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cobbler of old plays, when he takes it upon the subject with the least degree of attenhim to mend Shakespeare. So far be tion. might go; but farther ic is impoflible for
I am, Gentlemen, any one to believe, that has but just ear
Your most humble fervant, enough to distinguish between the Italian and
S. R. Scotch musick, and is disposed to consider
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZIN E.
IN our last Magazine (fee page rro) we ty, as well as that of most other visitants
presented our readers with an account of whom this place receives, the Tomb of Rous. the circumstances that attended the death of seau. It stands at about fifteen or twenty Rousseau at the Marquis of Girardin's beau- yards distance from the nearest land, in an tiful seat of Ermenonville, in the gardens of island of the lake, of an oblong form, about which the body of that eccentric genius is forty yards in length, and ten or fifteen in Entombed. As no improper Supplement to breadth, covered with the richest verdure, that article, we shall now lay before them a and bordered with beautiful poplars, from particular description of the Tomb, its situa- which it takes its name, being called l'isle tion, &c, as given in “ A Tour to Ermenon- des peupliers. The Tomb is in the middle, vile," lately published ; and from which it a simple yet elegant marble mogument. The appears that Ermenonville is a pleafing ro. inscription on one side of it is, mantic spot, cultivated and decorated in a
" Here rests Kyle that does honour to the taste and philo- The man of nature and of truth." sophic turn of its noble pofseftor: it has been Beneath which is the motto Rousseau called the “ Storve," but is more properly, had chosen for himself, and which he made in the opinion of our present traveller, to be the great rule equally of his writings and his deemed the Lealuwes of France.
actions : . On entering the park we traversed a hol- “ Be truth the purchase, tho' the price be life.” low way, which had something gioomy and • On the lid the following words only, as grotesque in its appearance. On our left ample in their significancy as few in their hand was a lake with a terrace intervening, number, are engravid : which for some time hid it from our sight: “ Here lie the remains of J. J. Rousseau." On our right a steep hill irregularly wooded, "On the other side of the Tonib is reprewhile the valley was divided in its whole sented in baljo relievo, a mother instructing length by a small rivulet, over which, on a her daughters, and teaching them to tear in fag, we read the following inscription pieces the ribbands, laces, flks and other tri
“ Flow, gentle stream, beneath this em- fing ornaments, which the prevailing mode bowering Thade ; thy murmur softens the of education has too long taught the fair sex heart while it delights the ear: flow, gentle to consider as the first objects of their attenstream; thy current is the image of a day tion and care f. On the verge of the lake deformed by no cloud, and a heart disturbed is a seat to repose on: here, as we sat down, by no care."
we read, the following lines, suggested no A little further on, was a rock with doubt by the sculpture just mentioned, and these words from Thomson,
intended as a companion to it : _66 Here ftudious let me fit,
“ To the daughter he reitored the affection And hold bigh converse with the mighty dead." of the mother, to the mother the caresses
• We next came to a small altar of stone of the daughter. His whole life bad but one called l'autel de la pensée, ibe altar of iloughi, object ; that object was the happiness of huwith this inscription :
manity, and if he wished to see all mankind * Sacred to meditation."
free, it was because he knew that virtue and Our progress through this gloomy, but freedom are inteparable companions." not unpleasing valley, had filled our minds • Opposite us on a flag which lay against a with ideas not ill preparatory to the contem. bank of earth, was inscribed the following plation of the principal object of our curiofi. epitapha :
* We give only the translations of the inscriptions, to save room. + We cannot deem this a well-choren subject for an expressive representation on fone. The instruction conveyed is to be inferred from an action that will grow every year more and more obscure ; being a dissuasion from qualifications that have no permanent objects : for from the fertility and versatility of female inventions, the absurdities that struck the mind of Rourseau, and suggested this design, may in a few years become absolutely unintelligible, unless a key like that before us, is always at hand.
« In yonder unadorned tomb, Taded by interwoven and grafted as it were into the over-hanging poplars, and encircled by these tree, which served as a back to it. unruffled waters, rests all that was mortal of • From this place a dark winding-path J. J. Rouffeau. But a more lafting monu. brought us unexpectedly to a balon of clear ment, one that shall prolong to all ages the water, near which stood a pyramid facred to memory of the man who lived only to fenfi- the pastoral poets, Theocritus, Virgil, Gels bility and virtue, is erected in every bosom and Thomson ; the latter, it would that glows with the flame of the one, or beats appear, being ranked in this class, in regard to the throbbings of the other."
to the subject, not the form of his writings. • Whether the concluding thought of the short inscriptions in the language of each poet above lines was borrowed from Pope's well. are added to the four names which occupy known epitaph on Gay, or suggested merely the four sides of the base. At the foot of hy a similarity of character in the persons the pyramid lay a stone inscribed in English, to whom these different tributes of friendship to the memory of Shenstone, and near it were paid, it must be acknowledged that the were two trees with their branches interwoFrench composition has no little advantage ven and these words on a board : over the English one, in the circumstance of « Love, the bond of universal union." its being free from the equivoque which so • A fymbol and device prettily expreflive vilely disfigures the conclusion of the latter : of the passion which constitutes the chief
- The worthy and the good shall say, subject of rural poetry. Striking their pensive bofoms, kore lies Gay." * Near the temple of the Pastoral Mure,
• I cannot however help thinking that the but without the limits of the deliglitful vaic following epitaph, made also for Rousseau, ley we had just quitted, we saw thu TemThould have been preferred to the former, ple of Philosophy. The neighbourhood of were it only on account of its greater fimpli- these two structures seemed to image no less city :
truly than ingeniously, the intimate connec“ Beneath those peaceful poplars rests J: tion between nature and science ; but in the J. Rousseau. On ail ye virtuous and feeling! state of the Temple of Philosophy itself, we your friend, your brother reposes within this found an allegory still more striking; it re. somb."
mains unfinished. Over the door we read : • We quitted this hallowed spot with re. “ of things to know the causes." Juctance, and entered a delightful little valley
o Within the temple, replete with beauties of the most romantic cast.
“ Be this temple We made the circuit of a meadow encom- (Unfinished like the science whose name it passed with water, and came to a grotto cal
bears) led la grotte verte, the grotto of verdure, Sacred to the memory of him with this inscription :
who left nothing unsaid “ Delightful verdure ! that, robing the
MICHAEL MONTAIGNE." earth's green lap, refreshes the fatigued fight • The building is supported by fix whole and tranquillizes the perturbed heart, yours pillars, inscribed with the names of Newton, is that visible harmony, that concord of cor. Descartes, Voltaire, Penn, Montesquieu and responding hues, which is nature's fairest or- Rousseau. A seventh stands broken with nament, and her supreme delight."
this inscription : • Opposite the grotto, on a tree hung a
" Who will complete it?". board with a song set to music by Rousseau ; • Three others without any inscription the words were pastoral and pathetic, and I lie on the ground, alluding to the structure was pleased to see one of Rousseau's excel. before it is coniplete. lencies, his talent for musical composition, * Near this temple and looking towards it, attested by the kind of monument, of all to intimate, we may suppose, the depend. others, the fittest to perpetuate the memory ence of true piety on philosophy, stands a of genius, a specimen of its productions. rustic chapel or hermitage, with this inscripHaving nearly made the round of the mea- tion over the door : dow through this shady walk, we came to “ I raise my heart to the Creator of all an open space with a bank of green turf; things, while I admire him in the faireft of over it hung a board with an inscription from his works." the Georgics :
• Near this is a dark lonely valley, where “ Fortunatus et ille, deos qui novit agreftes," we read engraved on a stone, the following in
scription; the sensations it is so well calculated • A little lower down, near the margin to convey, being not a little heightened by of the river, was an elbow chair, made (as the filence and gloominess of the place : our guide informed us) by Rousseau himself. “ In this place were found the bones of It was formed of rude unfalhioned cwigs, numbers Nain at that unbappy period, when brethren butcher'd brethren, and the hand of manity of the Marquis de Girardin, thus to every citizen was raised against a fellow; derive from this awful monument of the dánfach were the crimes religion once inspired !" gers of superstition, an interesting embellifh
The bones bere alluded to were discover- ment to his park, and an important lesson to ed by accident some years back, and it does its yisitors.'' no little honour both to the taste and the hu.
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, An ACCOUNT of the LIFE and WRITINGS of Dr. JOHN JEBB. DR. John Jebb was the son of Dr. John before the University of Cambridge a fermon,
Jebb, Dean of Cashell, by a fifter of the which in the succeeding year he published, late General Gansell, and was first-cousin to Sir under the title of “The Excellency of the Richard Jebb, at present one of the physici- Spirit of Benevolence, 8vo.” dedicated to ans extraordinary to his Majesty. He was the ingenious youth who had honoured with born about the year 17:5 in Ireland, as it is their attendance the Theological Lectures, fupposed, in which kingdom it is likewise then lately instituted at Cambridge. He had imagined he received the first rudiments of a short time before published “ A Letter to his education. At a proper age he was sent Sir William Meredith, upon the Subject of to Trinity College, Dublin, where he continu- Subscription to the Liturgy, and Thirty-nine ed two years, after which he came to En- Articles of the Church of England, 8vo." gland, and was placed at Peter-House, Cam- His publications by this time had fewn bridge ;a college in which bis uncle Dr. Samu- that he was not very firmly attached to the ci sebb, a very learned nonjuring physician, and orthodox system, and contributed, it may be editor of Fryar Bacon's celebrated Opus Majus, presumed, to that opposition which he afterhad been educated. Here he continued fe. wards met with in some plans of reformation veral years with confiderable reputation, and, at Cambridge. He had observed at Dublin took the degrees of Batchelor and Master of the importance of anıual publick cxaminaArts. He also was chosen a Fellow of that tions of those who received academical hofociety; and after having taken orders was nours at that University, and therefore wishpresented to the Rectory of Homersfield and ed to introduce the same regulations into the Vicarage of Flixton, in the diocese of Norwich. discipline of Cambridge. He accordingly On the 21st of November 1763 he began to published in 1773, “ Remarks on the predeliver a course of theological lectures, which lent Mode of Education in the University of for some time were well attended and gene- Cambridge. To which is added, a Proposal rally approved.
for its Improvement, 8vo." and made leIn the year 1770 he published “ A Short veral attempts to have his proposals admitted. Account of Theological Lectures now reading These however were all rejected, and he in a Cambridge. To which is added, a new the same year published " A Continuation of Harmony of the Gospel, 4to.” This work the Narrative of Academical Proceedings, deserves much commendation. In the course relative to the Proposal for the Ettablishment of it the author lamented that his endeavours of Annual Examinations in the University of to all the attention of youth to the study of Cambridge ; with Observations upon the Conthe scriptures, had in some instances been duct of the Committee appointed by Grace of treated in a manner far different from what the Senate on the sth of July 1773, 8vo." might be expected from men born to the en. In the subsequent year be published " A Projoyment of civil and religious liberty. That posal for the Establishment of Publick Examiconfidence however, he observed, with which nations in the University of Cambridge, with the uprightness of his intention and the ap- occasional Remarks, 8vo.” Though Nill unprobation of many worthy and learned per. successful, he persevered ; and so late as 1776 fons Lad inspired him, enabled him for a published " An Audrefs to the Members of time to persevere, regardless of the clamours the Senate of Cambridge, 810." preparatoof his adversaries. But when he was in- ry to another effort, wisicb in the end met formed that a charge of the most invidious with the same fate as the former, nature was solemnly urged in a manner His doubts of the propriety of continuing which was likely to do him great disservice, in the communion of a church which held be was no longer able to refrain from at- doctrines as he conceived repugnant to scriptempting a vindication of himself from those ture, at length determined him to quit it, and całumnies with which the untempered zeal of relinquish the preferments he held. Accordfome otherwise well disposed brethren had ingly in September 1975 he wrote the folafpersed his character.
lowing letter to the Bishop of Norwich, preThe circumstances here alluded to are too paratory to his resignation, which fully derecent. Derfonal, and unimportant to merita scribing the state of his mind, we thall insert « My Lord,
to which the petitioners invited the attention “ I think it proper to give you this previe of their brethren ;--that persons of the most ous information, that I propose to resign opposite opinions, with respect to the doctrine the Rectory of Homersfield and Vicarage of of the Articles, might unite in a declaration, Flixton into your Lordship's hands upon the that every attempt to effect an miformity of 29th or 3oth of the present month.
sentiment concerning the sense of fcripture, “ As the motives which induce me to em- by other means than the force of argument brace this resolution may possibly be miscon- and rational conviction, was utterly unwarItrued, it will not I trust be thought imper- rantable, and bore too striking a resemblance tinent if I state them to your Loruthip. tv that spirit of intolerance, which forms
“ In the first place I think it necessary to as- the distinguishing character of Antichristian sure your Lordship, that although I esteemed Rome; and, lastly, that many members of it to be my duty to take an active part in the our church might be truly sensible of the inJate Petition of the Clergy, the principles expediency of requiring this subscription,maintained in that just remonftrance do not, might address a competent tribunal with a in my apprehension, appear to lay me under view of effecting an abolition of the practice, any obligation to relinquish my present sta- and yet continue to hold and to accept prefer. tion.
ment, without violating the dictates of con“ The author of the Confesional, my Lord, science, and with great advantage to the had convinced me of the unlawfuluess and in Christian cause. expediency of requiring a subscription to “ My objections, my Lord, to the accepesystematic articles of faith and doctrine, ing and the holding of preferment in the from the teachers of the gospel in a Proteí- church of England, bear no relation to the tant church,
cause of the petitioning Clergy; -the reasons “ My own observation in the University which influenced me in the forming of the of Cambridge further tended to satisfy me resolution now communicated to your Lord. with respect to the impropriety of such a re- ship, are entirely my own. quisition : and the visible neglect of the study « After the most serious and dispassionate of the scriptures in this age and country, enquiry, I am perfuaded, my Lord, from seemed in a great measure to be derived from the concurrent teftimony of reason and revethat retraint of the exercise of private judg- lation, that the SUPREME Cause of all things ment, which is the unavoidable consequence is, not merely in Elence, but also in Perjen, of this unedifying impofition.
ONE. “ With these convictious it was imposible “ By the force of the same evidence I am for me to decline engaging with those distin. convinced, that this Almighty Power is the guished friends of religious liberty, who af- only proper object of religion. sociated for the purpose of foliciting for them- “ The Liturgy of the church of England is selves and their brethren of the church of obviously founded upon the idea, that in the England, an exemption from the obligation divine nature is a TRINITY of Perfons, to of declaring or subscribing their afsent to any each of which every species of religious ados formulary of doctrine which should be pro. ration is addressed, as well as such powers pored as explanatory of the Word of God. ascribed as are the incommunicable attributes
“ It appeared to me to be a sufficient reason of God. for such application, that the doctrines con- “ Under my persuasion of the erroneon. tained in the 39 Articles being the deductions ness of this doctrine, I cannot any longer with of frail and tallible men, and exprefled in satisfaction to myself officiate in the establish unscriptural terms, were eflentially differen. ed service : and as I certainly can have no ced, in point of authority, from those holy claim to the emoluments of my profe:lion, scriptures, to which we have professed an ab- unless I am willing to perform the duties of folute and unreserved submillion, as the only it, I therefore resign my preferment, rule of relgious faith and practice ; -and that “ But my Lord, although I find myself un, the requifition of allent to them was eventu- der an obligation to relinquith my present ally subversive of the right of private judg. station in the church of England, I do not mint; a right on which every Protestant repounce the profession of a CHRISTIAN, church was founded, and the exercise of On the contrary, penetrated by the clearett which our own church in particular, in one convictions of the high importance and divine of her terms of ordination, not only allows authority of the Gospel, I will labour to prous, but enjoins.
mote the advancement of scriptural know. « It also appeared evident to me, that the ledge with increasing zeal ; and will ever be enquiry, whether or no the 39 Articles ex. ready to unite with heart and band, in any press the genuine sense of scripture, 'was a just and legal attempt to remove that barden question of a very different nature from that of Subscription to Human Formularies, which
I esteem one of the most powerful obstruc- to the principal parties in this unnatural tions to its progress.” I am, &c. J. ). union. He therefore declined all intercourse
After writing this letter he resigned his with his late friend, and ever afterwards prolivings, and in 1775 published " A short fessed himself adverse to his measures. About State of the Reasons for a late Resignation. this period Dr. Jebb's health began to be un. To which are added, Occasional Obfervations, settled, and after lingering a considerable and a Letter to the Right Rev. the Bishop time, he died on the 2d of March 1986, at his of Norwich, 8vo." In the course of this house in Parliament-itreet. On the oth he Pamphlet he observes, “While I held prefer- was interred at the Burying-Ground in Eun. meni, it certainly was my duty to officiate in hill-Fields ; his corpse being attended by the the service of the church. But, conscious Duke of Richmond, and a Committee of that my sentiments were diametrically oppo- the Constitutional Society, together with a led to her doctrines, respecting the object of numerous train of friends, many of whom devotion, the reading of these addresses was were of distinction. attended with very great disquiet. I there- The following character of Dr. Jebb is fore embraced that measure which alone seem- said to have been written by a celebrated ed to promise me tranquillity. I am happy Patriot. in finding it has answered my expectation. “ Humanity, the brightest diadem of Having resigned my preferment, and with-it Heaven, found in Dr. Jebb's heart, a source havug divested myself of the character of a always unexhausted, tho' constantly flowing Minifter of the Church of England, I have in every channel, where nature in distress recovered that serenity of mind, to which I called for the comfort of advice, the assistance had been long a stranger."
of a friend, or hand of benevolence. Such On his feparation from the Church, he calls, even from a fellow-creature in rags, joined in communion with the Rev. Mr. found the Doctor as anxious and as attentive, Lindsay, and immediately betook himself to as the vain man would be to solicit a title, the study of Physic. He at one period liad and to accomplish fach, bend, smile, or ea. thoughts of adopting the Law for his pro. gerly embrace the arm of a Minister. felnion, and with that view entered himself “ The humanity of the Man of Ross, whilst of one of the Inns of Court. After some it is recorded, exalts not only the character time, he determined to devote himself to the of the individual, but enriches the name of a medical line; and in pursuance of this refo- kingdom. The amiable qualities of that lution, took the degree of Doctor of Physic, good man were inherited by the Doctor as a and engaged in the practice of it.
sacred patrimony which he distributed among He also became an active member of the his fellow-creatures; and as a faithful guara evaftitutional Society, and from time to time dian of human nature, when he could not gave to the Public several small pieces dif- remove distress, he consoled the sufferer ; perted by that body. In 1782 he published and often when his purse was unable to anni"A Letter to Sir Robert Bernard, 8vo.” bilate poverty, itill his benevolence never and in the same year, “ Select Cases of the ceased to letíen the sting of it. Though Dr. Disorder commonly called the Paralyds of the Jebb had in his manners the meekness of a luwer Extremities, 8vo."
child, yet the spirit of a lion was manifested In 1784 he publithed “ Letters addressed in his political conduct. As he was always to the Volunteers of Ireland, on the Subject disinterested, he was constantly firm in the of a Parliamentary Reform, 8vo.” In this support of every measure which could add performance he lamented the defection of support to liberty, or trength to a conftituMr. Fox from the public cause, and expof- tion to which he was a sincere friend; and tolated with him very energetically on his if from zeal to chenih whatever carried hapunion with a party inimical to America-lo piness to the public, with a contempt of Ireland-to the real interests of Britain—to every perlonal advantage, made the illuítrious the sacred cause of civil and religious liberty character of a Roman, the Doctor has irrefuto the human species. Such was the table claims to that of an English Patriot. Ductor's strong language. He adds, that when His expanded foul would not be coofined to he considered his exertions in the cause of the narrow pedantic rules of a cloister, and freedon, he seemed to think the dark tran- he therefore quitted the gown, and from a faction an illusion. " Alas !" he cries, “it conscientious regard to truth, which he discoWas my lot to lament over him,-while others vered by the light of experience, he changed surrounded him with congratulations." his profeffion, from reztons which he public
The coalition between Mr. Fox and Lord ly gave; and though they might not convince North, Dr. Jebb always considered as injuri- others, they alluredly guided him in the choice ons to the interests of his country, and there- he made. As a political man, the Doctor fare never could reconcile himself to it, or never courted any Minister whatever, nor