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and traditional account of the erection of gious monument as Stonehenge, they chose trinkets, &c. As companions to Stone, Stonehenge-not the most learned or prob- where they found, or made where such henge, these barrows add much to the efable, perhaps, but certainly the most amus- were not fit for their hands, sinall aggeres, fect of the scene, and heighten the feeling. It seems, according to this account, or mounds of firm and solid earth for an ings of contemplative solemnity which are that the stones which now compose Stone. inclined plane, flatted and levelled at top; wrought up in the bosom of the beholder. henge, were once the property of an old up the sloping sides of which, with great There is nothing modern near the place for woman in Ireland, and grew in her back under levers upon fixed fulciments, and with miles ;-here is the vast and venerable yard. The famous necromancer, Merlin, balances at the end of them to receive into monument, and scattered here and there having set his heart on possessing them, them proportioned weights and counter- about it, are the primitive graves of men mentioned the affair to the Devil, who poises, and with hands enough to guide and who were doubtless familiar with its myspromised to obtain them for him. For this manage the engines, they that way, by lit- teries, but whose knowledge sleeps with purpose, assuming, which he did without the tle and little, heaved and rolled up those them, as soundly as they do. It seems as if least difficulty, the appearance of a gentle- stones they intended to erect on the top of there must be some old and mighty sympa. man, he visited the old woman, and pouring the hillock, where laying them along, they thy between these remnants of a vanished a bag of money on her table, told her he dug holes in the earth at the end of every age; as if in the deep silence of the sultry would give her as many of the pieces for stone intended for column or supporter, the noon they might meditate together on the the stones in her ground, as she could reck- depth of which holes were equal to the departed glories of their time; or, when the on while he was taking them away. Think- length of the stones, and then, which was midnight storm was bigh, might borrow its ing it impossible for one person to manage casily done, let slip the stones into these exulting voice to talk of their well kept sethem in almost any given time, she closed holes straight on end; which stones, so sunk crets, of battle and of victory-while every with his proposal immediately, and began and well closed about with earth, and the human ear was distant, and the sailing forthwith to count the money; but she had no tops of them level with the top of the mount clouds, and the glancing stars, alone looked sooner laid her hand on the first coin, than on which the other flat stones lay, it was on at their solemn dialogue. the old one cried out, Hold ! for your stones only placing those incumbent flat stones In returning to Salisbury, I took a differare gone!' The old woman ran to her win- upon the tops of the supporters, duly bound ent road from that which brought me to dow, and looking out into her back yard, and fastened, and taking away the earth Stonehenge, and at the end of two miles found that it was really so-her stones from between them almost to the bottom of came to the village of Amesbury. While were gone. The Arch Enemy had, in the the supporters, and there then appeared the postillion stopped here to refresh himtwinkling of an eye, taken them all down, what we now call Stonehenge."
self and bis horses, I walked out, and pass. tied them together, and was now flying Concerning the origin and derivation of ing a small, but old and pituresque church, away with them. As he was crossing the the name Stonehenge, there is as much di- entered the grounds of Amesbury House, a river Avon, at Bulford, the string which versity of opinion as upon any other cir- mansion belonging to Lord Douglas. The bound the stones became loose, and one of cumstance relating to it. Inigo Jones says, building was designed by Inigo Jones, and them dropped into the stream, where it still “This antiquity, because the architraves is a handsome looking house, but fast going may be seen; with the rest, however, he are set upon the heads of the upright stones, to decay, as the present possessor has not arrived safe on Salisbury Plain, where, in and hang as it were, in the air, is gene- inhabited it for years. The walls are deobedience to Merlin's instructions, he be- rally known by the name of Stone-Henge.” faced, the windows boarded up, and the gan to set them up again. The work, in “The true Saxon name," says Gibson, in glass broken. The grounds are as desolate the hands of such a builder, went on swim- Camden's Britannia,“ seems to be Stan- as the dwelling; the banks of the Avon, mingly, and the Devil was so well pleased hengest,-from the memorable slaughter which winds through them, are overgrown with it, that as he was placing the last which Hengist, the Saxon, here made of the with long grass and bushes, and its stream stone, he declared, with an intention, no Britons. If this etymology may be allowed, is choked with mud and reeds; a bridge, doubt, of teazing the restless curiosity of then that other received derivation from the with a summer-house in the Chinese fashion mankind, that no one should ever know hanging of stones, may be as far from the built upon it, is made almost impassable by where the pile came from, or how it came truth, as that of the vulgar Stone-edge, from its own ruins; the path is strewn with dead there. In this part of the business he was stones set on edge.” An anonymous writer, leaves and withered branches; the diał disappointed; for a Friar, who had lain about the year 1660, who calls his piece stone is overturned, and there is not even concealed about the work, loudly replied, “ A Fool's Bolt soon shot at Stonage,” ap- “One rose of the wilderness left on its stalke
That is more than thou canst tell, Old pears to me to be gravely quizzing the an- To mark where a garden had been." Nick. This put the Devil in such a rage, tiquaries and etymologists ;-if he is not, Feelings more deeply sad and sorrowful that pulling up the nearest stone by the he is himself the most ridiculous of the are perhaps inspired by scenes like this, roots, he threw it at the Friar, with the de- whole fraternity. He pretends to have than by the remains of a more distant sign of crushing him; but the Friar was discovered every thing concerning this pile, age ;-decay is premature, and ruin has too nimble for him—the stone only struck the when, the how, the why, and the where come before its time; the traces of desolahis heel; and thus he gave it its present fore, and divides his article into twelve tion are marked upon familiar things, and name, and escaped to let the world know particulars, the second of which relates to the effects of many years have overtaken who was the architect of Stonehenge. the contested derivation. Hear it! “2. My the workmanship of yesterday.
They who still persist in giving no credit second particular is, that a bloody battle was When I returned to the inn, I found the to the Friar's information, have been ex- fought near Stonage. For the very name chaise waiting for me. The sun was now very ceedingly puzzled in endeavouring to ac- Stonage signifies Stone-battle; the last syl- powerful, and its rays, by being reflected count for the elevation of such huge col-lable age coming from the Greek dyan, a from the chalky road, were rendered doubly umns, in an age which must have been so furious battle, &c.; so that all that have burning. Neither was there any thing in rude and ignorant. The solution given by built their opinion of this monument on any the scenery to refresh the spirit and cool Rowland has the meritof ingenuity, although other foundation than a bloody battle, have the blood ;-the harvest was over, and the it cannot be determined that the method built Stonages in the air.”-But enough of fields were all dry stubble ;-not a cottage suggested by him was that employed by the this.
was to be seen, nor any living thing, exreal builders. I give it in his own words. After having viewed the monument it- cepting a shepherd whom we met, with his “The powers of the lever, and of the inclin- self, the attention is attracted to the nu- coat stripped off and thrown over his shoulded plane, being some of the first things un- merous barrous, or sepulchral mounds, by er, covered with dust, and driving a flock of derstood by mankind in the art of building, which it is surrounded. Several of these panting sheep over the heated downs. it may be well conceived that our first an- have been opened, and have been found to Within two miles of Salisbury, and at a cestors made use of them; and we may im- contain cinerary urns, metal and glass short distance from the road, are the ruins agine, that in order to erect such a prodi-) beads, weapons of brass and iron, cups, I of Old Sarum. The only dwelling near it
is a humble pot-house, at which we stopped. colours do to the eye,-a sensation of re-, shall take my leave of it with the followA path through its little garden leads out pose, after the contemplation of glaring ing: upon the ruins. They are very inconsidera- and offensive hues.
* Look! under that broad beech tree I ble; an irregular mound of earth incloing The Complete Angler is in the form of sat down, when I was last this way a fishà space of two thousand feet in diameter, a dialogue between a Fowler, a Hunter, ing. And the birds in the adjoining grove and a yard or two of crumbling stone wall; and a Fisher, who meet together by acci- seemed to have a friendly contention with yet this place sends two members to par- dent and enter into a discussion of the an echo, whose dead voice seemed to live liament, that is, the proprietor of the land merits of their respective pursuits. The first in a hollow tree near to the brow of that sends them. Horne Tooke was once re- speaker is the Fowler, from whose pane- primrose hill. There I sat viewing the turned from this thoroughly rotten borough. gyric on his vocation, and every thing con- silver streams glide silently toward their Two lads were ploughing immediately un- nected with it, I would make one extract. centre, the tempestuous sea; yet sometimes der the ramparts.
“ But the nightingale, another of my airy opposed by rugged roots and pebble-stones, Et te - durus arator
creatures, breathes such sweet loud music which broke their waves, and turned them Vertet, et, Urbs, dicet, hæc quoque clara fuit. out of her little instrumental throat, that it into foam.”
Sannazarius. might make mankind to think miracles are And this description of the mode of cookA ride of fifteen minutes more brought not ceased. He that at midnight, when ing a pike [pickerel), which is suficiently us to Salisbury.
F. G. the labourer sleeps securely, should hear, appetizing.
as I have very often, the clear airs, the < But if this direction to catch a Pike sweet descants, the natural rising and fall- thus do you no good, yet I am certain this
ing, the doubling and redoubling of her voice, direction, how to roast him when he is All the world has heard of Isaac Wal- might well be lifted above earth, and say, caught, is choicely good; for I have tried ton's “ fascinating little volume”-for all the Lord, what music hast thou provided for the it, and it is something the better for not world has read the Sketch Book-but few saints in heaven, when thou affordest bad being common. But with my direction in this country have ever read it . Although men such music on earth.”
you must take this caution, that
Pike it has passed throngh many editions since its
The Hunter follows, with appropriate must not be a small one, that is, it must be first publication in 1653, it has for many years praise of his favourite amusement, and the more than half a yard, and should be bigger. been comparatively a rare book, and † think Fisher concludes the debate with a long dis- First, open your Pike at the gills, and you may have readers who will be amused by course on the pleasures of angling, which if need be, cut also a little slit towards the some account of the work and its author. makes a convert of the former. The Fowl- belly. Out of these take his guts; and The edition which is now before me* is in er soon leaves them, while the Fisher goes keep his liver, which you are to shred very a less expensive form, than the former ones
on through the remainder of the book, to in- small, with thyme, sweet marjoram, and a have usually been. All the engravings are struct his new disciple in the best methods little winter-savory; to these put some omitted, which deprives the work of one
of catching and cooking the various fish pickled oysters, and some anchovies, two charm, that the author seems to have made which inhabit the streams and ponds in or three, both these last whole, for the anno small account of, observing that “he England. In the course of their walk they chovies will melt, and the oysters should who likes not the book should like the ex- meet with a party engaged in hunting the not; to these you must add also a pound of cellent picture of the trout, and some of the otter. On this occasion the Angler puz- sweet butter, which you are to mix with other fish, which I may take a liberty to com- zles the Huntsman with a question near the herbs that are shred, and let them all mend, because they concern not myself.”
akin to one, which has worried wiser heads be well salted. If the Pike be more than The author of this celebrated treatise than his, even the learned in the law of our a yard long, then you may put into these was born at Stafford, in the year 1593; and, own times.
herbs more than a pound, or if he be less, to judge from the style of his literary per: ask you a pleasant question; do you hunt thus mixed, with a blade or two of mace,
* Pise. I pray, honest Huntsman, let me then less butter will suffice: These, being formances, must have received a good English education. Some time before the a beast or a fish ?”
must be put into the Pike's belly: and then 1624 he settled in London as a sempster or
There are pieces of delightful poetry his belly so sewed up as to keep all the linea-draper, which employment he con- scattered through the volume; the fol- butter in his belly if it be possible; if not, tinued to follow till 1643, when he retired lowing is a favourable specimen. I have then as much as you possibly can. But from business and spent the remainder of seen it lately published in a journal as the take not off the scales. Then you are to his life, which was protracted to the ad- property of an English poetess, who flour- thrust the spit through his mouth, out at his vanced age of ninety, “ mostly in the fami- ished about eighty years after Walton tail. And then take four or five or six split lies of the eminent clergymen of England, died. It has been accredited to divers old sticks, or very thin laths, and a convenient by whom he was much beloved." He wrote authors; but is attributed by Walton him- quantity of tape or filleting; these laths the biography of Sir John Donne, Sir Hen- self to Hubbard.
are to be tied round about the Pike's body ry Wotton, and other eminent persons; but Sweet day, so cool, so calm, so bright,
from his head to his tail, and the tape tied the present work is the one to which he The bridal of the earth and sky,
somewhat thick, to prevent bis breaking or has owed his celebrity. It is chiefly re
Sweet dews shall weep thy fali to-night, falling off from the spit. Let him be roastmarkable for the tone of simplicity, benevo
for thou must die. ed very leisurely; and often basted with lence, and gentleness, that breathes through Sweet rose, whose hue, angry and brave,
claret wine and anchovies and butter mixthe whole. We feel ourselves acquainted
Bids the rash gazer wipe his eye,
ed together; and also with what moisture with the author; and when we contemplate
Thy root is ever in its grave,
falls from him into the pan. When you
and thou must die. his quiet cheerfulness and primitive morali
have roasted him sufficiently you are to hold ty and charity, and remember that he lived Sweet spring, full of sweet days and roses,
under him, when you unwind or cat the through the stormy periods of the reign of
A box where sweets compacted lie;
tape that ties him, such a dish as you purCharles I., the protectorate of Cromwell,
My music shows you have your closes,
pose to eat him out of; and let him fall in
and all must die. and the licentious days which succeeded
to it with the sauce that is roasted in his the Restoration, we cannot wonder that he
Only a sweet and virtuous soul,
belly; and by this means the Pike will be was, as he is said to have been, “ well be
Like season'd timber, never gives,
-kept unbroken and complete. Then, to the loved of all good men.” Amid the turmoil
But when the whole world turns to coal, sauce which was within, and also that sauce and vices of the time, the character of
then chiefly lives.
in the pan, you are to add a fit quantity of Walton affords to the mind, what certain
I might select for your readers many the best butter, and to squeeze the juice of
beautiful extracts from this little work, three or four oranges. Lastly, you may * The Complete Angler of Isaac Walton and but would much rather, for their sakes, either put it into the Pike, with the oysters, Charles Cotton. Chiswick. 1824.
they should seek them for themselves; and two cloves of garlick, and tako it whole
derstood, where the meaning of the word the mind. They do not of themselves ex-gible manner, nor is it grammatically coris not first determined ? Men of indepen- press definitely all Modes of being, action, rect. Take for an example, “ Penelope is dent minds continue to get along by adopt- and passion, and all Times of being, action, loved by me.” If we admit the common ing their own notions where the grammar and passion; and, hence, they do not an- definition, that “a Passive verb implies an seems incorrect or incompetent; but with swer their object. A whole sentence, and object acted upon, and an agent by which children the case is hopeless.
often a whole volume, is necessary to de- it is acted upon," and the common ruleIn declining the personal pronouns, the fine the mode and time of an action ; and that “ Participles govern the same cases as example of Mr Murray has been followed if we allow the use of auxiliaries to ex- the verbs do, from which they are derived;" by all our other writers. The second per- press them definitely, nearly all the words in what case shall we call “ Penelope ?” It son singular must be thou, thy or thine, thee. in the language must be recognised as of is certainly the objective of the transitive Thus we teach our children, while nine this class.
participle, " loved,” and bence is in the obtenths of the books they read, and all of the It may be said, that an important object jective case. The pronoun, "me," is obviconversation they hear contradict it, and of grammar is, to show what words may ously the agent; and hence, according to give you, your or yours, you, both in the sin come together, and how they should be ar- every Grammar, is in the nominative case. gular and plural. So far is this carried in ranged in the construction of sentences; Transpose the sentence, and change the most of our common schools, that even and that this object is promoted by the agent and object, the one for the other, when the antecedent of the pronoun you usual composition of modes and tenses. and say “ I am loved by Penelope.” In this is singular, the pronoun and its verb are We admit this object to be important, but example, the pronoun is the objective of called plural; and our grammarians would we think it would be attained with much loved ;" and, if there be any sense in be greatly shocked, were they told that are greater facility by defining with precision English cases, it must be in the objective. and were should be called singular, when the use of every word in a sentence, than If by cases we are to understand the differthey agree with you, having a singular an- by giving the common vague definitions and ent relations of nouns and pronouns, then tecedent. Our Quaker brethren must pro- rules to such squads or parties of words, as it is obvious that every noun or pronoun, duce abler grammarians than Mr Murray, are generally allowed to be sirnamed, to which is the nominative case to what is before they can prove that their solemn save analyzing them.
called a passive verb, is also in the objecstyle is more correct than our common fa- We have heard of a few instructers, tive, and governed by the participle of the miliar style. We shall have occasion to who have adopted, with great advantage, same verb; for it has this double relation,allude to this subject again when we come the method which we would recommend, of being nominative to the verb to be, and obto the conjugation of verbs.
parsing every word by itself,—defining jective to the participle. It is somewhat remarkable that none of it as well as possible, showing its connex- In our next number we shall treat of our grammarians should have stated that ion with other words, and naming its Modes and Tenses. Our readers will nothe word mine is a compound term and variations. This is what parsing should be, tice that we are not criticising the work of has generally two cases. It signifies my and what every teacher should endeavour any author; but that our remarks apply to own, that is my property; own being an to make it. It is, however, impossible to the Grammars in conmon use. All with abstract term, used at present only pro- adopt this method with complete success, which we are acquainted are nearly use nominally for whatever is emphatically the while our elementary books are so deficient less in the study of the English language, property of any person or thing. Accord- as they are at present.
They are totally destitute of analytical ing to common rules of parsing, it should It may now be asked, how many modes method, and embarrass the minds of schol. be considered as governing the pronoun be- and tenses there are in the English language. ars with an unexplamed and inexplicable fore it in the possessive case. “Give me we are not quite ready for this part of our technical phraseology. We sh endeavyour book and you shall have mine." In subject, but would ask grammarians if the our to offer occasionally som
ofs of this example, mine is both possessive and following be not the true principle. The their incorrectness, which we
by objective. “ Your book was saved, mine number that should be recognised in any degrees, lead those who are : was lost.” Here it is possessive and nomi- grammar, is so many as are expressed by examine the subject more atten.' native. These remarks apply equally to the the regular and established variations of give this science an intelligible anu pronoun thine. The pronouns ours, yours, verbs, without reference to what are com- cal form. and theirs are likewise compound, and should monly called auxiliaries. If you depart be parsed like mine. We sometimes use own from this rule, you may have millions. before a noun; as, my own house, mine
The division of verbs into active, pas- (We do not wish to make our Gazette obnoxious house, his own house. In such cases, it be- sive, and neuter, is objectionable, because to the charge of too great attention to any one procomes an adjective noun.
the terms active and neuter do not convey fession; but the remarks contained in the followIt cannot be said that in the example to the mind any idea of the uses of these ing Essay, which we have just now received, are given above, mine may be governed by two classes of verbs in construction with at once so true in themselves, and so important to book, expressed or understood, because it is other words. Transitive and intransitive some of our readers, that we trust we shall be obvious that it cannot be placed with that are more definite, because they distinguish thanked by them, and stand excused of all, for afterm without implying repetition. The between those which govern, and those fording it the space it will occupy in our pages. sense is complete as it stands, and the force which do not govern other words. The
EDITOR.] of the verb falls immediately on the com- passive verb is not a species distinct from
LAW BOOKS. pound pronoun. There is no more difficulty ihe others, but formed by combining the in calling these pronouns compound, than verb to be with the perfect participle of a The complaint uttered by Cicero, in his in calling what compound, and there is an transitive verb. In those languages in Treatise de Legibus, concerning the mea. equal necessity for it.
which it is a distinct form of the verb, there greness of a jurist's reward, may be justly Before remarking on the errors in the is no objection to styling it the passive adopted by the compilers and editors of common method of parsing Verbs, we must voice; but we totally destroy the simplici- law books in the United States. Quid tam make a few general observations.
ty of English syntax by endeavouring to exiguum quam munus eorum ? Only one anThe custom of taking several words to make it agree with that of other languages. cient reporter has been republished in this gether to form one part of speech, is totally We shall have occasion to say so much up country with annotations, and the editor in inconsistent with the analytical mode of on this subject, when we come to treat of that instance, we have the means of knowteaching. The compound modes and tenses Modes and Tenses in a future number, that ing, did not ultimately receive day wages of verbs, formed in this way, instead of defin- we are not willing to add more in this for his labour in that behalf. Mr Day has ing the meaning of a sentence more clear-place.
rendered valuable services to his brethren, ly, and determining the precise influence or The common mode of parsing passive by adding notes to about twenty-five voluse of every member, tend only to confuse I verbs does not explain them in an intelli-lumes of modern reports; but he has been
by no means adequately compensated. He purposes of eliciting truth, preventing chi- manufacture of the United States, may lefirst undertook Espinasse's Reports of Cases canery, and securing an orderly investiga- gally be carried from place to place, and at Nisi Prius, which has been, perhaps, the tion. A defendant knows not whether the exposed for sale; yet, a fine of not less than most popular book of reports ever publish- plaintiff's evidence is closed, until the jury ten, nor more than one hundred dollars, is ed in the United States. The success of) is sent from the bar. He may, thereupon, to be inflicted on the offender, who shall be this work induced a bookseller in New pretty safely conclude that no further tes- so hardy as thus to carry abroad and sell, York to republish the two first volumes of timony will be admitted, even though it or expose for sale, those pernicious artiMr ampbell's Reports, in 1810 and 1811, may be offered. Such loose practice surely cles, ycleped indigo, feathers, books, tracts, without additional notes. The two last vol- deserves no toleration where the rules of prints, maps, playing cards, lottery tickets, umes, with notes by Mr Howe, were pub- the common law are the professed guide of jewelry, and essences. Now, as the lowest lished in 1821. The notes are evidently courts.
price of any article of trade must include from the pen of a learned and discriminat- Notwithstanding the want of pecuniary the value of the risk incurred in that trade, ing lawyer, and greatly enhance the value encouragement, there have been many it is evident that a repeal of the aforesaid of the edition. The cases reported are American editions of English law books, statute would enable the travelling seller worthy of attention,* and are recommended which are greatly increased in value by the of law books to offer them, on safe mercanby the circumstance that they are among addition of notes and references. The ex. tile principles, at a yet lower rate; and the last decisions of that most eminent nisi tent of the market induces booksellers to thus we gain a still further insight of the prius judge, Lord Ellenborough. If we ex- republish, and a commendable desire of im- great regular profits. cept his too strong inclination, in some proving the jurisprudence of the country,
Sic vos non vobis cases, to rely on what may be called a and affording facilities of investigation to moral estoppel, we can hardly find a fault the profession, has incited its members to in his judgments. Indeed, Sir James Mans-a gratuitous contribution of their labours. field, near the close of his long judicial life, We hope every future edition of foreign
NUMBER LXXX of this journal contains expressed his most unqualified admiration publications on legal subjects may contain
an amusing article upon America; from of the correctness and ability of the Lord references to our own decisions.
which we propose to inake some extracts Chief Justice of the King's Bench, as dis- There are said to be in the United States for the good of those of our readers who played in the reports of Mr Campbell. more than six thousand practising lawyers. happen not to take the Review. It is evi
From the character of almost every re- Mr Griffith, the compiler of the United dently an honest article, and moreover, concent English treatise on legal subjects, we States Law Register, has announced, by tains a good deal of truth, which it should are disposed to believe that reports may be way of recommendation, no doubt, of his be gratifying to us to find English writers more profitably consulted than elementary volumes, that he has the names and places willing to allow, and which it ought to do works. These last contain, of late, no prop- of residence of the gentlemen of the bar in the English public some good to learn. The er scientific arrangement of the decisions, fifteen states, amounting, in 1821, to four writer sets out thus : and are too often grossly deficient in matter thousand eight hundred and forty-one. He as well as arrangement. Learners will not estimates the number of judicial officers, in who are dreadfully afraid of America and every
There is a set of miserable persons in England, be well instructed by them; and those who the several States and Territories, at twen- thing American-whose great delight is to see that have already learned much, will derive very ty thousand. We think he must include country ridiculed and vilified—and who appear to little profit from them. In this day of mak- the worshipful host of Justices of the Peace imagine that all the abuses which exist in this ing many law books, the profession will in this last class, in order to obtain such a country acquire additional vigour and chance of probably obtain more advantage, at a given formidable aggregate. Assuming, however, forth its venom and falsehood on the United States.
duration from every book of Trarels which pours expense, from a thorough perusal of reports
, that there are but six thousand men in our We shall, from time to time, call the attention of than from any other means. There is much country, who would ever incline to open a the public to this subject, not from any party spirit, in them, it is true, which is apochryphal; law book, it is manifest that almost every but because we love truth, and praise excellence but not less in the recent treatises, the au- work that issues from the over-teeming wherever we find it; and because we think the exthors of which boast of having intruded presses of the “ law printer to the king's ample of America will, in many instances, tend to
open the eyes of Englishmen to their true interests. no impertinent comments of their own upon most excellent majesty,” and of others in
The Economy of America is a great and importthe wild conceits which they embody and Great Britain, might be reprinted here ant object for our imitation. The salary of Mr disseminate. We can except from this with tolerable safety to the pockets of the Bagot, our late Ambassador, was, we believe, rathcensure a very few treatises that have late- publishers. One in twenty of those who er higher than that of the President of the United ly come under our notice from England; rank among professional men, may well be States. The Vice-President receives rather less
than the second Clerk of the House of Commons; and with great satisfaction we assure our hoped and expected to become a purchaser and all salaries, civil and military, are upon the readers that a native Essay on Insurance, of any legal publication of passable merit. same scale; and yet no country is better served which has recently issued from the press in This would secure a sale for three hundred than America! Mr Hume has at last persuaded the this city, is liable to none of these objec- copies, which, at the price generally de- English people to look a little into their accounts, tions, but is every way worthy of the sub- manded for books in law binding, would en- and to see how sadly they are plundered. But we ject, and does honor to the talents, learning, sure the printer and bookseller, quicquid ought to suspend our contempt for America, and
consider whether we have not a very momentous and acumen of the author.
honorarium more valuable than the pur- lesson to learn from this wise and cautious people One benefit may be hoped from an ex- chasers often receive for any single profes- on the subject of economy, tensive circulation of the English reports of sional service. Indeed, since we have seen A lesson upon the importance of Religious Tol. cases at nisi prius : we mean a correction new law books, fresh from the press, hawk- eration, we are determined, it would seem, not to of the very loose and slovenly practice in ed about our villages like tin ware, and of learn, -either from America, or from any other
quarter of the globe. The High Sheriff of New some of the American courts, of presenting fered at prices so very far below the book. York, last year, was a Jew. It was with the utevidence to a jury. Almost every thing is store mark, we have been led to infer (er- most difficulty that a bill was carried this year to admitted.de bene esse at least, -and wit- roneously perchance) that the profits of allow the first Duke of England to carry a gold nesses are examined, cross-examined, and the regular trade must be greater than we stick before the King- because he was a Catholic! reexamined, without any regard to the rules before suspected. The pedlar of tin ware, impertinent sneers at America, -as ir civilization
-and yet we think ourselves entitled to indulge in which we find applied in the English courts, by the way, has one advantage over the did not depend more upon making wise laws for and which are so wisely adapted to the itinerant venders of law books, which is not the promotion of human happiness, than in baving
to be overlooked in an estimate of regular good inns, and post-horses, and civil waiters. The * As an illustration of a government of laws, and profits. His is a lawful traffic, at least in circumstances of the Dissenters" marriage bill are not of men, we kuow of nothing more striking than Massachusetts. Whereas, by a statute of such as would excite the contempt of a Chictaw or the case of Beaurain vs. Sir W. Scott, Vol. III. that state, though goods, wares, and mer- ehem. A certain class of Dissenters beg they may
Cherokee, if he could be brought to understand page 389.
chandise in general, if of the produce or not be compelled to say that they marry in the
and stout hogshead hoops, of each two, the sun had been up some time. I was rock, which may be called real estate in mount the hoops vertically upon the axles disappointed on arriving at St Patrick's Ca- the most literal sense, is tenanted by seaof the wheels, by way of springs, and the thedral, to find that it was undergoing re- fowl, who are obliged to pay a sort of rent hand-basket as firmly as you can upon the pairs, and therefore closed; and as the in kind, that is, in eggs, to the landlord, hoops ; shafts like any other vehicle, and Sexton was too genteel a person to rise at who, moreover, sometimes takes the body for the want of a shelty, take a donkey; such a plebeian hour as eight o'clock, I was of the lessee without much form of law. On for a driver procure the raggedest miscre- obliged to forego the hope of seeing the Tuesday morning we landed at Troon, a ant in Byard, where they abound; a interior, and the Dean's monument. I srpall port of entry in the Firth. The town, Hingham bucket turned upside down may went into a small church in the neighbours and indeed all the neighbourhood, belongs be lashed to the front of the basket for his hood, where the morning service was be- to the Duke of Portland, and though an inseat, and the thing is complete. Get into ginning. The congregation at this hour, significant place, containing hardly a dozen the basket with any friend that will join you may be sure, was none of the most houses, it has a stone mole, and two large you, and drive off, and if you are not tum- fashionable. The preacher went through dry docks of the same materials, all conbled into the mud before you get far, you his duty, as it seemed to me, with great structed by the Duke, who employs several will have better luck than every body has sang-froid, and appeared to have very little ! large vessels to carry coal from his mines in a sociable. The gingles, or jaunting cars, concern about the sermon wbich he read to Ireland; for, though the Irish have plenty are constructed on a principle which is the to us. I was surprised to learn afterwards, of coal in their own island, they are not reverse of the sociable ; for, as in the lat- that he was Charles Maturin, which circum- allowed to dig it, but compelled to buy it of ter it is obvious that the parties must ride stance, had I known it before, would most their English or Scotch neighbours. From face to face, in the former they are placed probably have materially influenced my the very landing to Kilmarnock, a distance back to back, and are carried side foremost opinion of his performance. There was of ten miles, is a rail-road, which is a castwith the feet swinging in the air, from little in the streets, on my return, to re- iron road; at least, the ruts are so, and the which you may further infer that the so- mind me that it was Sunday. The old wo wheeis of all vehicles which travel upon ciable is the more genteel of the two. men did not seem to imagine that the it are also of iron, and made exactly to fit
Dublin was formerly much infested with commandment extended to the trade in the road; so you must perceive that all mendicants, who have since been in a great nuts and apples. In the course of the fore- manner of reins, driving, &c., are matters measure suppressed by authority. Many noon we went to the Castle chapel, and of supererogation. A rope serves to stop of the professional beggars now conduct had the honor of sitting in the pew of his the horse, when he has proceeded as far as their operations more warily. A stranger, excellency Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant of the rider thinks necessary, and when he on approaching the stand of a fruit-seller, Ireland. The pews here are all private, and has once started, he must, will he, nill he, will often be surprised by a most pathetic usually locked, no one being admitted but go to the end of the road before he can get appeal to his charitable feelings, and some by a special introduction; so you perceive back again. This contrivance is intended times the language used on these occasions that we are getting on in the world. You to facilitate the conveyance of the coal, is in the highest degree shocking to New may be curious to know how we effected and is less expensive than it would seem at England ears.
this, but I pretermit the explanation, as in first sight, since the iron is procured and There are many fine old buildings in no way befitting the grandeur of the occa- cast at no great distance; and, as the work Dublin, and more fine new ones. A noble sion. Above the altar, in this chapel, is a is done by the Duke's tenants, much of the monument to the memory of Lord Nelson large painted window, the effect of which is money comes into his hands again in the stands in Sackville street, and another is now very magniticent. The lofts, or galleries, shape of rents. All travellers must, of erecting in the Phænix park for Lord Wel. are pannelled with black oak, richly carved course, in passing these roads, make use lington; which Phenix park is the finest in and fretted, each pannel bearing the coat of vehicles belonging to the same persons, the three kingdoms, being thirteen miles of arms of a Lord Lieutenant, with their for no other wheels will fit them; and, as in extent, “ sit fides penes auctores.” I do names beneath; the arms, devices, names, his grace gets his share of the profits in the not vouch for it. The appearance of the &c., being all carved on the wood, without same way, he has the advantage of a toll, lower orders in this metropolis is digraceful the frippery of gilding or painting. One without the trouble of toll-gates. To these to their government, which one would imag- is not likely to attend much to the service sources of revenue you must add the returns ine, from the number of soldiers quartered in such a building, amid such a catalogue of from Ireland for the coal, which costs the here, was upheld by stronger support than illustrious names as Pembroke, Sidney, Duke nothing but the price of digging and its popularity. Club law, however, is prob. Essex, Grafton, Derby, Northumberland, conveyance. ably a familiar code to the Irish. •Pat,' &c. On one side of the gallery is the
Troon, and all the neighbouring coast, said a man of whom I was purchasing some throne of His Excellency, on the other that was once notorious for smuggling, or freetrifle, where have you been lately?' of the Bishop of Dublin. These, together trading, to the Isle of Man and Ireland ; but * Agh! I was just kilt fighting these three with the pulpit, reading desk, &c., are also the King's bull-dogs are now too numerous nights,' was the answer. I looked round at of carved oak. This evening we sail for in the channel for such gentry as Myobeer the respondent, a tall gaunt watchman. the Clyde. Farewell.
Dirk Hatteraick and his crew, to tlourish This minion of the moon leaned on a rusty
much. And this puts me in mind of Dandie pike, whilst his array and countenance bore
Dinmont, who is said to be a character well strong witness in favor of his veracity ; for
Glasgow, September 19. known in Glasgow; a sturdy grazier of there was hardly a piece of whole cloth as We went on board the vessel, which was Dumfriesshire, who visits St Mungo's city big as your hand, in the former, and scarce. to convey us to Scotland on Sunday eve- periodically, to trade in woo', attended by ly a vestige of humanity, except a pair of ning, but the Captain being as drunk as a the Peppers and Mustards of such repown. shrewd Irish eyes, in the latter. He went lord, and having a few friends with him in From Troon we proceeded to Kilmarnock on, with ineffable brogue, to detail the a similar situation, we were unable to get in a noddy, a vehicle with cast-iron wheels, fighting of those nights,' and, by his own off before midnight. The following day was somewhat resembling,—to compare small account, this trusty guardian of the peace thick and rainy, so that we could see little things with great,—the Czar's wintersledge, had entered with great zeal into the vari- or nothing of the land. In the evening, which contained all manner of apparatus ous squabbles which he related, being, just as we came in sight of the Scottish hills, for dining, &c. We bad neither tables, probably, by no means of the same mind with it began to clear, and soon became a beau- chairs, nor victuals, to be sure, but it was not that pattern of quiet watchmen, Master tiful inoonlight, by favour of which we had for want of room. We were securely lockDogberry, touching the prudence of med- a fine view of Aylzie (Ailsa) rock, which ed up in this Brobdignagian diligence, and dling and making with any but true men. stands up directly in the middle of the Firth trundled away merrily. The jolting was
I sallied forth this morning before the of Clyde. It is nine hundred feet high, not excessive, but every pebble, that lay in servants in the house were stirring, though land almost as far to bottom around it. This the ruts, told, as springs did not enter into