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Metric measures of length:

Millimeter (ovo meter) equals 0.0394 inch.
Centimeter (do meter) equals 0.3937 inch.
Decimeter (4 meter) equals 3.937 inches.
Meter equals 39.37 inches.
Decameter (10 meters) equals 393.7 inches.
Hectometer (100 meters) equals 328 feet 1 inch.
Kilometer (1,000 meters) equals 0.62137 mile (3,280 feet 10 inches).

Myriameter (10,000 metérs) equals 6.2137 miles.
Metric surface measures :

Centare (1 square meter) equals 1,550 square inches.
Are (100 square meters) equals 119.6 square yards.
Hectare (10,000 square meters) equals 2.471 acres.



Washington, July 29, 1897. To the diplomatic officers of the United States and to the consular officers

of the United States in countries where there are no diplomatic representatires.

GENTLEMEN: The general deficiency act approved July 19, 1897, authorizes the Department of State to print a compilation of the tariffs of foreign countries. It is the desire of the Department to obtain, with the least possible delay, accurate copies, in English, of the tariff laws of all the countries of the world, together with an intelligent synopsis of the customs regulations actually in force. You are therefore requested to forward to the Department, as soon as practicable, a copy of the tarift, including export duties, if any, as well as import duties, the customs regulations, and any bounty legislation relating to export of domestic products in the country or countries to which you are accredited. The matter asked for should be sent as printed in the language of the country, with an accurate translation, unless it be already

The Department hopes to be able to publish the compilation by the Ist of December next, in order that it may be available for the use of members of Congress at the coming session.* Respectfully, yours,


Acting Secretary.

in English.

*As far as was practicable, the information has been supplied to members of Congress in advance of publication.


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(Corrected up to June 30, 1899.)

Following is the text of the new Canadian tariff, with index, as issued from the customs department, Ottawa, June 29, 1897:

[60-61 VICTORIA, CHAP. 16.] AN ACT to consolidate and amend the acts respecting the duties of customs. (Assented to June

29, 1897.] Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commong of Canada, enacts as follows: 1. This act may be cited as the customs tariff, 1897. 2. In this act, and in any other act relating to customs, unless the context otherwise requires(a) The initials “n. e. s.” represent and have the meaning of the words “not elsewhere specified;" b) The initials “n. o. p.” represent and have the meaning of the words “not other. wise provided for;"

(c) The expression "gallon" means an imperial gallon; (d) The expression “ton" means 2,000 pounds avoirdupois; (e) The expression “proof” or “proof spirits,” when applied to wines or spirits of any kind, means spirits of a strengih equal to that of pure ethyl alcohol compounded with distilled water in such proportions that the resultant mixture shall at a temperature of 60° F. have a specific gravity of 0.9198 as compared with that of distilled water at the same temperature;

U) The expression -gange," when applied to metal sheets or plates or to wire, means the thickness as determined by Stabba's standard gauge;

(I) The expression “in diameter,” when applied to tubing, means the actual inside (h) The expression “sheet,” when applied to metals, means a sheet or plate not exceeding three-sixteenths of an inch in thickness;

(1) The expression “plate,” when applied to metals, means a plate or sheet more than three-sixteenths of an inch in thickness.

3. The expressions mentioned in section 2 of the customs act, as amended by section 2 of the customs amendment act, 1888, whenever they occur herein or in any act relating to the customs, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning 18signed to them respectively by the said sections 2; and any power conferred upon

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Canadian preferential tarifi.-Consul-General Turner sends from Ottawa, under date of July 29, 1838 copy of a recent amendment to the Canadian tariff, atlecting the preferential duty for Great Britain and colonies. By the Canadian tariff which went into effect April 23, 1897 (see Consular Peports No. 205, October, 1897), the reduction of duty in favor of favored nations" was one-eighth, 6 127 per cent, from April 23, 1897, to June 30, 1898. This applied to Great Britain, Belgium, Ger. any, France and colonies, Algeria, Tunis, Austria, Sweden and Norway, Denmark, Perxia, Russia, witzerland, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, and Venezuela. It did not apply to the United States. On July 1, 1898, the reduction was to be increased to one-fourth, or 25 per cent; the date for this second change was afterwards extended to August 1, 1898. According to the amendment transmitted by the consul general, the countries which will receive the benefit of the 25 per cent reduction of duty on August 1, 1898, are limited to the United Kingdom, Bermuda, British West Indies, British Guiana, and other British possessions which grant Canada preferential rates. Under this last clause the minister of customs has extended the benefit of the reduction to British India, Ceylon, Straits Settlements, and New South Wales. (See Schedule D, British preferential tariff, page 37.) 10388 -2


the governor in council by the customs act to transfer dutiable goods to the list of goods which may be imported free of duty is not hereby abrogated or impaired.

4. Subject to the provisions of this act, and to the reqnirements of the customs act, chapter 32 of the revised statutes as amended, there shall be levied, collected, and paid upon all goods enumerated, referred to as not enumerated, iu Schedule A to this act, the several rates of duties of customs set forth and described in the said schedule and set opposite to each item respectively or charged thereon as not enumerated, when such goods are imported into Canada or taken out of warehouse for consumption therein.

5. Subject to the same provisions and to the further conditions contained in Schedule B to this act, all goods enumerated in the said Schedule B may be imported into Canada or may be taken out of warehouse for consumption in Canada without the payment of any duties of customs thereon.

6. The importation into Canada of any goods enumerated, described, or referred to in Schedule C to this act is prohibited; and any such goods imported shall thereby become forfeited to the Crown and shall be destroyed or otherwise dealt with as the minister of customs directs; and any person importing any such prohibited goods, or causing or permitting them to be imported, shall for each offense incur a penalty not exceeding $200.

7. The whole or part of the duties hereby imposed upon fish and other products of the fisberies may be remitted as respects either the United States or Newfoundland, or both, upon proclamation of the governor in council, which may be issued whenever it appears to his satisfaction that the Governments of the United States and Newfoundland, or either of them, have made changes in their tariff's of duties imposed upon articles imported from Canada, in reduction or repeal of the duties in force in the said countries respectively.

8. The export of deer, wild turkeys, quail, partridge, prairie fowl, and woodcock, in the carcase or parts thereof, is hereby declared unlawful, and prohibited; and any person exporting or attempting to export any such article sball for each such offense incur a penalty of $100, and the article so attempted to be exported shall be forfeited, and may, on reasonable canse of suspicion of intention to export, be seized by any officer of the customs, and, if such intention is proved, shall be dealt with as for breach of the customs laws: Provided, That this section shall not apply to the export, under such regulations as are made by the governor in coincil, of any carcase or part thereof of any deer raised or bred by any person, company, or association of persons upon his or their own lands.

9. Regulations respecting the manner in which molasses and sirups shall be sampled and tested for the purpose of determining the classes to which they belong with reference to the duty chargeable thereon shall be made by the controller of customs, and the instruments and appliances necessary for such determination shall be designated by him and supplied to such officers as are by hun charged with the duty of sampling and testing such molasses and sirupo; and the decision of any officer (to whom is so assigned the testing of such articles) as to the duties to which they are subject uniler the tariff sball be final anıl conclusive, unless, upon appeal to the commissioner of customs within thirty days from the rendering of such deci. sion, such decision is, with the approval of the controller, changed; and the decision of the commissioner with such approval shall be final.

10. In the case of all wines, spirits, or alcoholic liquors subject to duty according to their relative strength of proof, such strength shall be ascertained either by means of Sykes's hydrometer or ot the specific-gravity bottle, as the controller of customs directs; and in case such relative s'rength can not be correctly ascertained by the direct use of the hydrometer or gravity bottle, it shall be ascertained by the distillation of a sample and the subsequent test in like manner of the distillate.

11. All medicinal or toilet preparations imported for completing the manufacture thereof, or for the manufacture of any other article by the addition of any ingredient or ingredients, or by mixing such preparations, or by putting up or labeling the same, alone or with other articles or compounds under any proprietary or special name or tradle-mark, shall be valued for duty under the provisions of subsection 2 of section 65 of the customs act, as amended by section 15 of chapter 14 of the statutes of 1888.

12. All medicinal preparations, whether chemical or other, usually imported with the name of the manufacturer, shall have the true name of such manufacturer and the place where they are prepared, and the word “alcoholic” or “nonalcoholic” permanently and legibly attired to each parcel by stamp, label, or otherwise; and all medicinal preparations imported without such names and word so affixed may be forfeited.

13. Packages shall be subject to the following provisions:

(a) All bottles, flasks, jars, demijohns, carboys, casks, hogsheads, pipes, barrels, and all other vessels or packages manufacture l of tin, iron, lead, zine, glass, or any other material capable of holding liquids, and all packages in which goods are

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