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1150 earned without a contest, and con- | the other gospels were the only record cludes that everlasting punishment of the word of God!” means everlasting destruction, and that The author begins with declaring, everlasting destruction means extinc- that the doctrine of eternal misery tion of being !
does not pervade the whole Christian After making a few remarks on some system; secondly, that it rests on depassages in the Revelation, from which tached passages; thirdly, that these it appears, that they all accord with are but two; fourthly, that these two his views, and confirm his theory, our are only one ; fifthly, that this one is author comes to the consideration only a solitary clause; and sixthly, that of those words whereon the doctrine this clause means something else. of eternal misery, in an especial man- One point, however, with the auner, must be seen to rest; the whole thor, will admit of no doubt; namely, course of scripture else admitting an that man depends as much for his barmonious construction.” These pas- knowledge on his organization as an sages are Matt. y. 29, 30, and Mark ix. oyster, for such as it is capable of: 42-50. “Of these passages,” he destroy organization in either, then observes, “it is only the words, where all his thoughts or sensations perish." their worm dieth not,' that imply eter- p. 220. nal duration; because, although the “There can be no immortality, then, fire is everlasting, and never shall be but on the Christian principle of requenched, yet it cannot be imagined generation, or being really and truly that it confers immortality; therefore born again, seeing our existence, as the duration of the substance to be derived from Adam, depends on our cast in must be limited by its own organization, of which death deprives nature : if that therefore is mortal, its us; and spiritual life, or immortality, duration cannot be eternal.”-p. 201, which consists in the knowledge and
“ That the words now under con- love of God, he imparts to those only sideration had not, in our Saviour's who seek him in his own aspointed mouth, the meaning ascribed to them, way.” Ibid. is proved almost to a demonstration, Such are the principles which the by one of the two evangelists omitting author developes in his theory, and them when he records the rest of the such are the modes of reasoning by sentence; while that which he retains which he supports them. The whole harmonizes with the rest of scripture ; process reminds us of an observation yet is materially, most materially dif- of Mr. Locke, on a similar occasion, ferent from that which it would con- “ He knows a little, presumes a great vey, if these words were added in deal, and so jumps to conclusions." their usually received meaning. Now, if we will assume this as their real meaning, one of the evangelists, who Review.--The Imperial Almanack, or on two occasions records the passage
Annual Compendium of Astronomical, to which they are attached, misrepre
Statistical, Scientific, and Interesting sents his divine Master. Since St. Information, for the year of our Lord Mark records the passage on which
1822. p. 72. London.
Printed for the doctrine rests, it was not revealed the Company of Stationers. to those to whom the other gospels The title of the Imperial Almanack, were the only record of the word of of which we have given but an epiGod. If we will accept our Saviour's tome, is sufficiently long and compreown words as a paraphrase, no diffi- hensive to promise much, and to exculty remains.”-p. 202.
cite considerable expectation; but we On the reasonings contained in this have no conception that those who paragraph, it seems unnecessary to peruse its pages with attention, will make any comments. It contains a either leave it with disgust, or comstrong insinuation that the assertion plain of disappointment. of one apostle is not much worthy of Upaided by the sanction which credit, unless the others have repeated names celebrated for talents, and digit in their writings ;--that the omis- nified with titles, might confer, it apsion of Matthew is an indirect im- pears before the public without an peachment of Mark ;-and that the owner, and, like the eggs of the doctrine rests on a passage which ostrich,
was not revealed to those to whom Borrows life from an indulgent sky."
1152 For reasons not known to us, the / sive outline of what this Almanack author has concealed his name. This, comprises, and under each head the however, he must have been well reader cannot fail in having his sanaware, would be of little consequence guine wishes gratified. in the estimation of the judicious and The Calendar ; Eclipses and Transit scientific; and it is only from these of Mercury; Chronological, &c. Notes; that a favourable opinion is worth ob- Jewish Calendar; Mahometan Calentaining. Men of this description dar; Roman Calendar; Elements of will always form their judgments by the Solar System; Terrestrial Latithe intrinsic merit of what is offered tudes and Longitudes; General Survey to their consideration, without being of the Earth; Population of Great influenced by the delusions of preju- Britain ; Principal Places in Ditto ; dice, or biassed by the claims of Colonies and Dependencies; Royal friendship.
Family; Number of British Peers, at It has been intimated, that the different dates; Number of Members Imperial Almanack claims Dr. Olin of the House of Commons; Amount of thus Gregory, of the Royal Military Revenue at different Epochs; National Academy, Woolwich, for its legitimate Debt at Ditto ; Syllabus of Employparent. We are not aware that Dr. ments ; Exports and Imports; BiGregory has any where made this shops, Deans, &c. with the extent and public avowal ; but there is strong numbers of Prebendaries, Canons, presumptive evidence in favour of the Livings, &c. in each Diocese; Dimenfact, arising from external ciroum- sions of Cathedrals; Table of Probastances; and the conclusion is corro-bilities of Life ; Uses of the said Taborated by those internal marks of ble ; Table for Valuation of Annuities mathematical precision, accurate cal- on Lives ; London Bills of Mortality; culation, and scientific rescarch, which Classification of Diseases; Altitudes the work almost every where con- of Mountains ; Altitudes of Perpetual tains.
Snow; Altitudes of Editices; Dates Differing from most of his cotempo- of Geographical Discoveries; Dates raries and predecessors, the author so of Astronomical, Dates of Astronofar compliments the understanding of mical and Nautical Inventions; Ta. his readers, as to imagine that they bles of Specific Gravities; Thermome: will be able to form a tolerable calcu- tric Criteria of interesting Chemical lation respecting the seasons of the Phænomena ; European Itinerary year, without receiving information Measures ; Historical Table of English through his pages. Hence, he has Coins; Results of Computations and not even intimated, that the weather Experiments. will be warmer in July than in Janu- But although a glance at the preary; and he has left them to infer ceding articles will inform the reader from their own observations, and from of the additional matter this Almanack analogy, whether they may expect contains, and in some degree 10 frost and snow in June, or December, appreciate its value, from the various On the same principle, we presuine, branches of scientific and useful knowhe has omitted those astrological con- ledge which are presented to his view, sultations of the stars, on which the it is only by a more intimate acquaintprognostics of Almanack-makers are ance with its pages, that he will be in general founded, and has substi- able to form an accurate estimate of tuted science and common sense in the its worth. room of dragons, monsters, and ter- The neatness with which it is printed rible hieroglyphics. To those who are reflects much credit on the tradesin love with the marvellous. and who man's abilities, while its correctness are never so well pleased as when they entitles the learned editor to the thanks can take a peep into futurity, this may and support of his scientific readers. occasion some disappointment; but But with all the excellencies which an where reason and philosophy hold the Almanack can possess, and all the dominion of the mind, the event will recommendation which its merit can be hailed as an important era, in which command, the heavy impost levied by this department of science sees its Government in its stamp, necessarily shackles fall.
tending to enhance its price, must, Phe table of contents which follows, we fear, considerably impede the exgives an accurate, and a comprehen- tent of its circulation.
Fohn Renne, FRA
, 8d Drawn by Hobo bobomld. Eisey few a Pust by T Clarisey 23 *
and Engraved lay B. Thomason
Memoir of the Life of John Rennie.
MEMOIR OF THE
rarely to be found without a wheel, or · LIFE OF JOHN RENNIE, ESQ. F. R. S.
some section of one, in his pocket.
On quitting his master, he comWith a Portrait.
menced business on his own account ;
but finding that Scotland afforded no There is a tribute of respect due to inviting prospect to a mere practical the memory of every man, who has millwright, his eyes were turned in enriched his country by the efforts of various directions to watch the movehis genius.
ments of science; and his ambition Mr. John Rennie was born near prompted him to seize the first favourLinton, in the county of East Lothian, able opportunity that should present Scotland, in the year 1760. His fa- itself, in which he might display his ther, George Rennie, who was a re- talents, and procure a more ample spectable farmer in that neighbour reward for his labours, than Scotland hood, and whose family consisted of at that time could promise. three sons, of whom John was the Prior to this period his countryman youngest, died when he was about Mr. Watt had formed a connection seven years old, in consequence of with Mr. Bolton, and fame and fortune which his early education devolved on were beginning to reward his ingenuhis mother and his elder brother | ity with honours and with wealth. In George. After some time, he was 1783, Mr. Rennie having attained his sent to a neigh ouring village school, 22d year, on learning that Bolton and where he merely learned the rudi- Watt were applying their steam enments of arithmetic, in connection gines to millwork, and that the Albion with reading and writing, nothing mill, at Blackfriars' Bridge, had been higher being professed by the master. projected, applied to them for employ
Contiguous to Mr. Rennie's farm, ment; and on being accepted at the was a house, which for many years fixed salary of one guinea per week, had been occupied by Mr. Andrew he shut up his trade, and immediately Meicle, an ingenious millwright, to repaired to London, to try his fortune whom that branch of machinery is in- under the auspices of Bolton and debted for many important improve- Watt. Shortly after his arrival, the ments. Mr. Meicle, who had long Albion mill was undertaken; and as been intimate with the family of Ren- his employers were unacquainted with nie, on finding the children deprived its management, and particularly so of their father, to evince his attach- with the grinding department, which ment, undertook to instruct the young- | Mr. Rennie perfectly understood, the er son in a knowledge of his profes- superintendence of the whole devolved sion. Whether the lad at this time on his integrity, attention, and abilimanifested any dawnings of superior ties; and it was finally completed by genius, which attracted the attention him to the satisfaction of his employers. of Mr. Meicle, we have not been in- Shortly after the Albion mills were formed. Be this, however, as it may, finished, the machinery of Whitthe offer was deemed advantageous, bred's Brewery was undertaken, and as Mr. Meicle was at this time in the finished also under Mr. Rennie's direczenith of his popularity, and was con- tion. These works gained him a considered as one of the first practical siderable degree of fame; and as his millwrights that either England or reputation was now becoming someScotland could produce. A bargain what established, he thought this a fabeing made, young Rennie entered vourable moment to commence busion liis employment, and continued ness for himself in the metropolis of with his master about six years, dur- the British empire. ing which time he applied himself To render this crisis the more invitwith so much assiduity, that on the ing, several circumstances at this time expiration of the term, he was com- concurred; among which, the recent pletely master of his trade. In addi- death of Mr. Smeaton, the celebrated tion to this, as modelling was taught engineer, was one of much imporby Mr. Meicle, young Rennie had tance, his death having left a vacancy also made a considerable proficiency in this department of science. A new in this branch; and so ardent was his power had also been just discovered, desire to obtain a complete knowledge and applied to machinery; but being of its scientific principles, that he was in its infancy, the extent of its influ