceding accounts are contained in length.
WATERSPOUT IN FRANCE.

the Paris Moniteur and in the Bibliothèque *** The proprietors of Newspapers, for

Universelle.
In the arrondissemens of Dreux and of

which this Gazette is exchanged, and of Mantes, about three o'clock on the twenty

which the price is less than that of the sixth of August, 1823, a storm came on from the S. W. accompanied with a sudden and of 1820 and 1821, in Iceland, made nume- ence.

Dr. L. Thienemann, who spent the winter Gazette, are expected to pay the differpowerful heat. A waterspout was seen not far from the village of Boucourt, having its states the following as some of the general rous observations on the polar lights. He

C. H. & Co. broad base resting on the ground, and its summit lost in the clouds. li consisted of a results of his observations:

TO CORRESPONDENTS. thick and blackish vapour, in the middle of

1. The polar lights are situated in the

We fully intended to print the poem of which were often seen flames in several lightest and highest clouds of our atmos

phere. directions. Advancing along with the storm,

“ Clitus,” but, upon further consideration,

2. They are not confined to the winter are satisfied that it is somewhat too long to it broke or tore up by the roots, in the space of a league, seven or eight hundred season, or to the night, but are present, in be inserted entire in a work of this kind, trees of different sizes, and at last burst favourable circumstances, at all times, but with great violence in the village of Mar- are only distinctly visible, during the ab- and that it ought not to be cut into pieces. sence of the solar ray.

A condition annexed to the poem of chepey, one half of the houses of which were instantly destroyed. The walls over-). 3. The polar lights have no determinate “ Ariel” makes it impossible for us to pub

connexion with the earth. turned to their foundations, rolled down on

lish it. We should be glad to state to him all sides; the roofs, when carried off, broke

4. He never heard any noise proceed from them.

more particularly our reasons for declining in pieces, and the débris were dragged to the distance of half a league by the force

5. Their common form, in Iceland, is the to make use of it, if he will give us an opof this aërial torrent. Some of the inhab-arched, and in the direction from N. E. and portunity. W. S. W.

The lines which have the signature, “ A, itants were crushed to pieces, or wounded by the fall of their houses, and those who within the limits of clouds containing them. enable us to comply with the requisition at

6. Their motions are various, but always B, C,” were not received soon enough to were occupied in the labours of the field, were overthrown or blown away by the

tached to them. whirlwind. Hailstones as large as the fist, and stones and other foreign bodies carried

The first number of the transactions of

These three poems lie in the bookstore of off by the wind, injured several individuals. this society was published in August 1823. Messrs Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. subject Carts heavily loaded were broken in pieces, | It contains an account of its objects and to the orders of the respective writers. and their loads dispersed. Their axle-trees progress, and several dissertations on im- Are we to have nothing more from were broken, and the wheels were found portant medical subjects. One of the

Agnes ? at the distance of two hundred or three greatest contributors is Don Manuel Moreno

December 12. hundred paces from the spot where they a graduate of the University of Maryland. were overturned. One of these carts, which in the introductory discourse, many comhad been carried off almost bodily, was pliments are paid to the people of the

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS pitched above a tile-kiln which had been United States, their policy, scientific instibeaten down, and some of the materials of tutions, and literati. The academy offers which had been carried to a considerable prizes for the best dissertations on certain distance. A spire, several hamlets and medical subjects,—the prize for 1824 was a

By Cummings, Hilliard, 8. Co.-Boston. different insulated houses, were overthrown. gold medal of the value of two hundred dol- Evenings in New England; intended for Several villages were considerably injured. lars. The seal of the Academy represents Juvenile Amusement and Instruction. By an The lower part of the waterspout is suppos- the temple of Minerva, supported by six American Lady.

Boston Journal of Philosophy and the ed to have been about one hundred toises in columns—the dome surmounted by the sun

Arts. No. 3. Vol. II. For December. diameter.

and in the centre the genius of liberty with Near Genoa on the 16th of the following other emblematic devices--on the reverse,

By Richardson & Lord-Boston. month, a waterspout was observed, accom- Medicinæ ac Naturalium Scientiarum Bopanied by similar phenomena. A heavy nærensis Academiæ. The number is in the The Agricultural Reader, designed for rain fell on that day in the communes of quarto form, and contains one hundred the use of Schools. By Daniel Adams, M. D. Quigliano and Valeggia, in the province of pages. It is printed on good paper with a Savona, beginning at five o'clock in the neat type, and its execution in general, By Dorr & Howland-Worcester, Mass. morning. It increased to such a degree whether considered in a literary or me- The Columbian Class-Book, consisting of that at nine o'clock the country was inun-chanical point of view, is such as to give Geographical, Historical, and Biographical Ex. dated. Towards noon there issued from a a very favourable impression of the state tracts, compiled from authentic sources, and armountain situated in the parish of Valeggia, of science and the arts in Buenos Ayres. ranged on a plan different from any thing before a whirlwind of black smoke and fire. It Dr Chapman of Philadelphia, and Dr Mitch offered the public; particularly designed for the first carried off the roof a house, in which ell of New York, are honorary members of use of Schools. By A. T. Lowe, M. Ď. two children were crushed to pieces, and the Academy. the parents wounded. The waterspout

By B. Field & Co.-Providence. then advanced to the opposite side of the

Sailors' Physician, containing Medical mountain called Magliolo; crossed the riv

All publishers of books throughout the Advice for Seamen and other persons at Sea, on the er, the waters of which it heaped up in an United States, are very earnestly requested Treatment of Diseases, and on the Preservation of

Health in Sickly Climates. By Usher Parsons, instant, though they were much swelled ; to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, M. D. Second edition.

ACADEMY OF MEDICINE OF BUENOS AYRES.

FOR DECEMBER.

THE MURDERED TRAVELLER.

like Marvel again, have endeavoured to The aspiring lark up from the reedy river which have given rise to this undue degree make a story of what, if told in proper Mounted, on cheerful pinion; and she sat

of vividness. “It is therefore chiefly for the terms, would be only that the roads were Casting sonooth pebbles into a clear fountain, sometimes rough and sometimes dirty, and For him thai perished thus in the vast deep. And marking how they sunk ;-and oft she sighed purpose of explaining such laws, that the

present dissertation is written. But I here that the weather “presented the usual vi- She had a sea-shell

, that her lover brought enter into a perfectly new field of research, cissitude of rain and sunshine.” Farewell. From the far distant ocean, and she pressed where far greater difficulties are to be en

Its sinooth cold lips unto ear, and thought countered than I anticipated. The extent
It whispered tidings of the dark blue sea ;

of them can indeed be only estimated by the POETRY.

And sad, she cried, “ The tides are out!-and now
I see his corse upon the storiny beach!".

metaphysician.” The laws which govern Around her neck a string of rose-lipped shells,

the vividness of our feelings, Dr Hibbert And coral, and white pearl, was loosely hung, explains in the various transitions which the

And close beside her lay a delicate fan, When Spring, to woods and wastes around,

mind undergoes; 1st. From perfect sleep to Made of the halcyon's blue wing; and when Brought bloom and joy again;

the common state of watchfulness; 2d. From She looked upon it, it would calin her thoughts 'The murdered traveller's bones were found, As that bird calms the ocean,- for it gave

the ordinary tranquil state of watchfulness Far down a narrow glen. Mournful, yet pleasant memory. Once I marked,

to that condition of extreme mental exciteWhen through the mountaino hollows and green ment which is conceived to be necessary The fragrant birch, above him, hung woods,

for the production of spectral illusions ; 3d. Her lassels in the sky;

That bent beneath its footsteps, the loud wind And many a vernal blossom sprung,

From perfect and imperfect sleep to dreams Came with a voice as of the restless deep, And nodded, careless, by. She raised her head, and on her pale cold cheek

and somnambulism. These laws meet with A beauty of diviner seeming came :

very striking illustrations; which, the auThe red-bird warbled, as he wrought

And then she spread her hands, and smiled, as if thor adds, “are not more numerous than His hanging nest o'erhead,

She welcomed å long absent friend, -and then the treatise requires, as my object is, not And fearless, near the fatal spot,

Shrunk timorously back again, and wept. Her young the partridge led.

only to render the principles which I have I turned away: a multitude of thoughts, Mournful and dark, were crowding on my mind

inculcated, as intelligible as possible, but to But there was weeping far away, And as I left that lost and ruined one,

direct the attention of the reader, less to And gentle eyes, for him, A living monument that still on earth

the vulgar absurdities which are blended With watching many an anxious day, There is warm love and deep sincerity,

with ghost stories, than to the important Grew sorrowful and dim.

She gazed upon the west, where the bine sky philosophical inferences, which are freThey little knew, who loved him so, Held, like an ocean, in its wide embrace

quently to be deduced from them. The The fearful death he met,

Those fairy islands of bright cloud, that lay
So calm and quietly in the thin ether.

subject of apparitions has, indeed, for cen. When shouting o'er the desert snow, And then she pointed where, alone and high,

turies, occupied the attention of the learn. Unarmed, and hard beset. One little cloud sailed onward, like a lost

ed; but seldom without reference to superNor how, when round the frosty pole And wandering bark, and fainter grew, and fainter, stitious speculations. It is time, however, The northern dawn was red,

And soon was swallowed up in the blue depths. that these illusions should be viewed in a The mountain wolf and wild-cat stole And when it sunk away, she turned again

perfectly different light; for, if the concluWith sad despondency and tears to earth. To banquet on the dead.

Three long and weary months,-yet not a whispersions to which I have arrived, be correct, Nor how, when strangers found his bones, Of stern reproach for that cold parting! Then

they are calculated, more than almost any They dressed the hasty bier,

She sat no longer by her favourite fountain ! other class of mental phenomena, to throw And marked his grave with nameless stones,

She was at rest forever.

H. W. L. considerable light upon certain important Unmoistened by a tear.

laws connected with the physiology of the

human mind.” But long they looked, and feared, and wept,

INTELLIGENCE.
Within his distant home;
And dreamed, and started as they slept,

PHILOSOPHY OF APPARITIONS.

OCCASIONAL ABUNDANCE AND SUPPOSED MI-
For joy that he was come.

GRATION OF FIELD-MICE.
A popular and very interesting work has
So long they looked—but never spied

been lately published by Dr Hibbert, enti-
His welcome step again,

Feld-mice appeared in extraordinary Nor knew the fearful death he died

tled “Sketches of the Philosophy of Appa- numbers in Morvern (Scotland) about the Far down that narrow glen.

B. ritions." The general plan of the work year 1809 or 1810. They were first observed

may be best described in the words of the in the month of August, and disappeared author himself.

during the ensuing winter. They were most THE LUNATIC GIRL.

“ In the first place,” he observes, “a numerous in the north, on Loch Sunart side Most beautiful, most gentle! Yet how lost general view is given of the particular of Morvern, where the country is wildest To all that gladdens the fair earth; the eye morbid affections, with which the produc- and most rugged, and where there is least That watched ber being; the maternal care

tion of phantasms is often connected. Ap- arable land. On the coast of the sound of That kept and nourished her; and the calm light That steals from our own thoughts

, and softly rests paritions are likewise considered as nothing Mull, their numbers were comparatively On youth's green vallies and smooth-sliding waters. more than ideas, or the recollected images trifling. They also infested the districts of Alas! few suns of life, and fewer winds,

of the mind, which have been rendered more Supart, Arduamurchan, Moidart, Arisaig, Had withered or had wasted the fresh rose vivid than actual impressions.” In a second and Ardgour. In Morvern, during the That bloomed upon her cheek; but one chill frost part of this work he says, “ My object has months of August and September, any spot Came in that early Autumn, when ripe thought been to point out, that in well authenticated of fine pasture in the hills was cut in roads

, Is rich and beautiful, -and blighted it; And the fair stalk grew languid day by day,

ghost-stories, of a supposed supernatural close to the ground. The grass, cut by the And drooped, and drooped, and shed its many character,—the ideas which are rendered root, lay withered. Bushes were also cut leaves.

so unduly intense as to induce spectral illu- by the root in the same way, and the white 'Tis said that some have died of love, and some, sions, may be traced to such fantastical ob- interior substance gathered into heaps for That once from beauty's high romance had caught jects of prior belief as are incorporated in nests. About the end of October and beginLove's passionate feelings and heart-wasting cares, the various systems of superstition, which for ning of November, in woods and low grounds Have spurned life's threshold with a desperate foot :

ages have possessed the minds of the vulgar.” | preserved for winter grazing, the grass was And others have gone mad, and she was one!- In the succeeding, and by far the most con- found cut the same way as in the hills. The Her lover died at sea; and they had selt

siderable part of this treatise, the research bark of young wood was frequently gnawed A coldness for each other when they parted; is of a novel kind. Since apparitions are off

, and the ground perforated to such a deBut love returned again, and to her ear

ideas equalling or exceeding in vividness gree, in making their subterraneous resiCame tidings, that the ship which bore her lover Had sullenly gone down at sea, and all were lost. actual impressions, there ought to be some dences, that it often yielded to the foot in I saw her in her native vale, when high important and definite laws of the mind I walking. These subterraneous residences,

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May

1157

OR SELECTIONS FROM THE WORKS OF

1163 1152 1123 1101

it is supposed, were intended for winter ham made his experiments with two guns, , to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, quarters. It was observed that the nests of at the distances of 29,547 feet and 13,923.3 the names of all works of every kind, prethe mice, above and below ground, all com- feet. They were twenty-four pounders, paring for publication, in the press, or municated with each other by an amazing charged with eight pounds of powder, and recently published. As they will be innumber of these cross roads, formed by cut- the experiments were continued during the serted in the Gazette, it is particularly ting the grass close to the ground, and latter part of 1820, and the whole of 1821. desired that the exact titles be stated at every nest was invariably connected, by The following table contains the substance length. means of these roads, with some place of these numerous and well conducted ex- *** The proprietors of Newspapers, for where there was water. In Morvern, and, periments; and it is curious to remark, how which this Gazette is exchanged, and of it is believed, in every quarter which the the velocity gradually increases towards the which the price is less than that of the mice infested, they were most numerous in middle of the year, and again gradually Gazette, are expected to pay the differ

C. H. & Co. those farms where there is least crop; and diminishes. Mr Goldingham conceives that ence. upon the whole, they destroyed much less this regularity would be still greater, with crop than grass. This did not proceed from the mean of several years' observations. a want of relish for corn diet ; for, in one

Velocity of sound in

ADVERTISEMENTS. farm in Morvern, where there is very little Months.

a second, in feet. arable ground, the crop was completely de

January

1101

CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO.

February -stroyed. Even every square foot of the roof

March of the barn was perforated; and a great

PROPOSE publishing a Collection of

April many of the stobs (sharp-pointed rods for

1151

American Poetry, under the title of fastening the thatch) nearly cut through. June

ANTHOLOGIA AMERICANA, It has been observed that mice are more

July

1164

August numerous during wet than dry seasons.

September During the winter of the year in which October

AMERICAN POETS. they were numerous beyond all others, a November long continued and severe frost took place,

The extracts which have been prepared December

1099 and they then disappeared. It is supposed Mr Goldingham has also recorded the for this publication, will make three or four they perished for want of food or water. state of the barometer

, thermometer

, and volumes, crown octavo; and they will comAll opinions regarding the amount of dam- hygrometer, at the times of his observations. prise such portions of the works of our -age done by these mice, to the pastures, are He concludes, that for each degree of the writers, as will present a fair specimen of mere conjectures

, but it musi have been thermometer, 1.2 feet may be allowed in the the actual poetical talent of our country. very considerable. In one tenement at velocity of sound for a second; for each de- The degrees of merit will, of course, be vaMoidart, having a stock of two thousand gree of the hygrometer, 1.4 feet ; and for rious; but it is the Editor's intention to adsheep, it was estimated as equal to that of 0.1 of an inch of the barometer, 9.2 feet. mit only such articles as shall have some three hundred sheep of an overstock. In He concludes, that ten feet per second is claim to a place in the collection, either on Maclean's residence, the mice destroyed an sound in a calm and in a moderate breeze ; fore held in the public estimation. Ardgour, on the grounds around Colonel the difference between the velocity of account of their own intrinsic merit, or of

the rank which their authors have heretoimmense number of fir plants, and other and 214 feet in a second, or 1275 in a min

The little volume lately published in young trees, by eating away the bark a lit- ute, is the difference, as the wind is in the ile above the root. So bent were they bere direction of the motion of sound, or oppos- the American Poets," was (to say nothing of

London, under the title of “ Specimens of on mischief, that old women, with cats, were ed to it. stationed at different points, in huts, through

the merit of some of the articles selected)

too limited to meet the wishes of those the plantations; at least it is generally re

readers who take an interest in this subject; ported that such was the case. It is not A French Journal has just been set up at and the specimens were too few in number likely that these establishments could give New York, under this singular, but rather to answer the purposes of such a work. any effectual check to their depredations. attractive title. It is published every ThursIt is not probable that there was any thing day, in a pamphlet of about twenty pages, played by some of our native poets, the

From the marks of genius which are dislike an invasion of this country by the mice and has now reached its third number. The editor has been led to believe" (perhaps not at the time they were so uncommonly nu-editor proposes to pass " from grave to gay;" upinfluenced by partiality for his native merous. It is more probable, that there was to deal in politics, literature, foreign intelli- country) that there are quite as strong and something in the season peculiarly favoura- gence, especially news from his own France; decisive indications of a national taste for ble to their increase. There is always a and to have a hand in all the pleasant topics poetical composition, as is acknowledged in considerable number of field-mice in the of the day. One of his most inviting prom- the sister art of painting; in which our woods, where they live by hoarding up, ises is, to tell his readers so much of what is country has already attained a rank that under ground, great quantities of hazel. doing in Paris, that they will almost forget could not have been expected at this early nuts; and in soft, moist ground, where there the distance that separates them from that

epoch. is long, rank grass, or where the ground is capital of taste and the arts.

It is the intention of the Editor that the coated with moss or fog, many of their nests It really surprising, that in a city like work shall be accompanied with a General and roads may be found under cover of the New York, which so swarms with foreign. Introduction, partly of a critical, and partly moss or grass. No facts occurred that woulders, where there is at least one church at of an historical nature. The plan has been lead one to suppose that they migrate from which the service is performed in the French communicated to several authors, who have, one district of country to another.

language, and where that language is so gen- without exception, expressed their consent erally understood, a plan of this kind should and approbation in the most flattering not have been sooner thought of.

terms; and the Editor now feels no hazA valuable and elaborate series of experi

The present attempt is very creditable, ard in anticipating the same liberality in ments on the velocity of sound, has been and cannot fail of becoming popular, if the those from whom he has not yet had oppormade at Madras, by Mr Goldingham. Va- editor's skill in choosing and managing his

tunity to obtain an answer. The Editor rious different measures of the velocity of subjects proves equal to his style of writing considers it unnecessary to be more particsound, had been obtained by different ob

A Lover of French Literature.

ular on the present occasion ; such other servers, but the discrepancies in their obser

information as may be requisite, will be vations were not supposed to arise from the All publishers of books throughout the given in a Prospectus of the work at a condition of the atmosphere. Mr Golding- United States, are very earnestly requested future day.

JOURNAL INUTILE.

VELOCITY OF SOUND.

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