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on the religious character of the work. We gun,' my horse, who, assure you, has taken a purely mental; and that, with regard to allude to this with
reluctance, because there sweepstakes in his time, limped as if he had been the mind and its operations, people were are few things more suspicious than a zeal shot. It was enchantment—it could not be else.' against supposed mistaken opinions in reli- Percy, laughing,
* Can you form any rational conjecture," sair content to grope on in the old way, as in
what necromantic sage hath different to the analytic method, as if Bagion. An attack upon forms sometimes played you so foul a trick?"
con had never thought nor written. But conceals, and, what is nearly as important, • Yes, truly,' replied Mr Courtal; some sage nothing, we presume, would strike this is often supposed to conceal an unfriendly Urganda, who had erewhile been the guardian of father of experimental philosophy with feeling, or at least a want of regard to the Amadis de Gaul, or Don Belianis of Greece, or substance. Our remarks on this bead must the mountain-fellows that went about righting of common consent, his method had been ex
Fleximarte of Hyrcania, or haply Beldonitos of more astonishment than the fact, that, by therefore be brief, and, we trust, will not be wrongs and redressing of grievances, and behanged cluded from the process of instruction; misunderstood.
to them, without submitting the cases to trial by that where he might have expected his We are of opinion, that one of the objects jury-envious of the happiness of one, whose vo- views to be best appreciated and most of this work is to recommend certain relig- cation it is to stop such unlawful and irregular readily embraced, and where they could ious views and feelings, concerning the bene. modes of administering justice—hath played me most speedily and effectually have accom
this prank. fit and ultimate tendency of which, men think • But be serious, Mr Courtal,' said Maria, and plished a revolution in the history of human very differently; and that works of imagina- tell me how you lost sight of me.'
knowledge, they had been treated with the tion are out of their place on such debateable If I were to be as serious as a man with a gray utmost neglect. ground. There is a great deal, and we hope mare in his house-(out upon all gray mares, I say,
To be satisfied that our statement of the
at it is the most important part of our religion, of my tale. My horse went unaccountably lame, case is no exaggeration, one has but to about which the wise and good of all sects and on entering the wood I found I had lost you. cast a glance at the method of instruction and parties are agreed, and the necessity A young cockatrice of a boy—(I trust I may see the adopted in most of our schools, and develand benefit of which should be enforced, or lying limb of Satan before a grand jury some day or oped in most school books. With a few insinuated, in any way that has any chance other)--gave me a wrong direction, which led me, exceptions, very lately introduced, the of being effectual; but we think it a ques-ere I was aware, to a piece of swampy around learner is first presented with a general or
drained. tionable policy to diminish this chance, by In short, after baving been stained with the varia- synthetic view of the science he is study, shackling what is undisputed, with any tion of an hundred mudholes, I at length got through, ing, and afterwards with the particulars of thing, of which the utility is matter of and by mere good luck made my way to this house, which it consists; a course which comserious controversy.
pelted indeed by the pitiless storin--but, finding you pletely inverts the order of our quotation Our readers may expect, after this long safe, most incomparable lady, I have only to add, from Bacon. discussion, that we should offer some illus- / “ begone, my cares, I give you to the wind.”
Let others think as they may, we have, tration of our opinions in the shape of ex
The words marked by italics, in this ex- for our own part, no hesitation in avowing tracts. With this demand, however reason- tract, which many of our readers will recog- our conviction, that, in the business of inable, we find some difficulty in complying, nise as those of Counsellor Pleydell, are struction, days and years of valuable time since our objections are of such a general not distinguished in the novel by marks of are commonly mispent in following the nature, that their force is to be estimated quotation. This liberty can only be de- course prescribed by systematized error, by a perusal of the whole, or a large part fended by considering the Scottish, novels and that the true method of teaching is but of the work, rather than by that of insu- as standing on the same ground with Shak- dawning upon us. We are sanguine enough, lated portions. One selection, however, we speare, or other acknowledged classics-an however, to believe that the light which is shall make, as it serves to illustrate our assumption which we can hardly admit, at now glimmering upon this subject, will criticism on the character of Mr Courtal. so early a period of their immortality.
soon cast a fuller radiance; and when this The reader will understand that Miss Bel.
shall be, what improvements, what discorecour has been run away with by a mare,
ries in science, may we not expect from whom the lawyer had incautiously pur- Suggestions on Education ; relating partic- minds which, from their first glimpses of chased, and still more incautiously recom
ularly to the Method of Instruction com- knowledge up to their highest acquirements, mended for her riding. She has been
monly adopted in Geography, History, have been trained and formed by the disrescued from a perilous situation by Percy,
Grammar, Logic, and the Classics. New
cipline of analysis ? with whom she is found in a cottage by Mr
We would not, however, be understood Courtal; who expresses his relief at the “ We should then have reason to hope well as saying that the synthetic method is usediscovery in strong terms, to which she re- of the sciences, when we rise, by continued less,-far from it. Synthesis is an excelplies as follows.
steps, to inferior axioms, and then to the mid-lent, an indispensable thing in its place ; 'I am safe, quite safe,' said the young lady, dle, and only at last to the most general.” that is to say, as the best method of recascarcely less affected than himself, at beholding an We have repeatedly intimated our belief, pitulating and reviewing what we have emotion so unexpected : 'I was so fortunate as to that the spirit of this remark of Bacon’s was learned, not however as the best way to leap off at a spot where I found this gentleman, intended, by its illustrious author, to have an acquire knowledge. Every treatise intendby whose polite attention I have escaped exposure application coextensive with human knowl-ed for the communication of knowledge to to this storm.'
"The gentleman,' said Mr Courtal, endeavouring edge. He never meant that analysis the young, should no doubt contain a synto recover his usual manner, ' was in luck. Well, should be restricted to the science of mat- thetic view of its subject; but this view this is his day-another may be mine. He will ter, and excluded from that of mind. Could should follow, and not precede the analysis, mark it, I doubt not, with a white stone : though I that venerable lawgiver in philosophy rise -it should be found at the end, and not at the never yet knew these speluncam Dido, dur et from the stillness of his grave, and look beginning of the book. For a specimen of Trojaxus eandum" affairs come to much good. There are no limbs broke, yet there may be a upon the occupations of scientific men of this arrangement, we might refer our readbreaking of something else-eh, Percy!'
our day, he would, we imagine, be fully as ers to the Latin Grammar, published by the Mr Percy said, with gravity, he hoped there was much puzzled as pleased. He would find author of the pamphlet now before us, and nothing to apprehend.
that, whilst his method of investigation was reviewed in the Gazette for October 1st. Oh, I dare believe, on second thoughts, there is extolled to the highest, his track in the In that work, an analysis of every depart.
You will escape scot-free, for 'tis as hard to find a heart that will break as a glass that will not. paths of science professedly followed with ment of Latin grammar is first given; and,
Mr Percy made an unsuccessful effort to smile undeviating constancy, his name adorned at the end of every part, and at the concluat this sally, and then asked how it happened Mr with every epithet of human eloquence, sion of the whole, is an interrogatory syrCourtal lost sight of the lady.
and his memory almost worshipped, his thesis. This is the natural and untramel. * By enchantment,' said Mr Courta! ; 'which, if authority was really acknowledged in but led order of the mind, in the acquisition of any gentleman, knight, or even 'squire denies, I appeni himn to the combat. Why, sir, when the one department; that, whilst his sway was knowledge. The subject is, in the first witch of a mare which Miss Belcour rode, new undisputed in natural science, there was place, reduced to its simplest parts: these away, as Pindar says, - light as a bullet from a the utmost aversion to it in whatever is are studied, one by one; and when the
323 science has been, in this way, thoroughly mind is accessible to instruction, and where objects commends a similar course of lessons. We analyzed, to arrange the whole matter syns are accessible to the mind.
are fully convinced that it would be much thetically, is a useful exercise both of the Geography is the first branch of educa- more entertaining and useful to the scholjudgment and of the memory. In a word, tion to which the author would apply “a ars of all our schools, to begin with the we believe analysis to be the only true more practical and interesting method of history of Boston, instead of the origin of method of acquiring knowledge, whether instruction.”
the human race, the origin of society, and the learner is a child or a philosopher, and
On the existing plan of instruction in this branch, the other remote topics usually discussed at synthesis the best and the easiest way of a book professedly simplified to the capacity of the commencement of a course of general retaining what is acquired.
children, is put into the hands of the young begin- history. In Blair's “ Mother's Catechism," We have been led into these remarks by per: He opens it for his first lesson, and fiods it we have a good specimen of the plan rethe pamphlet before us.
The title page of begin with a view of the universe, or an exposition commended, applied to the instruction of the essay will show that the contents are
terms which are of course utterly unintelligible to very young children. of a very miscellaneous character,--perhaps him; and when his lesson is got and recited, he too much so. It would have been better knows just as little of practical geography as befor the author to have restricted himself fore. There are two positive objections to this A Musical Biography: or, Sketches of the to the advantages of the analytic method, mode of instruction. Ii degrades the operations of Lives and Writings of Eminent Musical
the mind into mere unmeaning rote. It opposes in the sciences on which he touches. Still, the great principles of scientific research, which
Characters. Interspersed with an Epitome we like to see practical remarks in any are acknowledged in every other mental pursuit.
of Interesting Musical Matter. Collated form, on a subject so important; and some It is, in fact, nothing but an adherence to the ex.
and compiled by John R. Parker. Bos
ton. 1825. of those which are presented in this pam- ploded system which made a knowledge of generals
8vo. pp. 250. phlet may be very useful in places where a sure key to the understanding of particulars.
We need not the weighty authority of Dr education has not attained even to the de- The plan suggested by the author is too Johnson to persuade us, that no kind of gree of practical excellence which it has long for insertion. It amounts
, however to reading is so generally interesting as biogin our vicinity. We will confine ourselves, this. Instead of beginning with geography, raphy. If tolerably well-written, the life of however, to those parts of the essay which let a child learn, in the first place, the de- an eminent man, whether he be distinguished advocate the analytic method of instruc- tails of topography as applied to the place from the commonalty by his character or tion. We fully agree with the author, of his nativity or of his residence. When
by the events of his life, can hardly fail to that if Locke's definition of the purposes he is become familiar with these, let him interest and gratify all classes of readers. of education is correct, most school books proceed to chorography, and become ac- Every one, whose mind is forcibly bent into and most teachers are wrong.
quainted with everything which it should a peculiar direction by his habits of intel
teach him regarding his own state and coun- lectual action and enjoyment, will have Locke represents education as intended to duce two results—to facilitate
him, last of all, take up geogra- necessarily his favourite books and studies. secondly
, the communication of knowledge. Now, phy, and begin, not at Herschel, nor at the The metaphysician loves to pore over the would it naturally be believed that, in the face of Sun, but at the quarter of the world in last work of some mighty master in the this correct and simple arrangement, the superin- which he lives, and so extend his knowl. science of puzzling and being puzzled;"negligence
, invert the order of the abovemention edge of the science, till he is able to take the natural philosopher or historian leaves ed points, and thus involve themselves in the ab- those general views of the subject, which mind for matter, and finds no pleasure in surdity of teaching youth to express ideas, before constitute a synthesis. On this plan, a bewildering himself with the vague uncerteaching them to think? But what is the fact? child in Boston would be taught, first, the tainties of the intellectual world ;-and the Turn to almost any school, and you will find the situation of his native city, then every in statesman or politician feels a complacent answer, when you see that the first book, which is teresting and instructive particular which contempt for all pursuits which are no way put into the hands of a child that has just learned to read, is an English Grammar, from which the usually enters into a topographical sketch. connected with public matters, and throw scholar' is to learn the rts of speaking and writing. He would then proceed to the county; no light upon the noble art of getting up in The order of nature is, first learn to think, and thence, to the state, and to the Union. In the world. But all these classes are limited, then learn to communicate your thoughts; but the this way a thorough foundation would be and the books which are made for them are order of education is, first learn to communicate laid for subsequent enlargement of his geo- made for none beside them. With the hisyour thoughts, and then learn to think.
grapbical knowledge; and, in the mean tories of individuals, of their actions, their The usual plea in justification of the com- time, he would be put in possession of a com- fortunes, their conditions, it is far otherwise. mon method of instruction is, that in early plete practical acquaintance with what is D’Israeli remarks, in his Curiosities of Litchildhood something is wanted, on which to most useful to him in the science he is ac erature, if we do not misrecollect, that, exexercise and discipline the mind; that it is quiring. We should like much to see such cepting the Bible, no books have passed no matter what you take for this purpose ; a course adopted with a class of learners. through so many editions as Robinson Cruand that at any rate the languages suit it We feel persuaded, that if a fair specimen soe and The Pilgrim's Progress; now both of very well. Now it is true that we do want of this kind could be exhibited, it would af- these books relate purely to fictitious events, something on which to discipline the raw ford the best argument for practical ana. and one is strictly allegorical; but they are mind; but do we therefore want the hard-lytic instruction, that its advocates could still of the nature of biographies. All perest exercise that we can select ? Because present. We agree with the author in say- sonal tales, all stories which tell of remarkbodily exercise is beneficial to the health ing that
able incidents that befel individuals, or of children, do we set them to hard la. This mode of teaching geography, besides being deeply striking traits of character, or debour ?
adapted to the capacity of ihe youngest learner, scribe singular performances, whether they Another view of this subject will make it plain, tends to communicate that practical cast of knowls are novels and romances, claiming to be that the present arrangement of education Teau's edge which is so useful in life.
Lessons in geog. wholly fictitious, or strictly veracious bithe mind in a direction contrary to the order of na- raphy, when taught in this way, bear as near a reture. The young learner is introduced first into
semblance as possible to the interesting recitals of ographies, have one thing in common. the mental , and then into the material world. Now of a country, and seen every object which he de- they are lost in the mazes, or obscured in
an individual who has travelled through every part They treat of men-and not of men as the first glimpses of thought and the first awakening of curiosity, in the mind of a child, are caused scribes ; and, above all, it gives the pupil a thor- the distance of history, but as they live and
ough acquaintance with the geography, or rather by external objects. The movements of thought the topography, of the place of his nativity or of move around us. They exhibit one who is pass unconscious and unheeded, at that early stage his residence of whaluise is it to teach a child allied to us by a kindred nature, in circumof being, in which all that is interesting in exist
. the day, or the year, or the distance of Herschel, stances which excite interest and attention.
. tellectual objects appear only as a shadowy some
whilst you leave him ignorant of the road on which That sympathy which belongs to us as huthing, which never rises into any thing more deti he daily walks, the river that flows by his door, or
man beings, makes us find pleasure in fol. nite than the form of mystery. Education, there the situati- n of bis own birthplace ?
lowing, with our imagination, the footsteps fore, must not begin here; must begin where the For learners in history the author re-l of a brother, through good and evil fortune,
But we pro
and our love of novelty is gratified by the it may be technical, and so we shall say stances related of this remarkable man's disclosure of strange scenes, and our curi- nothing about it.
infancy and early childhood, are almost in. osity is pleased as we look upon the daily, The Life of Haydn comes next, and credible, and could not be believed were domestic, familiar doings of men whose emi- it rather amazed us,—nor are we sure they not attested by indisputable evidence. nence of station has placed them afar off, that we rightly understand it. We sup- Perhaps no difference of intellectual ability or whose singular qualities or acts have pose the compiler gathered his facts where illustrates the possible difference between awakened our wonder.
he could, and put them together in his those who share a common nature more But a biography, which has selected all own way,-giving credit for paragraphs strongly, than the astonishing superiority of its subjects from one class of men, as it may and long passages ; especially as the Intro- Mozart over all others, in the early developehope to interest readers of that class more duction says, “We [i. e. the compiler) have ment, if not in the continued vigour of that than a more general work, it must pay for detailed their history [Handel's, Haydn's, one talent for which he was distinguished. this privilege by giving pleasure to a nar- and Mozart's] with a minuteness that we The faculties of sense and miod are comrower circle. The book now before us is a could scarcely allow to others.” Judge mon to all; but the different measures with “ Musical Biography,”--that is to say, it is then, gentle 'readers, with what surprise which they are meted out, seem to separate a biography of men and women, who were we read such passages as these, which differ men from med, by as wide an interval as if eminent for making music. To them who are in no respect of typographical arrangement they were not of one species. At the risk especial lovers of sweet sounds, it may be ex- or appearance from their neighbours. of telling very trite stories, we shall make ceedingly interesting; but we must submit to
Long before Haydn rose 10 the Creation, he had some extracts from this life. all the reproach which may be merited by composed (in 1774) an Oratorio entitled Tobias, an Mozart was scarcely three years old when his the admission, that the toil of reading for indifferent performance, two or three passages of father began to give lessons on the harpsichord to the purpose of reviewing it, has not been wbich only, announces the great master. You his sister, who was then seven. His astonishing altogether a labour of love. The author know that while in London, Haydn was struck with disposition for music immediately manifested itsell
. Handel's music: he learned from the works of the His delight was to seek for thirds on the piano, and seems disposed to throw off all responsi- English musician, the art of being majestic. One nothing could equal his joy when he had found this bility, excepting so much as attaches to day at Prince Schwartzenberg's when Handel's harmonious chord. The minute details into which him in the character of compiler; but we Messiah was performed, upon expressing my ad- I am about to enter, will, I presume, be interesting are authorized to say, that even this bur- miration of one of the sublime chorusses of that to the reader. then, light though it be, is not borne with work, Haydn said to me thoughtfully, · This man When he was four years old, his father began to is the father of us all.'
teach him, almost in sport, some minuets, and other remarkable grace or success. ceed to a more particular account of the
In the beginning of the year 1798, the Oratorio pieces of music, an occupation which was as agreecontents of this volume,-and shall endeav- performed, for the first time, in the rouns of the learn a minuet in half an hour, and a piece of
was completed; and in the following Lent, it was ble to the master, as to the pupil. Mozart would our to give such extracts as may save us Schwartzenberg palace, at the expense of the greater extent in less than twice that time. Immefrom the necessity of expressing an opinion Dilettanti Society, who had requested it from the diately after, he played them with the greatest of its literary merits.
clearness, and perfectly in time. In less than a After the Dedication and Introduction,
Who can describe the applause, the delight, the year, he made such rapid progress, that, at áve the body of the work begins with the Life of enthusiasm of this society. I was present; and 1 years old, he already invented little pieces of music, can assure you, I never witnessed such a scene
which he played to his father, and which the latter, Handel;—which is very respectably put to. The flower of the literary and musical society of in order to encourage the rising talent of his son, gether, and relates many facts which most Vienna were assembled in the rovin, which was
was at the trouble of writing down. people who have taken the trouble to learn well adapted to the purpose, and Haydn bimself
A short time afterwards, Wenzl, á skilful violin any thing about Handel, are acquainted directed the orchestra. The most profound silence, pla ver, who had then just begun to compose, came the most scrupulous attention, a sentiment I might to Mozart
, the father, to request his observations with. A note to page 17, relates an amus
almost say of religious respect, were the disposi- on six trios, which he had written during the jouring anecdote of this great musician. tions which prevailed when the first stroke of the ney of the former to Vienna. Schachter, the
how was given. The general expectation was not archbishop's trumpeter, to whom Mozart was parThis celebrated composer, though of a very disappointed. A long train of beauties, to that ticularly attached, happened to be at the house, and robust and uncouth external appearance, yet had moment unknown, unfolded themselves before us;
we give the following anecdote in his words: such a remarkable irritability of perves, that he
• The father,' said Schachtner, 'played the bass, could not bear to hear the tuning of instruments,
our minds, overcome with pleasure and admiration, and therefore this was always done before Handel experienced during two successive hours
, what they Wenzl the first violin, and I was to play the second.
had rarely felt,-a happy existence, produced by Mozart requested permission to take this last part; arrived. A musical wag, who knew how to extract some mirth from his irascibility of temper, stole into desires ever lively, ever renewed, and never dis- but his father reproved him for this childish demand,
observing, that as he had never received any reguthe orchestra on a night when the Prince of Wales appointed.
lar lessons on the violin, he could not possibly play was to be present at the performance of a new
On my return to the Austrian capital, I bave to Oratorio, and untuped all the instruments, some inform you, my dear friend, that the larva of Haydn to him necessary to receive lessons in order to play
it properly. The son replied, that it did not appear half a note, others a whole note lower than the has also quitted us. That great man no longer ex the second violin. His father, half angry at this organ. As soon as the prince arrived, Handel gave ists
, except in our memory. I have often told you, reply, cold him to go away, and not interrupt us. the signal of beginning conspirito, but such was the
that he was become extremely weak before he en: Wolfgang was so hurt at this, that he began to cry horrible discord, that the enraged musician started tered his seventy-eighth year. It was the last of bitterly. As he was going away with his litde violin, up from his seat, and having overturned a double his life. bass which stood in his way, he seized a kettle
A few weeks after his death, Mozart's requiem and the father, with a good deal of difficulty, con
I begged that he might be permitted to play with me, drum, which he threw with such violence at the was performed in honour of him, in the Scotch sented. Well, said he io Wolfgang, you may play head of the leader of the band, that he lost his full church. I ventured into the city, to attend this with M. Schachtner, on condition that you play very bottomed wig by the effort ; without waiting to re- ceremony. . I saw there some generals and admin; softly, and do not let yourself be heard : otherwise, place it, he advanced bareheaded to the front of istrators of the French army, who appeared affected I shall send you out directly. We began the tio, the orchestra, breathing vengeance, but so much with the loss which the arts had just sustained. I little Mozart playing with me, but it was not long choaked with passion that utterance denied him. recognized the accents of my native land, and spoke before I perceived, with the greatest astonishment, In this ridiculous attitude he stood staring and
to several of them; and, among others, to an amia- that I was perfectly useless Without saying any stamping for some minutes amidst a convulsion of ble man, who wore that day the uniform of the thing, I laid down my violin, and looked at the laughter, nor could he be prevailed on to resume
Institute of France, which I thought very elegant. father, who shed tears of affection at the sight.his seat till the prince went personally to appease Now if all this be as it would seem, we The child played all the six trios in the same manhis wrath, which he with great difficulty accom- have nothing more to say about it; but if, per:
The commendations we gave him, made him plished. as we are tempted to suspect, these passages humor him, we let him try, and could not forbear
pretend that he could play the first violin. To Here follow remarks on Handel's music; are quoted verbatim from some body's let- laughing on hearing him execute this part, very and we are somewhat afraid to talk much ter, we venture to recommend to Mr Parker, imperfectly, it is true, but still so as never to be of them, lest we should expose our igno- to show in his next edition, by marks of quo- set tasl.' rance too plainly. For instance, we might tation, or otherwise, that “1," does not in Mozart never reached his natural growth. During object a little to the phrase "effects (which] these cases mean the “the Compiler.”
his whole life, his health was delicate. He was he has worked up”-which phrase Mr Then follows the Life of Mozart, and it thin and pale: and though the form of his face was Parker “works up" most unsparingly; but is quite well done. The singular circum- nomy, but its extreme variableness. The express
unusual, ihere was nothing striking in his physiog. ion of his countenance changed every moment, but him fairy tales, and odd stories, which made him more than I expected, and I have extended it much indicated nothing more than the pleasure or pain laugh till the tears came. The punch, however, beyond what I at first designed.' 'In this case, it which he experienced at the instant. He was re- made him so drowsy, that he could only go on is but just 10 increase the premium ; here are fifty markable for a habit which is usually the attendant while his wife was talking, and dropped asleep as ducats more.'-sir,' said Mozart, with increasing of stupidity. His body was perpetually in motion; soon as she ceased. The efforts which he made to astonishment, 'who then are you ? That is nothhe was either playing with his hands, or beating the keep himself awake, the continual alternation of ing to the purpose ; in a month's time I shall reground with his foot. There was nothing extraor- sleep and watching, so fatigued him, that his wife turn.' dinary in his other habits, except his extreme fond persuaded him to take some rest, promising to Mozart immediately called one of his servants, ness for the game of billiards. He had a table in awake him in an hour's time. He slept so pro- and ordered bit to follow this extraordinary perhis house, on which he played every day by him- foundly, that she suffered him to repose for two sonage, and find out who he was; but the man self, when he had not any one to play with. His bours. At five o'clock in the morning, she awoke failed for want of skill, and returned without being bands were so habituated to the piano, that he was him. He had appointed the music-copiers to come able to trace bim. rather clumsy in every thing beside. At table, he at seven, and by the time they arrived, the over- Poor Mozart was then persuaded that he was no never carved, or if he attempted to do so, it was ture was finished. They had scarcely time to ordinary being ; that he had a connexion with the with much awkwardness and difficulty. His wife write out the copies necessary for the orchestra, other world, and was sent to announce to hiin his apusually undertook that office. The same man, who and the musicians were obliged 10 play it without proaching end. He applied himself with the more from his earliest age, had shewn the greatest ex. a rehearsal. Some persons pretend that they can ardour to his Requiem, which he regarded as the pansion of mind in what related to his art, in other discover in this orerture the passages where Mozart most durable momment of his genius. While tltus respects remained always a child. He never knew dropt asleep, and those where he suddenly awoke employed, he was seized with the most alarming how properly to conduct himself. The manage- again.
fainting fits, but the work was at length completed ment of domestic affairs, the proper use of money,
There are few who have any fondness for appointed, the stranger returneal, but Mozart was
before the expiration of the month. At the time the judicious selection of his pleasures, and temperance in the enjoyment of them, were never vir- music and have not heard of Mozart's re- no more. tues to bis taste. The gratification of the moment quiem. The singular circumstances attend
A host of lesser names follow the three was always uppermost with him. His mind was ing the composition of this beautiful piece great leaders. We have not room to speak so absorbed by a crowd of ideas, which rendered of music, were related in an interesting of them particularly, and shall not pretend him incapable of all serious reflection, that, during work, recently published, from which Mr to judge of the value of the scientific rehis whole life, he stood in need of a guardian to take care of his temporal affairs. His father was Parker appears to have borrowed very marks which are scattered through the vol. well aware of his weakness in this respect, and it largely. These facts may be fresh in the ume. Of its literary merits, we must say a was on this account that he persuaded' his wife to recollection of many of our readers; but word or two. Among the lives, are those follow him to Paris, in 1777, his engagements not they will pardon our quoting them for the of some individuals, of whom nothing has allowing him to Mozart judged his own works with impartiality, benefit of others, to whom they will be been
printed which afforded an opportunity and often with a severity, which he would not easily new. After all, perhaps there is nothing for compilation, and Mr Parker, as we prehave allowed in another person. The emperor Jo- in these circumstances so striking as the sume, in these cases claims the merit and seph II., was fond of Mozart, and had appointed him superstitious feeling which invested them abides the responsibility of authorship. In his maître de chapelle; but this prince pretended to with such fearful importance. be a dilettante. His travels in Italy had given him
these lives, such passages as this, which bea partiality for the music of that country, and the One day, when he was plunged in a profound gins the life of the late Mr T. S. Webb, may Italians who were at his court did not fail to krep reverie, he heard a carriage stop at his door. A sometimes be found. op this preference, which, I must confess, appears stranger was announced, who requested to speak to me to be well founded.
A person was introduced, handsomely This gentleman was a distinguished amateur in These men spoke of Mozart's first essays with dressed, of dignified and impressive manners. «I music, and attained a bigh degree of celebrity, havmore jealousy than fairness, and the emperor, who have been commissioned, sir, by a man of considering been appointed the first President of the Boston scarcely ever judged for himself
, was easily carried able importance, to call upon you.' Who is he?' Handel and Haydn Society, an institution under away by their decisions. One day, after hearing interrupted Mozart.-— He does not wish to be whose auspices, were laid a foundation which the rehearsal of a comic opera (die Entfuhrung aus known.'—Well
, what does he want?'— He has aspires to an eniinent rank among the first of mudem Serail), which he had himself demanded of just lost a person whom he tenderly loved, and sical societies in this country. Mozart," he said to the composer: ‘My dear Mozart, whose memory will be eternally dear to him. He is desirous of annually commemorating this mourn
And this, in the Life of Mrs Ostinelli, late notes there.'-'I ask your majesty's pardon,' rethat is too fine for my ears; there are too many ful event by a solemn service, for which he requests Miss Hewitt, which we fancy it would in plied Mozart, drily; "there are just as many notes you to compose a requiem.' Mozart was forcibly some measure puzzle Mrs Ostinelli to comas there should be be. The emperor said nothing, struck by this discourse, by the grave manner in prehend precisely. and appeared rather embarrassed by the reply; but which it was uttered, and by the air of mystery in when the opera was performed, he bestowed on it which the whole was involved. He engaged to She indicates a becoming rigour of feminine the greatest encomiums.
write the requiem. The stranger continued, Em modesty ; in the picturing of her imagination, as The time which he most willingly employed in ploy all your genius on this work; it is destined evinced in the intellectual dominion over the art
, composition, was the morning, from six or seven for a connoisseur.' So much the better.' — What than an exuberant degree of enthusiastic imaginao'clock till ten, when he got up. After this, he did time do you require ?' - A month.'—Very well: tion. no more the rest of the day, unless he hail to finish in a month's time I shall return.-What price do But the most remarkable among them is a piece that was wanted. He always worked very you set on your work?'-A hundred ducats... The that which closes the biographical part of irregularly. When an idea struck him, he was not stranger counted them on the table, and disap- the volume. It is rather a suspicions cirto be drawn from it. If he was taken from the piano peared. forte, he continued to compose in the midst of his Mozart remained lost in thought for some time; cumstance, when a gentleman, upon enterfriends, and passed-whole nights with his pen in his he then suddenly called for pen, ink, and paper, ing a room, finds it necessary to begin his hand. At other times, he had such a disinclination and, in spite of his wife's entreaties, began to write. remarks with an apology for being there. to work, that he could not complete a piece till the This rage for composition continued several days; We are not able to say how far Mr Parker moment of its performance. It once happened that he wrote day and night, with an ardour which was bound to put together so many excuses he put off some music which he had engaged to seemed continually to increase; but his constituTurnish for a court concert, so long, that he had not tion, already in a state of great debility, was unable for bis daring, in the instance before us, but time to write out the part which he was to perform to support his enthusiasm : one morning, he fell we have a decided opinion, that if they were himself. The emperor Joseph, who was peeping senseless, and was obliged to suspend his work. necessary, this life ought to have been omitevery where, happening to cast his eyes on the Two or three days after, when
his wife sought to ted. Besides many other paragraphs, full sheet which Mozart seemed to be playing from, was divert his. inind from the gloomy presages which of reasons for wbat he was about to do, Mr surprised to see nothing but empty lines, and said occupied it, he said to her abruptly: luis certain Parker lays down the following eight in a to him: Where's your part?' Here,' replied Mo- that I am writing this Requiem for myself; it will zart, putting his hand to his forehead.
serve for my funeral service. Nothing could rem period of iwenty-seven lines. The same circumstance nearly occurred with re- move this impression from his mind.
To exonerate ourselves, however, from all posspect to the overture of Don Juan. It is generally
As he went on, hc felt his strength diminish from sible imputation of premature ofliciousness, or esteemed the best of his overtures; yet it was only day to day, and the score advanced slowly. The breach of delicacy; we fain would impress, on the composed the night previous to the first representa- month which he had fixed, being expired, the too scrupulous, our own conviction, that we ought tion, after the general rehearsal had taken place. stranger again made his appearance. I have not have sacrificed to mere punctilios so precious About eleven o'clock in the eiening, when he re- found it impossible,' said Mozart, *to keep my an opportunity to present to the lovers of harmony tired to bis apartment; he desired his wife to make word.''Do not give yourself any uneasiness,' replied with an abstract yet grateful object of contempla. him some punch, and to stay with him, in order to the stranger; 'what further time do you require ?'- tion; to encourage bashful talent by showing how keep him awake. She accordingly began to tell "Another wonth. The work has interested me'much may be accomplished, where such talents
exist, without prejudice to other essential acquire- ; praise cannot be too high. This memoir less, and unattractive. So in life, knowing we ments; to produce a powerful example in vindi- concludes thus :
shall be disappointed, expectation never tires. cating the student from the charge of frivolous pur
We have, therefore, a right to conclude, that as a
Next comes a sonnet of sixteen lines. suit, and in rescuing the study itself from unmerited obloquy that mistakes its own paralizing effect for perforaer, she has never yet been excelled or even in the next piece our language fails beau extrinsic inaginary cause ; to fix upon a guide equalled by any of the same age; and that in apply; neath him, and he is put to his Greek and near at hand to aid us in illustrating certain
posi- ing to her the word prodigy, we restore the word Latin and divers other, to us, unknown lantions relative to an art which labours as yet under itself to its legitimate owner, and rescue it from the the weight of local prejudices, and erroneously sup- profanation to which it has been so often subjected. guages; for example, he talks of " pure posed to debase, when in reality it elevates the mind; We would notice, that in the Life of of a "roscid emerald spray," of a "hymnic
waves hyaline," of a “ velvet roseous bed," to cherish true laste, and discriminating love for the Muzio Clementi, he is said to have been strain ;” but enough;-we will give a prehighest species of performance by holding up an born in 1725, to have married his first wife mium, no less than the whole volume, to unequivocal model of excellence; to do honour to our native town, by proclaiming of what exquisite in 1803 or 1804,—and his present wife in fruit on the tree of science it has been the nursery, 1811, and that “we close our sketch of the any one who will explain to us the meaning
of this stanza. an honour, which, we venture to predict, will at no life of this extraordinary man, whom we distant time be envied by the first capitals of Europe; rejoice to see on the verge of seventy.”
Beneath the ornate vestment's glow,
Lurk thoughts no mortal ear can learn, to satisfy legitimate public curiosity by directing it we presume there is some mistake of the Dark dash the lava floods of wo, to a proper focus of vision; and to discharge our
Ah! fiery billows roll and burn; own particular duty, in describing to the best of our press in this.
The mimic smile, like osprey's wing, abilities, (better late than never) a phenomenon,
Hides the deep death-wound of our fate, which falls so exclusively within our sphere of
The dying swan doth music fling, observation. Poems, by Sumner Lincoln Fairfield. New
On Nature's ear inanimate! Here we have, with an apology for writing York, 1823. 12mo. pp. 188.
It cannot be expected of us, that we and publishing these memoirs now, an ad-Lays of Melpomene. By Sumner L. Fair. mission that it ought to have been done field. Portland, 1824. 12mo. pp. 72.
should review severally all these poems. before. On the next page it is stated, that The Sisters of st Clara. A Portuguese From most of them indeed we find it as
Tale. By Sumner L. Fairfield. Portland,
vain an endeavour to extract a meaning as The first attempt to instruct her, at the age of six,
from the stanza we have quoted. There is
12mo. pp. 54. was after a few trials, abandoned as too onerous.
some reason to suppose that they were all The second, only a year after, proved decisive. WHEN the first of these books was sent made by the patent method of which a spe. Her talents unfolded themselves with a rapidity to us sometime ago, we were so untrue to cification may be found in Gulliver's voyage that, at the first onset, outstriped the regular pace our duty, as to determine not to notice it. to Laputa. Can any man in his senses of tuition. Every new lesson was learned with such expeditious ease, as to render indispensable For this determination we had several rea- doubt, for instance, that the following words the intervening burthen of home instruction, which sons. We knew something of Sumner L. were put into their relative situations by lesson, and which daily increasing, made it at last feelings of the man by saying, what we There's a crystalline cove hid in the deep-bosomed placed her several pages in advance of the ensuing Fairfield, and were unwilling to wound the machinery ? an act of justice to unite the credit with the labour, thought of his writings; nor did it seem Accordingly she became exclusively the pupil of
hills, her own father, who found himself thus unexpect necessary, as we believed that the work Where the perch and mullet rove, and chime the edly compelled to teach, while he himself had yet had fallen “still-born from the press," and flashing rills, to learn; the piano-forte not being an instrument we hoped its failure would discourage its And dandelions blush around, and daffodils perfume on which he is a distinguished amateur. author from a second attempt. Thať hope The air, and carpet o'er the ground, and love the
quiet gloom. We cannot understand this passage, un- has been disappointed; and when the other less it means that Miss Eustaphieve learned two books were put, almost at the same There in the linden groves of peace, and where so rapidly that the ordinary masters of the moinent, into our hands ; when we saw that
bananas spread, art were left behind, and Mr Eustaphieve the author, by his pertinacity, was forcing When the notes of woe shall cease, I'd lay my was compelled to learn music himself, that himself into notice; when, worst of all, we weary head, he might keep so far in advance of her perceived a disposition in some, not merely Or rove along the pebbled shore, and rear a pearly
dome, progress, as to supply her with guidance to pardon, but even to praise his produc- Where fiery billows never roar, and yestal virgins and instruction,-in which case, we should tions, we thought that we ought no longer think the talents of Miss Eustaphieve came to keep silence, but do the little that we
Lest however it should be thought, that to her by inheritance. But it would seem could to protect the literature of our coun
we have selected stanzas which are made that Miss Eustaphieve performs admirably try from the disgrace of having works like obscure by being disjoined from the context, as pianiste (to use a phrase, the invention these thrust upon the public and pass unre.
we will extract a whole piece, and appeal of which we accredit to Mr Parker-per- proved. We are sorry to be compelled to to the cominon sense of our readers, if in haps in ignorance), but she does not com- this ; but feeling ourselves bound to notice the whole of it there be more meaning than pose. In connexion with this fact, Mr Parker these books, we feel equally bound to tell in the line of Otway, which Coleridge makes the following remarks; and we re
our readers what they are. gret to say, that we have so little music in The first of these volumes contains very
quotes to illustrate his notion of delirium :
“ Lutes, lobsters, seas of milk, and ships of amber." our souls, that the imagery employed seems many pieces, of which some are in verse, rather forcible than exact. and some in what the author no doubt
SCALDIC SONG. meant for verse, and is introduced by a The eagle plumes her noble crest, Theseus the groping hero, and Ariadne the tute: fantastic preface, from which we learn three
And seeks the dales of upper air, lar spirit leading him out of the labyrinth, present
And proudly swells her fearless breast a just emblem of that close alliance which subsists things; first, that the poems, as they are
When gazing on the red sun there; between the great composer and the great per called, were written at the age of nineteen; The fire-crested billow breaks loud o'er the Haaf, former, and which elevates the latter far above the next, that the author would rather bave And hushed is the runic wild, revelling laugh, mere mechanism of execution. Nay, a composer them condemned, than treated with con- The storin in blackness shrouds the sky, of moderate reputation is absolutely inferior to a tempt; and lastly, that he disapproves of
Save when liquid fires illume performer of rare, but acknowledged merit; as it immoral writers. One extract from the
The murky welkin-and they fly requires much less genius to constitute the one,
In forked flashes through the gloom. than seize, as does the other, the master-key of preface will serve as a specimen of Mr witchcraft, to wield the mysterious machinery, and Fairfield's prose.
The garland is streaming from the mast, to put in motion the whole mighty creation with When we gaze upon the arching and variegated
The loose shrouds are shiv'ring, and furies are the vark towering spirit of a Beethoven!
dancing, rainbow, as it displays its tinted beauties in the
And frantic sybils on the blast, We have no doubt that high praise is due deep-blue fields of ether, the fond heart of nature's
Their baleful eyes in wrath are glancing. to this lady; but in his endeavours to direct devotee throbs for a mansion in that aerial dome; public observation to “a proper focus of to its sorrow that, like the moving figures on distant but would, were its animated desires fulfilled, find O'er the wild and warring billows,
The frail bark by ice-bergs is rapidly driven vision,” Mr Parker seems to think that the ) arras, all the glories beaming there were cold, life- Sinks the wreck-and gelid pillows