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musician composed a canon for two voices, terstices are at different extents ; one of them which when lung in this cavern appeared to is wide enough for two coaches to drive be performed by four."
a-breast : the circumference of this surpriswg From Syracuse Mr. Swinburne continued tree is at one inch above the ground 196 his route to Mount Etna, but after ascending feet on the outside. to a great height was prevented from reach- After visiting Messina and Tripea, our ing the summit, by the snow which hid traveller returned to Naples, after having certain rocks. On bis descenţ he visited the compleated by sea and land a tour of 914 celebrated chesnut-tree, called the Cajiagno computed miles. The pleasing manner in de cento Cavalli, being, it is supposed, capa- which this instructing and agreeable writer ble of theltering a hundred horse under its has drawn up this account, has afforded us boughs. It confits of a trunk, now split to no common share of entertainment. By the surface of the earth, but united in one blending historical facts and lively anecdotes body at a very small depth below. The with picturesque description, he has to united trunk forms five divisions, the exterior fur- the useful with the agreeable, as to render face of which is covered with bark, but none his work equally acceptable to every class of has yet grown on their infide, and they all readers, whether information or amusement turn towards one common centre. The in- be the object of their pursuit.
A Review of Some Interesting Periods of the Irish History, 8vo. Whieldon, 1786. THE periods our author confiders, are part of the abbey lands was bestowed on the
those of Elizabeth, Charles I. James II. Irish Chieftains; the whole was divided and William Ill.
among the nobility of the English Court, and In that of Elizabeth he severely censures thus the deep-rooted antipathy of the natives the conduct of that celebrated Queen in against the English name was confirmed. establishing the Reformation in Ireland, In such circumstances, Elizabeth instead which he contends was unjust, impolitic, and of pursuing lenient measures, or endeavourproceeded from the worst motives. He ob- ing to convince their understandings, bad refertes, that in the early part of her reign, by course to force, and by persecution forced the kind maxims she adopted, the establish them to insurrection. ment of a strict equality of justice, and the In the second period, he considers the ftate undistinguishing protection then first granied of Ireland immediately previous to the civil to the Irish clans, the made their fierce tem- war, when the famous Earl of Stratford was pers brook the restraints of fociety, and their Governor, whom he represents as the inot infurrections were no more. But her ca. arbitary despot and oppressive tyrant that price for uniformity of worship, made her ever governed a kingdom. After giving a fondly hope to establish in Ireland by the long list of the enormities he committed due sword, those doctrines which conviction and ring his adminiftration, he says, despair and interest both conspired to diffuse in England. distress drove them to imitate the successful In England, he says, “ a number of eccle- enterprises of their fellow subjects, and feek fialties had embraced the opinions of Luther from arms that justice they could not otherand Calvin, and propagated them with that wife expect. The horrors of the roafiacre zeal which fo particularly distinguished the however he denies. According to him, " a times. In Ireland, the few ecclesiastics chimerical project to feize the castle of Dub. whose learning could entitle them to remove lin and cause a rising in the North, the local the veil of sacred reverence, had received at anu tumultuary insurrection of a rabble, have Rome the early bias of a prejudiced education. been blended into one well-digested system of While in a country where ihere was no pub- mallacre and desolation.” Few or no cru lic University ; where we have little reason elties were committed by the Chiettilim, to fufpect, and no monuments to prove the except by Sir Phelim O Neil, who at ling existence of philosophy and literature ; where execution solemnly declared, that they were a language unknown to the rest of Europe committed by his foldiers without his privity. cat off all intercourse with the surrounding
He then retorts the charge of cruelty upon nations, and internal wars left little room for The English, who he says, it might eafis be reflection; it is natural to conclude, that proved, were guilty of the very lame violenimplicit reverence would be given to their ces with which they calumniate the hich ca. fpiritual guides however unlettered, and that tholics. bigotry the constant companion of ignorance
In his third period he vindicates the Irisha Would prevail. In England, says our author, for rising in favour of James II. a prince to the great Mared the spoils of the abbies, and whom they were attached by his profesting Were thus pledged to support the Reforma. this fame religion with themselves, aud who ton. In Ireland this was not the care ; no
united the blood of Milcfius with that of Altre.
Such are the heads of this pamphlet. The proofs, and the reader is left at liberty to author seems an able and shrewd advocate for chuse whether he will give his affent or dis. his countrymen ; but the narrow compass to sent. Possibly, however, this may only be a which he has confired his work, has made prelude to a larger work, where thuse interhim frequently aficit without giving his esting subjects will be more fully elucidated.
Mr. Mainwaring's Address to the Grand Jury of Middlesex in September 1785. 4to.
in pointing out the instances in which they written of late, with great persuasion that are negligent. He exhorts them to enforce they are perfectly competent to decidie. Mr. the Vagrant Act, and to watch the licensing M.'s situation intilles him to a more serious of public hwuses ; and tells them, if they attention ; he ought to be better qualified will attend to those two great objects, the than the generality of men to give bis opipublic will need no Police-Bill. nion ; and, after the measures that had been We cannot help remarking, that four taken to reform the body of Justices, fome- months and more have passed since Mr. M. thing was expected from the Chairman in made this Charge, and the Justices have done their defence.
nothing.-We, therefore, would ask Mr. But, surely, never was there a more sin- M. himself, whether he now retains the gular defence than the present. Mr. M. stood opinion he held in September and wheforth in parliament as the opponent of the ther he does not think, as well as the rest Polic Bill: he makes an attack upon that of the world, that the Justices, after all his billin the present Charge, and tells the Justices, warning, must be given up as incorrigibles ? that there is no need of altering the present It seems to us, that this Charge is one of laws. But this apparent desence of the Jur- the best arguments to shew, that a Reform is tices is followed by such pointed remarks on wanting, and the friends of the intended Potheir conduct, as lead one to think that the lice Bill are much obliged to Mr. M. for fur. Chairman is not very warmly disposed in fa- nishing them with so authentic a testimony as Voor of his brethren. He tells us, that the this in its favor. We are glad to say this present disorders are entirely owing to the in- little in Mr. M.'s praise, as we are not able activity of the Juttices, and to nothing elie. to add any thing in his behalf as an author.
Cary's Adual Survey of Middlesex on a Scale of an Inch to a Mile, wherein the Roads, Ri.
vers, Woods and Commous, as well as every Market Town, Village, &c. are diitin. guined, and every Seat Mewn with the Name of the Poffeffor, preceded by a General Map of the County, dividid into its Hundreds. To which is alded an Index of all the Names contained in the Plates. Cary. * HE defiyn of this work is so amply set The execution of the work is much supe.
1 forth in the title-page, that there needs rior in elegance to any that we have hitherto no further explication of it to the reader; seen; and it appears, from collating it with at the fame time its utility must be maniteit. those before published, greatly to surpass The difficulty of finding in a large map a thein in correctness as well as cepiouineis. place with whole situativo we are not ac- Many turnpike-roads are here laid down quainted, every min mutt have experienced; which in others are not distinguished as such. and if the traveller he on horseback, it is Gentlemen's parks are marked with the for the moit pate imposible for liim to find names of their poffeffors, and, as far as we it, or to trace out the road from or to it; can judge, with accuracy and precision. Upbut by this plan buth are rendered eaty, the on the whole, we think it a most vieful roads being land down in pages, to which pocket companion for the traveller, so far as you are referred by the index, and the form it goes; and we wish the author encourageof the work makes it much more conveni- ment sufficient to induce him to give us the ent than that of a mas', the opening of other Counties of England upon the same which and keeping it díplaved on the road plan; a performance which would be of the is always troubleiame, and would even be greatest advantage to all whom business or found entirely impracticable, if couitrucied pleasure induces to travel. on lo large a scale as an inch to a mile. A Compendium of useful Knorvledge, by Dr. John Trusler. 35. 68. Baldwin
o the unwearied endeavours of this felf, having coniprised all that a young man eminent Divme, how much is
every ongit to know, to enable him to speak on branch of litertuie idebted! In this in
every general subject, in a small duodeiro Chalce, the Doctor has inwever ontdone line
Rajah Kisna, an Indian Tale. In 3 Vols. London. P. Mitchel. 1736.
NONSENSE in an Eastern dress. English Claflicks, being felect Works of Addison, Parre and Milton, adapted to the Pe.
rufal of Youth of both Sexes, at School. To which are prefixed Observations on the several Authors. By J. Walker, Author of Elements of Education, &c. &c. 8vo. 3s. 6d. Robinsons. T T *HIS selection, which whilft it guards additional advantage in the pertinent remarks
the imaginations of youth against the he has added on the authors whose works he introduction of improper ideas, at the lane has abridged. It is upon the whole a work time affords a compendium of useful know. admirably calculated at once to improve the ledge, taken from the works of the first morals and instruct the minds of youth, and English writers, Joes great credit to Mr. as such well deserving the attention of those Walker's judgment, which is displayed with to whose care they are entrusted. Florio, a Tale for fine Gentlemen and fine Ladies : and the Bas Bleu; or Conversation :
Two Poems. 4to. 38. T. Cadell, 1786. THE reputation of Miss More, the author “ He read compendiums, extracts, beauties,
of these two Poems, though already • Abreges, dictionnaires, recueils, sufficiently established as a Poet, will receive “ Mercures, journaux, extraits, and feuilles: no inconfiderable increase from this publica
« No work in substance now is follow'd, ton, which abounds in keen yet delicate sa- “ The chemic extract only's swallow'd. tse. The Tale is well cold, and the cha- “ He lik'd those literary cooks racters are drawn in a masterly manner. The
“ Who ikim the cream of other's books, Bas-bieu we are informed in an Advertise
« And ruin half an author's graces, meat prefixed, owes its birth and name to “ By plucking bon mots from their places ; the mistake of a Foreigner of distinction,
" He wonders any writing sells, WILO
gave the literal appellation of the Bas- “ But there spiced mushrooms and morells ; He to a small party of friends, who had “ His palate these alone can touch, bæn sometimes called by way of plea- " Where every mouthful is bonne boucbe. landry the blue flockings. For our readers Nor is the Poet lefs severe or laughable amusement we have selected the following at the expence of the Scavoir Vivre. lamorous description of a fine gertleman's
A modish epicure ; Itudies, or modern reading.
« Tho' once this word, as I opine, " Yet tho' so polith'd Florio's breeding, " Meant not such men as live to dine, " Think him not ignorant of reading ; « Yet all our modern wits assure us, " For he, to keep him from the vapours, “ That's all they know of Epicurus : “Suhscribd at Huolbam's; saw the Papers; “ They fondly fancy that repletion "Was deep in Poet's-corner wit,
“ Was the chief good of that fam'u Grecian. " Know what was in Italics writ;
“ To live in gardens full of powers, Explain'd fictitious names at will,
“ And calk philosophy in bowers, Each gutted syllable could fiil;
“ Might be the notion of their founder, " He studied while he dress d, for true 'tis « But they liave notions vastly founder.
The Recess, a Tale of other Times. By the Author of the Chapter of Accidents. 3 Vols.
T. Cadell, 1786. THE Heroines of this tale are the supo Leicester is treacherously kiled in the arms
poled twin daughters of Mary Queen of of Matilda ; and Etiex, with less violation of Scots, by the unfortunate Duke of Norfolk, historic truth, dies on the scaffold : Ellinor who fell a sacrifice to his attachment to that loses her senses, and Matilda, after a variety Dhappy Queen. The eldest of these ladies, of most melancholy events, returns to Enafter luaving palled the earlier part of life gland with her daughter Mary. With this with her fifter in a subterraneous ruifi, from delcendant of the Queen of Scots Henry which these volumes are entitled, hy a fia- Prince of W:sles is supposed to become ena. Bazt accident meets with Lord Leicester, moured; but finding her attached to SomerElizabeth's favorite, to whom she is married. set dies of disappointment, or is poisoned. The younger by a no less extraordinary cir- Matilda after discovering herself to her brother cumstance engaged che affections of the Earl James I. is hurried away with her daughter of Etex, Leicester's succefior in Elizabeth's to a castle of Somersei's, where they are deetsem. Both these attachments are equally tained prisoners ; and Mary at length falls a productive of misery to all parties. Lord victim to the Countess's jealousy. The mo
ther after recovering her liberty, retires to been observed that pain is only pleajure care France, whence, previous to her death, the ried to excess; the feelings, however, ariling writes the above account. This is merely from feufibility are in this instance wound an outline of the general business, which is up to luch a pitch as to leave not even a filled up with numberless episodes, each more trace of pleasure on the mind. We hy no melancholy than the other. Many of the means intend the above remark as a ceosore; characters are well drawii, and the whole is we only with that in future our fair Author extremely interesting; but it is such an un- would mix a little more of l’allegro in her interrupted series of milery without one in- productions, and adopt another motto in. tervening ray of comfort, as cannot fail to Read of affeet too strongly hearts « enriched with
Præcipe lugubres sensibility and refined by experience.” It has
u Cantus.” An ACCOUNT of the CIRCUMSTANCES which atterded the DEATH of ROUSSEAC.
[Illustrated by an elegant ENG KAVING.] IN the afternoon of Wednesday, July 1, am in pain, and to have you a witness of
1778, Rousseau took his usual walk my sufferings, is an addition to them; and with fus little governor, as he called him : “ both your owr. delicate state of health, and the weather was very warm, and he several ".the natui al tenderness of your heart, unfit times stopped and desired iis little companion you for the light of oti.er people's sufferto reft himself (a circumstance not usual with “ ings. You will do me a kindness, and him), and complained, as the child afterwards yourself too, Madam, by retiring and related, of an attack of the colic ; which, “ leaving me alone with my wife for some however, was entirely removed when he return d to fupper, fo that even his wite bad She returned therefore to the chateau, to no lufpicion of his being out of order. The leave him at liberty to receive without internext day he arose at his wftial hour, went to ruption such affistance as his colic required, contemplate the rising fun in iis morning the only allistance, in appearance, which he walk, and retuned to breakfast with his wife. Itood in need of.
Some time after, at the hour the gence As soon as he was alone with his wife, he Tally went out about her family business, defied her to sit down beside him. he desired her to call and pay a smith that bad “ Here I am, my dear; how do you find done some work for him ; and charged her “ yourself ?” particularly to make no deduétion from his " The colic tortures me severely, but I bill, as he appeared to be an bonett man ; “ intreat you to open the window; let me preserving to the last moments of his life, once more see the face of nature : bow thule sentiments of probity and justice which « beautiful it is !". he enforced by bis example, not le's persua- “ My dear husband, what do you mean by lively than by his writings.
His wife " saying lo?" had been out but a few minutes, when " It has always been my prayer to God, returning she found him firring in a ftraw “ (replied he with the most perfect tran. chair, and leaning with his elbow on a net “ quility ) to die without doctor or diseale, of drawers.
" and that you may close my eyes : my “What is the matter with you, my dear ? prayers are on the poin: of being heard. says she : do you find yourself ill ?”
“ If I have ever been the cause of any afflic. “ I feel, replies bie, a strange uneasiness “tion to you; if by being united to me, you " and oppresiion, berides a severe attack of “ have met with any misfortune, that you the celic."
s would have otherwise avoided, I intress Madame Roofleau, upon this, in order to “ you pardon for it." have affiftance without alarining him, bussed " Ah, it is my duty (cried the all in ters,) the porter's wife to go to the chateat, and it my duty, and not yours, to atk for. tell that her husband was taken ill. Madame “ giveness for all the trouble and unealtiels de Girardin, being the first whom the news “ I have occafioned to you! But u bat can reached, hurried there instantly, and as that “ you mean by talking in this manier u as with her a very unusual bour of vifiting • Liften to me, my dear will. I feel tiki Ruuffeau, she, as a pretext for her coming, “ I am dying, but I die in perfect tranqu:asked him and his wife, whether they had “ lity : I never meant ill to any one, and I not been ditu bed in the night by the noise have a right to reckon upon the mercy of made in the village.
“ God. My friends have promised me never “ Ah ! madam," (answered Rousseau, in a “ to dispose, without your consent, of the pa. tone of voice that declared the feeling he had
pers I have put into their hods; the of her condescenfion) “ I am perfectly “ Marquis de Girardin will have the bumi. "" sensible of your goodness, but you see I "! nity to claim the performance of their prin