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it is supposed, were intended for winter, ham made his experiments with two guns, to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, quarters. It was observed that the nests of at the distances of 29,547 feet and 13,923.3 the names of all works of every kind, prethe mice, above and below ground, all com- feet. They were twenty-four pounders, paring for publication, in the press, or municated with each other by an amazing charged with eight pounds of powder, and recently published. As they will be innumber of these cross roads, formed by cut- the experiments were continued during the serted in the Gazette, it is particularly ting the grass close to the ground; and latter part of 1820, and the whole of 1821. desired that the exact titles be stated at every nest was invariably connected, by The following table contains the substance length. means of these roads, with some place of these numerous and well conducted ex- *** The proprietors of Newspapers, for where there was water, In Morvern, and, periments; and it is curious to remark, how which this Gazette is exchanged, and of it is believed, in every quarter which the the velocity gradually increases towards the which the price is less than that of the mice infested, they were most numerous in middle of the year, and again gradually Gazette, are expected to pay the differ
C. H. & Co. those farms where there is least crop; and diminishes. Mr Goldingham conceives that ence. upon the whole, they destroyed much less this regularity would be still greater, with crop than grass. This did not proceed from the mean of several years' observations. a want of relish for corn diet ; for, in one
Velocity of sound in farm in Morvern, where there is very little Months.
a second, in feet. arable ground, the crop was completely de
CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO.
February -stroyed. Even every square foot of the roof
March : of the barn was perforated ; and a great
PROPOSE publishing a Collection of
April many of the stobs (sharp-pointed rods for
American Poetry, under the title of fastening the thatch) nearly cut through. June
ANTHOLOGIA AMERICANA, It has been observed that mice are more
OR SELECTIONS FROM THE WORKS OF numerous during wet than dry seasons.
1152 During the winter of the year in which October
AMERICAN POETS. they were numerous beyond all others, a November
The extracts which have been prepared long continued and severe frost took place, December and they then disappeared. It is supposed Mr Goldingham has also recorded the for this publication, will make three or four they perished for want of food or water
. state of the barometer, thermometer, and volumes, crown octavo; and they will comAll opinions regarding the amount of dam- hygrometer
, at the times of his observations. prise such portions of the works of our age done by these mice, to the pastures, are He concludes, that for each degree of the writers, as will present a fair specimen of mere conjectures
, but it must have been thermometer, 1.2 feet may be allowed in the the actual poetical talent of our country. very considerable.
In one tenement at velocity of sound for a second; for each de- The degrees of merit will, of course, be vaMoidart
, having a stock of two thousand gree of the hygrometer, 1.4 feet; and for rious; but it is the Editor's intention to adsheep, it was estimated as equal to that of 0.1 of an inch of the barometer, 9.2 feet. mit only such articles as shall have some three hundred sheep of an overstock. In He concludes, that ten feet per second is claim to a place in the collection, either on Ardgour, on the grounds around Colonel the difference between the velocity of account of their own intrinsic merit, or of Maclean's residence, the mice destroyed an sound in a calm and in a moderate breeze; immense number of fir plants, and other and 214 feet in a second, or 1275 in a min- fore held in the public estimation.
The little volume lately published in ile above the root. So bent were they here direction of the motion of sound, or oppos- the American Poets," was (to say nothing of young trees, by eating away the bark a lit- ute, is the difference, as the wind is in the
London, under the title of " Specimens of on mischief, that old women, with cats, were ed to it. stationed at different points, in huts, through
the merit of some of the articles selected)
too limited to meet the wishes of those the plantations; at least it is generally reported that such was the case. It is not
readers who take an interest in this subject;
A French Journal has just been set up at and the specimens were too few in number likely that these establishments could give New York, under this singular, but rather to answer the purposes of such a work. any effectual check to their depredations. attractive title. It is published every ThursIt is not probable that there was any thing day, in a pamphlet of about twenty pages, played by some of our native poets, the
From the marks of genius which are dislike an invasion of this country by the mice and has now reached its third number. The editor has been led to believe® (perhaps not at the time they were so uncommonly nu- editor proposes to pass “from grave to gay;" upinfluenced by partiality for his native merous. It is more probable, that there was to deal in politics, literature, foreign intellible to their increase. There is always a and to have a hand in all the pleasant topics poetical composition, as is acknowledged in something in the season peculiarly favoura- gence, especially news from his own France; country) that there are quite as strong and
a considerable number of field-mice in the of the day. One of his most inviting prom- the sister art of painting; in which our woods, where they live by hoarding up, ises is, to tell his readers so much of what is country has already attained a rank that under ground, great quantities of hazel. doing in Paris, that they will almost forget could not have been expected at this early nuts; and in soft, moist ground, where there the distance that separates them from that is long, rank grass, or where the ground is capital of taste and the arts.
It is the intention of the Editor that the coated with moss or fog, many of their nests it is really surprising, that in a city like work shall be accompanied with a General and roads may be found under cover of the New York, which so swarms with foreign- Introduction, partly of a critical, and partly moss or grass. No facts occurred that would ers, where there is at least one church at of an historical nature. The plan has been lead one to suppose that they migrate from which the service is performed in the French communicated to several authors, who have, one district of country to another. language, and where that language is so gen, without exception, expressed their consent
erally understood, a plan of this kind should and approbation in the most flattering not have been sooner thought of.
terms; and the Editor now feels no hazA valuable and elaborate series of experi
The present attempt is very creditable, ard in anticipating the same liberality in ments on the velocity of sound, has been and cannot fail of becoming popular, if the those from whom he has not yet had oppormade at Madras, by Mr Goldingham. Va editor's skill in choosing and managing bis
tunity to obtain an answer. The Editor rious different measures of the velocity of subjects proves equal to his style of writing considers it unnecessary to be more particsound, had been obtained by different ob
A Lover of French Literature.
ular on the present occasion ; such other servers, but the discrepancies in their obser
information as may be requisite, will be vations were not supposed to arise from the All publishers of books throughout the given in a Prospectus of the work at a condition of the atmosphere. Mr Goldiog- United States, are very earnestly requested future day.
VELOCITY OF SOUND.
H. C.CAREY & I. LEA,
mentarius. Edidit J. Tollius. Traj. ad Philadelphia-Have in Press,
Quintiliani Institutiones Oratoriæ, cum Rhen. 1694. 4to. Bound in parchment. Commentario.
Titus Lucretius Carus De Rerum NatuCOOPER (Sir Astley) on Fractures and Cæsar (Julius) cum notis Variorum et J. ra. 4to. Birminghami, 1772. Dislocations. With Notes and additions, G. Grævii. Lugd. Bat. 1713. 8vo.
C. Velleius Paterculus. Edidit Burmanby J. D. Godman, M. D. In octavo, with Florus (L. A.) cum Notis Variorum. Am- nus. 8vo. Lugd. Bat. 1744. 20 plates. stel. 1660, 12mo.
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Handsomely bound in parchment. Tales of a Traveller. Second edition. Diodori Siculi Bibliotheca Historica. C. Plinii Secundi Panegyricus, curante, Coxe's American Dispensatory. Sixth Edidit Eichstädt. Hal. Saxonum. 1800. 2 J. Arntzenio. Amstel. 1738. 4to. Handedition. vol. 8vo.
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German binding A Treatise on the Law of Coporations. Annæus Florus. Edidit Dukerus. Lugd. Pindari Carmina, curavit Heyne. Lips. By T. J. Wharton, Esq. Royal 8vo. Bat. 1744. 8vo.
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gave his note for a guinea; and that it was us, which describe the man, whose charac
the early opinion of his mother, that the ter seems to have been such as we might Journal of the Conversations of Lord Byron: young lord was, considering his opportuni- expect of a soul of the higher order, bound Noted during a Residence with his Lord. ties, “as bad as his father."
down in eternal slavery to the dominion of ship at Pisa, in the years 1821 and 1822.
The twig, thus bent, was sent to Harrow; the passions, and cursed with a continual By Thomas Medwin, Esq., of the 24th and how much the morals of his lordship secret longing after the good which he Light Dragoons, Author of " Ahasuerus were improved at this seminary, may be laboured to depreciate and despise. the Wanderer.”' With additions. New conjectured from the character of his asso- Like many other eccentric persons, who York. 1824. 12mo. pp. 304.
ciates, and the reputation which he himself begin by outraging society, and end in hat. enjoyed. In one place, he says,
ing it for resenting the insult, his lordship The writer of these Conversations proposes to himself to supply the want of those Me in duels, ruined, or in the gallies.
All the friends of my youth are dead; either shot had transferred his affections to a lower or
der of beings, who do not look beyond the moirs of Lord Byron, which, to the great And in another,
present moment, and are always ready to grief and trouble of the lovers of scandalous anecdotes, were so heroically consigned to
I fought Lord Calthorpe for writing d-d atheist forget, in the caresses of to-day, the neglect under my name.
or harsh treatment of yesterday. Captain the flames, on the death of their subject.
From school he was advanced to the uni
Medwin found him at Pisa, attended by He is a variety of the species Boswell; who had the good fortune to be introduced to versity, where, we are informed, that “they nine horses, a monkey, a bull-dog, and a mastiff
, his lordship at Pisa, and there to enjoy, and were as glad to get rid of him as they had two cats, three pea-fowls, and some bens. make notes of, his conversation from time to been at Harrow.” On leaving the univer
The bull-dog acted as porter, being attime, during a period of about nine months. sity, Lord Byron plunged into the most de- tached to the head of the stair-case, “ by a He tells us, that the information contained praving dissipation, and suffered its inevita- chain long enough to guard the door, and in this volume ble consequences.
prevent the entrance of strangers.” The was communicated during a period of many months' possession of it, and a constitution impaired by past this Cerberus, by Shelley, whom the
With a fortune anticipated before I came into Captain, however, was conducted in safety familiar intercourse, without any injunctions to se
early , crecy, and committed to paper for the sake of refer- with a joyless indifference to a world that was ali animal, being acquainted with, only noticed . They (shown before me.
by a growl. The appearance of his lordship to any one individual, and, but for the fate of his manuscripts, would never have appeared before the The fruit of these travels was the Childe is thus described. public. Harold, the publication of which placed him
Thorvaldsen's bust is too thin-necked and young All which, together with the assertion that at once at the summit of literary reputation; for Lord Byron. None of the engravings gave me the writer despises mere book-making,” and this was the period in the life of this the least idea of him. I saw a man of about five we believe because it is printed; and are unhappy man, when it was almost to be as was said of Milion, he barely escaped being short
feet seven or eight, apparently forty years of age; as well satisfied as any reasonable book- hoped, that a soul like Byron's would have and thick. His face was fine, and the lower part maker can expect us to be, that the pub- shaken itself free from the fetters of vice symmetrically moulded; for the lips and chin bad lisher of these Conversations was actuated and debauchery; but they were too firmly that curved and definite outline that distinguishes by that enlarged benevolence, which re- rivetted, and had been worn too long. His Grecian beauty. His forehead was high, and his gards the satisfaction of the public curiosity marriage was soon followed by separation plexion, almost to wanness. "His hair, thin and
temples broad; and he had a paleness in his comas an object of far higher moment, than the from his wife, and exile from his country; | fine, had almost become gray, and waved in natural gratification of private feeling. And if some and the remainder of his existence was and graceful curls over his head, that was assimilatof the more strait-laced among the gentle- spent in wandering from city to city, in ing itself fast to the bald first Cæsar's.” He allowed men on this side of the Atlantic, should disgraceful intrigues with the degraded fe- it to grow longer behind than it is accustomed to be stick a little at the implied doctrine of males of Italy, and the society of such as not sufficiently dark to be becoming. In criticising
worn, and at that time had mustachios, which were Captain Medwin, that it is fair and honour Hunt, Shelley, and Medwin, and at last his features it might, perhaps, be said that his eyes able to repeat and publish every private terminated in a crusade against the barba- were placed too near his nose, and that one was communication, which is not attended with rians of the Turkish empire.
rather smaller than the other; they were of a an express injunction of secrecy, they should
We have thus given a rapid sketch of the grayish brown, but of a peculiar clearness, and recollect, that it is proverbially superfluous life of this remarkable personage, who, for when animated, possessed a fire which seemed to to criticise the liberality by which we are the last ten or twelve years, has excited so while they marked the inspiration of his own. His
look through and penetrate the thoughts of others, the gainers. Leaving the point of honour great an interest in the literary world. We teeth were small, regular, and white; these, I afterout of the question, however, for the pres- cannot weep, with some of our periodical terwards found, he took great pains to preserve. ent, we observe, that we consider recorded brethren, the early death of one, who was
I expected to discover that he had a club, perhaps conversations of this kind, as much more perverting his ingenuity, and prostituting have distinguished one from the other, either in
a cloven foot; but it would have been difficult to likely to give one a just view of character, his talents to the abominable purpose of size or in form. than any autobiography soever, upon some- giving new and powerful attractions to thing the same principle, that laying one's vice, and compelling the Muses to assist
The following morning, Medwin found ear to a key-hole is often a more certain in rendering pollution seductive, and blas- him at breakfast. way of learning a man's real opinion, than phemy classical. We do not intend to dis- It consisted of a cup of strong green tea, without asking questions about it.
cuss the literary merit of the works of Lord milk or sugar, and an egg, of which he ate the yolk From these Conversations we learn, that Byron; respecting most of them, there is but raw. I observed the ahstemiousness of his meal. the father of Lord Byron was a shining one opinion ; and of their moral tendency
• My digestion is weak; 1 am 100 bilious,' said example of genteel vice and extravagance; we have spoken at large in a preceding num he, 'to eat
more than once a-day, and generally live one who ruined ladies of fortune and spent ber. Our present remarks will principally wine at dinner, but they form only a vegetable diet.
on vegetables. fo be sure I drink iwo bottles of their money; “ran out three fortunes,” and relate to those parts of the volume before I Just now I live on claret and soda-water.
In another part of the volume, we are cency for his lordship, when they learn his they are a library in themselves—a perfect literary informed, that he drank a pint of Hollanda opinion of their sex. “Like Napoleon,” treasure., I could read them once a year with new every night. says he, (and he might have added, in the
pleasure.' He said to me humorously enough— Why don't words of an author, whom even he was com- Without placing these works of imaginayou drink, Medwin? Gin-and-water is the source pelled to respect, 'like all rogues, *)“ I have tion on a level with those of Shalsspeare, it of all my inspiration. If you were to drink as much always had a great contempt for women. appears to us, that the excellencies of both as I do, you would write as good verses : depend on Give a woman a looking-glass and a few are of the same kind; that there is in both it, it is the true Hippocrene.
sugar-plums, and she will be satisfied.” His the same individuality in the character, the This is vegetable diet with a vengeance, acquaintance with them, it is true, was not same universal truth in the sentiments, and and about as likely to improve the digestion likely to give him an exalted idea of their the same accurate and spirited delineation as the temper and morals.
qualities. He observes that, they “were of the “passions common to men in all ages His life at Pisa was very uniform :
always his bane,” and with great justice. of society, which have alike agitated the I continued to visit him at the same hour (two The influence of the sex, whether for good human heart, whether it throbbed under o'clock) daily: Billiards, conversation, or reading, or evil, is one of the mightiest powers, which the steel corslet of the fifteenth century, Siled up the intervals till it was time to take uur operate in the formation of character; and the brocaded coat of the eighteenth, or the evening drive, ride, and pistol-practice. On our return, which was always in the same direction, we as there is nothing which improves and re- blue frock and white dimity waistcoat of frequently met the Countess Guiccioli, with whom fines it like the society of virtuous women, the present day." he stopped to converse a few minutes.
so there is nothing, which can pollute and He dined at half an hour after sunset, (at twenty- debase it more than an intercourse with specting the real author of these novels, the
Though little doubt can now exist refour o'clock), then drove to Count Gamba's, the those of an opposite character. There is no ,
question, like that concerning the author of in her society, returned to his palace, and either wickedness like the wickedness of a woman, the letters of Junius, will continue to possess read or wrote till two or three in the morning. Several pages of this work are devoted
a degree of interest, so long as any uncerThe Countess Guiccioli was the wife of They indicate little knowledge of the anecdotes would be decisive, if it could be
to Lord Byron's remarks on religion. tainty remains. The first of the following an old Italian nobleman, who had objected subject. He seems unable to be a down- depended on. to her intimacy with Lord Byron, on the right infidel, only wishing that he could be ground of his being “a foreigner, a heretic, satisfied that Christianity is a fable, without
I asked him if he was certain about the Novels an Englishman, and worse than all, a lib-being able to persuade himself of it. Per- being Sir Walter Scout’s? eral.” The lady, deeply offended at this
Scott as much as owned biinself the author of haps in this particular he was not very dif- Waverley” to me in Murray's shop,' replied he. unprecedented illiberality, complained to ferent from many others, who endeavour to I was talking to him about that novel, and lamented his holiness, the Pope, “who ordered her a avoid and keep out of sight the necessity of that its author had not carried back the story nearer separate maintenance, on condition that she coming to a decision ; considering it as a to the time of the Revolution. Scott, entirely off his should reside under her father's roof.” thing likely to lead, in any event, to uncom- There he stopped. It was in vain to attempt to
guard, said, “Ay, I might have done so, but' The account of his lordship's marriage, fortable consequences. On this subject he correct himself: he looked confused, and relieved treatment of his lady, and separation from falls into the common weakness of encour- his embarrassmert by a precipitate retreat. her, has been already published in so many aging himself in his indecision, or practical
On another occasion I was to dine at Murray's; papers of the day, that we consider it un- disbelief, by the example of eminent men. and being in his parlour in the moruing, he told me necessary to extract it here. He seems He remarks that
I should meet the author of "Waverley” at dinner. anxious to make it appear that his behaviour
He had received several excuses, and the party was
Dr Johnson died like a coward, and Cowper was in this affair was not remarkably culpable; near shooting himself; Hume went off the stage was satisfied that the writer of that novel must have
a small one; and, knowing all the people present, I but besides that his own story is bad enough, like a brave man, and Voltaire's last moments do been, and could have been, 10 other than Walter he admits, that his own relations, as well as not seem to have been clouded by any fears of what Scott.' the lady's, that is to say all who had the was to come.
But we hesitate about receiving it in its full best opportunity of knowing the truth, con- His lordship's own deathbed seems not to force. We think it improbable that Sir demned his conduct.
have been troubled by fears of the future, Walter should have been so little on bis All my former friends, even my cousin, George but this does not persuade us, that his life guard, on any occasion when these works Byron, who had been brought up with me, and was not frequently tortured by such fears, were the subject of conversation; certainly, whom I loved as a brother, took my wife's part. nor that he had not many moments when he if he understood keeping his secret no betHe followed the stream when it was strongest wished as sincerely, as any dying person ter, his title to them would long since have against me, and can never expect any thing from me: he shall never touch a sixpence of mine.
whatever, that he could hope for a better ceased to be doubtful. We imagine that Every one has beard the report of his world. What he wanted, however, in reli- Lord Byron's imagination, or Captain Meddrinking out of a skull; the following is his gion, was made up in superstition; for your win's, or both, bave improved somewhat
infidel does not always reject Christianity for upon the facts of the case. own account of the circumstance.
Several explawant of credulity. He believed in omens, nations of the second anecdote, suggest There had been found by the gardener, in dig lucky days, and, above all, beld that con- themselves to us, as they will doubtless to ging, a skull that had probably belonged to some venient faith, which lays upon desting the our readers. So that if we did not believe jolly friar or monk of the Abbey about the time it was dis-monasteried" Observing it to be of giant fault of one's own imprudence or wickedness. on other evidence, that the novels were size, and in a perfect state of preservation, a strange Among other beresies, Lord Byron in written by Sir Walter, we should incline to fancy seized me of having it set and mounted as a dulged himself in depreciating Shakspeare, continue in our unbelief for any thing that drinking-cup. I accordingly sent it to town, and it the old dramatists, and the English stage is here offered. While on this subject, we returned with a very high polish, and
of a motiled in general. The reception of his own dra- shall extract some other remarks, as being colour, like a tortoise-shell; (Colonel Wildman now has it). I remember scribbling some lines about it; matic attempts will probably account for creditable both to the speaker and the obbut that was not all: I afterwards established at the bis opinion of the taste of his countrymen ject of them. Abbey a new order. The members consisted of in this department of literature. If he really twelve, and I elected myself grand master, or Abbot did not relish Shakspeare, he was a more the least jealous : he is too contident of his own
Of all the writers of the day, Walter Scott is of the Skull, a grand heraldic title. A set of black unhappy person than we took him for; but fame to dread the rivalry of others. He does not gowns, mine distinguished from the rest, was ordered, and from time to time, when a particular we cannot believe this, for many reasons. think of good writing, as the Tuscans do of feverhard day was expected, a chapter was held; the Among others, it seems to us totally irre- that there is only a certain quantity of it in the
world. crane was filled with claret, and, in imitation of concilable with his admiration of the Seot. the Goths of old, passed about to the gods of the tish novels.
He spoiled the fame of his poetry by his supeConsistory, whilst many a prime joke was cut at its
| rior prose. He has such extent and versatility of
“I never travel without Scou's Novels,' said he; powers in writing, that, should his Novels ever tiro expense.
ihe public, which is not likely, he will apply himself The ladies will hardly feel much compla- Heart of Mid-Lothian.
to something else, and succeed as well."
Indeed the character of Scott is one of inform me.”—“How can [?” rejoined my master; could hardly have been very full, especially the few subjects, on which his lordship’s it is now too late, and all is over!" I said, “Not if we consider the time when they were mind seemed uniformly to dwell with pleas. Yes, not mine be done—but I will try
, but God's be done!"—and he answered. generally madz, namely, that between two ure. On one occasion he says, “The sight lordship did indeed make several efforts to speak, or three o'clock in the morning and two in of his letters always does me good.” And but could only repeat two or three words at a time
the afternoon ; so that it is not an improbaagain
such as, “my wife! my child! my sister! you know ble supposition, that the memory must have His (Jeffrey's) summing up in favour of
my friend all you must say all
you know my wishes:" the frequently been called on to supply deficienSir Walter amused me; it reminded me of a school rest was quite unintelligible. A consultation was cies in the manuscripts ; and he who conmaster, who, after flogging a bad boy, calls out to to administer some Peruvian bark and wine. My siders the natural growth and ramification
now held (about noon), when it was determined the head of the class, and, patting him on the head, master had now been nine days without
any suste- of stories by repetition, will not be surprised gives him all the sugar-plums.
nance whatever, except what I have already men to find occasionally, that some of the CapThe following passage will show, that tioned. With the exception of a few words which tain's ground is debateable. Another cause however authors may affect to despise the can only interest those to whom they were adopinions of periodical critics, these opinions dressed, and which, if required, I shall communi ) may be found in the character of Lord
If the notion we have cale to themselves, it was impossible to understand
Byron himself. do occasionally produce considerable sensation, though, fortunately for the tribe, they He expressed a wish to sleep. I at one time asked rect one,--that he did not, any more than
any thing his lordship said after taking the bark. formed of this, from other sources, be a cordo not often draw upon themselves so severe whether I should call Mr Parry; to which he re- the majority of mankind, always think and a counterblast.
plied, “ Yes, you may call him." Mr Parry desired speak in the same manner, on the same · When I first saw the review of my “Hours of him to compose himself, He shed tears, and appa- subject; he was sometimes angry from
a , Idleness,” I was furious ; in such a rage as I never experting to find him refreshed on his return—but slight causes, and sometimes unjust to those have been in since.
*I dined that day with Scroope Davies, and drank it was the commencement of the lethargy preceding whose conduct on the whole he approved ; three bottles of claret to drown it;
but it only boiled his death: The last words I heard my master utter he was capricious in his opinions, and hasty the more. That critique was a masterpiece of low were at six o'clock on the evening of the 18th, when in his language;-and, if the assertions of wit, a tissue of scurrilous abuse. I remember
there he said, “I must sleep now," upon which he laid Medwin respecting his usual mode of livwas a great deal of vulgar trash in bit which was hand or foot during the following twenty-four hours. ing at Pisa are correct, we can hardly
be “ being thankful
surprised at any extravagance. Admit furfor what they could get,”—“not looking a gift horse The good points in the character of Lord ther, that these Conversations were private, in the mouth," and such stable expressions. The severity of " The Quarterly" killed poor Keats ; Byron, were general kindness and generosity and that his lordship had no suspicion that and neglect, Kirk White; but I was made of differ to his servants and dependents, by whom he every casual ebullition of spleen, and every ent stuff, of tougher materials. So far from their seems to have been much beloved, and his expression, uttered under the inspiration of bullying me, or deterring me from writing, I was zeal for the civil liberty of mankind. This his “vegetable diet," was treasured up to beni on falsifying their raven predictions, and determined to show them, croak as they would, that in the country where he ended his career clue to almost any contradiction that can
was shown in Italy, but more particularly gratify the public voracity; and we have a it was not the last time they should hear from me. I set to work iminediately, and in good earnest, and To this sentiment is also to be attributed be pointed out between the letter of these produced in a year “ The English Bards and Scotch the favourable light in which he seems to Conversations and the spirit of his written Reviewers.'
have regarded the people of the United productions. We shall conclude our extracts from this States. He expresses strong affection for There is one view given in this volume, polume with the account of the last moments his daughter, and occasionally some regard which, if it approaches at all to the truth, of Lord Byron, as given by his valet Fletcher, for Lady Byron. His faults were the con. and that it has some foundation we shall in a letter to Mr Murray.
sequences of bad education, and bad com believe (whether this book shall be proved · Although his lordship did not appear to think pany, early dissipation, and the habit of authentic or not), should make us sincerely his dissolution was so near, I could perceive he was yielding to the impulses of passion; and in a grateful that we live under a better influgetting weaker every hour, and he even began to character dangerous alike to itself, and to ence. We mean the view of depravity, have occasional fits of delirium. He afterwards said
, “I now begin to think I am seriously ill: society, we are uncertain whether more is not merely of the people of Italy, but i and, in case I should be taken off suddenly, I wish to be pitied, or condemned.
many among the higher ranks in the British to give you several directions, which I hope you
We have thus far gone upon the supposi- empire. It is a consequence of a governwill be particular in seeing executed.” I answered tion, that the Conversations, which are the ment, as well as of individual conduct, I would, in case such an event came to pass ; but subject of them, are authentic. Since the founded on just principles, that not only expressed a hope that he would live many years to above remarks were written, we perceive their immediate results, but those that are execute them much better himself than I could. To this my master replied, " Vo, it is now nearly over;" that the London papers endeavour to dis- more distant and contingent, shall be prosand then added, " I must tell you all without losing credit them. There may be, and doubtless perous and happy. We doubt not that a moment!" I then said, “Shall I go, my Lord, and there are, some misrepresentations con- among the middling classes of British sofetch pen, ink, and paper?”—“Oh, my God! no, tained in Captain Medwin's collection. Still ciety, public opinion is as powerful a guaryou will lose too much time, and I have it not to
a great deal of what is reported, agrees so dian of virtue and morality, as it is in New spare, for my time is now short," said his lord ship: well, both with the accounts of Lord Byron England. But the misfortune is, that a class and immediately after, “Now, pay attention.” His lordship commenced by saying. - You will be pro- from other sources, and the opinions we should exist, which may be in some measure vided for." I begged him, however, to proceed with naturally form of bis character from his above the influence of this opinion. But the things of more consequence. He then continued, writings, that we incline to the belief, that corner-stone of the structure of our govern“Oh, my poor dear child!--my dear Ada! My God! they are in the main correct. There are ment, the priciple which recognises the could I but have seen her! Give her my blessing-two obvious causes for mistakes and incon- natural equality of the rights of mankind, and my dear sister Augusta and her children ; and sistencies in a work of this sort. The first and refuses to admit the absurd pretensions you will go to Lady Byron, and say tell her every thing; you are friends with her.” His lord- is, that few things are more difficult than to of primogeniture,—prevents the entailment ship appeared to be greatly affected at this moment. retain and correctly repeat the substance, of estates and titles; with a silent and conHere my master's voice failed bim, so that I could and much more, the words of any conversa tinual operation, obstructs the unnatural only caich a word at intervals; but he kept mut; tion, after some hours have elapsed. The separation of wealth and industry, of labour tering something very seriously for some time, and would often raise his voice and say, " Fletcher, memory of man is very treacherous, and and enjoyment; and puts an eternal veto now if you do not execute every order which i besides the interval between the time when upon the elevation of a body of men, above have giren you, I will torment you hereafter if pos- the words were spoken, and that when they the control of the opinion and moral sense sible.' Here I told his lordship, in a state of the were noted down,—we are also to consider of their fellows. As yet we are a young greatest perplexity, that I had not understood a that which in . rvened between the making people, and have allowed the natural affecword of what he said ; to which he replied, “Oh; of the notes and the publishing of the col- tion which we must feel for the land of our my God! then all is lost, for it is now too late! Can it be possible you have not understood me?"- lection. Notes, which, as Captain Medwin fathers, the soil which gave birth to our “No, my Lord,” said I; “but I pray you to try and I tells us, were only intended for reference, nation, to make us morbidly sensible to any