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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1814.

NO.XXXVII.

entered the "Potomac and Patuxent

, which Here let it be remarked that ever since the

POLITICAL.

teen, and of the independence of the United States the politick. Great Britain has just reason, the thirty-ninth.

JAMES MADISON. whole world will acknowledge, not only to be BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

By the President,

proud of the successful valour of her navy, but A PROCLAMATION.

James Monroe, Secretary of State of the honour and magnanimity with which its WHEREAS, the enemy by a sudden incursion have

operations bave been executed. This is but a succeeded in invading the capital of the nation, defend.

STRICTURES.

just concession, and were it possible for Mr. ed at the moment by troops less mumerous than their own, and almost entirely of the militia ;-during their Was the government of the United States Madison to disgrace any other than himself, possession of which, though for a single day only, they not yet sufficiently disgraced was British in- by his sweeping, unqualified detraction, we wantonly destroyed the publick edifices, having no re dignation not yet sufficiently excited, that we should feel humbled by his unmerited and lation in their structure to operations of war, nor used must needs have such a shameless and insult- fruitless attempt. We do not wish or cxpect at the time for military annoyance ; some of these edi- | ing proclamation as this ! There seems to him to flatter his enemy ; but to throw gross fices being also costly monuments of taste and of the be no end to the humiliation we are doomed and unfounded aspersions in their teeth, when arts, and others depositories of the publick archives, not only precious to the nation as the memorials of its to suffer-no stop to Mr. Madison's ingenuity so much depends on their magnanimity and origin and its early transactions, but interesting to all in devising means to exasperate his enemy, forbearance, is an act so outrageously un. nations, as contributions to the general stock of histor- and make this detestable war, a war of exter seasonable, that the President's object cannot ical instruction and political science :

mination. We are at a loss which ought be mistaken-he wishes to enrage the officers And whereas, advantage has been taken of the loss

most to be despised the effrontery with which of that navy-he wishes them to strike with of a fort, more immediately guarding the neighbouring town of Alexandria, to place the town within the range

the President here announces his own crimi- their utmost vengeance, that we, in turn, may of a naval force, too long, and too much in the habit of nal conduct, or the falsehood by which he ato be maddened with resentment. abusing its superiority, wherever it can be applied, to tempts to inflame, at once, the American “ And whereas it now appears by a direct require as the alternative of a general conflagration, an people, and British commanders.

communication from the British naval comm' undisturbed plunder of private property, which has “ Whereas, the enemy by a sudden incur- | mander on the American station, to be his been executed in a manner peculiarly distressing to

sion have succeeded in invading the capital of avowed purpose to employ the force under the inhabitants who had, inconsiderately, cast themselves on the justice and generosity of the victor :

the nation—"! In what sense of the terms his direction, “ in destroying and laying waste And whereas, it now appears by a direct communi. can this unblushing man pretend that the visit “ such towns and districts upon the seacoast cation from the British naval commander on the Amer of the British to Washington was a mere sur- “ as may be found assailable ;” adding to this ican station, to be his avowed purpose to employ the prize ? He had some months' warning that declaration the insulting pretext that it is in force under his direction “in destroying and laying Admiral Cochrane was certainly destined to retaliation for the wanton destruction commitwaste such towns and districts upon the coast as may be found assailable ;” adding to this declaration, the tire week from the time the British squadron per Canada--"

the Chesapeake, with an army. It was an en- ted by the army of the United States in Upinsulting pretext, that it is in retaliation for a wanton destruction committed hy the army of the United States in Upper Canada, when ii is notorious, that no destruc- 1 indicated their precise object, to the time the political reinlution which placed democrats at tion has been comiti, which, not withstanding the capital was taken. Could this, considering the the head of our national affairs, it has been the multiplied outrages previously committed by the enemy, y short distance they penetrattı, bc wale a undevinin qolicy of government, basely to was not unauthorised, and promptly shown to be so ; sudden incursion ?

conceal every part of a French docun.ent, and that the U. States have been as constant in their endeavours to reclaim the enemy from such outrages,

And why was “ the capital of the nation de which would tend to excite the indignation of by the contrast of their own example, as they have been fended at the moment by troops less nume. the American people, and to garble, select and ready to terminate, on reasonable conditions, the war

rous than the small detachment which the misrepresent every English paper, so as to itself :

British landed ?" Can Mr. Madison possibly exhibit such portions only, as, detached from And whereas, these proceedings and declared pur. be ignorant that he begins his proclamation | their connexion, would produce that effect. poses, which exhibit a deliberate disregard of the prin with a charge against himself which would We are therefore confident, degrading as it ciples of humanity, and the rules of civilized warfare,

cost him his office and perhaps more, if we is, and unworthy of the chief magistrate of and which must give to the existing war a character of extended devastation and barbarism, at the very

had a tribunal that would try him. Has he the United States, that this is the case at moment of negociations for peace, invited by the ene. not over and over proclaimed to the world present. Mr. Madison was afraid to trust my himself, leave no prospect of safety to any thing that his means were abundant both for defen- the whole of Admiral Cochrane's correspondwithin the reach of his predatory and incendiary ope- sive and offensive warfare, and yet the capitol, ence to the American publick; if he had suprations, but in a manly and universal determination to the place of his residence, with “ its monu. posed it would have produced such irritation chastize and expel the invader.

ments of taste and of the arts" was entered as it is his grand object to effect, he would Now, therefore, I, James Madison, President of the Voited States, do issue this my proclamation, exhort

and held in possession at pleasure, by less have done it, but it does not appear in his ing all the good people thereof, to unite their hearts than three thousand troops, defended, as he proclamation. The terms of the sentence he and hands in giving effect to the ample means posses: states, by still fewer ?

has chosen to publish plainly show, that he sed for that purpose. I enjoin it on all officers, civil “ And these almost entirely of the militia." has suppressed an important part—the condiand military, to exert themselves in executing the du. Who stripped Virginia and Maryland of the tions to which the threat is annexed. In any

other man but James Madison, or one of his more especiaily, I require the officers commanding the regular troops, raised by Congress, but this respective military districts, to be vigilant and alert in

same James Madison, who now seems to de- clan, such an infamous deception would be inproviding for the defence thereuf ; for the more effect- plore the forlorn situation of the place ? Is credible-of him we can believe any thing ual accomplishment of which, they are authorised to the President preparing the bill of his own unworthy of an honourable statesman. Why call to the defence of exposed and threatened places, impeachment, or wantonly insulting the people should Admiral Cochrane communicate his portions of the militia most convenient thereto, wheth he had nearly ruined ?

intentions in this manner, if they were not acer they be or be not parts of the quotas detached for the

If the publick edifices at Washington were companied by conditions ? Why were not the service of the United States under requisitions of the precious to the nation, how will the appointed conditions published with the menace, unless general government.

On an occasion whiol appeals so forcibly to the guardian of them and the nation justify him because Mr. Maciison felt convinced they proud feelings and patriotick devotion of the American self for his fagrant breach of trasi ?

would have turned the responsibility of the people, none will forget what they owe to themselves ; The conduct of the enemy at Alexandria is threat's being executed upon himself, in the what they owe to their country and the high destinies certainly incomprehensible ; it is new in the publick opinion ? Indeed we are given to which a wait it; what to the glory acquired by their fath- annals of British warfare ; it was such as we understand there was more in the letter, but ers,in establishing the independence which is now to be Inaintained bytheir sons, with the augmented strength

did not expect from them, and such as we of this, what he deigns to communicate, he and resources with which time and heaven have bles. cannot yet believe will be pursued in future, clothes in his own language. sed them.

as a system. But the vulgar reflection which « When it is notorious that no destruction la testimony whereof, I have hereceto set my hand and caused the President takes this occasion to utter, has been committed by the United States'ary

the seal or he visited States to be atixed to these presents against the general conduct of their navy is il- my in Cpper Canada) which notwithstanding Done at the City of Washington, the first day of September, in size year of cor Lord one thousand eight soured and four

liberal, False, and in the highest degrec im- the multiplied outrages previously committee

by the enemy, was not unauthorized, and are the measures which he pursued to reclaim On the 1st of September, an expedition of promptly shewn to be so.” In this short sen- the enemy from outrages, which they had not about 25 sail and from 2 to 3000 troops, com. tence, there are two palpable untruths. It is perpetrated.

manded by Sir John Sherbroke, entered Pe. a fact, which we confess with regret, and only We shall offer but one more remark on nobscot bay, took the small fort at Castine, and because it is absolutely necessary the people this subject, and that deserves serious consid possessed themselves of the towns of Castine of the United States should trace all their sufo cration. Our whole warfare, from the first, and Belfast The frigate Adams was up the ferings to their proper source, that the inva- was in its nature and prospect, a war against river at Hampden. A ship, two brigs, and sion of Canada has exhibited a species of war. individual property, except the few brilliant several small craft were sent up the river to fare, which the publick feeling of this country efforts of our infant marine. It was never destroy her. Captain Morris defended her would not justify, even if the war had been suggested by our rulers that we could make until the attempt was evidently fruitless, then considered necessary and politick. The Ca- | any impression on the navy of Great Britain, abandoned and blew her up. Sir John Shernadians are as loud in their complaints for or subdue her armies. The conquest of Can- broke has issued a proclamation, claiming pos“ the burning of Newark, and the atrocities | ada was threatened, and has afforded only an session of all the country east of Penobscot committed at Queenstown, Dover, St. David's, incessant theme of ridicule—but the commerce river, enjoining good order and a respect to Long Point, and Chippewa” as we can be for of Great Britain, the floating property of indi- property among his troops, and inviting the ravages on the Atlantick coast. But we do vidual subjects, the plunder or destruction of inhabitants to a quiet pursuit of their several not rely on these facts, from the complaints of this, was the efficient means by which we crcupations. the enemy alone. That outrages, unusual in were to bring that nation to our terms.

On the 29th of August, the inhabitants of ordinary warfare, have been perpetrated by the We have done with this disgusting, mortify- Alexandria, unable to defend themselves were invaders of Canada, is corroborated by the offi- ing proclamation. It is intended to do evil, compelled to sign a capitulation, surrendering cial accounts in the archives of government, and it probably will embitter the conflict in all naval and ordnance stores ; all ships and by the boasts of some who were active in which we are engaged. The requisitions for their furniture ; merchandize of every descripthese scenes of plunder and destruction, and defence by the President are now no virtue. rion—that which had been recently removed to more particularly by the private confessions of The executives of the several states are left to be brought back ; and provisions to be furother honourable officers of the army, who use their means, and we trust in heaven that nished for the ships at the market price. The were reluctant witnesses to conduct of which in the defence of our territory, our lives and next day, the President issued the Proclamathey were most heartiiy ashamed. Wc know our property, they will use them with success. tion in our first page. this to be correct, and could mention names The general government has wasted all its On the 1st inst. General Brisbane, with a which would silence all cavilling and Mr. means in unjust aggressions and in exasperat- force estimated at 5000, entered the United Madison himself.

ing the foe. But we can defend our homes, States at the north-east corner of New York, Now of all the conflagrations and destruction or at least try it to a desperate extremity, and advanced along the west shore of Like of property effected in Canada, we know of without partaking of his indelible crimes, who Champlain, towards Platisburg, which is little but a single instance where there has existed | brought these calamities upon us. If ven- more than thirty miles from the line. Their a shadow of proof that it was a unauthorized geance is directed against us, under the vir- fleet kept near them on the lake. Our force by government and promptly shown to be so." tuous and inflexible STRONG, we must and remaining at Plattsburg is but about 1500 ; This was in the case of ihe village of St. Da- will do our utmost.

General Izard with 4000 having recently left vid's, where the commanding officer, or rather

it, and by the last accounts was at Saratoga, we believe some subordinate, was lately tried We are indeed happy to find that the poli destination unknown. Plattsburg falls next. and dismissed the service ! ticks of our last number are in perfect conso

General Brisbane has issued Brigade OrThe second falsehood in this sentence, is nance with the tone of publick opinion. The ders, enjoining upon his troops the most rigid the transposition of the order of events. This general detestation of Mr. Madison and his discipline, holding every individual amenable is of the utmost importance to be observed, war is deep and fixed. The line of discenction to punishment, who shall in any way molest for on it clepends the real character of trans- is drawn on men's hearts, and will regulate the persons or property of noffending citizens actions. Private plunder, devastations by fire, their conduct through and after this dark day of the United States, declaring that it is not &c. in him who aggresses, are barbarous, of trial-not a finger will be raised in support against such persons that Great Britain makes and forbidden by the rules of civilized war- of Mr. Madison's grounds of war, nor his hon- war ; but against the government, whose folly fare ; but if truly retaliatory, they are allowa- our, nor to aid his offensive measures against and ambition have brought the miseries of war ble. Now in justice to the English, and in the British colonies ; but every nerve will be is to their country, and against the army and order to keep in view Mr. Madison's awful exerted, if necessary, to repel plunder and de individuals, in support of such a government." responsibility to the American pation, let it be vastation. The cause and conduct of govern- August 4th. Col. Croghan with about 700 distinctly remembered that the first blow, by ment becomes every hour more abhorrell, as American troops attacked the British fort at land, against private property, was struck by the distress which threatens, requires and Mackinaw, at ihe west end of Lake Huron ; our troops in Canada ; and the first maraud. commands exertion.

was repulsed and has retreated. ing at sea, by our privateers at the east ward. When the President shall be compelled by It is reported that 3000 British have landed It is notorious, to use Mr. Madison's language, Congress to disgorge the whole of Admiral alGravelly point, 20 miles from Sacket's harbour. that, in every departure from the customary Cochrane's correspondence, hopes are yet en- On the 2nd inst. the English ships at Ales. rules of warfare, until the disgraceful scene at tertained that the ihreat which has been pub- andria dropped down the river. It is said that Alexandria, the British have specified in their lished will wear a qualified aspect. These obstructions have been placed in the river, several attacks, the particular outrage, which hopes are corroborated by the date of the let- which they cannot pass that they have been they meant to retaliate. It was the publicityer, which preceded the taking of the capital attacked from the shores-and that the British of these facts that, when the enemy began their for neither there nor at Alexandria, was the were again landing at Patuxent. destruction on our seacoast, suppressed popular threat executed ;-and by the express lan- The value of the property destroyed at resentment among us that feeling which, like guage of General Brisbane's orders, which Washington is now stated at about 2,000,000. clectricity, has pervaded the whole union, since breathe a spirit of generous and magnanimous The enemy did not visit the foundery. The the ravages committed under Capt. Gordon. warfare. We believe Mr. Madison has plun

guns of the “ Independence' are yet our own. We have not yet forgotten the proclamations ged into new iniquity and shame, and that his The heads of department are beginning to issued on the early invasion of Canada-we efforts will recoil upon himself. But peril fall. Armstrong has resigned the duties of his remember, that though the aboriginals were as stares us in the face ; we must prepare for

office, overwhelmed with universal detestation. much interested and as justifiable in defend the worst, still remembering, in our toils and The same fate, erelong, we trust, awaits the ing their soil and homes, as the European col-sacrifices--in the loss of property and blood, President. onists, yet QUARTER was refused the latter, in if it must be, that the act of June 1812 brought Rumour says our ministers have found their case they should be found in arnis, aided by these disasters to our happy, quiet shores. instructions too limited for the objects of their Indian allies. Is there a parallel atrocity on

negotiation, and that they have applied to our record in the history of any war? We know GENERAL REGISTER.

government for more extensive powers. of none. We might pursue the subject to a

The inhabitants of Boston, on Satarduy lis'e length exceeding our bounds, but the recollec. BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 10, 1814. utive of this state for every practicable meas

expressed their perfect reliance on the Exec: tion of our readers will render it unnecessary.

ure of defence, and their readiness to cooperate After all this, Mr. Madison has the audacity DOMESTICK. Events of a very interest. to proclaim to the United States, the Brisish, ing and gloomy character are now pressing

in effecting his purposes. and the world, that nothing has been done in

We shall endeavour to note the force, from the militia of the country, to repair

His Excellency bas ordered a considerable upon us. Canada, which was not justifiable !! Such! most important.

FOR TRE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

to the capital. All classes are on the alert, possible for rich men to go to heaven, yet unmusical to your Lordship's ear, the purity and our means of security are rapidly advan- money is certainly their favoured idol, and of our motives, we are persuaded, will secure cing.

they make more sacrifices to wealth, than to us from the possibility of blame : moreover, Last report-That Belfast was evacuated, the unseen god, whom they profess to adore. so far from presuming to be infallible, our that the militia marching thither had been or. Even among the ministers of their humble and friendly expostulations claim no other merit dered to Wiscasset, the next attack being ex- self-denying religion, although I am assured than that of rapid impressions. It is neither pected at Wiscasset or Portland and that 120 that most of them are peaceable, and contented, foaming mead, nor beverage of wormwood, vessels had been burnt in Penobscot bay. If and happy without riches, there are some that with which our cup is overflowing ; but of there be any truth in this last, it must be ex- are greedy of worldly gain ; and one of them, whatever ingredients the mixture may be comaggerated. The account comes in a letter since my residence here, instead of attending posed, we hope your Lordship will not find from Bristol, Maine, said to be received there to his religious duties, has employed his time the infusion unpalatable or unsalutary: by express.

in writing an angry book, and endeavouring What lofty aim, allow us to inquire, what

to sell it for a great price to increase his glorious achievement, what purpose worthy of LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. wealth ; and, what appears more inconsistent an immortal mind, are you emulous to accom

in his character as a minister of Jesus, this plish? The advancement of human kind, do

very book, by which he hopes to raise up and you answer, toward the perfection of their naTHE WRITER, No. XVIII.

swell the amount of his own riches, uncharit- cure ? A godlike ambition. Surely then the It is often entertaining, and sometimes use- ably pulls down the fame and reviles the char- Rame of soul, the fiery vigour, bestowed by ful to hear the observations and remarks which acter of his neighbour and fellow christian. Heaven in munificence of love, was never are made upon our character as Americans ; “ Among the other classes, the desire for rich- meant to be wasted in throwing rainbows upon our manners, our religion, our virtues es is more constant ; they often however feel around the crimes of a Barabbas. You de and our vices, by strangers and foreign gen- ashamed of this overruling propensity, and en-ceive yourself

, my Lord. To canonize the tlemen, who occasionally reside among us, deavour, by a forced display of charity, to bloody adventurer, to amuse the idle and the or cravel through our country with opportunity conceal it, and to deceive the world by erect- frivolous, to soil the chastity and whiteness of to make such remarks, and who are qualified to ing institutions for the purposes of benevolence. the young imagination ; or from the mart of compare and contrast our customs with those But here they often fail, and have never, I Fancy to purvey for the insatiable appetite of of 0c.er nations, and have judgment to am told, succeeded so well as their brother Athenian curiosity ; efforts like these, my form an opinion of our character from our christians in England, the nation from whence Lord, are not formed to promote the wellbeprincipal concerns and habits of life. The they are descended.

ing and perfection of the world, nor to enthrone Chinese. gentleman, who lately made a visit " It has generally been the boast of people their performer in the Temple of Fame. From here, lived very retired, and did not appear to professing this religion, that they take care of efforts like these, unborn millions will not imtake much interest in, either our publick, or the poor and sick, who are not able to take care bibe the enthusiasm of virtue ; nor in the private reputation ; yet as he seemed to be a of thiemselves ; and in England, particularly, it clime of immortality, remembering their diman of some intelligence, I have thought it is believed there are a great many places es

vine and rescuing intervention, will they enalmost impossible that he should have lived tablished and supported for such purposes. wreathe your brows with the amaranth of gratfor so many months in a country and among There are also some, on a small plan, here : itude : such holy raptures are reserved for a people so distant and so different from his but it is thought to be much to their discredo Bards, who illustrate in life the divinity of own, without having some new and strange it, that they have not been able to collect do their extraction, for Bards who pour upon ideas respecting us. I could not believe, that nations sufficient to built a house to receive, darkling man the unsullied beams of the founhe should have no curiosity to pry, in some generally, the sick, poor, and those deprived of tain of light. measure, into our modes of thinking, our re

Endeavours are now using to establish If elevating and purifying the affections ligion, our motives of action ; to be able to such a place, called a “General Hospital;” but constitute the higher excellencies of poetry, carry home traits of our national character and although sume men, of better hearts, have of and thcsc, c. corcoire, may to numbered give to his countrymen some account of what fered to pay very liberally towards it, yet the among its cardinal virtues, your productions by them must be considered a singular race most of them, even of the rich ones, love their seem not deplorably wayward merely, but disof men.

money too well to part with it merely for the cover a miserable deficiency of judgment. Impressed with an idea of this sort, and ve. sake of humanity and their religious obligations. Whenever we yield to your guidance, contemry desirous to know what opinion this Chinese Nay, it is even said, that when an old person plate the savage grandeur of your Genius, and may have formed of us, I have taken some on his death-bed had ordered a considerable follow the wild stream of its incantationspains to ascertain whether he used to write at sun to be paid out of his estate for the ben (and where are they, on whom the Mountain all, or had, during his stay amung us, commit- efit of this Hospital, that the heirs, or those of Adamant has not resistless attraction ?)—do red any of his ideas or observations to paper. who now have the management of the money, we after our disenchantment, if indeed our After much search and diligent inquiry, I have refused it; and notwithstanding they are

disenchantment be ever effected, find our have had the good fortune to get possession rich themselves, are greedy to increase their hearts warmed with love to God and good will of a bundle of papers left behind him, consis- gold, by sharing a part of what was meant to

to man? We appeal to your Lordship. Do ting of sketches or rough draughts of letters, be given to the poor and needy."

you not feel, after examining the Beggar's written to his friends in Canton ; and an im

Opera, the Robbers, the glozings of Thomperfect sort of journal, or book of memoranda,

son's accursed Archimage, and the felon feaon which he noted down what appeared to him

tures of your Buccanier fragments, that the singular or extraordinary ; and in which are LETTER TO LORD BYRON. moral impressions you receive if not precisely, many shrewd remarks, and some satirical

are essentially the same? That the immutaobservations relating to our American man

Will you indulge an individual, of whom ble distinctions of right and wrong become ners. As I never had any desire of hoarding your Lordship has been too often unmindful, blended and obscured? That the affinities of up literary treasure, I am always ready to com- in once more using the freedom of a friend ?

truth and falsehood, purity and impurity, honmunicate all my knowledge, whether original

While briefly reviewing the spirit of your esty and fraudulence, claim to be most intior acquired, to the publick ; and, like most peo- ) poesy, a remote or Werter cousin of mine,* far mate?. That the momentary impulses of the ple entrusted with a secret, whenever I think however from being in the fifteenth remove, unprincipled and blasphemous, presume to be I know more than my neighbours

, am ever un- has imparted much delight by a promise of paramount to the hallowed and immoveable easy, till I have an opportunity to make them accompanying me. To your Lordship I need resolves of the pure in heart? as wise as myself. I shall therefore occasion nut describe the majesty of her mien, the

Your equivocal morality, my Lord, if you ally, and as I can procure a translation of them, sweetness of her smile, or the lightning of possess qualities in any degree meriting the enrich my weekly numbers with some of the her displeasure : her enemies, indeed, re

nanie of morality, we cannot but disapprove. observations and remarks of this Chinese.

proachfully insinuate, that both her smiles and Indie roon of beautifying, it would under. What I have already been able to get rendered into English, will serve for the enter- but such misapprehensions, be it known, arise nion, her frowns are the wild offspring of Caprice ; mire and demolish the fair fabrick of civil u

Because your hero's atrocives are tainment of this day, and afford my readers a solely from the misrule of those, who usurp avowed, will you term this statement unfair, specinien of the writing and opinions of this her rightful dominion.

untrue, and sweeping? If it do not accord siranger.

Should any remark, which we may esteem with the letter, it unquestionaby accords with “ The principal aim of these people seems it our duty to communicate, be unwelcome or

the spirit of your productions. The criones o be to get money; and although their religion

of Conrad, for example, you acknowledge but reaches them to despise riches, and their great Criticism.")

(* This communication is signed " CHRISTIANITI simply in the abstract ; while io ile u...ji-tinprophet has expressly told them, that it is in

guishing or less discerning, you reader them

reason.

FOR THE BOSTOY SPECTATON.

My Lord,

148

FOR

THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

illustrious by iniposing magnanimity and se

« Or, wouldst thou with thy favourite bards retreat, ducing love of enterprize. The causes that

POETRY..

“ And hear them, still, their melodies resume ! impelled him to his inhuman mode of life, a

“ LO! Linus, Hesiod, Moschus, Bion sweet! universal warfare, you content yourself with

“ Homer divine, and Pindar, bold of plume ! rapidly sketching-and how fecble and unimThe following translation of Dr. Geddes' “ Ad umbram

« Euripides, the drama's perfect type, pressive the result !-while the consequent Gelberti Wakefield elegia,” has not eppeared in print. enormities

“Eschylas there, and Sophocles resort ; you suffuse with such a blaze of

The original may be found in the Monthly Magaglory, such a glow and radiance of colouring,

“ The swain Sicilian, tunes bis Oaten pipe ;

zine, vol. 12th, and is said to be the last production as would deceive, if it were possible, even

“ And, mid his snows, Anacreon still would sport ! of that celebrated scholar.

C. the elect. Medora, your Lordship delineates as lovely Tree, too, the boast of every critičk tongue,

“ There, Maro, Flaccus, and the bard who fell

« Victim to love, to love, the Art he taught; and affectionate, and we are not inclined to

Has fate severe snatched headlong from our eyes question her personal loveliness, nor the amia- Snatched from a weeping wife—an offspring young

“ Sublime Lucretius, whom thy toils so well ble qualities of her heart ; but do not consid

“ Spent, while on earth, with splendor new have Friends dearly loved ; and all the good and wise !

fraught. er us unreasonable, when we enxiously inquire- Who is Medora, and what character | How hard thy doom ! in dungeons long enthralled, “ There, roam they all consociate, and with these ; is she made to assume ? This is not imper.. Scarce fies thy joyous foot their dreary Lourne ; “ The British bards, ethereal Milton, Pope ; tinent curiosity, my Lord : your readers feel When, lo ! to death's dark mansion art thou called “ Dryden ; and be, who most the soul could seize momently exposed to the inconvenience of

Whence man returns not, nor can e'er return..

“ With mimick terror, or celestial hope, committing a misnomer. In what relation Medora stands to the corsair, notwithstanding True, good and bad, wise, simple, rich, and poor, “ Immortal Shakespeare ; nor remotely roves his exclamation amid the palace tumult re- Whoe'er has drunk th' ethereal flood of day ;

“ Pale Cowper, still by many a friend bewailed : member we have wives'-they own themselves | Kings, courtiers, beggars must alike explore,

“ Whom, melancholy to th' infernal grores puzzled to determine. Their puppy brains, Soon or more late, th' irremeable way.

“ Sent immature, e'er nature half had failed!! as Cowper humourously sings, are unable to Yet who laments not that while fools survive,

“ Bards, sages, patriots, go, attend, at will : comprehend the case, or to solve the difficul

“ For thee, the train of heroes boasts no cham:

While guilt grows old in infamy and crime, ty. Now, were we disposed to be uncharita

“ Spurn them--a race whom basest passions fill : Worth, wisdom, piety, that chief should thrive, ble, an imputation that would rather excite our compassion than our surprize, we might Fall like a rose-bud, weltering in its prime.

“ Vain, proud, perverse, intent on human harm!!' be tempted to style the peculiarity of her sitYet though too short the date to thee assigned,

He said, and straight thy favoured shade, I thought, uation, to use a phrase of softened import, ex

Not short, the genuine fame just Heaven imparts,

Thus Gilbert to the righteous judge replied ; ceedingly unwarrantable. To speak plainly, it Yes ! thou hast lived, and long shall live behind

« Since mine the boon to choose my future lot, appears more difficult to ascertain what Me.

“ Amid the sages let me e'er reside ;

Thy splendid image, Wakefield, on our hearts. dora is, than what Medora is not. The obscure but touching song-lucus a Meanwhile, betake thee to the fields of bliss ;

« Mid genuine sages, not the sophist race, non lucendo'-in which your Lordship intro- Th’Elysian plains no cloud can e'er eclipse,

“ Whom now, as ever, from my heart I hate ! duces this mournful maiden to our sympathy, For not for thee, yawns Ereb's dread abyss,

“ Nor give me, oft mid Orators, a place ; affords indubitable proof that her heart throb

Nor pitchy Phlegeton shall soil thy lips.

“ Vain senseless wranglers, full of fame and prate. bed exclusively for your ruthless Homicide of the Sea, and at the same time that her devo- No grey-beard judge shall now thy cause decide,

“ Such, mid the senate, seemed loquacious Pitt ; tion was so perfectly unrewarded, that his Impartial Minos here the balance holds !

“ To pour the wordy torrent, never loth ; shedding'a single tear upon her grave would Hark! as he sees thy Spirit onward glide,

“ Such Windbam, when by passion roused, he spit be-perchance the closing testimonial of con

His tongue the ready plaudit thus unfolds,

“ His bursting Vomica, of bilious froth ! summate affection, the melancholy tribute to

“ But, let me oftener, with the bards renowned “ Fear not, pure Shade, thy sufferings all, we know ; years of remembered bliss-no verily, but

“ These, Hermes long has hastened to reveal :

“ My station take, and join their dulcet lay! • The first-last-sole reward of so much love !' “ Though right and wrong be oft misnamed below,

“O! let the barış with soft, melodious sound

“ Sooth me, revive, and all my bosom sway!! Exquisite sensibility! Prodigality of adora- “ Substantial justice here alone we deal. tion! The most disinterested upon record !- “ Here rank is nought, and nought imperious power ;

“ Bat from your heroes, ever let me fly !! What mystery of iniquity, my Lord, induced

“ Arms, impious arms! their hands barbarian wield.

“ 'Tis virtue, virtue only can avail : you to couple together a sweet Eolian Mal.

• Unawed by all the terrors of the sky; “ Go, choose thy lot, command each future hour ; vina, and a ferocious, demoniack marauder

“ To all the charities of nature steeled :

“ All, all is thine, plain, woodland, hill, and dale. with garments rolled in blood ! Some have whimsically, and perhaps iron

“ Struck by their spear ; lo ! heavenly freedom falls : « Wouldst thou with wisdom's sons divide the scene?

“ And countless burdens crush the crouds around! ically, defended your Lordship by suspecting,

“Lo ! Pherecydes, Solon at thy will, that, like the drooping Viola, he never told his

“ Hence ye profane, your sight my soul appals : “ The Samlan, Thales, Epicurus keen, love ; such a mysterious, unimparted, uncon

“ Let never tyrant near my paths be found" !!!

“Stagyra's sage, and Plato sager still. firmed attachment, if not supremely unnatural,

Most wise thy choice, dear Wakefield, such to me, is totally inconsistent with the rest of the char. " There, pride of Rome, th' illustrious Catos shine!!

Should fate vouchsafe, thy harpings I will join ; acter. Fidelity to Medora you denominate his “ Brutus, and Pliny, Tully sweet of sound !

Yes ! to thy heavenly harpings will I flee ; only, his last remaining virtue. We there- “ Here, Seneca, and Marcus named Divine !

And strike, with trembling hands, the strings divine! fore feel justified in the conclusion, that if Me

“ By rank imperial, less than virtue crowned ! ! dora be the undisputed bona fide wife of Con

Loud will I strike them, if the Muses smile ; rad, said Conrad may claim pre-eminence “Compatriot with thyself, amid the throng

Sweet Terpsichore, Erota sweeter still ; among the undisputed bona fide ruffians of “ See Locke, see Bacon, of coequal boast ;

The Muses, every care that best beguile, your Lordship's manufacture, and have bis “ See Newton ; first tho sapient train among !

To me, an antidote for every ill. claim allowed. It was not without sorrow we " The fame, and glory, of the British coast !!

Hear them; my friend, and with them oft unite : saw his one, solitary, Phenix virtue evaporate “ Or does thy ear sweet Oratory please,

Soon shall I join thee, as these tremors tell, in smoke 3 the dew-drop from the crag fell

“With soothing sounds, and soul-compelling power ? Faint are my limbs,-already death's in sightinto the ocean ; the luminous bubble, the “ Lo! where Eolides suspends the breeze,

But, 'tis enough-respected shade, farewell. snowy foam, mingle with the black flood, on whose surface they were feigned to be gleam

“ The honeyed stream, from Nestor's lip devour.

• We ever regretted, most sincerely, that the elegant scholar, ing in beauty; the tempestuous hemisphere “ Feast on the tones that Pericles of old,

whose worth the original of these lines was intended to com of clouds involve with eternal gloom the islet

orate, should ever have sullied bis brilliant literary career by “ Like thunder, threw o'er deep distracted Greece ;

dabbling injudiciously in political controversy; and we again to of azure. " The torrent of Demosthenes behold !

gret that his eulogist could not bestow just praise on his deservin It may not be unamusing to dream, for a

“ The golden periods none would wish to cease !! friend, without descending to aspersions, which no man can re.3 moment, by what accident of food or field

without disgust. Medora happens to find herself upon the Pi. “ Drink from the Ciceronian fount that flows rates' Island, and so comfortably dwelling in

“ Copious and calm, there, Fox, in future time, the watch-tower of their amiable Chieftain. “ Not meanly seated, mid them shall repose,

BOSTON : PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR JOHN PARK, -To be concluded in car next “Or break in tones, as cogent, as sublime.

BY MUNROE & TRANCIS, 80. 4, COLARIIL

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Edita:

1

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1814.

NO. XXXVIII.

FOR

THE

BOSTON SPECTATOR.

perish.

POLITICAL,
this gloomy hour, is necessary—and let us word of this now escapes them

they see their hope

wise and vigorous leaders humbled in the «s'. sed motos præstat componere Auctus.”

dust-their councils defeated--the capitol . but first 'tis fit the billows to restrain."

blown up the heads of department quarrelAFTER A STORM THE AIR IS MORE

ling and dispersed—their army, raised and PURE.. FREE TRADE AND SAILORS' RIGHTS.” supported at an expense of fifty millions, wast

il to a few impotent regiments—the remains The course and consequences of Mr. Mad- This ridiculous imposition has now lost its ison's administration teach us how far our sys- charm, even among the most perverse and

thre ma vy skolking up our rivers—the treatem of government, once deemed so perfect norant; and those who lately saw it swung and their medie gone. A nation, whom, by

sury exhausted enormous debts accumulated security to the people, is from affording that through our streets, with only disgust, would security, when the corruption or supineness now look upon it, were it to be seen, with a sitkey have made our enemy, assailing us

sing our resources in provoking hostiliof the people suffers it to fall into bad hands. dignation. What millions would the United We now find that an unprincipled faction, States now pay with cheerfulness, for that sand of our peaceful citizens now in arms, at

east, west, north, and south and sixty thouwith the president as their chief, can provoke, free trade, which they enjoyed, when Bona- the call of onestate Executives, to guard our insult, and declare war against a powerful na parte and Madison began the ruin of our

native soil ! In such a scene of misery, protion, seeking peace and amity with the United commerce ? What a sad reverse in the exer

fessions of confidence in our national rulers resentment for wanton aggression, an enraged government has been fighting for the right of workild indeed be unseasoneble: these very army is brought upon our extensive seacoast, British sailors to abandon the flag of their na

men now wish to bury all distinctions--they

are willing to suppress their politicks-they and then can leave us, or rather force a large tive country, in her hour of peril ! Nomit is

cry to the people, Save our country, or we portion of the community in spite of our op- not in defence of Bonaparte's maritime law, por position to the contest, and the rulers who be. to gratify the cupidity of British deserters,

Yes ; let us to arms, for our families and gan it, to sacrifice our lives in self defence, or that the worthy yeomanry of Massachusetts are

our homes-but

when the preparation for batabandon our hard-earned property to the mercy now in arms at South Boston. They have unof an enemy, and Aly like vagabonds, without furled the Flag or MASSACHUSETTS—they journals of Coigress, and of the state Legisla

tle gives us leisure, let us look back to the house or home, into the interior.

come at the summons of our beloved gover- liures let us read, over and over again, the We do not mean however to find fault with nour, to discharge the sacred duty of repelling lists of Yeas and Nays on questions of Embarthe plan of our government, to the exculpation invasion-an invasion which we owe, as every

go, Non intercouse, Non-importation, War-of those, whose iniquitous conduct has brought man of them knows, to Mr. Madison and his us into this dreadful alternative. Every sys- supporters. Madison's fifty millions, which he

raising armies--invasion of Canada, &c. Let.

us be familiar sith the names of those worthies, tem is capable of abuse ; and it is true that has squeezed from an oppressed nation, and

who have brought us to hear the roaring of none of the evils we experience can be said | squandered in corruption or schemes worse

cannon, instead of the sound of hammere and 10 arise necessarily from the nature of the than useless, could not raise such an army, as

axe-to see the flames of towns and shipping, federal constitution. Such men, as governed four words, in the present cause" Citizens,

instead of flourishing villages and enrichting our country in the glorious commencement of defend your soil”—No sooner were they utits political career, would have still preserved | tered, than the dust rose on every avenue to

commerce. Petiese molten calves be thy

gods, Israel !" our tranquillity and our prosperity. They Boston. This is honourable, and bespeaks a would neither bave sold us to France, nor ru- sentiment, which, we trust, will carry us suc

COCHRANE'S LETTER. ined the country, for the sake of aggrandizing cessfully through the battle, if it must be enthemselves. Our form of government docs countered.

Copy of a letter from Vice-dmiral Cochrane, not necessarily put villains and traitors in the British commanders must undoubtedly obey

to Mr. Monroe. higher offices, but gives full scope to those their instructions ; yet we still indulge a hope

Mis Britannick Majesty's ship the Tonnant, vulgar passions and prejudices, which have that they will not be found instructed to drive us to

in the Patuxent River, i8th Aug.1814. tendency-and full scope to the wickedness extremities. We consider their hostile weap- SIR-Having been called upon by the Govof such characters, when they gain the ascen- ons arrayed by Mr. Madison against us ; we ernour-General of the Canadas to aid him in dant.

execrate his folly, but we must repel the carrying into effect measures of retaliation If we ever improve, it will be when, under blow, which threatens destruction. God grant,

against the inhabitants of the United States, the lash of bitter experience, we not only see, that while we have an arm to defend our un

for the wanton destruction committed by their but feel,-feel universally; the necessity of alienable rights, we may learn the value of army in Upper Canada, it has become imperiimprovement.

those which we have too tamely surrendered. ously my duty, conformably with the nature of In other countries, defective systems have Again we say, “ Free Trade and Sailors' the Governour-General's application, to issue been perfected by adversity. If the adversity rights,” that gross, insulting imposture, would to the naval force, under my command, an orbe not so severe as wholly to crush the spirit not have commanded the roll of a Drum, by der to destroy and lay waste such towns and of freedom, and reduce men to utter despon- state authority ; nor would " the Conquest of districts upon the coast, as may be found ag.. dency, there is reason to hope for such a Canada,” were it ever so practicable, have cal- sailable. result. led a single husbandman from his harvest.

I had hoped that this contest would have It is certainly not easy to see distinctly what Old Massachusetts rouses from her loved terminaled, without my being obliged to resort permanent good can grow out of our present tranquillity, because she is threatened. The to severities which are contrary to the usage calamities. A mere change of administration contest of our national rulers is foreign to us- of civilized warfare ; and' as it has been with will be but winding up the clock that it may we detest it and have more reason to do so

extreme reluctance and concern that I have run down again, and who does not sicken at now than ever. The government which plung. found myself compelled to adopt this system the thought of repeating the process. We ed us into these calamities cannot aid us—it is of devastation, I shall be equally gratified; if may safely say more we may be assured, if as weakas it is wicked—but we rather rejoice, the conduct of the Executive of the United our present trials do not better our political that we are not to be polluted by its touch; States will authorise my staying such proceedstate, they will make it worse. That misman- it is our pride to owe it nothing but a just re- ings, by making reparation to the suffering inagement, which has driven us to the very sentment for our innumerable wrongs. habitants of Upper Canada : thereby manifestverge of ruin, if not punished in an exemplary

ing, that, if the destructive measures pursued. manner, and guarded against by wise provi

The tone of democratick resolutions has

by their army were ever sanctioned, they sions, will but afford encouragement to the wonderfully changed. But a year or two since,

will no longer be permitted by the Gover.. profigate--become a precedent, and sub they teemed with expressions of confidence in ject us to perpetual tyranny. Hope, in the wisdom and energy of our rulers. Not a.

I have the herov to be, Sir, with me 29.1.

ment.

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