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let it pass.
AND OR GOVERNMENT.
Now no man in his senses can suppose Mr. consideration, your most obedient, humble as far from the truth as is possible. Every servant, (Signed)
politician, in Europe and America, knows it : Madison so inattentive to the conduct of his ALEŃ. COCHRANE, democrats as well as federalists, throughout servants, the invaders of Canada, as to be ig
Yet in the face
H. B. Majesty's ships and vessels upon this canting was to be expected ; it is one of of these well known facts, Mr. Munroe has
the hardihood to boast of the regularity and The Hon. JAMES MONROE, Secretary
humanity of our warfare, and to tell Admiral of State, &c. &c. Washington.
The government, it seems, were resolved to Cochrane, flat and plain, that his plea was
wage war on the most humane principles. The false, or, to quote his precise words, " utterly REMARKS
very first step is proof positive. The official groundless.' ON TAE CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN ADMIRAL COCINANE return to the war office, of the military in- The operations of the British certainly have
plements issued to the Northern Army, about been severe—they have been marked with a We have now the satisfaction of exhibiting to invade Canada, will shew that government character, of which we find no traces, in their the entire letter of Admiral Cochrane, com- prepared for them EIGHT
TOMA- long wars against Spain, France, or any Europletely proving the correctness of our sugges- Hawks !!
pean power. It is the same nation, that is now
War was declared, June 18th, 1812. In at war with us. tion, that Mr. Madison's Proclamation was a
Is the difference of conduct designed misrepresentation.“ We renewedly | July, General Hull entered Canada, and in the owing to a sudden and singular change in their entreat our readers to observe the mean, dis- name of the United States, made proclamation, character, or to circumstances of provocation, honourable, and dangerous hypocrisy of the which has never been disavowed, that " The which they had not before experienced ? This President. He extracted the threat, stripped first stroke of the tomabawk, the first attempt is worth our examination, for, in spite of Mr. of its connexion ; sent it abroad through the with the scalping knife, will be the signal for Madison's allegations, foreign nations will United States ; and suppressed an essential one indiscriminate scene of desolation. No judge of the English from their own experipart, until his Proclamation should have pro- white man found fighting by the side of an Induced an unfounded impression, and until Mr. dian, will be taken prisoner. Instant destruc
If nothing more interesting present, we shall Munrée could prepare a laboured commentary, tion will be his lot”!!! We defy Mr. Mun- continue these remarks in our next; for though to blind, if possible, the eyes and understand- roe to produce any thing like this in the an- we lament the sufferings with which our seaings of the American people. No person of nals of civilized society.
board is threatened, and pray that they may be common sagacity, we are confident, can "read To give the history of the war, within the speedily terminated, it is highly proper and this answer, without perceiving distinctly that, borders of Canada, is not in our power. It necessary that the American people should though addressed to Admiral Cochrane, it is a would require a volume. Invasion was be know, that British complaints are not sutterly document prepared rather for the citizens of gun by us, and it is of most consequence to
groundless." This we will however add-the the United States. Mr. Munroe could not cx- know what conduct was pursued in ihe carli. British commanders must know, that retalia. pect to deceive the Admiral, as to the history est stages ; for, as the National Intelligencer tion has its limits ; if they do not stop, when of facts ; we are too generally willing to be de- of May, 1813, correctly stated—“ Private prop- they have done justice to themselves, their ceived.
erty is respected in war, unless when reialia- cause assumes a new character. The letter of Admiral Cochrane is short
tion justifies destruction.” and perspicuous. The reader can easily pe- The Greensburgh Gazette of July 30th, GENERAL REGISTER. ruse it, and judge of its obvious import. The just after the war had commenced states : “ A amount is plainly and simply this :-" The ar- messenger to government from General Hull, BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 17, 1814. my of the United States in Upper Canada has reports, that a party of Americans took 300 committed outrages, unauthorized by the rules barrels of flour and 200 bushels of wheat, from
DOMESTICK. Of the reports, mentioned of war. I am about to retaliate ; but, l'egret- the English mills, up French river.” ting the necessity of this severity, I cannot A Chilicothe article of August 8th, states,
in our last, it is not true that 3,000 British had commence my operations without giving you, " on the authority of Capt. Sutton and Lieut.
landed at Gravelly point near Sackett's harbour.
It was not true that obstructions had been even now, an opportunity to prevent them. Van Horne, messengers from Gen. Hull to Disavow these outrages, that this system of Gov. Meigs, that our army, in addition to four placed in the river Potomack, to prevent the warfare may be arrested ; make restitution to and blankets, had taken 800 Merino sheep!” descent of me English squadron, at Alexandria.
On the 4th. Sept. Commodore Gordon, barsuffering individuals, and I will proceed no Were these government sheep, or Lord Selfarther.
ing with him, beside his naval force, about 16 kirk's ? The letter was sent, and the British began General Winder's official account, Nov, 27,
sail of loaded merchantmen, set sail down the to advance towards Washington. It received 1812, gays : « The whole Canada frontiers, 16
Potomack, with a good breeze. Captain Por
ter commanded an ill provided battery of 12 no answer until the 6th of the following month! miles distance, was laid waste and desolate.” during which time Washington and Alexan- In a report to General Smythe, very early guns: a little below Mount Vernon. Opposite dria were attacked; but yet, in neither of these in the war, it is stated, that "a number of sai.
to this, the Commodore rounded to, and in 50
minutes silenced the battery, all the guns but places, was the threat put in execution. Both lors went over to the Canada side, in the preswere in their power, and might, like some of ence of the whole army, and BURNT several
one being dismountesi, 12 men killed and 17 the towns in Canada, have been laid in houses, a store, and barn, and were employed the Alcet, as they passed, then fired a stern
wounded. The Sea-horse continued to cover ashes. The publick buildings were partially an hour and a half in catching hogs and fowls
chaser and proceeded with her convoy. Comdestroyed, in Washington ; property, to the and killing them, and other plunder." amount of one hundred thousand dollars' “ A gentleman from the frontier,” says the
modore Perry commanded another fort, a few worth, taken from Alexandria, and both the Editor of the Centinel, May 15, 1813, « has in- miles below, but to no effect. The squadron army and naval force voluntarily withdrew. formed us that he saw, in the taverns, for ma
passed them all, with no essential injury. So
much for our new general Munroe's efficient We shall now take some notice of Mr. Mun
ny miles, articles of furniture which had been roe's reply. As it is published entire in our plundered and sold.''
preparations. We have taken up but three Newspapers, and Patuxent fieet, excepting two or three
Bal imore. On the 5th and 6th the Potomack newspapers, and is too long for our limits, we shall extract the passages, that appear most to
and such are the facts that iinmediately pre vessels, stood down the bay, to Smith's point, deserve attention.
sent themselves. Judge from these, what a
where they anchored. On the 8th, they were It is seen, with the greatest surprise, that facts came before the publick, from Americans, joined by 13 sail from below, when the fleet
were discovered entering the mouth of Petapcontrary to the usages of civilized warfare, is exhibited to the Canadians. practised by the British forces, so manifestly and principally from those friendly to the admin again made sail up the bay. On the 11th they
We have taken
sco river, the name of that arm of the bay, placed by you on the ground of retaliation. these is more specimens of our humane mode
which extends up to Baltimore. Thal vity is «No sooner were the United States compelled of commencing the war in Canada, never disa undoubtedly the next point of attack. A les. (to resort to war against Great-Britain, than
ter from Baltimore, dated Sunday afternoon, they resolved to wage it in a manner the most
avowed, and occurring before the British be6 consonant to the principles of humanity, and gan their ravages on the Atlantick coast, and says, “ Sixty one sail in sight-The Bricisi
are landing at North point, and the alarm guns ' to those friendly relations, which it was de- long before our army burnt Newark—before the famous conflagration of ships, buildings, and ed in 12 hours. All is confusion." We learn
are fired. The fate of the city will be decidsirable to preserve between the two nations, 6 after the restoration of peace.”
property at York, or, as the Canadians allege, that letters received in this town, yesterday,
is the atrocities committed at Queenstown; say, a part of the Baltimore force had descendwere compelled to resort to war, is a position Dover, St.David's, Long Point, and Chippewa.” | fd on the banks of the Petapsco, and were
within two miles of the spot where the British are, in their tendency, exceptionable, if not read | in some, and perhaps raise a conscious blush,
1 had commenced landing.
with caution. We regret that our correspon- | in a few, were it known, that the secrets of Still later. A New-York paper of Thursday dent's style is not as chaste, as his sentiments their hoarts could be so well understood, by last was received last night, which states that are correct. Strange that the pomp of words, only minutely observing their manner of walkthe British had been met on the road to Balti-to many writers, possesses such a charm. ing, or wearing their clothes. I shall only more, and REPULSED, their loss unknown, but
say, that I have seen many a gloomy heart supposed to amount to 2500 killed and wound.
THE WRITER, No. XLY. covered by a gay breast-knot and blooming ed, and hopes were entertained that the rest
When I belonged to the corps of observa- under a very modest tucker.
flowers, and detected some roguish desires could not re-imbark. The ships that attacked Fort Henry had been silenced and sheered off. tion, and performed duty regularly on Corn
Mankind have always a disposition to pry Plattsburg. On Tuesday, the 6th. a division hill, it was the practice of our detachment, as with all men in actual service, to pay a vigi- leads them almost equally to a desire of know
into futurity, and the same sort of curiosity of the English approached Plattsburg, in the woods; were met by the regulars and militia,and lant regard to parties marching near our ren
lant regard to parties marching near our ren- ing the secrets and the thoughts of the heart" repulsed. Another division approaching by the dezvous, and make our salutes according to beach, Commodore McDonough opened a fire
the rank and merit of whoever passed in review
ry difficult to determine what effect such upon them, from his row gallics, which drove them back with loss. The enemy took pos. it was easy for any one, acquainted with our
but if my system should prevail, and I see no session of the village north of the river Sara. signals, to know if she had ten or twenty
as nac, which runs through Plattsburg, where thousand, or whether she was pretty, handsome, others) and finally be exalted into a practica
or irresistible, by our manner of bowing, to science, it would undoubtedly produce a new they encamped, in sight of our batteries. To deprive them of shelter, our troops fired hot her; although they might have known nothing era in human life, and place my name at once shot into the village, and the court-bouse, jail , of her before. It was also common for us to
among the Seers. and several other buildings were set on fire. communicate, by this kind of dumb shew, a ya
There is, in one of the papers of the British It is said Gen. Macomb has acknowledged character and condition of the fair passengers of a coquette, but as this knowledge was obtain: It is said Gen. Macomb has acknowledged riety of other circumstances, relating to the Spectator, a curious description of the heart he cannot defend himself
more than three days. subject to our observation ; as, whether she ed from the tedious and uncommon process of Some reports say the Vermont militia are
was pledged, as our term was, or, still wore dissection, we can have very few opportunities
the “ Toga candida”; whether maid or widow, of knowing the properties of this little world collecting rapidly, and in great numbers ; oth
a miss in her minority, or a lady whose per- of wonders, or to expose its failings. But I ers, that they advance slowly. On the 11th, at half past eight in the morn
son and fortune were at her own disposal. have the charity, I have the great pleasure, to ing, a bloody engagement took place between
Even their business was generally known believe, that neither such cxperiments, nor Commodore McDonough's feet and that of the among us, and so accurate were our observa- the fear of being subjected to the most critical enemy, in which the former were victorious. tions on the ladies in this particular, that we
researches of a human eye, are necessary, in No precise accounts are received ;-report could determine whether they were really order to discountenance vice and folly, or to states, that the English Commodore was killed spending money in the shops, or only spending promote virtuous feelings, in the hearts of my the first shot ; that every British vessel was time ; if they were in search of new goods, or
fair countrywomen ; I am persuaded that they captured except three gallies ; that four of the only hunting for a pair of old gloves or a par- love virtue for her own sake, and that, in their largest are in our possession that the loss
asol, which they had designedly left, for a pre- lives and conduct, the purity of their motives on board the British ship was 106 men killed
tence 10 shew themselves along these walks has no reference but to that all-seeing eye that the Growler had but 5 men alive, when a second time.
which no art can deceive, and which nothing
These observations were general amongst us, but innocence and virtue can ever aspire to she was taken—that Commodore Macdonnough had escaped without injury, though ev. but, as it regarded myself, being an odd sort of
please. ery officer on board his ship was killed or
a fellow, I believe I indulged fancies and wounded, and 60 men killed. Possibly some speculations, different, and deeper than the
LETTER TO LORD BYRON. of these particulars are incorrect ; but we
rest of my companions. The mere externals, have no doubt that Commodore McDonough,
or the transient and temporary concerns of
My LORD-You leave too much to be supwho is a young man of sterling merit, has gained a complete victory,and a high reputation.
alone sufficient to occupy all my thoughts plied by imagination ; and, even if all deficien. It is added that at the moment of the attack,
and attention, but I presumed to glance into cies were supplied by a man of principle, we which was made by the British upon our
their minds, and reconnoitre the character, are apprehensive they would no more harmo. fleet at anchor, a part of their army crossed disposition, and secret propensities of every nize with your groundwork, than noon with the Saranac, and drove the New-York militia, individual upon which this attention was fixed. midnight. You embody no glimpses of youththree miles, but the Vermont militia then comHaving been early acquainted with Lavater's ful loves, glimpses that emulate the pure lus
tre of prismatick light; and had you so unfoling up, the British in their turn were coinpel- system of Physiognomy, and made some conled to retreat, with great loss.
siderable progress in the study of this science, ded them, as to have interested us in regard Maine. What further operations the eneI had often amused myself in forming an
to the fortunes of this ill-mated pair, the web my intend, in the district of Maine, or wheth- opinion of a character, from the shape of an of your fable, we fear, would have been even er any, is yet uncertain. A letter of last Moneyebrow, or some peculiarity in the lobes of more improbable : we might have justifiably
deinanded-Coull an individual, on whom day evening from Wiscasset,states that a large far, as at last to be able to give a very good the smiles and blessings of Heaven were beamforce is off that place ; and another that 30 sail were off the mouth of Sheepscut river, on
account of a person's temper and dispositioning and showering in richness ; one, who which Wiscasset is situated. merely from observing their air and gait, or
could taste and appreciate the ineffable sweetHere, all classes are taking an active part,
even their manner of dressing Des jupes ness of domestick affection ; one, who was ca. in providing against danger. "Excellent corps long, and a long trailing gown, I considered pable of centering the bliss of the universe in of militia are daily arriving, and bring with
to denote what the French call une Salope, and a lovely and dearly beloved object; could such them a spirit, which, united with our own exer
upon a farther acquaintance, I always found a character pursue, with self-rewarding satistions, we trust will preserve the Capital.
my opinion correct. A bonnet turned smart- faction, the soul-debasing life of a plunderer ? ly up before, so as to forin an obtuse angle We think it utterly impossible. Your Lord
with the forehead, betrayed a disposition for ship seems to have thought otherwise, and we LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. romping ; and a shawl thrown carelessly over
esteem it a powerful presumptive arguinent, The deplorable state of our country, and
one shoulder, a cold heart and lack of sensi-that you attribute softness of soul and milkis the melancholy events which are crowding ble distance, by the dirt of his cane, and have the melancholy events which are crowding bility: I could also tell a top at a considera- ness of humanity altogether gratuitously. You
are ambitious, my Lord, of being original; but upon every part of the community, leave us little leisure, at this moment, to attend to the
seldom been mistaken in rating a man's good such inconsistencies form a species of crigiliterary part of this paper. We hope more
sense and abilities, inversely as the number of nality, of which few will envy your Lordship his cravats.
the possession. cranquil hours await us ; in the mean ume, we thank those who give us any assistance, and
It would carry me far beyond the limits of my Upon the lineaments of the Corsair we
therefore brand indelibly the “ INCREDULUS shall be happy to receive the communications paper 10 describe the half of my system, or of those who can pause to write. give but a small portion of the various traits
opi' of your friend Horace... We revolt at beWe bave inseried the letter to Lord Byron, and cireumstances about persons, by which lieving that he was peculiarly formed for softbecause we think, with the writer, that the I could form so accurate a judgment of ness, pure as the dew upon the leaves of the productions of this elegant and popular poet' them; and it might occasion great uneasiness | Tree of Life, and whose early conformation
FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
was masured by the rosy atmosphere of Para-, ber that sin enters—to employ the language | And hark !—the green wave with a sullen sound, dise : we rather entertain the sentiment, that of a beloved friend and distinguished advocate, Receives him on its breast, he bore a family resemblance to a gentleman, now receiving his reward in the bosom of his The circling rocks re-echo round, of a cast of character somewhat different, who Father and his God that “ sin enters, not by And he sinks down to rest. in an evil hour disclosed his blasting visage in breach or escalade, but by cunning or treache. How vast, how dread the fall from heav'nly virtue pure the Garden of God.--A spirit, thus matured, ry. It presents itself, not as sin, but as inno- To where unmanly vice and joyless pleasures lure ! however injured and disappointed, we imagine, cence, when watchfulness is hushed to sleep, could never become so warped to evil, so rad- or the eye of reason diverted. Vice gains its And thou, false woman, thou shalt still ically transformed, as to delight in carnage and power by insinuation. It winds gently round Feel Conscience' scorpion sting, horrour. It will be wisdom in your Lordship, the soul, without being felt, till its twines be- O'er thy lone path, ils veil of wretchedness and ill, speedily to wipe away the aspersions, you have come so numerous, that the sinner, like the Affliction dark shall fling. so liberally cast upon human nature.
wretched Laocoon, writhes in vain to extricate when cast from each succeeding haunt, Notwithstanding these unjustifiable and de- himself, and his faculties are crushed, at
Of misery and shame, famatory insinuations, which make some insen- length, in the folds of the serpent."* sible and others indifferent to what is really Admonition is equally ungrateful to the giv- Who then will cheer thy life of woc and want, meritorious and admirable, you compel us to er, as unwelcome to the receiver. By unfold
Or thy sad steps reclaim ? weep at sufferings a thousand-fold deserved, ing before your Lordship a brief retrospect of and which the sufferer himself had inflicted your misdeeds and misadventures, we may upon thousands. It is treating us unfairly. have involuntarily awakened your impatience To excruciate our sensibilities in favour of a and resentment ; but had we not anticipated
TO CLdesperado, is a wanton and impolitick misuse from the attempt some rays of advantage, howof power. With the pathos of the concluding ever feeble and unpromising, we should have
TAERE is a grief that shuns the light, stanzas we were agonized ; never more so wept that you were wholly given to idols, and
And shows not to a vulgar heart ; not even with the heart-rending, convulsive have silently abandoned you in despair. There
Though smiles around the face may play, tenderness of The Orphan, Isabella, The is yet room for reformation, and we cherish Yet inly rankling lies the dart. Gamester, or the Shipwreck of Falconer. It enlarged hopes of your Lordship’s reforming.
So stricken by some hunter's arrow, was impossible to advance : even your ma. We would likewise hope, that, like the Amrauder's
The wounded deer retires to die ;-
Unheard his last breath spent in anguish,
Unseen the hot tear in his eye. was overwhelming.
E. Forgive, my Lord, the unreservedness of These things we mention as a candid and these intimations, and believe us to be, what liberal acknowledgment of your powers. Your
we truly are, two of your Lordship's sincerest FROM A LATE ENGLISH PUBLICATION Lordship's details, more particularly the deep friends,
CHRISTIANITY, workings of passion, are often masterly, and
Which has not appeared in this country.
CRITICISM. some of your minutiæ of illustration and de
« Among the miscellaneous poems is « the scription are inimitably accurate and impres- * See Rev, J. S. Buckminster's admirable sermon Curate's petition to the Chancellor”; and it is sive ; we want your Lordship's force and exuon Habit.
urged with such earnestness, that we should not berance of diction to convey the warmth of
be surprized to hear that H. H. hiniself was a our admiration ; but we lament your choosing
POETRY. to dwell--even with fond delay--upon the un
poor curate ; yet we should be sorry to have
our conjeciure verified, for surely so uncerefavourable and unlovelier features of human
monious an application to the giver of livings kind.
is not likely to gain a living. The curate "The power of thought, the magick of the mind,' WRITTEN AFTER READING GEORGE BARN. threatens his Lordship that he will turn cobanimate whatever your Lordship touches ;
ler, unless he be comfortably beneficed : your images live, breathe, and move ; still, See you not yon mountain high
HEAR, generous Lawyer, hear my prayer ! with whatever perfection of skill you may bave Proudly rising in the sky ?
Nor let my freedom make you stare, finished your subordinate parts, we occasion- How far it rears its clifted head
In hailing you “ Jack Scott !" ally detect, in your general outline, a remarka
Above the Ocean's rocky bed !
Tho' now upon the wool-sack plac'd, ble deviation from nature, an unprofitable and Hoar you not the surges roar, undelightful violation of probability, which all
With wealth, with power, with title grac'd ; Foaming round the shelving shore !
Once nearer was our lot! the illusions of your Lordship's mighty magick
Should one fall thence-dash'd by the fatal blow,
Say, by what name, the hapless bard
May best attract your kind regard, allowed to possess--and who more warmly His life is up, his voyage is done,
Plain Jack, Sir John, or Eldon ; than ourselves pay homage to their suprema
Adieu earth, seas, the skies, and sun !
To give, from your vast power of giving, cy!the fuller of venom, the greater moral His corse shall be hid by the loud dashing wave,
A hungry priest some "little living ;" anomalies, your performances must be esteem. And the white foam forever shall cover his grave.
Arid make the world say—“ Well done !" ed. If your genius resemble a column of fire,
This wouldst thou see ?-approach and view, cmerging from mid-ocean, and flaming through
In vain, without a patron's aid, the clouds that cluster round the circumfer
See you not yon witching maid,
I've pray'd and preach'd, and preached and pray'd; ence,--suffer it no longer, we entreat you, to With flowing locks and eyes of blue ?
Applauded, but ill fed ! shed a disastrous effulgence, denouncing woe
The smile how sweet, as o'er her cheek it play'd !
Such vain eclât let others share ; to the inhabitants of earth : like the sun, it was
How soft her eye beams on that youth !
Alas! I cannot feed on air ; granted you to diffuse the secret influences of Can she be aught, but heav'nly truth
I ask not praise, but bread! light and warmth and life....to call forth the im- Ah no--beneath that beauty's charms, lurks matchless perishable verdure of the soul. Are you con- guile,
For me, unless hard fate's obduracy, scious, my Lord, under what infinite obligation Delusion in her eye, and cunning in her smile.
Relenting, grant me some “rich curacy,” you might lay mankind, by illuminating the
No more my gown I'll use ; purities, the social refinements, the love- Oh youth-fond youth, beware,
The cure of human souls resigning ; Jy charities, the sublime comforts, the un- Oh see behind you, where
Prebends, for cobler's stali, declining, speakable delights of christianity ! This The precipice abrupt, and clifted steep,
I'll mend the soles of shoes ! would be a worthy and anobling ambition. So high o'erlook the troubl’d deep. But alas, these rich and flavorous fruits are Destruction and impending fate
Yet scarcely “nine dark lustres” past, not the growth of infidelity and vice. Amid Thy backward steps await,
'T were hard to see me at my “last," your mad and hurrying career, pause for a mo
An awful warning giving Oh stay-before it is too late. ment, and tremble for the evil you are pro
Such dire reverse, good Lord ! forbid it ; ducing. Remember that man is an imitative Ah no! entranc'd by beauty rare,
Aid me, and let me say, “ You did it ;" being, and that the dissemination of your And heedless of his doom,
On whom depends my “living !" Lordship's imposing principles may prove to At one false step, he sinks to where
Kokk***aichiestefek * ticketea *****
种种的 millions the first step to perdition ! Remem- Sits Death enthron'd in gloom.
BOSTON : PRINTED AND PUBLISUED FOR JOUX PARS
YOR TAE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.
BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1814.
TIE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
The opinion we entertain of the merits of ration of damages. For were the nation obli-
present, it is not necessary to decide which would not fully obtain what is its due, or what Our object in publishing this paper is, as side is the most just. We wish the citizens belongs to it. 2. It has a right of weakening far as we are able, to be useful. On former of the United States to know, and to contem- the enemy, for disabling him from supporting occasions, before our country was involved in plate seriously, what our President's declara- an unjust violence. The right to take from war, we endeavoured to shew, with impartiali- tion of war bas exposed us to suffer, without him all means of resistance. On certain octy, what were the rights of belligerents, as our having any right to complain of dishonour casions, the right of punishing him produces they respected neutrals, and what were the able, cruel, or unauthorized treatment. We new rights over the things which belong to limits of those rights. The state of publick believe it will give some, at least, new concep- him, as it also gives over
his person." opinion likewise required that much should be tions, as to what war is.
“ A nation seizes on what belongs to the said, not only of the rights of neutrals, but of “ When the head of a state or sovereign enemy, his towns, and provinces, for bringing their obligations towards belligerents.
declares war against another sovereign, it im- him to reasonable conditions, for constraining Circumstances have materially changed; we plies that the whole nation declares war against him to accept of an equitable and solid peace. are now at war, and it requires but half an the other, as the sovereign represents the na- Thus, much more is taken from him than he hour's attention to the conversation passing in tion, and acts for the whole society. And the owes, more than is claimed of him : but this almost any circle, to find that a people, long nations are concerned with each other respec- with a design of restoring the surplus by a accustomed to prosperity and peace, are but, tively, only, as bodies, in their quality as na- treaty of pes.ce." partially acquainted with either the latitude or tions. Thus these two nations are enemies, “ All the towns and lands taken from the limits of the rights of war. As the character, and all the subjects, of the one are enemies to enemy are called conquests, all moveable and probably the duration of this distressing all the subjects of the other inclusively. things constitute the booty. This booty natcontest may very much depend, not only on Herein custom agrees with the principles. urally belongs to the sovereign making war, the first causes or pretexts, but on the manner « Enemies continue such, wherever they hap- no less than the conquests ; for he alone bas in which it is conducted, it is certainly of im- pen to be. The place of abode is of no ac- such clainıs against the enemy as warran! portance to know what we have and have not count here. It is the political ties which de- him to seize on his goods and appropriate a right to do as enemies, and when we have or termine the quality. Whilst a man remains a them to bin self." have not a righi to complain of the treatment citizen of his own country, he remains the ene- “ Instead of the pillage of the country and we receive from those, against whom we have my of all those with whom his nation is at defenceless places, a custom has been substidrawn the sword.
war ; but we are not to conclude from this, tuted more humane and more advantageous to Instead therefore of advancing doctrines, shat these enemies may treat each other as the sovereign making war. I mean that of which we could not pretend to lay down “ such, wherever they happen to ineet ; every Contributiuns. Whoever carries on a just one having authority," or using our own dic- one being master in his respective country, a war has a risht of making the enemy's countion for conveying the established principles a neutral prince will not allow them to use any try contribuie o the support of the army, and celebrated jurists, merely for the sake of ap- violence in his territories." Vaitel, B. iii. ch. v. towards detraying ait sie ciniges of so war. pearing to fill our columns with original mat- « But the very manner, by which the right Thus he obtains a part of what is due to him, ier, we have thougfit best to select and insert, of killing enemies is proved, points out also and the subjects of the enemy, on submitting verbatim, such passages from treatises on the the limits of this right. On an enemy's sub- to this imposition, are secured from pillage, laws of war, as particularly apply to circum- mitting and delivering up his arms, we cannot and the country is preserved. But a general, stances that have actually occurred, or which with justice take away bis life. . Thus in a who would not sully his reputation, is to modmay be expected. To several of our readers, battle, quarter is to be given to those who lay era:e his contributions, and proportion them to these authorities will be familiar ; but much down their arms, and at a siege, a garrison those on whom they are imposed. An excess the largest proportion have not the books and offering to capitulate are never to be refused in this point is not without the reproach of cannot readily see them.
their lives. The humaniry with which most cruelty and inhumanity : if it shows less feThe consequences of war,when waged against nations in Europe carry on' wars at present, rocity than ravage and destruction, it glares a powerful eneiny, are tremendous, even when cannot be too much commended; if sometimes with avarice."
ibid. that enemy confines himself most rigidly to in the heat of action the soldier refuses to “ If for weakening an unjust enemy, or for the cxercise of his unquestionable rights, as give quarter, it is always contrary to the in- punishing him, it be lawful to carry off bis such. Instead of indulging in querulous re- clination of the officers, who eagerly interpose goods, the same reasons justify destroying marks on incidents which we had every rea- for saving the lives of such enemics as have what cannot conveniently be carried off. Thus son to expect, it is better for us to consider laid den their arms." Valtel, B.ïïi. ch. viii. a country is ravaged, the provisions or forage seriously, whai our government have made it “ Formerly, every one capable of carrying destroyed, that the enemy n:ay not find a subright and justifiable in the British to do 10- arms became a soldier, when his nation was at sistence there. When his ships cannot be wards us, by our declaring ourselves their ero- war, and especially when attacked. At pres-taken or brought off, endeavour's are used te emies ; and how far the conduct of our gov- ent, war is carried on by regular troops ; the sink them ; all this tends to put an end to the eriment and its servants, after commencing people, tbe peasants, the inhabitants of towns war. But these means are to be used only hostilities, has exposed us to evils, greater and villages do not concern themselves in it, with moderation, and according to the cxigenthan are usually experienced, in niodern, civ- and generally have nothing to fear from the су. To tear up vines, or cut down fruit trees, ilized warfare. We presume every correct enemy's arms. If the inhabitants submit to is accounted illegal and savage, except to fiun. man will deem it of importance, above all in him who is master of the country, pay the con- ish some crime committed by the enemy against 2 republican government, that the people tributions imposed, and refrain from all hos- the laws of war." should know when their censures ought to fall tilities, they live as safe as if they were friends ; “ For whatever cause a country be raraged, on their own rulers, and when on the enemy. they even continue in possession of what be- he ought to spare those evilices which do bon
The reader will observe, that in judging longs to them. The country people come our to human society, and do not contribute to how some of these principles apply, we must freely to the camp to sell their provisions, and the enemy's power ; such as iemiples, tombs, not only acquaint ourselves correctly with facts, care is taken thai they shall feel the calami-publick buildings, and all works of a reniarkaLut remark aitentively the order of events; ties of war as little as possible." ibid. Ele beauty. But it is warranted by the laws for, in deviations from the customary rules of “ A state taking arms in a just cause has a of war, when an army has no viher res humane and civilized warfare, the aggressor is double right against its cnemy. 1. A right of source for reducing a place on which may deculpable, the retaliator is to be justified. If putting itself in possession of what belongs to pend the success of the war, or when i greuta we judge of every act from its own charac-it, and which the enemy withholds ; and to ly annoys us. It is also sometimes practicei, ter alone, we shail be led to very untenable this must be added the expenses incurred to when there is no other expedient of fores? ** conclusions.
tbis end, the charges of the war, and the repa-l enemy to make war wie luna i IT pude
ishing him for some other 'illegal outrage.” | nation will be directed against them. Instead on cach side of the way in the woods, with the -ibid. B. iii. ch. ix.
of this, correct men will probably find that artillery in the road, a battle was continued for “ The conqueror has a right to seize on all those who are called ruthless invaders, incen- about an hour, in which it appears that the the moperty of the enemy that comes within diaries, barbarous foes, &c. are but availing loss of the British was much the most severe. his power : it matters not whether it be im- themselves of rights, which Mr. Madison, and The enemy being vastly superior in number, moveable or moveable. These seizures may the advocates of war have given thein, by forc- then attempted to outflank our army ; to prebe made, Ist-in order to obtain what he de- / ing them to become our enemies.
vent which, General Stricker ordered a remands as his due, or an equivalent ; 2ndly, to
treat, which was effected in good order, until defray the expenses of the war ; 3rdly, to
We have considered Admiral Cochrane's
our troops were secured by the fortifications of force the enemy to an equitable peace ; 4thly, letter with attention, and feel persuaded, that
the city. The enemy advanced slowly and to deter him, or by reducing his strength, hinder him, from repeating in future, the inju. that ten lines from Mr. Madison, and such whoever will do the same, will be convinced, cautiously the next day to within two miles of
our entrenchments, but withdrew on Tuesday ries which have beco the cause of the war. And with this last object in view, a power at lines as instead of degrading him, would have evening, without making any other attempt
, done him honour, might have saved this coun
and the next morning enbarked on board their war has a right to destroy the property and
vessels, which immediately left the Petapsco. try from the apprehension and danger of an possessions of the enemy, for the express purattack on our cities. The Admiral seems
During the battle on shore, some of the pose of doing him mischief. However the modern laws of war do not
both to have wished and expected this, or what lighter vessels of the enemy sailed up the rivcould be his motive in making his proposition ?
er, and bombarded fort M•Henry for twenty permit the destruction of any thing, except, If the United States' troops in Canada violated
bours, but with little effect, only six men be1-such things as the enemy cannot be de
ing killed. the customary rules of war, and were the agprived of by any other means than those of
In the engagement below the city, our loss destruction, and which it is at the same time gressors, in justice to its own character our
is stated at bleven killed and twenty-eight necessary to deprive him of; 2. such things dividuals, voluntarily. If there could have government ought to indemnify suffering in
wounded ; that of the enemy as much more as,after being taken, cannot be kept, and which
considerable, though the precise number has been any question on this point, there can be might, if not destroyed, strengthen the ene
not been ascertained. Report says their comno doubt, but a civil answer, instead of his
mander in chief, General Ross, is among the without injury to the military operations. To insulting proclamation ; a decent proposal to
slain. ascertain the whole train of facts and abide by all these we may add, -4. WHATEVER IS DESthe result ; with a positive assurance that a
On the 17th, all apprehensions of another TROYED BY WAY OF RETALIATion.” Martens,
attack at present had subsided, as all the Britmutual stipulation, for the future, to adhere Book viii. ch. iii. Sect. 9.
ish vessels, except five, had left the Petapsco rigidly to the mildest system of modern war. “The victorious sovereign claims dominion
and gone down the bay. over the provinces and countries conquered by fare, would have been acceptable and respect—I
Plattsburg. On the 11th Sept. the same his arms. He appropriates to himself the national domains, and all the property belonging ish admiral would have relinquished his condi- day on which Commodore Macdonnough cap
tured the British fleet, the enemy, in posses: to the dispossessed sovereign ; and particular- But as long as Mr. Madison is out of guna rics upon our fortifications,
and continued can
sion of part of Plattsburg, opened their battely all the fortresses, ships of war, arms, and
shot reach himself, he cares not how much his all other implements of war.
The rest of the moveable property, taken from the vanquished country suffers. Indeed to us it is clear, he nonading, bombarding, and Gring rockets, until
prefers a war of fury, for it is his best chance. sunset, when they were completely silenced, soldiers, is commonly given up as booty to the His administration had completely run down
and in the morning of the 12th, says General army, or the corps employed on the expedi- the navy is reduced, and can no longer get to
Macomb's official despatch “ the British army, tion. With respect to the immoveable property of the government have not money to support amounting in all to 14,000 men, after investing sea-his regular army is dwindling to a name ; consisting of four brigades, a corps of artillery
a squadron of horse and a strong light corps, the enemy's subjects, and the mortable property of those of them who have not taken up
either navy or army, and cannot get it. Had
the British therefore confined themselves to this place, on the north of Şaranac river, since arms in the war, though the conqueror has a the defence of Canada, and to stopping all our
the 5th inst. broke up their camp and raised right, strictly speaking, to appropriate the means of revenue, from commerce, Mr. Madi
the siege, retreating precipitately and leaving whole of it to himself, yet, according to the
Our loss was modern practice, it is left to the proprietors, have prescribed any terms that this country trifling, having but one officer and fifteen men
son was at the end of his race! They might their sick and wounded behind. and a contribution is exacted in its stead. This contribution once paid, whether in mo
could have received, and the government could I killed, and one officer and thirty men wounded." have done nothing, but acquiesce. Mr. Madi.
This retreat is undoubtedly owing to the loss ney, produce, or service, the invaders ought son's last and only resource therefore, is in
of their feet, without the aid of which, Gento pay for all they afterwards receive from the bringing the war to such a state, as that the
eral Prcrost could not expect to carry his opconquered subjects ; except it be for such people must use their own means, and be com
erations farther south. services as every sovereign has a right to re
pelled to defend themselves.
Fort Erie. Accounts from the Niagara .quire from his subjects.
frontier to the 14th, state that General Brown Extraordinary cases, when places are given doubtedly anticipates, that, eventually, we may pensive and distressing this may be, he un
had resumed his command-that the inililia up to pillage, which is sometimes done to punwaste away the forces of the enemy. and then
were crossing the river to join him, in great ish those who are found in them, and somehe and his partizans will pronounce the coun
numbers-that the enemy were deficient in times by way of retaliation, form an exception try saved by them! If Congress do not perhere.
Congress do 1.ot per- tents, and suffering from the rains ; but that In maritime wars the private property of
ceive and fustrate this infernal plot, such exis- they had received considerable reinforcements. the enemy's subjects is never spared. In or
tence as we may promise ourselves, from be- Sacket's Harbour. General Izard and suite
ing the dupes of the Madisonian cabal, will arrived there on the 12th, and the main body der to encourage privateering, those concern
never be worth the exertions we are making of his army were near. ed in it are allowed to hold all the merchant
Fifty row boats, vessels and merchandise they take from the
mounting one long gun, and capable of carry. enemy, or his subjects, without any reserve GENERAL REGISTER.
ing 150 men each, were ready for an expediwhatever with respect to the redemption of
tion, supposed to be contemplated against them by the proprietor." ibid. Sect. 10. | BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 24, 1814. ed their large ship, at Kingston.
Kingston. The British are said to have launchSuch are some of the most prominent rights
Along the south shore of this state the eneand rules of war. By adverting to these, our DOMESTICK. Baltimore. Early on Mon- my's cruisers are levying contributions from readers will be able to judge both of llie con- day morning, the 12th instant, the British the inhabitants of the principal towns, for the duct of our own army and the enemy. An landed a force, estimated at between 4 and security of their vessels and salt works. At attention to these principles cannot tend to di- 5,000 men, at North point, about 12 miles be- Truro, they demanded 2000 dollars, but reduminish the publick disposition to adopt meas- low the city of Baltimore. A brigade of mili- ced the sum to 1200 ; at Brewster 4000 ; af ures of defence, but will rather shew the ne- tia, commanded by Gen. Stricker, had pre-Wellfeet 3000, and a sum, not mentioned, from cessity of preparing for distressing events, viously advanced to within three miles of the Orleans. which, since we are at war, may justly be ex- spot, and early in the day, a small detachment Several barges from the Leander and Spenpected. Our rulers undoubtedly calculate that was sent down to reconnoitre, and bring the cer have landed at different times, this week, the American people will impute every thing enemy to an engagement. They were attacked near Cape Ann, and in Manchester, but were of a hostile nature to outrage and ferocity on and retreated, so that the action soon became driven off, without their haying done any in: the part of the British, and that publick indigo general. Bodies of our troops being posted jury of consequence.