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year, to wit, from the fifth to the twentieth day of August, for the purpose of cleaning and dusting the books of the said library, and for making such internal arrangements as the trustees may think proper.


1. The library shall be open to the public daily, as required by law (Sundays, and fifteen days from the fifth to the twentieth of August, excepted), from the hour of nine in the morning till five in the afternoon; and, during the sessions of the legislature, till eight in the afternoon, except on Saturdays, when it will be closed at five. While the court of appeals, or any general term of the supreme court, is in session at the capitol during the recess of the legislature, the law library will also be open till eight o'clock in the afternoon, except on Saturdays as aforesaid.

2. It shall be the duty of the librarian and the assistant librarians carefully to preserve the books, maps, charts, engravings, manuscripts, medals, furniture and other property belonging to the library. They will be severally held accountable for the full value of every article missing from the respective departments, and for every injury, except from ordinary use, unless it can be shown that some other person is responsible for such loss or injury; the amount of such loss or injury to be deducted from the salary of such officer, pursuant to section 3, of chapter 381, of the Laws of 1840.

3. Whenever the library is open, the librarian and assistant librarians shall be in attendance; they shall preserve order, and exclude, if necessary, any disorderly person; they shall prevent smoking, loud talking, and all noise inappropriate to the quietness of a place of study. 4. Any person who wishes to obtain any book for perusal in the general library, will be furnished at the desk of either of the librarians in attendance with a card, on which he will inscribe from the catalogue the title of the book described, and his own name. The book thus received must not be taken from the library hall; on returning it to the librarian's desk, the card will be given up; otherwise the party will remain responsible for the book. The librarians will exercise a proper discrimination as to the delivery of such books as they may judge liable to be injured. Manuscripts, rare and valuable books, and plates, are excluded from this rule; they will be shown only on special application to the librarian in charge, and under such regulations as the circumstances of each case may in his judgment require.

5. In compliance with the provisions of the statute above set forth, any member of the senate or assembly, during the session of the legis lature or of the senate only, is permitted, under the restrictions, for

feitures and penalties hereinafter mentioned, to take to his boarding house or private room any book belonging to the library, except such as are herein determined to be necessary to be kept in the library as books of reference. The judges of the court of appeals, the justices of the supreme court, the heads of the several departments and the trustees of the library have, by statute, the same right to take books from the library, and under the same regulations, as the members of the legislature. No book, map, manuscript, or other article belonging to the library shall be at any time taken out of the library by any other person, for any purpose whatever. The restrictions and terms above referred to are contained in the next three rules.

6 No book can be taken from the library until its title, and the name of the person taking it, have been registered by the librarian. A card must also be given for it, in the manner required by the fourth rule.

7. No person can take or detain from the library more than two volumes at any one time, or for a longer period than two weeks.

8. If on reasonable notice from the librarian, or either of the assistant librarians, that the time for which any book or books taken or detained has expired, any person shall omit to return to the library any such book or books for more than three days after such notice shall have been given; or if any book, map, chart, engraving, medal or other article belonging to the library be lost or destroyed, or so far injured as to be equivalent, in the judgment of the librarian or assistant librarian in charge, to a total loss for the purposes of the library, the person by whom such loss, destruction or injury has been occa sioned, or who shall fail to make such return, shall be charged the full value of the book or article so lost, destroyed, injured or not returned; and in case of the loss of a book, or its not being returned, if it belong to a set of two or more volumes, he shall be charged the value of the whole set, or as much as it may cost to perfect it, at the election of the library committee. For any injury not amounting to destruction to any book, map, chart, engraving, medal or other article as aforesaid, the person causing the same shall pay a sum sufficient to compensate for such injury. This rule shall be of general application.

9. The trustees hereby declare, agreeably to the provisions of the Revised Statutes, that the following books are always to be kept in the library as books of reference, to wit: All the books in the law library; and in the general library, all dictionaries, encyclopædias, registers, directories, newspapers, maps and engravings, and books which are valuable for their rarity or antiquity.

10. Books of reference, referred to in the preceding article, cannot be taken from the library; except that, during the session of the legislature or of the courts any member thereof may take to any room in

the capitol any such book, on leaving a card for the same as required by the fourth rule, after being duly registered. The book must be returned on the same day on which it is taken.

11. No books belonging to the law library can be taken to the general library for perusal; nor are books, maps, engravings, or any other article belonging to the general library, to be taken to the law library for perusal or examination.

12. For the better preservation from injury of the more costly collections of engravings, and the rare works and maps belonging to the library, neither the librarian nor the assistant librarians shall exhibit them to any person other than those authorized to take books from the library, except on a written request from a member of the joint library committee of the senate and assembly, the speaker of the assembly, or one of the trustees or the secretary of the library.

13. Three days before the day fixed for the adjournment of any session of the legislature, or of the senate only, the librarian shall address a note to each member of the legislature or of the senate, as the case may be, having any book belonging to the library, requesting the return thereof within twenty-four hours.

14. After the expiration of said twenty-four hours, the librarian sha. immediately make out a list of the members of each house who have omitted to return any books belonging to the library, specifying the volumes retained by each; and a list of those against whom any charges for injury to or loss of books exist, stating the amount of them; which list shall be alphabetically arranged according to the names of the respective members, and shall be certified to be correct. To the president of the senate the librarian shall forthwith deliver the list relating to that body; and the list containing the names of the members of the assembly he shall forthwith deliver to the speaker; and upon each list shall be written a copy of the section of the Revised Statutes in regard to this matter above set forth.

15. Twenty days before the opening of any annual session of the legislature, the librarian shall report in writing to the trustees the title of every book, map, chart, print, engraving or other article missing from the library since the catalogue of the previous year was made out, or, if no such catalogue has been made, then since the date of the said librarian's last annual report to the trustees; together with the name or names of the persons who appear, from the entries of the librarian, to have borrowed or detained the same, to the end that such list may be submitted to the legislature by the trustees.

16. All penalties imposed under any of these rules may be remitted by the library committee, either wholly, or on such terms as they may deem proper.

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Died in office, April 4, 1841, when Vice-President Tyler succeeded him. † Died in office, July 9, 1850, when Vice-President Fillmore succeeded him.

Assassinated April 14, 1865.

Ex-officio as President pro tem. of Senate.




From 1789 to 1867.

1st Congress. - FREDERICK Augustus MUHLENBURGH, of Pennsylvania, was elected Speaker of the House of Repre sentatives, April 1st, 1789, and served to March 3d, 1791. 2d Congress.-JONATHAN TRUMBULL, of Connecticut, was elected Speaker, and served from the 24th of October, 1791, to March 3d, 1793.

3d Congress.- FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBURGH, of Pennsylvania, was elected Speaker, and served from Dec. 2d, 1793, to 3d of March, 1795.

4th and 5th Congresses. — JONATHAN DAYTON, of New Jer sey, was elected Speaker, and served from 7th of December, 1795, to 3d March, 1799.

6th Congress.-THEODORE SEDGWICK, of Massachusetts, was elected Speaker, and served from 2d December, 1799, to 3d March, 1801.

7th, 8th and 9th Congresses.-NATHANIEL MACON, of North Carolina, was elected Speaker, and served from 7th December, 1801, to March 3d, 1807.

10th and 11th Congresses.-JOSEPH B. VARNUM, of Massachusetts, was elected Speaker, and served from October 26th, 1807, to 3d March, 1811.

12th, 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th Congresses.-HENRY CLAY of Kentucky, was elected Speaker, and served from 4th November, 1811, to 3d March, 1821.

17th Congress. -PHILIP P. BARBOUR, of Virginia, was elected Speaker, and served from 3d December, 1821, to 3d of March, 1823.

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