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SOME ACCOUNT of the LIFE and WRITINGS of the late PROFESSOR GREGORY,
M. D. F. R. S.--By JAMES JOHNSTONE, M. D. and Soc. Reg. Medic. Ediub. Socius, (From the os Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester."] TOHN GREGORY, M. D. F. R. S. Fel. elegant and just taste, clearness and beauty
low Enburgii, and Profetior of Medicine in the and extensive knowledge. With the circle University of Edinburgh, born at Aberdeen of science, he poflelied a great share of comin 172, wis third ton of JAMES GREGORY, mon sense, and of the knowledge of men. M. D. Psofelor of Medicine in King's Col- This he displays in his writings ; and evi. bege, Aberdeen; and of Anne Jaughter of dently carried into his profeflion a spirit conue Rev. George Chalmers, Principal of genial to that of the Gerrards and Beatties, Kog's College there. The family of Dr. gentlemen with whom he lived in the cloGeory is of great antiquity in Scotland, and Test babits of friendship. Lis far more than a century pait produced a Having finished at Aberdeen his course of receiion of Gentlemen, of the firit distinc. ftudy in languagas, arts, and philosophy, in la in the learned world. JAMES Greco. 1742 he went to Edinburgh, to profecute Ry, Prosellor of Mathemsics, forft at St. the tłudiy of medicine. Anrew's, and afterwards at Edinburgh, the Having attended the excellent courses of Doctor's grandfather, was one of the most the late Dr. Alexander Monro, the celebraeient Mathematicians of the last age, the ted Professor, and father of Anatomy there ce o viathematics. He invented the Re. of Dr. Ifton, on the Materia Medica, and inting Telescope, improved by Sir Ifaac Botany --of Dr. Pluimmer, on Chemistry-N-40. His Optica Promosd, and other of Dr. Sinclair, the elegant and favourite fcho, Mihematical works, are still in ligh el- tar of Boerwave, on the lofticution of Media
cine-of the lagacious Rutherford, on ile David Gregory of Oxford, another of the Practice of Medicine--he went to Leyden in farir, the Doctor's cousin, publi med an 1745, and to Paris in 1746, for father imaccident and complete Treatise of Aftrono- provement. Ey, founded upon the principles, and expla- While at Leyden, hie received a spontane. It of the doctrine, of Sir Laac Newton. Ousmak of the esteem in which he was held oss Gregorv, M. D. the Doctor's eldest by those among whom, and by whom, he e.wher, fiucceed I their father as Professor had been educated, in having the degree of er Medicine in King's College, Aberdeen : Doctor of Playsic conferred upon him by the
the Ductor, of whom we write, has left University of Aberdeen ; and when he retur. for by 'n now holds the office of Profellur ned there from Paris, he was appointed Profes. V bitki0's of Medicine in the Uni- for of Philosophy in King's College. He held sety of Enburgh, made vacant by the this profefforihip for three or four years, and tieu of Dr. Cullen to be sole Profeffor of during that sime he gave lectures, or rather Predike, after his father's death. It seems a complete course, according to the method to be tae destiny of this fanuly, to enlarge of education in that univerfity, on the fulSece, and instruct mankind ; and we hope, lowing important branches of knowledge, 1 wling huld this honourable distinction. 1. Mathematics. 2. Natural and Experimer
7.co Dr. Gregory's father died when tal Philofophy. 3. Ethics, and Moral Phibi w..s very young, bis education was lofophy. 7 fully and successfully conducted by able In 1754 he went to London, where he
Sial perions, who were attached to was chosen Fellow of the Royai Society, and 1.ther and family, as well as to the duty cukivated the acquaintance, and fixed the inowej to their pupil. In such a lappy esteem and friendship, of some of the most
2 on for improvemut, Dr. Gregory made distinguished literati there. Edward Mona med progreis in liis ftudies. At Aber- tague, Eiquire, an eminent mathematician, trening te vecme tiicroughly acquainted with and worthy man, maintained a firm friend. *#crned languages, and with his own ; ship for the Doctor, founded on the similabae ne fimuhed his course of philosophy, and rity of their maniers and 1tulies. His Lady, 135 Mathematical studies ; for like the rest of Mrs. Montague, and George Lord Lyttelton, bow ancestors, he was deeply versed in ma- were of the number of his friends; and it is then wal knowledge. And in this admira- not improbable but he would have continued be ichol, where abstract science itself has in London, and practised there in his prcslegare a fonai reformation, and has learn- feflion, if the death of his brother James Gre6. to speak the language of common sense, gory, M. D. and Profetior of Phyfic in King's Id waloru itself with the graces of tatte College, Aberdeen, in 1756, had not occafiod dnquence, Dr. Gregery cultivated an qneuhis being recalled to lais native university, EUROPE. MAG.
to fill the chair of Professor of Physic, vacant Clerk ; yet at nine o'clock in the morning by his brother's death. His occupations in of the tenth of February 1773 he was found physic now began to be active : he gave a dead ju his bed, * course of lectures in phyfic, and practised in Dr Gregory was tall in person, and rehis profession, with universal applause. markable for the sweetness of his difpofition
In 1766, on the mournful occ. fion of the and countenance, as well as for the ease and death of Dr. Robert Whytt, the ingenious openness of his manners. He was an uniProfessor of the Theory of Physic at Edin. versal and elegant scholar, an experienced, burgh, Dr. Gregory was called to succeed learned, fagacious and humane pliysician-a him, as his Majesty's first Phyfician in Scot- profefior, who had the happy talent of inteJand; and about the same time he was cho- resting his pupils, and of directing their atsen to fill the chair of Professor of the Prac- tention to subjects of importance, and of extice of Physic, which was just resigned by plaining difficulties with fimplicity and clearDr. Rutherford ; the Trustees of that Uni. ness. He entered with great warmth into versity being ever attentive to support the the interests and conduct of his hearers, and high reputation of the celebrated school of gave such as deserved it every encouragement physic there, by drawing to it, from every and afiftance in his power : open, frank, quarter, physicians of the most approved tito social, and undifguiled in his life and manlents and qualifications in the several branches ners, sincere in his friendships, a tender husof medicine they are appointed to teach. hand and father : an unaflected, chearsul, canDr. Gregory gave three successive courses of did, berevolent man-a faithful christian. practical lectures. Afterwards by agreement Dr. Gregory's unexpected death, in the with his ingenious colleague, Dr. Cullen, height of his usefulness, sind with appearanthey lectured alternate sessions, on the Prac- ces wluch afforded hopes of its continuance for tice and Institutions of Medicine, with just a much longer period, was universally laand universal approbation, till the time of mented as a public, no less than a private Dr. Gregory's death.
lors; and science, genius, and worth will The Doctor having attained the first dig- long weep over his grave. nities of his profeffion in his native country, Dr. Gregory married in 1752, Elizabeth, and the most important medical station in the daughter of William Lord Forbes : he lost university, far from relaxing from that at
this amiable lady in 1761 : she left the Drictention to the duties of bis profetion which tor three fons and three daughters, viz. had raised him, endeavoured to merit the James Gregory, M. D. now Profesor of rank he lieid in it, and in the public esteem, Medic nein Edinburgli-- Dorothea-Anneby ftill greater exertions of labour and aslidu- Elizabeth Willian, ftudent of Baliol College, ity. It was during this time of business and Oxford, and now in orders:-Johti--all izow occupation, that he prepared and published living, except Elizabeth, who died in 1971. his practical Syllabus for the use of stu. dents, which, if it had been finished, would have proved a very useful book of practice ; 1. COMPARATIVE View of the State and and likewise, those admired Lectures on the Faculties of Max with those of the ANIMAL Duties, Cffice, and Studies of a Physician. WORLD.
Dr. Gregory, for many years before his This work was first read to a private lidezth, felt the approach of disease, and ap- terary society at Aberdeen, and without the prehended, from an hereditary and cruel most diftant view to publication. gout, the premature death, which indeed hints are thrown out in it on subjects of contoo soon put a period to his life and useful- fequence, with less formality, and more free. ness. In this anxious expectation, he had dom, than it publication had been 01.gnally prepared that admirable proof of paternal fo- intended. The size of the book may liave Jicitude and sensibility, " A Father's Legacy suffered by this circumstance ; but the value to bis Daughters.”' Lut for some dys, and of the matter has probably been increased, hy even thai preceding his death, he had been a greater degree of originality, and of váas wt il as atual į at midnighi, he was left in riety. good fpirits by Doctor Johnsone, late Phiyo The author put his name to the second ei'i. fician in Worcester, at that iime bis Clinical tion of this work; many additions are allo
* He too, Dr. Juanitone, junior, of Worcester, has lately fallen a much lamented marlyr fo a vedle discharge of duty, in attending the prisoners ill of a fever in Worcester jai (17)3 lie :**c. i ei, al an early period, to great and deserved eminence in his proleiben. and will be cier regretted as a pi; fican of griat ability and scous, and as one of the muit pleasing and benevolent of men ; prenesuely fwatcued from his friends and country, when be one highly agreeable and userul to them.
joined to it; and it is dedicated to George to himself
, and to the University—Non defiLord Lyttelton, who always professed a high sit alter aureus. titeem for the author and his writings. This This Gentleman published in 1774, a smal work, in fine, if the author had left no other, tract of his father's, entitled “ A FATHER'S maut convince every one, that, as a man of LEGACY TO Hış DAUCHTERS ;” which fcience, he polletsed extenfive knowledge, was written solely for their use (about eight exquisite taste and judgment, and great libe- years before the author died) with the tenrality of mind and thought ; and that, as derest affection, and deepest concern for their handsomely laid by our instructive poet, Mr. happiness. This work is a most amiable Hayley, in quoting this engagång little vo. display of the piety and goodness of his heart, lime, in his “ Eilay on Writing History." and his consummate knowledge of human na• He united the noblest affećtions of the ture, and of the world. It manifests such heart to great elegance of mind ; and is just
folicitude for their welfare as strongly rely ranked amongst the most amiable of mo- commends the advice which he gives. ral writers."
“ Adieu, ye lays, that fancy's flowers IL O:SERKATIONS on the Duties and
adorn, OFFICES of a PHYSICIAN, and on the Me- The soft amusement of the vacant mind ! thod of PROS E CUTING ENQUIRIES in Phi.
He seeps in duft, and all the Muses mourn ;
He, whom each virtue fired, each grace reThis work was first published in 1970,
fined, by one, who heard the Professor deliver them
Friend ! teacher ! pattern ! darling of mania leđures ; but they were acknowledged,
kind! and republithed in a more correct form, by He neeps in duft! -Ah how should I purthe author, in 1772.
fue III. The pext work published hy Profef- My theme !—To heart-consuming grief refor Gregory is intitled, ELEMENTS of the
signed, PRACTICE of Physic for the ule of Stu
Here on bis recent grave I fix my BESTS, 1772, republithed 1774.
And pour my bitter tears-Ye flow'ry lays The Doctor intended this work as a
adieu ! TEXT BOOK, to be illustrated by his lectures
Art thou, my Gregory, for ever filed! o the practice of physic ; but he died before
And am I left to unavailing woe! te lead hished it, and before he had finifted
When fortune's storms atlail this weary head, the first course of lectures which he gave on
Where cares long fince have shed untimely Tre Doctor's death happened while he was
Ah ! now for comfort whither shall I go! buttar.g on the Pleurily. His son, Dr.
No more thy foothing voice my anguish liseo Gregory, finithed that course of lec
chears : cores, to the general satisfaction of the Uni- Thy placid eyes with smiles no longer glow, veility; and he therein gave ample proof of My hopes to cherish, and allay my fears.-dos frenets for the station of Profefior of Me
• Tis meet that I thould mourn-Flow forth dicure, which he now fills with great honour
afresh my tears!” *
To the PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY of LONDON. GENTLEMEN, THE account you have given of the late Mr. Henderfor in your last Magazine, and espe
cially that part of it written, as I am informed, by Dr. Currie, of Liverpool, (whose fine appears very honourably in the Manchester Philosophical Tranfa&tions) has afforded general fatisfaction. It would, however, have been more compleat, had you added a list of the characters which he performed. To supply this deficiency, I have compiled from memoTy and enquiry the following catalogue, in which I have arranged the parts as near as pollible according to the order of their performance, and believe the list to be tolerably accurate. Thore parts which he performed in London, I have marked with an afterisk.
I am, &c.
PLAYS. i Hamlet Hamlet
5 Macbeth Macbeth 2 Ode on the Jubilee
6 Capt. Bubadil Every Man in huis Huta 3 Richard 111. Richard III. 4 Benedick Much Ado About No. 7 Bayes
* 9 Ear? * Beattie's Mioftrel, Book II