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such debtor had charged such stock, funds, annuities or shares, or the interest, dividends, or annual produce thereof, in favour of the judgment creditor, with the amount of the sum to be mentioned in any such order.

Sect. 2. And whereas it was by the said act further enacted, that no judgment of any of the superior courts of common law at Westminster, nor any decree or order in any court of equity, nor any rule of a court of common law, nor any order in bankruptcy or lunacy, should by virtue of the said act affect any lands, tenements or hereditaments, as to purchasers, mortgagees or creditors, unless and until such a inemorandum or minute as therein mentioned should be left with the senior master of the Court of Common Pleas at Westminster: And whereas doubts have been entertained whether a purchaser, mortgagee or creditor, having notice of any such judgment, decree, order or rule as aforesaid, would not in equity be affected thereby, notwithstanding such a memorandum or minute of the same as in the said act is mentioned may not have been left with the senior master of the said Court of Common Pleas; be it therefore further declared and enacted, that no such judgment, decree, order or rule as aforesaid shall by virtue of the said act affect any lands, tenements or hereditaments, at law or in equity, as to purchasers, mortgagees or creditors, unless and until such a memorandum or minute as in the said act in that bebalf mentioned shall have been left with the senior master of the said Court of Common Pleas at Westminster; any notice of any such judgment, decree, order or rule to any such purchaser, mortgagee or creditor in anywise notwithstanding."

[Vide also 5 & 6 Vict. c. 116, intituled “ An Act for the Relief of Insolvent Debtors,” and 7 & 8 Vict. c. 96, intituled “ An Act to amend the Law of Bankruptcy" severally noticed, ante, pt. 1, pp. 308, 309.)

10 GEO. IV. c. 50. “ An act to consolidate and amend the laws relating to the management

and improvement of his majesty's woods, forests, parks and chases; of the land revenue of the crown within the survey of the Exchequer in England; and of the iand revenue of the crown in Ireland ; and for extending certain provisions relating to the same to the Isles of Man and Alderney (o)."

Sect. 34. “And be it further enacted, that it shall be lawful for the said commissioners for the time being of his majesty's woods, forests and land revenues, and they are hereby authorized and empowered from time to time to contract and agree with any person or persons, or body or bodies politic, corporate or collegiate, for the sale of, and absolutely to make sale

(o) See reference to the 14th section of jesty's Woods, Forests and Land Revethis act, providing for the appointment of nues, and for other Purposes relating to stewards of manors, &c., being part of the the Land Revenues." possessions and land revenues of the [Note.- No seizin is acquired by the crown, ante, pt. 1, p. 110. And see 2 commissioners of woods and forests, but Will. 4, c. 1, "for uniting the Office of the king or queen is still lord or lady of the Surveyor General of his Majesty's

the manor.

See The Queen v. Powell Works and Public Buildings with the (Steward of the Manor of Richmond), Office of the Commissioners of his Ma- ante, pt. 1, p. 110, n. (c); p. 531, n. (d).]

and dispose of, for such sum or sums of money as to them shall appear a sufficient consideration for the same, any part or parts of the said possessions and land revenues of the crown to which this act relates, not being part or parcel of any of the royal forests, parks or chases in England."

Sect. 35. “ And be it further enacted, that whenever the commissioners for the time being of his majesty's woods, forests and land revenues shall have contracted or agreed with any person or persons, body or bodies politic, corporate or collegiate, under the authority of this act, for the sale to him, her or them, of any part or parts of the said possessions or land revenues of the crown to which this act relates (not being any subsisting lease which may have been purchased or taken as hereinafter mentioned), the purchaser or purchasers, in case the purchase money shall amount to the sum of one hundred pounds, shall cause the same to be paid into the Bank of England, or if the hereditaments purchased shall be situated in Ireland, then either into the Bank of England or the Bank of Ireland, at his or their option; and the cashiers of the Bank of England or Bank of Ireland, as the case may be, or one of such cashiers, shall, upon the production of any note signed by the said commissioners, specifying the sum to be so paid, and that it is to be so paid to their account, accept and receive the same, and carry the same to the account of the said commissioners of his majesty's woods, forests and land revenues, and give a receipt for the same without fee or reward ; but if such purchase money shall not amount to the sum of one hundred pounds, it shall not be necessary for the purchaser or purchasers to pay the same into the Bank of England or Bank of Ireland, but he or they may, at his or their option, either pay the same into the Bank of England or Bank of Ireland as aforesaid (in which case the cashiers, or one of them, of the Bank of England or Bank of Ireland, as the case may be, shall accept and give a receipt for the same as aforesaid), or to the said commissioners for the time being of his majesty's woods, forests and land revenues, or any one of their receivers, or any agent to be appointed by them for that purpose; and the said commissioners for the time being of his majesty's woods, forests and land revenues shall, on the production of the receipt of the cashiers or of one of the cashiers of the Bank of England or Bank of Ireland, for such purchase money, or in case the same shall not amount to one hundred pounds, then either on the production of such receipt or on the payment to them, their receiver or agent, of such purchase money, execute to the purchaser or purchasers a conveyance under their hands and seals, of the premises agreed to be sold, and give a receipt for the purchase money under their hands; and every such conveyance and receipt may be according to the forms for those purposes respectively set forth in the schedule to this act annexed, or in any

other forms which may be deemed more convenient; and every such conveyance and receipt shall be attested, as to the execution and signing thereof by the said commissioner, by at least one witness; and every such conveyance

shall be valid and sufficient to pass all the estate, right and interest of his majesty, his heirs or successors, in and to the part or parts of the said possessions or land revenues of the crown to which the same shall relate, to the person or persons, or body or bodies politic, corporate or collegiate, therein named as the grantee or grantees, for such estate or estates, to such uses, and upon and for such trusts, intents and purposes (if any) as shall in and by such conveyance, or by reference therein to any other instrument or instruments, or deed or deeds, be expressed or declared of or concerning the same.”

[Sect. 43 authorizes the commissioners to convey lands held in perpetuity for lands held for a particular estate, or for any term of years, or to give any lease taken or purchased under the act in exchange for lands held in perpetuity, or a particular estate, or for any term of years.]

Sect. 52. “ And be it further enacted, that it shall be lawful for the said commissioners for the time being of his Majesty's woods, forests and land revenues, from time to time to contract for and purchase, for and on behalf of his majesty, his heirs or successors, any manors, lordships, messuages, lands, tenements or hereditaments in fee simple, or any copyhold lands or hereditaments, the freehold of which shall be in the crown, or any rents, pensions, annuities, fuel-rights, rights of common, or other charges or rights, whether in fee simple or not, which shall be issuing out of or charged upon or extend over any of the possessions and land revenues of the crown to which this act relates, which shall in their judgment be desirable to be purchased for and on behalf of his Majesty, his heirs or successors; and all such manors, lordships, messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments, rents, pensions, annuities or other charges, so to be purchased, shall be conveyed or surrendered to his majesty, his heirs and successors, and such conveyances may be either according to the form set forth in the schedule hereto annexed for the conveyance to his majesty of lands, tenements and hereditaments received in exchange, or in any other form which to the said commissioners for the time being of his majesty's woods, forests and land revenues shall seem more proper; and all manors, lordships, messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments which shall be so purchased, and shall not become extinct by the conveyance or surrender thereof, shall, on the completion of the respective purchases thereof, become part of the possessions and land revenues of his Majesty, his heirs and successors, in right of the crown, and subject to the same provisions, powers and authorities in every respect, including the powers and provisions in this act contained, as the other possessions and land revenues of the crown to which this act relates."

Sect. 69. “ Provided always and be it further enacted, that whenever under the powers of sale hereinbefore given, the freehold of any copyhold or customary tenement, parcel of or holden of any manor belonging to the crown, shall be sold by the commissioners of his Majesty's woods, forests and land revenues, for the purpose of enfranchising such copyhold or customary tenement, or any manorial rights, parcel of any manor belonging to the crown, shall be sold by the said commissioners, the deed or instrument by which such sale shall be effected shall not only be enrolled in the court rolls of the manor of or to which such copyhold or customary tenement or such manorial rights shall have been parcel or appurtenant, by the steward of such manor or his lawful deputy, who is hereby required forthwith to enrol such deed or instrument, upon the production thereof to him; and such steward or deputy stewards having enrolled the said certificate

and receipt, or other instrument as aforesaid, shall attest the same under his hand, and return the same to the purchaser or purchasers.”

[Sect. 94 provides for the settling by arbitration of any disputes as to the boundaries of the lands to which the act relates.]

[Vide the act of 19 Geo. III. c. 45, to enable the Chancellor and Council of the Duchy of Lancaster to sell and dispose of certain fee-farm rents and other rents, and to enfranchise copyhold and customary tenements within their survey, and to encourage the growth of timber on lands held of the said duchy. Vide also 7 & 8 Vict. c. 65, intituled “ An Act to enable the Council of His Royal Highness Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, to sell and exchange Lands and enfranchise Copyholds, Parcel of the Possessions of the Duchy of Cornwall, to purchase other Lands; and for other Purposes : ” and 7 & 8 Vict. c. 105, intituled, “ An Act to confirm and enfranchise the Estates of the conventionary Tenants of the ancient assessionable Manors of the Duchy of Cornwall, and to quiet Titles within the County of Cornwall as against the Duchy; and for other Purposes ;” and see ante, pt. 1, p. 553, n. (u).]

2 WILL. IV. c. 25. An act to extend and render more effectual two acts of the first and

second and third years of his late Majesty King George the Fourth, respecting the estates thereby vested in the principal officers of the ordnance, and to facilitate the public business of the ordnance department,

“Whereas an act was passed in the first and second years of the reign of his late Majesty King George the Fourth, intituled 'An Act for vesting all Estates and Property occupied for the Ordnance Service in the principal Officers of the Ordnance, and for granting certain Powers to the said principal officers:' And whereas another act was passed in the third year of the reign of his said late Majesty, intituled “ An Act for vesting all Estates and Property occupied for the Barrack Service in any part of the United Kingdom in the principal officers of his Majesty's Ordnance, and for granting certain Powers to the said principal Officers in relation thereto:' And whereas divers messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments, of copyhold, customary or ancient demesne tenure, are now held and may hereafter be purchased and taken for the service of the said ordnance department, and much inconvenience has arisen and may arise by reason of copyhold estates and hereditaments having been excepted out of the provisions and operation of the said recited acts, and also by reason of the said acts not extending to lands and hereditaments which have been or may be taken or limited by way of mortgage, or for securing money, or by way of indemnity for the use of the ordnance service or objects connected therewith: And whereas the covenants and contracts made by and with the said principal officers, as well with respect to their estates as with respect to other matters and things relating to the service of the ordnance department, are numerous and important: And whereas many of such covenants and contracts cannot be enforced by law by the officers for the time being, who were not or may not be parties thereto, and it is expedient that the power to sue upon all manner of such covenants and contracts, as well as upon other causes of action relating to the said service, should be vested in the officers of his Majesty's ordnance for the time being: And whereas his Majesty has been pleased to reduce the number of the principal officers of the ordnance, and it is expedient that two or more of such officers should be enabled to exercise and execute the respective powers, authorities and duties, and to perform and execute all such contracts, conveyances, leases and other deeds and instruments relating to the public service of the said department, and to do and execute all such deeds, matters and things as by any act or acts, or otherwise, might or ought to be exercised, performed, done or executed by three or more of such principal officers; be it therefore enacted,” &c., “that immediately from and after the passing of this act, all messuages, buildings, lands, tenements and hereditaments in Great Britain or Ireland, of copyhold or customary or ancient demesne tenure, which have been heretofore purchased or taken by or in the name of any person or persons in trust for his Majesty, or his royal predecessors, and his and their heirs and successors, for the use or service of the said ordnance department, or for the use and service of the said barrack department, either in fee or for any life or lives, or otherwise howsoever, and the appurtenances to the same respectively belonging, shall be and become and continue vested in the principal officers of his Majesty's ordnance for the time being, and their successors in the said office, according to the nature and quality of and in the respective estates and interests in such hereditaments and premises, for the use and service of the said ordnance department, and upon and for such trusts, intents or purposes as are, in and by the said recited act of the first and second years of the reign of his late Majesty, expressed and declared or referred unto of and concerning the estates and property thereby vested in the said principal officers and their successors in the said office."

Sect. 2. “ And be it further enacted, that all other messuages, buildings, lands, tenements and hereditaments in Great Britain or Ireland, of copyhold or customary or ancient demesne tenure, which shall at any time or times hereafter be purchased or taken by the principal officers of his Majesty's ordnance for the time being, or by any other person or persons by their order, or for the service of the said ordnance department, and the appurtenances to the same respectively belonging, shall be granted, surrendered, conveyed and assured unto, and shall thereupon and upon the admittance of the secretary or other person hereinafter directed to be admitted, be and become and continue vested in the principal officers of his Majesty's ordnance for the time being, and their successors in the said office, according to the nature and quality of and in the respective estates and interests in such hereditaments and premises, and without any words of limitation whatsoever, for the use and service of the said ordnance department, and upon and for such trusts, intents and purposes as aforesaid.”

Sect. 3. “And be it further enacted, that all messuages, buildings, lands, tenements and hereditaments of every description, and whether in Great Britain or Ireland, which before the passing of this act shall have been taken or conveyed or surrendered and are now held by way of mortgage, or for securing any sum or sums of money for the use of the ordnance ser

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