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fur, to go back : his brother parson came : what she had saved before, made Mr. White Jerry and my lady's woman were married in easy in his circumstances; but lie never loved presence of the Protector, who gave her five | his wife, nor she him, though they lived after. huudred pounds for her portion, which, with wards together pear fifty years.




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ONE of its brightest ornaments has been | as long as the Royal Family continned to fre-
lost to the sex by the death of this lady, who il quent the Theatres.
contributed so much to establish the claim of Her high success tèmpted forward her facile
woman to high mental rauk; in departments | pen, and, in the course of a few years, The
tvo, iu which it has been supposed most dilli Runaway, The Belle's Stratagem, Which is the
cult to attain it-the drama and poetry. dan? The Fate of Sparta, &c. &c. tragedy,

She was born in 17:3,"at Tiverton, Devon, i comedy, and in one instance, a farce, Who's
where her father, Mr. Parklouse, who partook the Dupe ? were added to the public stock of
of the enthusiasın which existed in his youth, il entertainment and literature. Her favourite
in favour of the wits and poets, and of litera- idea of female character in her plays, is a com-
ture in grueral, cultivated her rising mind; bination of the greatest vivacity of manners,
his education and mental powers well qualified with the purest innocence of conduct.
him for the task. In her dedication to him A peculiarity strikes the reader after some
of The Maid of Arragon, she says :-

acquaintance with her style. It is the extreme “ You gave my youthful fancy wings to soar,

precision with which she uses her words, in “ From your iudulgence flows my wild-wote only their mere direct meaning; she seems Rong.”

uvable to wander from the root of a word,

This becomes even a fault; she has no circumIt was his favourite boast that her letters 'spective view of the bye, figurative, indirect, would have obtained insertion in the Spectator.

or perverted sense in which the word bas Mrs Cowley was married in January 1771. come to be used. Sometimes ber language, Her husband, Captain Cowley, of the Hon. therefore, has the character of pot conveying East India Company's service, died about ten ber meaning. This springs from a fonduess years ago. Her mind reverting to her vative she had in early life for etymology, as she could place, having always wished to close her days discover it in dictionaries, &c. which attacha amidst its rural beauties, and amongst her ment will frequently be mischievous, except early friends, she lately retired thither, and there bas been an education more generally died there on the nith of last March, aged classical than is bestowed on a lady. sixty six.

May not this error be frequently discovered Neither before or after her first composing for in the works of female authors! Where it is the drama, was Mrs. Cowley attached to thea not so, it has probably been because their trical entertainment. The sums gained about works have been submitted to the correction the time she commenced, large enough to in- of a man of the world. duce almost any one to make attempts, allured Latterly, tired of the drama, and of continue her, who was conscious of her powers; yeting any longer to pourtray the manners of so little anxious was she for entering on her the various scenes of life, sometimes for the career, of even profitable fame (though then || sake of variety, necessarily low-bred and vulthe celebrity of successfal dramatic composi- | gar, and having taken a distaste to framing tion was thought almost superior to any otber), the language necessarily appropriate to such that it was not until twelve months after she characters, Mrs. Cowley transferred ber per had sent, anonymously, to Gurrick her first || to poetry. Genius is not confined to a single play, that she caused inquiry to be made region, like a were knack of writing the resalt whether it bad beeu accepted. It was the of continued labour in a particular direction. last play Garrick produced before he resigned Her larger poems were, The Maid of Arragon, clic management.

The Scottish Village, and Siege of Acre. There The Belle's Stratagem alone, eventually pro is a beautiful poem of her's, called Editha, duced twelve bundred guineas. It was dedi-| given to the Editor of, and buried in a County catei, by permission, to the Queen, before History. From it we extract the following whum it was performed once in svery season || eulogy on marriage, written instantly.ca

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reading the Frencla decree, in an early period of the editors, under a fictitious name as a wo. the Revolution, making marriage no longer an

man, write answers to one to whom she was ecclesiastical riie, but a mere legal engagement unknown, whom she knew not, ar ever exbefore a Justice of the Peace, and enabling pected to hear the name of. When collections either party to obtain a divorce arbitrarily, were published, in wbich some of her poerne without the consent of the other :

were, she used to annuse herself with laughing “O marriage! powerful charm, gift all at the critical gravity with which the strucdivine,

[shine; ture of incre“ newspaper poetry" was rea Sent from the skies, o'er life's sad waste to viewed. Poems by which their date frequeutly “What splendours from the bright tiara spring, shewed that they were written within twenty“ Wbat graces to thy sobe tsteps cliug! four hours after the event which gave rise to " Vengeance will surely with the idiot land, them. "Wbich drags the scere from thy hallow'd Her style in poetry was certainly unequal; hadd,

amongst the richest and inost musical Aos, "Which dares to trample on thy hallow'd rites, i and rapid energy of new created thoaght, there “ And nuptial perfidy, unaw'd invites. are found indeed of necessity, insterstitial

"The weeping world to thee its solace owes ; lines, lame and prosaic, as though the user “ Froma thee derives its truest, best repose;

exerted faculties had sunk into repose; sucha “ Not the cold compact subtle interest portions of her works are the Settings, to the twines,

[signs, sparkling beauties they contain. The mecha"Not that which pale submission trembling nism of literature she was little given to, the * Is marriage !-No!- 'tis when its polish'd file therefore was seldom used for polish, moje chaiu

tedious to a writer than of substantial use to “ Binds those who in each other's bosom reign; the reader; her lines retain nearly the forza “'Tis where two minds form one ecstatic in which they were at once cast. whole,

[soul: A thorough proof of the flow of mind in "One sweetly blended wish, one sense, one

which Mrs. Cowley composed is, that more “ This was the gift ihe exil'd Seraph curst,

than once, with the change of subject in the *When from Hell's blazing continent he hurst;

course of a poem, her measure changed, and "Eden's fair charms he saw without a

returned not until the close of the new sustain groan,

[tbrone ;

ject, weither the change or return being dis"The Nature there had fix'd her gorgeous covered by herself until afterwards. Was this " Its rich ananas, and its alves high,

a fault or poetic inspiration ? " Whose forms pyramidal approach the sky;

A great many years have elapsed since any "Its tow'ring pines with luscious clusters thing has been published by her ; several of crown'd,


her works are out of print. Literary farne was " Its skies whose perfume fill'd the region

never in her estimation an essential ingredient "Its streams pellucid, and its bowers of shade, of happiness; her heart was in domestic life, "Its dow'rs that kuew to bloom, but not to where as daughter, wife, and mother, she was fade;

indeed perceived to shine. " Its orb which nars'd the new-created day,

That Mrs. Cowley looked from the path of " Its bow which joy'd the night with tender ray;

fame to the domestic circle, is proved by the " Its fields of wavy gold, its slopes of green,

dedications of her works; baving previously "By the fell Fiend, without a pang, were seen:

shewn, by a dedication, her gratitude for the " —'Twas then, fierce rancour seiz'd the Del patronage of the Queen, and by another, bier mon's breast,

[were blest."

sense of the honour bestowed upon her by the "Wben, in the married pair, he felt maukind friendship of Lord Harrowby, a third work is

dedicated to her father, a fourth to ber busIn the poems which twenty years ago she band, and the dedication of the fifth is a tric threw into the newspapers, a peculiar feature bute to the regard shewn lier by his brother still remained, from her former habit of dra- the inerchant. matic composition, which is, that they are also Though Mrs. Cowley had all the brilliant dramatic; that is, they are writteu in some imagination, sensibility of mind, and liveliness other person's character, vever in her own; of manners, which belong to genius, yet there it is no more descriptive of her own feeling, was no assumption in her behaviour. Pride than is the language of the characters in her accompanies learning, the growth of a sense plays. She would amuse herself by assuming of some sort of merit, which feeling is in the the siguature of a man, and write as a lover; l mind, from a consciousness of the arduras os expecting never to be discovered, even by labour by which the man of learning made bis


acquisitions ; he thinks he grants, in his con What a combination of justice, discriminad Fersation, a portion of acquired riches. The tivn,' and taste, is her criticism on Miss Bur. powers of genius,' being uatural, appear not ney, in the same poem :surprising or meritorious to the possessor,

“What pen but Burney's then can soothe thç who, conscious of no effort, is not always con

breast? scious of superiority, and therefore in beha

“Who draw from Nature with a skill so true? viour insists not on it. Who in Mrs. Cowley's

“ In every varying mode it stands confest, company, ever fancied themselves with one

“ When brought by her before the inquirers who piqued herself on literary genius, and

view. amongst the ladies who have felt some little

“ For powers peculiar all ber portraits fill, mental tremor, perhaps in the commencement

“Wben lines are bold and strong, a vulgar pen of epistolary correspondence with ber, with

May take the sketcb; it asks no nigbty skilt whom did it continue? Yet perhaps the fami

“ Misers to paint, or mad, or wayward men. liar ease and simplicity of lier letters, whilst they soothed the sense of inferiority in a cor

“ But human nature in its faiutest dye respondent, rendered them uot the least per

“ Burvey detects, drags it to open day; . fect of her compositions.

“ Makes evident what slip'd tlı’uumarking eye, She disliked mere literary correspoudence;

“And bids it glare with truth's pervading ras; if she found herself accidentally entangled in

“ Tbe huddled beings of the common mass, it, she soon tired. The constant reference to,

“ Wbo to themselves appear of equal sort, and examination of, what had been done, was

“ Must not in unawakeu'd error pass, to her a disagreeable retrograde mental opera

“ And sure 'tis this, is keen eyed Burney's tion. Those in particular who employed them.

forte! selves iu framing common-place books, seemed “ Touch'd by her spear, they sudden spring to to her capable only of collecting inental food sight, for themselves, not of creating any for others. “ But not new formid-she shews them as Katire thought always pressed apon her; in

they are; vention was the natural liabit of her mind, it

« She moulds no character; but gives the light, was almost inexhaustible; her nemory was

“ Wbich makes them clear as Herschel sees slight.

a star." Iu declining literary connections, Mrs. Cow.

Mrs. Cowley penned, in the last seven years, ley was left without any share in that fund of

two or three slight poems, in friendship with mutual praise, and literary protection in pe- ' the families of Lady Carew, Lady Duntre, riodical works, in which many authors think

Mrs. Wood, and other ladies iu her neighbour it prudent to be concerned.

hood. She has left but two AIS. Poems; the She has shewn herself however cheerfully

une, of some length, professes to pass by ready to do justice to literary merit. Thus, The Death of Nelson, &c. &c. or any topic in' in the Scottish Village, a due compliment is adopting which a poet would follow, instead of paid to Miss Seward, of whom we gave a bio- | leading public opinion, and she directs it to graphical sketch in our last :

the Braganza family, then on its voyage to the “ A Scottish Seward sball demand the prize; Brazils, and gives a picture of the probable “ She from whose peusive and mellifluvus | future progress there of the sciences of Europe, throat;

and of Christian knowledge. The other pro“Where'er misfortunescowls her cheerless eyes, cured a subscription for the relief of a poor

Is pour'd the pitying melancholy note. family in distress. “ Thas the sad nightingale, throughout the

Of late years she declined all evening parties, night,

nor did she see any company except ladies, “Her fond complaint rings through the and that only at her own house. One morning leafy grove,

in the week, Mrs, Cowley was at home to ber " And so endears the scene, we dread the light, | female friends, and was visited by a crowd; it “ Detest the sprightlier note, and sorrow

was a morning rout, if that term be applicable love."

to an assemblage without card playing.

Her life was closed with the utmost de In the poem at large, the destruction of gree of religious cheerfulness. Tural felicity, by the introduction of manufac A perfect edition of her works has never yet tures, and a trading population, in a village in been published, but will now appear; and by Scotland, is opposed by an enumeration of the the public will be well received. Where, in a advantages of busy literary and coltivated life, publication of the same extent, will a reader ensuing from the acquisition of riches.

find more entertaininent?



(Continued from Page 86.]

e Or triampliant shews made by the citizeus ) him, at some distance, one stately attired like of London, ye may read in 1936, in the reign a Pope, who was followed by twenty-four carof Henry the Third, Andrew Buckellthen being dinals; and after them eight or ten with black mayor, how Eleanor daughter to Raymoud visors, not amiable, as if they had been legales Earl of Provence, riding through the city to- | from some foreigu princes. After they bnd wards Westminster, there to be crowned Queen | entered the manor of Kennington they aliglited of England, the city was adorned with silks, from their horses, and entered the ball on foot; and in the night with lamps, cressets, and which done, the Prince, his mother, and the other lights without number, besides many Lords came out of the chamber into the hall, pageants and strange devices there presented; whom the drummers saluted, shewing by a pair the citizens alsu rode to meet the King and of dice on the table their desire to play with Queen clothed in long garenis embroidered the Prince, which they so handied that the about with gold, and silks of divers colours, priuce was always a winner when he cast at their horses gallantly trapped to the number them ; when the drummers set to the Prince of three hundred and six, every man bearing three jewels one after another, which were a a cup of gold or silver in his hand, aud the ball of gold, a cup of gold, and a ring of gold, King's trumpeters before them. These cili which the Prince wou at three casts. After zens did minister wive as butlers, which is this they were feasted, and the music sounded; their service at the coronation.

the Prince and Lords danced oryone side with .“ In the year 1998, for victory obtained by || drummers who did also dance; which jolity Edward I. against the Scots, every company, l, being ended, they were again made to drink, according to their several trade, made their and then departed in order as they came." several shew; but especially the Fishmongers, which in a solemo procession passed through the city, having, amougst other pageants and

Lord of Misrule at Christmas.— Tempest of thun. showes, four sturgeons gilt, carried on four horses, and then fuur salmonds on silver, on

der and lightning.Tuisted trees in the treek four horses; and after them five-and-forty

before Easter.May ganes.- Robin Hood and

his men shoot before the King. Brmed knights riding on horses made like luces of the sea, and then one representing Saint "Thus much for sportful shews in triomplis Magnes, because it was Saiut Magnes' day, may suffice; now for sports and pastimes with a thousand horsemen.

yearly used. First, on the feast of Christmas “Anotber shew, in the year 1377, made by there was in the king's house, wheresoever le the citizens for disport of the young Prince lodged, a lord of misrale, or master of merry Richard, son to the Black Privce, on the feast disports, and the like had they in the house of of Christmas, and in this manner:-On the every nobleman, gentleman, or man of godly Sunday before Candlemas, in the night, one worship, were he spiritual or temporal; hundred and thirty citizens, disguised and well amongst which was the mayor of London, and mounted in a muin mery, with sound of trum the sheriffs also had their lords of misrule. pets, sackbuts, cornets, shalmes and other | Ever contending, without quarrel or offence, miostrels, and innumerable toreb lights, rode i who should make the rarest pastimes to delight from Newgate through Cheape, over the bridge, the beholders. These lords beginning their through Southwark, and so on to Kennington | rule on Allhallow's eve, continued the sainc beside Lambeth, where the young Prince re till the morrow after the feast of the Parificamained with his mother, and the Duke of || tion, commonly called Candlemas day. In all Lancaster his uncle, with divers other lords. which space there were many subtile disguises,

"In the first rank did ride forty-eight in the masks, and mummeries, with playing at cards likeness of esquires, two and two together, || for counters, more for pastime than for gain. clothed in red coats and gowns of say or tin “ Against the feast of Christmas every manse dall, with comely visors on their faces; after | house, as also their parish churches, were them came riding forty-eight knights, in the decked with holm, ivy, bays, and whatsoever same livery of colour and stuff; then followed the season of the year afforded to be green ; one richly arrayed like an Emperor, and after the conduits and standards in the streets were

likewise garnished. Amongst which I read third year of lois reign, and divers other years that in the year 1414, by a tempest of thunder on May-day in the morning, with Cocen Ka. and lightning, on the tirst of February at night, stbarine his wife, accompanied with many lords Paul's sleeple was fired, but with great labour and ladies, rode a Maying from Greenwich to quencher). And towards the morning of the bigh ground of Shooter's-bill, where as Canolemas day, at the Leaden ball iu Cornhill, they passed by the way they espied a company a standard of a tree being set up in the midst of tall yeomen clothed all in green, with green of the pavement fast to the grouud, nailed full boods, and with bws and arrows, to the wais. of holm and iry for disport to the people, was ber of two hundred. One being their clieflaig tory up and cast down by the malignant spirit was called Robiu Hood, who required the King (as was thought), and the stones of the pave. and all his company to see his men sboot; ment all about were cast in the streets and into which being granted, Robin Hood whistled, divers homses, so that the people were sore und all the two hundred archers shut off all aghast at the greut tempest.

at ouce, and wbeu he whistled again they like“In the week before Easter there were great wise shut again, and their arrows whistled by shews made for the fetching in of a twisted so that the noise was strange and loud, which tree out of the woods into the king's house, greatly delighted the King, Queen, and their and the like into every mau's house of honour company. or worship.

“ :Ioreover, this Robin Hood desired the " Ju the month of May, namely on May-day king and Queen, with their retinue, to enter in the morning, every man without impedi the greeu wood, where, in arbours made with ment would walk into the sweet meadows and bougls and decked with Aowers, they were grecy woods, there to rejoice their spirits with sat down and served plentifully with venison the beauty and savour of sweet Gowers, aud and wine hy Robin Hood and his men, and had with the hangony of birds praising God in other pageants and pastimes to their great their kind. And for exaniple here Edward entertainment." Hall hath noted, that King Henry VIII. in the

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I'mis marble boasts what once was truly great, ( Saw to young George, Augusta's cares impart The friend of man, the father of his state, Whate'er could raise or barmonize the heart; To check ambition in its wild career,

Blevd all his grandsire's virtues with his own, To wipe from misery's eye the starting tear; And form their mingled radiance for the throne By well-plann'd laws oppression to controul; No further blessing could on earth be gir'n, By bindest deeds to captivate the soul; Thu next degree of happiness was—Hear'll. Steru justice sword to guide with mercy's

band, And guard the freedom of a glorions land; These were bis acts--tbesc Heav'n approv'd,

and shed

Unnumber'd blessings on his hoary head.
Forc'd into arms, he stretch'd his generous How grateful is the tender kiss,

No feast on earth so rich as this!
Wide as the sun extends his genial ray;

Slander be dumb, pale envy fly, Yet saw (blest privilege) his Britons share

Aud self-corruding jealousy The smiles of peace amidst the rage of war;

For once be travquil, and agree Saw to his shores increasing comincrce roll,

The prize well won by constancy. And foods of wealth Aow in from either pole; || To Mary dear my vows I gave Warıu'd by his iufluence, by his bounty fed, Vows which no other fair shall have; Suw science raise her venerable head;

For her I cross'd the ocean wide Wbile at his fect expiring faction lay,

For her these many years I've sighd: No contest left, but who should best obey: At length l've gaind-Heav'n knows how glad Saw in his offspring all himself renewed, The sweetest kiss I ever bad. The same fair path of glory still pursaed:

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