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and eighty pounds on the one hundred pounds value their position from the 14th to the 19th of Novemof the foreign goods. These duties are to be reduced ber, at Talavero, San Jeronimo, and Andahuaylas, to twenty-five pounds, an amount which we consider while the enemy continued to maneuvre on our to be still too high. But Ireland is concerned in this right. On the evening of the 18th, I learned that the manufacture, and it cannot be denied, that, from greater part of the enemy's forces were on their way some cause or another, Ireland is behind, even France, to Huamanga, and I gave orders to the army to put Russia and Germany, in all her manufacturing skill itself in march to go in search of them. On the 191b, and habits.

our light troops had an encounter with the enemy on 4. The next reduction is on foreign books and fo-| the bridge of Pampas; and, on the 20th, on reaching reign paper. In these, the existing duty is immense, Uripa, some Spanish troops were descried on the and is to be reduced on books to six pence per pound, heights of Bombon. A squadron of hussars and the and on paper to three pence. That is to say, about first company of rides, were detatched, under the four pence a volume.

command of colonel Silva, to reconnoitre, and, on 5. The next reduction is on foreign wine bottles, their being discovered to consist of three companies which now pay a duty, (on the bottle merely), of of chasseurs, they were dislodged and compelled to eighteen pence per bottle. This duty is to be reduc-compass the river Pampas, where the whole of the ed to three pence per bottle; that is to say, the price royalist army was discovered, wbich had most comof Burgundy, Chainpaigne, and other wines, usually pletely cut off our communication, by placing itself imported in bottles, will hereafter be reduced to file in our rcar. teen pence in the bottle, by the removal of this duty As it was dificult to pass the river, and impossible only. We must here add, that every one seems to to force the enemy's positions, our army halted at lament, that we have still so far adhered to the ab. Uripa, the Spaniards being in Concepcion, and in surd Methuen treaty, as to put a higher duty on French sight of us. The 21st, 22d and 23d, in all our skirmishes than on Portuguese wines. It seems to be the com- with the enemy, we had the advantage. On the 24th mon opinion, that the duty on both wines ought to they broke up their camp, and directed their march have been equalized; and that government would towards Vilcas. Heaman, and our army, took up a have lost nothing, and the country would have gained position on the heights of Bombon, where it remainmuch, if the duty on both had been reduced to two ed until the 30th, when, having learned that the shillings and six pence per gallon. Taxes are the cneiny were coming in the night, on the right bank sole cause of such a large portion of our countrymen of the Pampas, by way of Uchubambas, to out-flank fixing their residence abroad.

lis, I passed over to the left bank to protect our rear. 6. The next reduction is on French looking glasses The royalists, on perceiving our movement, quickly and mirrors--this is from eighty pounds to twenty, repassed to the left bank of the Pampas; but we had This reduction can only be productive of good. It reached Matara on the morning of the 2d of Decemwill improve the manufacture at home, by giving, for ber, before the Spanish army made its appearance on a short time, superior samples from abroad; for what the heights. Although our position was unfavorable, reason can be assigned, why the French should ex we offered battle, which was refused by the enemy, ceed us in this commodity?

who were posted on some broken rugged ground, 7. The same observation applies to the next re- not only dillicult of approach, but almost inaccessible. duction on earthenware and French china, which is on the 3d they made a movement, indicating an into be reduced from seventy-five pounds to one per tention to engage, and we again offered battle; but as

they continued their march toward the lofty heights, 8. The next reduction is in French gloves, to thirty on our right, I suspected some attack was mcditated per cent., instead of the absolute prohibition now ex- on our rear. Before, it had been of little conseisting

quence to the army to have the enemy in our rear; 9. The next is in foreign iron, from six pounds ten but our position at Matara, besides being bad in itself, shillings per ton to onc pound ten shillings. And the was otherwise unfavorable to us, and it, therefore, last and tenth is, in foreign copper, from fifty-four became necessary to continue our retreat to Tambo pounds to twenty-seven per ton.

Cangallo. The time at which we commenced our Such' is the boon which Mr. Huskisson has now march, very fortunately gave us an opportunity of conferred upon the trade and commerce of the coun- getting through the diflicult pass of Corpaguayco, betry; and we hesitate not to say, that a very few years fore the arrival of the main body of the eneiny; but will pass before the community will reap the most the latter had sent forward carly in the morning and large and ample benetits from this liberal system. with great secreey, fivc battalions and four squadThe freedom of trade is the life of trade; the more rons to occupy this dangerous pass. The infantry of free it is, the more will it spread itself and enlarge our advanced guard, under general Cordova, and that its dimensions and its benefiis. National monopoly of the centre, under general Lamar, had already has the same general effects as individual monopoly cleared the pass, when the onemy's detachment made It narrows the inarket, diminishes the demand and a brisk attack on the battalions Vargas, Vencedor, impairs the quality of the article. When a people and rifles, who covered the rear, under general become satisfied with articles of inferior quality, Lara. The two former were enabled to make a there is no inducement to the manufacturer to attempt charge on the right, and open a way at the point of improvement; the public is satisker!, and lie gains the bayonet; but the rifles, who were disadvantagehis profit. But where the presence of foreign arti- ously situated, had to sustain the fire of the artillery, cles of superior workmanship, (if there be any such), and encounter the whole force of the enemy; discalls forth the public taste for such articles, and playing, however, that firmness and intrepidity, for where the manufacturer must come up to the foreign which this corps has ever been distinguished, it, ut sample, or concede the market, his emulation will length, effected its retreat. Our cavalry, under gesoon improve the domestic manufacture, and reach, neral Miller, passed by Chonta, protected by the fire at least, an cquality with the foreigner.

of the regiment of Vargas, although it still was much

incommoued by the fire of the enemy. This unforBattle of Ayacucho.

tunate action cost the liberating army more than 300 men; our park was entirely lost, and one or two

pieces of artillery; but it, in the end, gained Peru To the minister of var.

her liberty. Heal-qirarlerz in alyacucho, December 11, 1924. On the 4th, the enemy, elated with their success, 318: The three divisions of the army continued in detached five battalions and six squadrons along the



heights to the left, to come round the quebrada, show-j1 and 2 of Jerona, 2 of imperial, 1 of the 1st regiing thus an inclination to engage; the broken ground ment, that called Fernandinos, and the squadron or in the pass of Corpaguayco allowed of a very strong Halberdiers of the riceroy. defence; but the army were desirous, at any risk, to Observing that the corps in the centre were not hazard a battle. Abandoning, therefore, to them then drawn up in order, and that the attack on our the uneven ground, I posted myself in the middle of left was becoming scrious, I directed general Corthe extensive plain of Tambo Cangallo. The Spa-dova to charge with the columns under his command, niards ascending the broken ground, prosccuted their under the protection of the cavalry of gen. Miller, march with rapidity toward the lofty mountains to at the same time reinforcing gen. Lamar with the our right, avoiding an encounter, which operation battalion Vencedor, and afterwards with that of Varwas an evident proof to me that the object of the gas. The Rifles were kept in reserve, to rally the enemy was to maneuvre and not to fight; this plau combatants and lend their assistance where it might was ihe only one I had to sear, because the Spa- be required; gen. Lara was always at hand wherever niards alone could advantageously adopt it, as they his presence was necessary. Our right division knew the valor of their troops to consist in their marched, arma a discrelion, till within a hundred paces heels, whilst ours, on the contrary, was in their of the enemy; when, being charged by eight Spanish hearts.

squadrons, they fired; to drive them back, and cut I thought it, therefore, necessary to act under this them to pieces with our cavalry, was the work of an persuasion, and on the night of the 4th, the army instant. "The infantry continued their charge unmarched io the village of Guaychao, passing to quca dauntedly, and every thing gave way before them. brada, of Acocro, and thus altering our direction. On In the meantime the enemy, penetrating on our the afternoon of the 5th, we continued our march to left, threatened the right of gen. Lamar, and were Acos-Vinchos and the enemy to 'Tambillo, kecping al- placing themselves between the latter and gen. Corways in sight of each other. On the 6th we reacheddova in the front, when the hussars of Junii, executing the village of Quinua, and the Spaniards, by a forced with great gallantry their orders to charge these batmarch on our left, placed themselves in our rear, on talions on the lanks, they were completely rouied. the formidable heights of Pacaycasa: they prosecut- Vencedor and the baitalions Nos. 1, 2 and 3, of the ed their march, on the ith, by the impenetrable pass Peruvian legion, marched boldly upon the other of Huamanguilla, and on the following day reached corps of the right division of the enemy, which harthe elevated mountains on our right, whilst we re- ing drawn itself up behind the ravines, still made a mained in our camp; on the afternoon of the Sth, show of resistance; but the forces on our left, being they posted themselves on the heights of Condercun- reinforced, made a desperate charge, and the rout ca, within the distance of a cannon-shot from our was complete throughout. camp; some guerilla parties who came down, skir Gen. Cordova climbed, with his troops, thc formidmished this evening, and the artillery continued its able heights of Condurcunca, where the viceroy La firing.

Serna was taken prisoner; gen. Lamar avoided, in The morning of the 9th bcheld these two armies the pursuit the difficult quebradas on his flank, and drawn up in order of battle to decide the destinies of gen. Lara, marching in the centre, decided the fate a nation. Our army formed an angle; the right com- of the day. The tronps of gen. Cordova, fatigued posed of the battalions Bogota, Voltigeros, Pichin- with the attack, received orders to retire, and were cha and Caracas, under the command of general Cor- replaced by gen. Lara, who was to unite in the purdova: the left, of the battalions No. 1, 2, 3, and the suit with Laniar on the heights of Tambo. The fruits Peruvian legion, under general Lamar; in the cen- of the victory now were more than 1000 prisoners, tre, the grenadiers and hussars of Colombia, under amongst them co chiefs and officers, 14 pieces of argeneral Miller: and in reserve, the battalions Rilles, tillery, 2500 muskets, many other implements of war, Vencedor and Vargas, under the command of gene and the enemy put to flight, and cui to pieces is all tal Lara. In reviewing them, I recalled to them directions--when general Canterac, commander iptheir riumphs, and cries of "long live the liberator,” chief of the Spanish army, accompanied by gen. l.a. "long live the republic,” resounded along the lines. mar, presented liimself before me to demand a capiNever was enthusiasm painted in stronger colors on tulation. Although the resistance made by the enethe countenances of soldiers. The Spaniards, on my would have justified me in demanding their uzitheir side, perfectly masters of the plain of Ayacu- conditional surrender, I thought it worthy of American cho, and, with forces double in number to our own, generosity to conccde some honors to the vanquished, considered victory as certain. Our position, though who, for fourteen years, liad conquered in Peru, and commander, was advantageous, inasmuch as we had the stipulations contained in the enclosed treaty, our faoks defended by ravines, and in front, the which i have the honor to forward to your excellencavalry of the enemy could not act uniformly and cy, were concluded on the field of baitle: by it, the with advantage. The greater part of the morning whole of the remains of the Spanish army have been was spent in skirmishes of the light troops, and in surrendered, together with all the territory of Peru, capnonading; the enemy planted five pieces of artil- occupied by their arms, all the garrisons, stores, nuililery at the foot of the hill, and were forming their tary magazines, and the foriress of Callao, with its columns at the time I was reviewing the line of provisions, stores, &c. tiradores. I gave these orders to force the position There remain, consequently, now in the powers of where this was taking place, and this was the signal the liberating army, the lieut. gens. La Serna and for engaging

Canterac, major-gens. Valdez, Carratala, Monet and The Spanish columns were then seen to descend Villalobos, the brig. gens. Bedovo, Ferraz, Camba, Sothe hill with great rapidity; the battalions Cantabria, mocursio, Cacho, Alcro, Landazuri, Vigil Pardon, and Centre, Castro, 1st imperial and two squadrons of hus- Tur, with 16 colores, 68 lieutenant-colonels, 454 sars, with six field pieces, passing along the quebrada majors and other officers; more than 2,000 prisoners; to our left, pressing their aitack with great rigour in an imunensc quantity of muskets, all their military that direction in the centre, were drawn up the bat. chest, ammunition, and, in fact, all the military talions Burgos, Infanter Victoria, Guias, No. i and 2 of stores they possesserl. 1500 killed and 700 wounded, the first regiment, the left of the latter being strength- hare been, in iho baitle of Ayacucho, the victims of cned by three squadrons of the regiment La Union, Spanish obstinary and rashness. Our loss is 370 that of San Carlos, the four squadrons of the grona- killed and 609 wounderl. diers of the guard, and five field pieces before men According to the musipr-re'is taken from the crctioned; and, on the heights to our left, the batiations my, it appar: that their disposable force, on this

eventful day, amounted to 9,310 men, whilst the li- obliged to yield to the obligations which his magisteberating army consisted of only 5,780. The Spa-rial office imposed on him, thereby shewing to the niards have hesitated which to admire most, the in- Spanish government that Hayti had not taken any actrepidity of our troops on the field of battle, or their live part in the contest on Terra-Firma. On the sang froid, steadiness, and order, in their retreat from contrary, he gave orders, (to satisfy the Spaniards), the envirions of Cuzo, to Humanga, a distance of that the vessels, which carried emigrants to Marga80 leagues, always in the face of the enemy, and fre- ritta and other ports, should be examined, in the quently giving them battle.

strictest manner, by the cruisers of Hayti; but this is The campaign in Peru is terminated; its indepen- not to undervalue the important favors that general dence and the peace of America has been signed on Bolivar, now liberator president of Colombia, and his the held of batile. The united army hopes that the unfortunate companions, owe to the particular genetrophies of the victory of Ayacucho, may prove an of- rosity of the president Petion. It is well known fering worthy of the acceptance of the liberator of that the president Petion proceeded with so much Colombia.

prndence and wisdom, that the Spanish government God preserve your excellency,

could never cast the slightest imputation on him of ANT. J. DE SUCRE. having infringed, in any manner, the neutrality which

Hayti, as well as the powers of Europe and America,

maintained, from the beginning of the war which Colombia and Hayti. Spain carried on with her ancient colonies, till the The following is the definitive reply of the execu- present hour. Colombia is, besides, bound by a tive power of Colombia to the commission from Hay- solemn compact of perpetual alliance and confederati, which is mentioned in the last message of the vico tion with Peru, Chili, and Rio de la Plata, with the president:

object of carrying on the war against their common REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA.

enemy, the king of Spain, or against all other foreign

domination. As neither Colombia nor its allies have Secretary of state's office for foreign affairs, Palace of the government, in the capital of Bogota,

received the slightest offence from France, the propos15th July, 1824-14.

ed alliance will be equivalent to a spontaneous proTo senor J. Derrviers Chanlaler, &c. &c.

vocation, on our part, which no American or EuroSir-I have had the honor of informing the execu- pean power can approve of. Such a provocation tive of the communication you did me the favor of would do considerable injury to the interests

of all the placing in my hands on the 6th inst. in which you un- American states, now actually fighting to establish fold the objects of the mission, with which you were the independence of their ancient head, without excharged by the government of Hayti to that of Co- cepting Hayti. lombia, with various documents, from No. 1. to 10. It is casy to agree in the abstract principle; that is

It is very apparent, sir, that your government has to say, in the necessity which all the American go not allowed you more than the short period of twenty sernments are under, to perfectly understand each days to negotiate an affair of so much importance, other some day, in order to guard against all foreign and which

requires, in its nature, a very long and de-attacks. But, as to the time of putting it into execuliberate consideration, in the state of political rela- tion, it is necessary to use much prudence and cirtions in the civilized world. But as it is not in your

cumspection power to remain a longer time in this capital, 1 pro The old world has its eyes fixed on the new, to ceed to answer the said communication, suspending, observe carefully all its measures, and to examine for a time, the despatch of affairs of great importance, into them. If the American states have not already which, at this moment, occupy the attention of my arrived to that order and regularity in their institugovernment, and in the happy accomplishment of tions, and respect to the rights of others, which is inwhich the cause of the liberty of South America in dispensable to include them in the great family of general is deeply interested.

civilized nations, the slightest deviation from the The government of Hayti desires, as you do me forms, usages and established customs, will retard the favor of stating, to conclude with this country a that important result. These powerful reasons have treaty of alliance, defensive and commercial, pledg-induced the government of Colombia to believe, that, ing mutual assistance, in money, provisions and mu- in order to take into consideration the proposal nilions of war, against the foreign enemies of both the government of Hayti has made to that of Colomparties.

bia, this year, it will be necessary to consult its alThis will materially change the favorable position lies, and, as it is possible that the meeting of the in which Colombia and her allies find themselves at plenipotentiaries of all the states of America, formerpresent respecting the European powers, multiplying, ly Spanish, will assemble in Panama, in the course of unjustly and without cause, the number of their the next year, the government of Colombia will emforeign enemies. I hope, sir, that you will agree brace that opportunity to arrange with its said allies with me that such a state of affairs is not, nor can be, the footing on which, in future, the political and merin any manner, advantageous to your country, or to cantile relations with the other portions of our hemiminc. Colombia particularly entertains well-found-sphere shall be placed, who are, in fact and right, ed hopes to see shortly established relations of peace separated from its ancient government. Then, sir. and good correspondence with the government of his this negotiation will be examined into with that spirit most christian majesty; and it appears to me that the of liberality, which characterizes the policy of the affairs of Ilayti are progressing to a final establish- government of Colombia and its allies; and I venture ment of the same, for, no doubt, the day is not far to anticipate that their determination will be highly distant when Colombia can employ, with effect, her agreeable to Hayti. I hope, sir, that you will see, good offices, (as a power generally recognized), in fa- in the frank and sincere exposition, which I have vor of those American states who have not yet arrived just made, a clear and convincing proof of the inthereto. This same principle appears to have per- terest with which the government and people of Cosuaded your government of the utility of not making lombia are animated for the welfare and prosperity to the states of America, ( formerly Spanish), a pro- of layti. position, such, as in 1924, was directed to this country. The documents which you had the kindness to ac

You know perfectly well, sir, that even the presi- company, from No. I to io, have augmented consident Petion himself, (although animated with that be- derably this interest, as also our gratitude and pronificent and philanthropic spirit which will always found respect for the memory of the father of Hayti, entitle hiin to the respect of the human race), was the president Petion.

Meantime, sir, I have the honor to renew to you the facility of conveying their products to Philadelthe sentiments of particular respect and considera- phia. So active and enterprising are our rivals on tion, with which I remain your very humble and the north and on the south, and so important is the obedient servant,

growing trade of the Susquehannah and its branches, (Sigoed)


and of the country west of these waters, that it is the

decided policy of the state, not only speedily to comLegislature of Pennsylvania.

plete a canal to the Ohio and lake Eric, but also to

connect, from more points than one, the SusquehanREPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON INLAND XAVIGATION. nah with the waters of the Delaware.

Read in the house of representatives, March 15. Besides the coal, the iron, and other articles which Mr. Lehman, from the committee on inland naviga- are extracted from the bowels of the earth, or are

tion, to whom were referred sundry resolutions the spontaneous growth of the soil, and which afford and petitions, relative to the north branch of the the most valuable tonnage for canals, the committee Susquehannah, and to canals to be constructed from learn, from respectable sources, that, from the counthe Susquehannah to the Lehigh and the Schuylkilll, ties lying above the mouth of the Juniata, there is anmade report:

nually sent to market, on the Susquehannah, a surplus That, in compliance with the wishes of a numerous of nearly a million of bushels of wheat, and also a and very respectable portion of their fellow-citizens, large quantity of cloverseed, whiskey, pork, butter, and in furtherance of the great object of obtaining a to- cheese, bees-wax, maple sugar, and a variety of agripographical knowledge of every portion of the state, cultural products. What may be the extent of trade, so as to enable future legislatures to judge of the ex- when the Susquehannah shall be united with the Ohio pediency of making such improvements as have been, and lake Erie, by a canal, and when the millions of or may hereafter be, suggested, they now report a ; acres, now wilderness, shall be brought into cultivatill providing for the necessary surveys, plans and tion, and rendered rich and productive by means of estimates, for a canal along the north branch of the internal improvement; what may then be the magSusquehannah to Tioga Point, and from thence to the nitude of the trade, and the number of canals from the head waters of the Tioga river, near the coal mines, Susquehannah to the Delaware, which will be rein Tioga county; and also from the most eligible quisite to preserve it and make it centre in the bosom points on the Susquehannah to the head waters of the of the state, no human wisdom can foretell. Lehigh and Schuylkill.

Under these impressions, the committee recomThe numerous petitions relating to these contem-mend the passage of the bill during the present sesplated improvements, so fully describe the advan- sion. It will lead to the formation of practical plans Cages to be expected from their completion, that the for extending the great system of internal improvecommittee deem it superfluous to recapitulate them. ment, by means of which Pennsylvania, the fairest They believe the time is fast approaching when all the portion and the centre of the United States, will soon magnificent rivers will be improved, either in their become an expanded and fruitful scene of indusnatural channels, or by means of artificial navigation try, where the agriculturalists, the miner, the meralong their banks, and that the rivers, thus improved, chant and the manufacturer, will find the most adwill be connected, in various directions, by canals, vantageous theatre for their operations. affording the most casy means of social and commercial intercourse, giving a value to the productions of every acre in the commonwealth, and advancing, in

CHRONICLE. the highest degree, the general prosperity and happi Elk Ridge Landing. The little village at this place,

was destroyed by fire a few days ago. Of the ten From the facts stated by the petitioners, there is houses which it had, nine were consumed. The time reasonable ground for the belief, that new beds of is perfectly within the memory of persons not very coal and iron ore have recently been discovered on aged, when this landing, on the Patapsco, was exthe waters of the Susquehannah, near the contemplat- pected one day to be what Baltimore isma great city. ed improvement, which affords an additional induce. It was the chief place of trade in this neighborhood. ment for its speedy completion. The navigation of Philadelphia. The whole number of the looms in the river is now dependent on the uncertain rise the city of Philadelphia, is said to be forty five hundred. of loods, and affords, in general, only a downward An enumeration of those in the neighboring villages, passage, and the time has arrived when every reason would swell the total considerably. able effort should be made to give to the inhabitants, Only about twenty nine hundred of the weavers of this important section of the state, the benefit of a entered into the late combination to raise prices. Fater conveyance on which commodities may pass, Most of them have since come to an understanding with equal ease, each way.

with their employers. The superiority of a slack water navigation, or canal, There will be thirty fire million bricks burned in over rivers which afford but a descending navigation, this city this year; one third more than last year. with the aid of freshets, is strikingly illustrated by the The price has advanced considerably.-(Phil. Gaz. fact, that, during the present spring, boats, containing Massachusetts. Mr. Everett, elected a member of fifteen tons, have passed Harrisburg, and requiring the next congress, has resigned the professorship of nine men to propel each boat, from ten to fifteen miles Greek literature in the University of Cambridge. a day, up stream, whilc, upon a canal, twice the quan Conneclicut. Oliver Wolcott has been re-elected tity might be carried twice the distance, with the governor of this state. Ile received 7,147 votes, and aid of one horse, one man and one boy; and a further about sicly other persons 3,284. David Plant has illustration is afforded by the fact, that, since the com- been elected lieut. gov. also, without any regular oppletion of the Erie canal, in New York, as far as the position. Elisha Phelps, Ralph I. Ingersoll, Noyes Cayuga and Seneca lakes, the price of wheat there is Barber, Gideon Tomlinson, John Baldwin and Orange stated at 20 to 25 cents per bushel higher, than at the Merwin, have been clected members of congress. Tioga river, in their vicinity.

Tennessee. Two nei prosessorships have recently With regard to that part of the bill, which pro- been created in Cumberiand college, in the state of vides for surveying routes, with a view to canals to Tennessee, the one called the Infayette professorship, connect the Susquehannah with the head waters of the the other the Jackson professorship, Lehigh and the Schuylkill, the committee will remark, Steam bogis. About one hour after the arrival of that it is the general desire of the people of that por the Henry Schultz at Augusta, Georgia, she was distion of the state, all of whom are anxious to increascicofered to be on fire, The fazes spread capidly-


} spar deck

and the efforts to extinguish them soon ceased, bc 1 Panther was lately killed in Seneca county, New cause it was proclaimed that she had a quantity of York, which weighed 94 lbs. and measured 6 feet 4 gun-powder on board--[gun-jouder in a steam boat!) - inches, from the tip of the nose to the end of the tail. she soon blow up with a tremendous explosion. Boat A tree, called the “Charter Oak,” is standing in and cargo lost, valued at from 70 to 39,000 dollars. the city of Hartford, Con. It is supposed to be not

The Albemarle, lying at the wharf, Philadelphia, less than four hundred years old-it is twenty-eight caught fire on Sunday morning last, was towed off to feet in circumference near the ground; and, at the the island, and there burnt to the water's edge. height of seven feet, it is seventeen feet in circumfer

The Oliver Elsworth, from Hartford for New York, cnce. The height of the tree, as near as can be asgot on a rock in the Sound, and bilged--but it was certained, is about seventy feet; some of its branches supposed would be got off without much damage. extend nearly forty scet.

No lives were lost in either of those vessels--but This tree would not be regarded as a very small one, the Teche, on the Mississippi, burst her boiler, when even in--England! not far from Natchez, on the 14th ultimo. It was at Fishing. 300,000 herrings were lately caught in night; the explosion was tremendons; every light the Susquehannah, at one haul of the seine; and in was extinguished, and all the hatches thrown off. thc Potomac, 450 rock fish were, in like manner, Three men were killed, several severely scaldcd, the caught, which weighed 60 lbs. cach, on the average, boat set on fire, and, with her cargo, consisting of 450 and, though sold at very reduced prices, produced bales cotton, consumed or destroyed. But the great $250. misfortune which attended this explosion was, that "from 12 to 19" of the passengers, who had not been 27th inst. contains the following information con

Boring for water. The Alexandria Herald, of the injured by it, were drowned by the upsetting of a

cerning the progress of an attempt which has a deboat, in which they were escaping from the flames, The “Susquehannah,” lately built at Baltimore, is gree of general importance:

“Mr. Disbrow, who has been employed by our cornow on the waters of the river whose name she bears. She has been found to work admirably well, and was poration, for the last two weeks, in boring for water. about to depart for Owego, in the state of New-York, severes, in full confidence of success. He has passed

has reached upwards of ninety feet depth, and perand afterwards proceed to Karthausville, in the through a great variety of stratur, sand, clay, gravel, north-western part of Pennsylvania, being located on mud, sulphate of iron, &c. At the depth of about west branch of the Susquehannah. We feel great forty sect, le met with quick sand, which, it was apinterest in the success of this experiment.

prchended, would prove very troublesome; but Mr. The North Carolina 74, which sailed for the Medi- D. soon surmounted the difficulties which it threatenterranean a short time since, has mounted

cd. At the distance of between sixty and eighty feet, 34 long 42 pounders on her lower gun deck. the boring implements brought up pieces of wood, 34 long 32 do.


do. such as elm, white oak and locust, &c. some of which 24 carronade 42 pounders,

were in a perfect state of preservation, particularly 2 long 32 pounders,

the white oak and locust, and what is very remarka

ble, the hull of a hickory nut, as sound and firm as if 94 mounted.

buried but a few weeks, instead of, no doubt, many 8 has ports in her gangways for & more 42 pound centuries.” carronades.

Georgia. The official report from the topographi

cal bureau of the United States, by J. Roberdeau, of (Why call this vessel a scventy-four?}

the engineer department, on the 10th January last, Iron rigging. The Mercantile Advertiser states, makes the quantity of land in Georgia, not ceded to that the new ship Washington, of 750 tons, which the United States by Indians, as nearly as could be sailed from New York for Canton, on Thursday, has computed, from a review of former calculations and all her lower shrouds, all her topsail and topgallant the possession of more correct documents than had ties, topsail and topgallant sheets, bobstays, cables, previously been referred to, nine million fave hun&c. of iron chains.

dred and thirty-seven thousand nine hundred and Ship building. This business is ercry where lively twenty square acres; of which, 5,292,160 were in in the United States, and the wages of carpenters possession of the Cherokee, and 4,245, 760 of the have greatly advanced. Workmen are in great de- Creeks. The Cherokees country, yet to be ceded to mand.

Georgia, is consequently more extensive than the imLongerity. Angela Miliett lately died in the alms portant territory lately acquired from the Creeks, but house, at Philadelphia, aged one hundred and eleven it is, perhaps, less valuable, as much of the former is years, two months and eleven days. She was a na

mountainous and not adapted to the production of

cotton. tire of Canada.

(Milledgerille Rec. Mrs. Charlotte Dehuff lately died at Lancaster, Pen. The English game laws. It is in evidence, that, in aged 91--she left ten children), 45 grand children, 78 one year, the numbers imprisoned, under the operagreat grand children, and 4 great great grand chil- tion of these horrid statutes, amounted to no less dren-total 140.

than one thousand two hundred individuals! Think An old man, named Samuel Ficlds, who is eighty-five rect consequences of this appalling fact; think on the

on the amount of suffering from the direct and indiyears of age, has been condemned to death, in Indiana, desolate wives, the starving children, the ruined, for murder; but it is to be hoped that he will not be heart broken families; the sons initiated, by the conexecuted. "He will soon die of himself, if they'lilet tamination of a gaol, into all those degrees of yet unhim alonc."

thought-of crime, which is ultimately to bring them Three brothers, of the name of Thayer, have been to a shameful and premature end; the fathers bacondemned to death, at Buffalo, N. Y. for the murder nished from their homes and their country; their of a man called John Love: and, from the circum- miserable offspring thrown a burthen on the unwilstances of the case, as they came out on the trial, it ling parish; and all, perhaps, for the destruction of a is not at all probable that they will be pardonerl. A paltry partridge, or other wild animal, to which do like condemnation of three brothers never, perhaps, person can absolutely establish a right of ownership. before took place in the United States.

[Kent Herald



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